Helium-3 Anomalies And Crust-Mantle Interaction In Italy
Journal Article: Helium-3 Anomalies And Crust-Mantle Interaction In Italy
AbstractThe distribution of primordial 3He in the crust of Italy has been investigated through a survey of groundwaters, hot-springs, exploration and production geothermal wells. The mantle-derived component varies from 0% to > 60% and reaches a maximum at Vulcano in the Eolian Islands. 3He anomalies occur where the conductive heat flow is relatively high, but the relationships between heat flow and anomaly are uncertain. The distribution of 3He in the main reservoir and cap rock to the Larderello geothermal system shows that the mantle-derived 3He varies from ~5% to ~40% of total He and reaches a maximum in fluids extracted from a depth of ca. 3 km within the basement. Bomb-produced tritiogenic 3He appears to make a near-negligible contribution. Well 107 at Larderello has been monitored over a period of 17 months and the ratio (R) varies from 1.4 to 1.6 times the atmospheric ratio (Ra) whilst He/Ne varies from 9 to 160. A model is proposed for the Larderello geothermal system whereby mantle-derived heat and volatiles are advected to shallow (6-8 km) depths in association with melts and released into the main geothermal reservoir at Larderello in a non-uniform manner possibly associated with fracturing. Isotopic and elemental equilibrium of gaseous species (C, O, H) appears to have taken place in the basement to the main reservoir from where fluid with R/Ra >= 3.2 has been extracted.
- P. J. Hooker, R. Bertrami, S. Lombardi, R. K. O'Nions and E. R. Oxburgh
- Published Journal
- Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1985
P. J. Hooker,R. Bertrami,S. Lombardi,R. K. O'Nions,E. R. Oxburgh. 1985. Helium-3 Anomalies And Crust-Mantle Interaction In Italy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. (!) .