Ground Water Management Act (Virginia)

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Last modified on February 12, 2015.

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Place Virginia
Applies to Municipality Chesapeake, Virginia;Franklin, Virginia;Hampton, Virginia;Hopewell, Virginia;Newport News, Virginia;Norfolk, Virginia;Poquoson, Virginia;Portsmouth, Virginia;Suffolk, Virginia;Virginia Beach, Virginia;Williamsburg, Virginia
Applies to County Charles City County, Virginia;Chesterfield County, Virginia;Hanover County, Virginia;Henrico County, Virginia;Isle of Wight County, Virginia;James City County, Virginia;King William County, Virginia;New Kent County, Virginia;Prince George County, Virginia;Southampton County, Virginia;Surry County, Virginia;Sussex County, Virginia;York County, Virginia

Name Ground Water Management Act (Virginia)
Policy Category Other Policy
Policy Type Environmental Regulations, Siting and Permitting
Affected Technologies Biomass/Biogas, Coal with CCS, Hydroelectric, Hydroelectric (Small), Natural Gas, Nuclear
Active Policy Yes

Implementing Sector Local

Program Administrator Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
Primary Website
Applicable Jurisdiction

Last Review 2014-09-15


Under the Ground Water Management Act of 1992, Virginia manages ground water through a program regulating the withdrawals in certain areas called Ground Water Management Areas (GWMA). Currently, there are two Ground Water Management Areas in the state. The Eastern Virginia Ground Water Management Area comprises an area east of Interstate 95 and south of the Mattaponi and York rivers. The Eastern Shore Ground Water Management Area includes Accomack and Northampton counties. Any person or entity wishing to withdraw 300,000 gallons per month or more in a declared management area must obtain a permit.

Policy Contact

Contact Name Scott Kudlas
Department Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
Division Ground Water Withdrawal Permitting Program
Address 629 East Main Street
Address 2 P.O. Box 1105
Place Richmond, Virginia
Zip/Postal Code 23218
Phone (804) 698-4456


Authorities (Please contact the if there are any file problems.)

Authority 1: Va. Code 62.1-254 through 62.1-270

Date Enacted 1992

Authority 2: 9 Va. Admin. Code 25-280

Authority 3: 9 Va. Admin. Code 25-610