Helium isotopes in geothermal systems Iceland The Geysers Raft River and Steamboat Springs

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Journal Article: Helium isotopes in geothermal systems Iceland The Geysers Raft River and Steamboat Springs

Abstract
Helium isotope ratios have been measured in geothermal fluids from Iceland, The Geysers, Raft River, Steamboat Springs and Hawaii. These ratios have been interpreted in terms of the processes which supply He in distinct isotopic ratios (i.e. magmatic He, ~10 Ra; atmospheric He, Ra; and crustal He, ~0.1 Ra) and in terms of the processes which can alter the isotopic ratio (hydrologic mixing, U-Th series alpha production and weathering release of crustal He, magma aging and tritiugenic addition of 3He). Using this interpretational scheme, Iceland is found to be an area of hot-spot magmatic He implying an active volcanic source although the data are suggestive of high-temperature weathering release of crustal He incorporated in the geothermal fluids. By comparison to fumarolic gases from Hawaii and Juan De Fuca and Cayman Trench basaltic glass samples, The Geysers contains MOR type magmatic He again implying an active volcanic source possibly a 'leaky' transform related to the San Andreas Fault System. Raft River contains only crustal He indicating no active volcanic sources. Steamboat Springs He isotope ratios are distinctly less than typical plate margin volcanics but must still have a magmatic source. A preliminary assessment of the cause for this low ratio is made assuming an 'aging' magma source.

Authors 
T. Torgersen and W.J. Jenkins








Published Journal 
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1982





DOI 
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Online 
Internet link for Helium isotopes in geothermal systems Iceland The Geysers Raft River and Steamboat Springs

Citation

T. Torgersen,W.J. Jenkins. 1982. Helium isotopes in geothermal systems Iceland The Geysers Raft River and Steamboat Springs. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 46(5):739-748.