Green Power Purchasing

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Government entities, businesses, residents, schools, non-profits and others can play a significant role in supporting renewable energy by buying electricity from renewable resources, or by buying renewable energy credits (RECs). Many state and local governments, as well as the federal government, have committed to buying green power to account for a certain percentage of their electricity consumption. Green power purchases are typically executed through contracts with green power marketers or project developers, through utility green power programs, or through community aggregation. [1]


Green Power Purchasing Incentives

Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active
Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) Green Power Purchasing
Siting and Permitting
Ohio Local Government
State/Provincial Govt
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
Boulder - Green Power Purchasing (Colorado) Green Power Purchasing Boulder, Colorado Local Government Wind Yes
CT Clean Energy Communities (Connecticut) Green Power Purchasing Connecticut Local Government Photovoltaics
Small Wind
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
Capacity and Energy Payments to Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia) Green Power Purchasing
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Georgia Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Cape Cod & Martha's Vineyard - Green Power Purchasing (Massachusetts) Green Power Purchasing Massachusetts Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Local Government
No
City of Albuquerque - Green Power Purchasing (New Mexico) Green Power Purchasing New Mexico Local Government Wind No
City of Ann Arbor - Green Power Purchasing (Michigan) Green Power Purchasing Michigan Local Government Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Yes
City of Aspen - Green Power Purchasing (Colorado) Green Power Purchasing Colorado Local Government Hydroelectric energy
Wind
Yes
City of Austin - Green Power Purchasing (Texas) Green Power Purchasing Texas Local Government Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
City of Bellingham - Green Power Purchasing (Washington) Green Power Purchasing Washington Local Government Yes
City of Boston - Green Power Purchasing (Massachusetts) Green Power Purchasing Massachusetts Local Government Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
City of Chicago - Green Power Purchasing (Illinois) Green Power Purchasing Illinois Local Government Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
City of Dallas - Green Energy Purchasing (Texas) Green Power Purchasing Texas Local Government Wind Yes
City of Davis - Green Power Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Photovoltaics No
City of Evanston - Green Power Purchase (Illinois) Green Power Purchasing Illinois Local Government Wind No
City of Grand Rapids - Green Power Purchasing Policy (Michigan) Green Power Purchasing Michigan Local Government Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Wind
Yes
City of Houston - Green Power Purchasing (Texas) Green Power Purchasing Texas Local Government Wind Yes
City of Lansing - Green Power Purchasing Policy (Michigan) Green Power Purchasing Michigan Local Government Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
City of Los Angeles - Green Power Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government No
City of Madison - Green Power Purchasing (Wisconsin) Green Power Purchasing Wisconsin Local Government Biodiesel
Ethanol
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Renewable Transportation Fuels
Wind
Yes
City of Oakland - Photovoltaic Generation Systems Project (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Photovoltaics No
City of Philadelphia - Green Power Purchasing (Pennsylvania) Green Power Purchasing Pennsylvania Local Government Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Wind
Yes
City of Phoenix - Renewable Energy Goal (Arizona) Green Power Purchasing Arizona Local Government Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Yes
City of San Diego - Green Power Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Biomass
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Water Heat
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
No
City of San Francisco - Renewable Energy Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Fuel Cells
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
No
City of San Francisco Solar Program (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Photovoltaics No
City of Santa Monica - Green Power Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Yes
City of Scottsdale - Green Power Purchasing (Arizona) Green Power Purchasing Arizona Local Government Photovoltaics No
Clark County - Green Power Purchasing (Washington) Green Power Purchasing Washington Local Government Photovoltaics
Wind
No
Clean Energy Procurement (Maryland) Green Power Purchasing Maryland State Government Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Wind
Yes
Conway - Green Power Purchasing (South Carolina) Green Power Purchasing South Carolina Local Government Landfill Gas No
Delaware - Green Power Requirement For State Facilities (Delaware) Green Power Purchasing Delaware State Government Other Distributed Generation Technologies No
Denver - Green Power Purchasing (Colorado) Green Power Purchasing Colorado Local Government Wind No
Fairfax County - Green Power Purchase (Virginia) Green Power Purchasing Virginia Local Government Wind No
Green Power Offer (Maine) Green Power Purchasing Maine Commercial
General Public/Consumer
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Residential
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
Green Power Purchase Commitment (Rhode Island) Green Power Purchasing Rhode Island No
Green Power Purchase Plan (Connecticut) Green Power Purchasing Connecticut State Government Biomass
Fuel Cells
Landfill Gas
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Green Power Purchasing (Maine) Green Power Purchasing Maine State Government Biomass
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Green Power Purchasing (Massachusetts) Green Power Purchasing Massachusetts State Government No
Green Power Purchasing (Wisconsin) Green Power Purchasing Wisconsin State Government Biomass
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Green Power Purchasing Commitment (Massachusetts) Green Power Purchasing Massachusetts State Government Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
CHP/Cogeneration
Fuel Cells
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Other Distributed Generation Technologies
Photovoltaics
Renewable Fuels
Small Hydroelectric
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes
Honolulu - Solar Bond (Hawaii) Green Power Purchasing Hawaii Local Government Photovoltaics No
Hydro-Quebec Distribution - Biomass - EAP 2011-1 (Quebec, Canada) Green Power Purchasing Quebec Commercial
Industrial
Biomass/Biogas Yes
Illinois - Green Power Purchasing (Illinois) Green Power Purchasing Illinois State Government Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Biomass
Small Hydroelectric
Wind
No
Indiana - Green Power Purchasing (Indiana) Green Power Purchasing Indiana State Government Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Municipal Solid Waste
Anaerobic Digestion
Wind
No
Iowa - Green Power Procurement (Iowa) Green Power Purchasing Iowa State Government Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Wind
Biomass
Municipal Solid Waste
Anaerobic Digestion
Small Hydroelectric
No
Midwest Renewable Energy Tracking System (Multiple States) Green Power Purchasing Illinois
Iowa
Minnesota
Montana
North Dakota
Ohio
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Manitoba
Developer Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
Moab - Green Power Community (Utah) Green Power Purchasing Utah Local Government Wind No
Montgomery County - Green Power Purchasing (Maryland) Green Power Purchasing Maryland Local Government Anaerobic Digestion
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wind
Yes
Montgomery County - Wind Power Purchasing (Pennsylvania) Green Power Purchasing Pennsylvania Local Government Wind No
Municipal Electric Power (Minnesota) Green Power Purchasing Minnesota Commercial
Municipal/Public Utility
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Yes
Myrtle Beach - Green Power Purchasing (South Carolina) Green Power Purchasing South Carolina Local Government Landfill Gas No
Nassau County - Green Power Purchasing Policy (New York) Green Power Purchasing New York Local Government Photovoltaics
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Anaerobic Digestion
Wind
No
New Jersey - Green Power Purchasing (New Jersey) Green Power Purchasing New Jersey State Government Solar Thermal Electric
Solar Thermal Process Heat
Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
Wind
Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Geothermal Electric
Anaerobic Digestion
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels
No
North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States) Green Power Purchasing North Carolina
Kansas
Illinois
Missouri
Puerto Rico
Developer Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
North Myrtle Beach - Green Power Purchasing (South Carolina) Green Power Purchasing South Carolina Local Government Landfill Gas No
Northeast Ohio Public Energy Council - Aggregation (Ohio) Green Power Purchasing Ohio Commercial
Residential
Local Government
Photovoltaics
Wind
No
Omnibus Energy Bill of 2013 (Maine) Climate Policies
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Green Power Purchasing
Interconnection
Line Extension Analysis
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Siting and Permitting
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
PROINFA - Programa de Incentivo às Fontes Alternativas de Energia Green Power Purchasing Brazil No
Pennsylvania - Green Power Purchasing (Pennsylvania) Green Power Purchasing Pennsylvania State Government No
Plano - Renewable Energy Purchasing Policy (Texas) Green Power Purchasing Texas Local Government No
Portland - Green Power Purchasing & Generation (Oregon) Green Power Purchasing Oregon Local Government Photovoltaics
Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Anaerobic Digestion
Wind
No
Prince George's County - Green Power Purchasing (Maryland) Green Power Purchasing Maryland Local Government Wind No
Public Service Commission Authorization to Utilize an Alternative Method of Cost Recovery for Certain Base Load Generation (Mississippi) Green Power Purchasing
Industry Recruitment/Support
Performance-Based Incentive
Public Benefits Fund
Mississippi Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Yes
Renewable Power Procurement Policy (New York) Green Power Purchasing New York State Government Biomass
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Energy Storage
Wind
Yes
Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Tariff RNR-7 (Georgia) Green Power Purchasing
Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
Georgia Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Yes
Rhode Island - Green Power Purchasing (Rhode Island) Green Power Purchasing Rhode Island State Government Hydroelectric energy
Wind
No
Salt Lake City - Green Power Purchasing (Utah) Green Power Purchasing Utah Local Government Wind No
San Francisco - Solar Bonds (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government Solar Thermal Electric
Photovoltaics
Wind
Fuel Cells
No
Santa Barbara County - Green Power Purchasing (California) Green Power Purchasing California Local Government No
Santee Cooper Green Power Purchasing (South Carolina) Green Power Purchasing South Carolina General Public/Consumer Photovoltaics
Landfill Gas
No
Seattle - Green Power Purchasing (Washington) Green Power Purchasing Washington Local Government Wind No
Small Generator Aggregation (Maine) Green Power Purchasing Maine Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Yes
South Carolina Municipalities - Green Power Purchasing (South Carolina) Green Power Purchasing South Carolina Local Government Landfill Gas
Photovoltaics
Wind
Yes
Suffolk County - Green Power Purchasing Policy (New York) Green Power Purchasing New York Local Government Biomass
Hydroelectric energy
Photovoltaics
Wind
No
Tennessee - Green Power Purchase (Tennessee) Green Power Purchasing Tennessee State Government Landfill Gas
Wind
No
U.S. Federal Government - Green Power Purchasing Goal (Federal) Green Power Purchasing United States Fed. Government Biomass
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Landfill Gas
Municipal Solid Waste
Ocean Thermal
Photovoltaics
Solar Thermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind
Yes


References

  1. DSIRE Glossary