Geothermal Development In The Eastern African Region

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Conference Paper: Geothermal Development In The Eastern African Region

Restructuring of the electric power industry, growing demand for energy and increasing privatization in Eastern African countries are increasing opportunities for the development of indigenous sources of energy. Many of the Rift Valley countries are dependent on fossil fuels as their primary energy source. To decrease imports, they are increasingly turning to their own natural resources, including geothermal energy and other more environmentally friendly alternatives to petroleum-based fuels. Using today's technologies, Eastern Africa has been estimated to have the potential to generate 7,000 MW of energy from geothermal power. To put this in an intemational perspective, approximately 8,100 MW of geothermal power is generated worldwide. Indonesia produces 589 MW, Japan 546 MW and the Philippines over 1900 MW of geothermal-based electricity. Currently, Kenya and Ethiopia have a combined installed geothermal energy capacity of 65 MW. Since the early 1980's, 45 MW of geothermal electrical power has been operating in Kenya at 01- karia (near Naivasha) at greater than 98 percent availability. In 2000, independent power producer ORMAT International began to generate an additional 12 MW of geothermal-based electricity. By 2019, Kenya plans to add an additional 503 Mw of geothermal power online. Varying degrees of geothermal exploration and research have been undertaken in Djibouti, Eritrea, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi and Madagascar. The potential to use geothermal energy for grid-connected electrification appears to be greatest in Kenya, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Uganda and Eritrea. In addition, government representatives from Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania and Eritrea have expressed interest in using small-scale geothermal plants for rural electrification mini-grid systems

Steve Hirsch

GRC, 2003

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Steve Hirsch. 2003. Geothermal Development In The Eastern African Region. In: (!) ; (!) ; (!) . (!) : GRC; p. (!)