Giant Quaternary Landslides In The Evolution Of La Palma And El Hierro, Canary Islands

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Journal Article: Giant Quaternary Landslides In The Evolution Of La Palma And El Hierro, Canary Islands

Abstract
In the past, large morphological escarpments in the Canaries have been generally related to explosive and/or erosive processes. Recent onshore and offshore investigations drastically changed this interpretation, by providing evidence of the importance of giant lateral collapses in the evolution of the islands, especially in their earlier stages of growth. Giant landslide scars and deposits are readily observed both onshore and offshore in the younger, western Canaries, and seem to be a common feature of the development of the entire archipelago. At least one catastrophic collapse is apparent on La Palma: the Cumbre Nueva giant landslide, which occurred about 560 ka ago. This collapse removed some 200 km3 of central-western La Palma, forming a large embayment. Three successive giant landslides and evidence of an aborted attempt at another are seen in the island of El Hierro. The combined volume of those collapses (estimated at about 400-500 km3) considerably exceeds the present subaerial volume of the island (about 140 km3). Giant landslides and erosion during the past million years have removed more than half of the total subaerial volume of La Palma and El Hierro.

Authors 
Juan Carlos Carracedo, Simon J. Day, Herve Guillou and Francisco J. Perez Torrado








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1999





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Juan Carlos Carracedo,Simon J. Day,Herve Guillou,Francisco J. Perez Torrado. 1999. Giant Quaternary Landslides In The Evolution Of La Palma And El Hierro, Canary Islands. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .