Geothermal R&D In Developing Countries- Africa, Asia And The Americas

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Journal Article: Geothermal R&D In Developing Countries- Africa, Asia And The Americas

Abstract
The first industrial (3.5 MW) geothermoelectric power-plant installed in the developing countries was that of Pathe, Mexico, in 1964. A further 75 MW geothermoelectric were added in 1973, again in Mexico, at Cerro Prieto. Other countries later followed the Mexican example, with the result that the geothermoelectric capacity installed in the developing nations increased rapidly from 462 MW in 1979 to 1495 MW in 1984. At the moment (1988) the total geothermoelectric capacity in the developing countries is 1949.7 MW, distributed as follows 2. For the moment there are very few non-electric applications of geothermal heat in the developing countries. The most interesting examples in Africa are found in the circum-Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Tunisia) and in Asia in China and Turkey. There are no known plants for the direct use of geothermal heat in Latin-America. The progress of geothermal R&D is very satisfactory in the Philippines, Mexico and Indonesia, fairly satisfactory in Kenya, Ethiopia and some Central-American countries such as El Salvador and Nicaragua, but still at very early stages in most of the other countries. Several nations with favourable geological conditions for the development of geothermal resources have just begun, or have still to begin, their reconnaissance work.

Authors 
Mary H. Dickson and Mario Fanelli








Published Journal 
Geothermics, 1988





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Mary H. Dickson,Mario Fanelli. 1988. Geothermal R&D In Developing Countries- Africa, Asia And The Americas. Geothermics. (!) .