Geothermal Studies In China

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Journal Article: Geothermal Studies In China

Geothermal studies have been conducted in China continuously since the end of the 1950's with renewed activity since 1970. Three areas of research are defined: (1) fundamental theoretical research on geothermics, including subsurface temperatures, terrestrial heat flow and geothermal modeling; (2) exploration for geothermal resources and exploitation of geothermal energy; and (3) geothermal studies in mines. Regional geothermal studies have been conducted recently in North China and more than 2000 values of subsurface temperature have been obtained. Temperatures at a depth of 300 m generally range from 20 to 25°C with geothermal gradients from 20 to 40°C/km. These values are regarded as an average for the region with anomalies related to geological factors. To date, 22 reliable heat flow data from 17 sites have been obtained in North China and the data have been categorized according to fault block tectonics. The average heat flow value at 16 sites in the north is 1.3 HFU, varying from 0.7 to 1.8 HFU. It is apparent that the North China fault block is characterized by a relatively high heat flow with wide variations in magnitude compared to the mean value for similar tectonic units in other parts of the world. It is suggested that although the North China fault block can be traced back to the Archaean, the tectonic activity has been strengthening since the Mesozoic resulting in so-called "reactivation of platform" with large-scale faulting and magmatism. Geothermal resources in China are extensive; more than 2000 hot springs have been found and there are other manifestations including geysers, hydrothermal explosions, hydrothermal steam, fumaroles, high-temperature fountains, boiling springs, pools of boiling mud, etc. In addition, there are many Meso-Cenozoic sedimentary basins with widespread aquifers containing geothermal water resources in abundance. The extensive exploration and exploitation of these geothermal resources began early in the 1970's. Since then several experimental power stations using thermal water have been set up in Fengshun (Fungshun)

Wang Ji-Yang, Chen Mo-Xiang, Wang Ji-An, Deng Xiao, Wang Jun, Shen Hsien-Chieh, Hsiung Liang-Ping, Yan Shu-Zhen, Fan Zhi-Cheng, Liu Xiu-Wen, Huang Ge-Shan, Zhang Wen-Ren, Shao Hai-Hui and Zhang Rong-Yan

Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1981

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Wang Ji-Yang,Chen Mo-Xiang,Wang Ji-An,Deng Xiao,Wang Jun,Shen Hsien-Chieh,Hsiung Liang-Ping,Yan Shu-Zhen,Fan Zhi-Cheng,Liu Xiu-Wen,Huang Ge-Shan,Zhang Wen-Ren,Shao Hai-Hui,Zhang Rong-Yan. 1981. Geothermal Studies In China. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .