Georgia/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Georgia

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Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) Georgia Bond Program
Loan Program
No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Non-Profit The Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the OneGeorgia Authority. The purpose of SILF is to provide financing, through loan assistance, for the purchasing of fixed assets for companies that are considered as a relocation or expansion site for an emerging or development-stage company in a strategic industry targeted by Georgia. SILF is only to be used when needed to fill a financing gap that is unmet by the private sector. The State of Georgia has identified energy as a strategic target industry because it produces commercially viable technologies and will create higher quality jobs.
Capacity and Energy Payments to Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia) Georgia Green Power Purchasing
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Docket No. 4822 was enacted by the Georgia Public Service Commission in accordance with The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) that was enacted to promote conservation and to encourage use of alternative sources of power generation. PURPA established a class of non-utility generators comprised of small power producers and cogenerators, referred to as Qualifying Facilities (QFs). Docket No. 4822, and subsequently Docket No. 19279, approved methodologies for full-avoided cost payments made by Georgia Power Company (GPC) to QFs pursuant to PURPA. Avoided costs are the “incremental costs to an electric utility of electric energy or capacity or both which, but for the purchase from the qualifying facility or qualifying facilities, such utility would generate itself or purchase from another source”. Standard firm (average capacity factor of at least 90%) and non-firm (energy only) contracts were established for QFs up to 80 MWs. Capacity payments are determined by the needs stated in the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). RFPs are conducted to address the capacity needs. Commission Rule 515-3-4-.04(3)(f) exempts QFs up to 30 MWs from having to bid into RFPs. Instead, QFs must notice in to receive a proxy-price set by the last winning bidder of the RFP. QFs must operate at 96% availability to receive the proxy-price. QFs shall bear the cost of interconnections and any resulting changes to the transmission system.
Climate Action Plan (Georgia) Georgia Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Currently, the State of Georgia does not have a climate plan in place or in progress.  Some efficiency actions have been taken.
Coastal Management Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Coastal Management Act provides enabling authority for the State to prepare and administer a coastal management program. The Act does not establish new regulations or laws; it is designed to establish procedural requirements for the Department of Natural Resources to develop and implement a program for the sustainable development and protection of coastal resources. It establishes the Department of Natural Resources as the State agency to receive and disburse federal grant monies. It establishes the Governor as the approving authority of the program and as the person that must submit the program to the federal government for approval under the federal Coastal Zone Management Act. It requires other State agencies to cooperate with the Coastal Resources Division when exercising their activities within the coastal area.
Coastal Marshlands Protection Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act provides the Coastal Resources Division with the authority to protect tidal wetlands. The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act limits certain activities and structures in marsh areas and requires permits for other activities and structures. Erecting structures, dredging, or filling marsh areas requires a Marsh Permit administered through the Coastal Management Program. In cases where the proposed activity involves construction on State-owned tidal water bottoms, a Revocable License issued by the Coastal Resources Division may also be required. Marsh Permits and Revocable Licenses are not issued for activities that are inconsistent with the Georgia Coastal Management Program.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Energy Used in Manufacturing Sales and Use Tax Exemption (Georgia) Georgia Sales Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Georgia enacted legislation in April 2012 (HB 386) creating an exemption for energy used in the manufacturing of a product from the state's sales and use taxes. The sale, use, storage, or consumption of energy which is necessary and integral to the manufacture of tangible personal property at a manufacturing plant in the state of Georgia shall be exempt from all sales and use taxation except for the sales and use tax for educational purposes. This includes energy used directly or indirectly in a manufacturing facility. The exemption will be implemented over four years, with 25% phased-in each year beginning on January 1, 2013, and reaching 100% on January 1, 2016.
Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) Georgia Enterprise Zone
Personal Tax Incentives
Property Tax Incentive
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local The Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities and counties that are suffering from disinvestment, underdevelopment, and economic decline, encouraging private businesses to reinvest and rehabilitate such areas. A business may be exempt from property tax and occupation taxes, and may receive an abatement or reduction in otherwise applicable regulatory fees and other fees.
Flint River Drought Protection Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Local The purpose of the Flint River Drought Protection Act is to maintain in-stream flow in times of drought by providing incentives for farmers to take acres out of irrigation. It allows Environmental Protection Division to pay farmers to stop irrigating. After a drought is declared, EPD can hold a voluntary seller’s auction, allowing farmers to offer prices per acre at which they are willing to stop irrigating. If the target is not achieved, EPD has authority to make further reductions on a “non-voluntary” basis.
Forestry Policies (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Georgia's Forests are managed by the Georgia Forestry Commission. In 2009 the Commission completed a statewide assessment of biomass resources:

http://www.gfc.state.ga.us/utilization/forest-biomass/research/ForestryBiomassAssessmentforGeorgia2009.pdf

The Commission also provides a number of informational resources with regard to forest biomass for energy generation:

http://www.gfc.state.ga.us/utilization/forest-biomass/

Georgia offers exemption to biomass materials, including forest thinning residues, logging residues, and timber processing residues, from the state's sales and use taxes:

http://en.openei.org/wiki/Biomass_Sales_and_Use_Tax_Exemption_(Georgia)
Georgia Air Quality Control Act (Georgia) Georgia Climate Policies
Environmental Regulations
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Air Quality Control Act (AQCA) is a set of environmental regulations, permitting requirements, and air quality standards that control the amount of pollutants emitted and who emits them. The AQCA follows the minimum pollutant allowances outlined by the federal government in the Clean Air Act (CAA) 42. All stationary sources that may emit the pollutants listed in the CAA are required to obtain the appropriate permitting, unless they are otherwise exempt from the AQCA. Potential polluters can apply for individual exemption from the AQCA by requesting that the Director of the EPD grants them exemption. U.S.C. Section 7401. Georgia has also implemented the EPA's Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions requirements, which amend the CAA's permit program.

The AQCA requires that prior to beginning the construction or modification of any facility that may result in air pollution shall obtain a Construction (SIP) permit from the Director. The AQCA also requires that any person operating a facility from which air contaminants are or may be emitted obtain an Operating (SIP) permit, from the director. The following are exempt from SIP operating permits: fuel-burning equipment having a total heat input of less than 10 million BTUs per hour burning only natural gas, LPG and/or distillate fuel containing .50% sulfur by weight or less, fuel-burning equipment rated at less than 5 million BTUs per hour burning a wood or fossil fuel, any fuel-burning equipment with a rated input capacity of 2.5 million BTUs per hour or less, clean steam condensate and steam relief vents, stationary engines burning natural gas, LPG, and/or diesel fuel and used for peaking power, all petroleum liquid storage tanks storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal or less than .50 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 40,000 gallons storing a liquid with a true vapor pressure of equal to or less than 2.0 psia as stored, all petroleum liquid storage tanks with a capacity of less than 10,000 gallons storing a petroleum liquid, gasoline storage and handling equipment at loading facilities handling less than 20,000 gallons per day or at vehicle dispensing facilities.

In addition the SIP permits required for all non-exempt construction and operating projects the AQCA requires that Title V operating permits be obtained by the owner and operator of any regulated source under 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) part 70. The applicant must follow the application procedures, emission standards, requirements, and reporting described in 40 CFR. The Title V applications will be submitted to the Director of the EPD, who will then provide a copy of the permit to the EPA for approval. The insignificant activities list as defined in 40 CFR part 70.2 do not need to be described in detail in the Part 70 permit application.

The Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality requires that a PSD permit be obtained in order to comply with federal GHG emission standards.
Georgia Commercial Laboratory Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Equipment Certification
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Commercial Laboratory Act requires all commercial environmental laboratories submitting data to the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) for regulatory purposes to be approved or accredited by an EPD approved accrediting authority. Data submitted for regulatory purposes means any data which is to be submitted to the EPD, or required to be retained on site for review by EPD, except for: Initial Hazardous Response Act (HSRA) data, data obtained from in-situ analysis, turbidity data for construction storm water permits, tests for which accreditation or certificate are unavailable.
Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act of 1990 (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Georgia Comprehensive Solid Waste Management Act (SWMA) of 1990 was implemented in order to improve solid waste management procedures, permitting processes and management throughout the state. The SWMA states that no person shall engage in solid waste or special solid waste handling in Georgia or construct or operate a solid waste handling facility in Georgia without first obtaining a permit from the Director of the Environmental Protection Division.
Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Erosion and Sedimentation Act (GESA) is designed to protect vegetated buffers. GESA establishes a minimum undisturbed, vegetated buffer of 25 feet for all streams in Georgia (measured from where vegetation is wrested by normal stream flow). Trout streams, both primary and secondary, require a minimum 50 foot undisturbed vegetated buffer. These buffer requirements are also incorporated into the General Construction Permit. Small trout streams with an annual flow of less than 24 gallons per minute (GPM) are exempt from the buffer requirements. Mining and agricultural activities are exempt from the buffer requirements. Ephemeral streams, streams that flow only during and after wet weather events and do not have a base flow from a groundwater source, are also exempt from buffer requirements. A project may obtain a variance from the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) Director, which will exempt a project from the buffer requirements.

Storm water management ponds, which act as drainage structures, are exempt from the buffer requirements.

.
Georgia Groundwater Use Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The purpose of the Georgia Groundwater Use Act is to establish procedures to be followed to obtain a permit to withdraw, obtain or utilize groundwater and for the submission of information concerning the amount of grand water withdrawal, its intended use, and the proposed aquifer or aquifers of withdrawal to the Environmental Protection Division (EPD). Groundwater withdrawals of greater than 100,000 gallons per day require a permit from the EPD. Permit applications that request an increase in water usage must also submit a water conservation plan approved by the Director of the EPD.
Georgia Hazardous Site Response Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Public Benefits Fund
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Hazardous Site Response Act is Georgia’s version of Superfund. The Act provides for graduated fees on the disposal of hazardous waste, a trust fund to enable the EPD to clean up or plan sites and administer the program, a strict joint and several liability scheme similar to that of the federal CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability ACT), an EPD inventory of “known or suspected” Georgia hazardous sites, a system requiring deed notices and affidavit recording on county real property records for sites having substance releases in excess of “reportable quantities” (as defined by regulation), EPD authority to issue non-appealable correction action orders with mandatory punitive damages for non-compliance and new reporting requirements for contaminated property. Common issues are: contaminated sediments, contaminated groundwater, and contaminated soil. The state collects about $1.6 million a year in hazardous waste management fees, $ 6 million a year in solid waste management fees, $7.5 million a year in hazardous substance reporting fees.
Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act (HWMA) describes a comprehensive, Statewide program to manage hazardous wastes through regulating hazardous waste generation, transportation, storage, treatment, and disposal. Hazardous waste is defined by the Board of Natural Resources, and it includes any waste that the Board concludes is capable of posing a substantial present or future hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, transported, stored, disposed, or otherwise managed, based on regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Hazardous Waste Management Act is administered and implemented by the Environmental Protection Division. No person shall and it shall be unlawful and a violation of the HWMA to construct, install, operate or substantially alter a hazardous waste facility without first obtaining and possessing a hazardous waste facility permit from the Director of the EPD. The Georgia Hazardous Waste Management Act covers the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes and supplements the federal RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act). Violators are classified based on an analysis of the facility’s overall compliance with RCRA, which includes prior recalcitrant behavior, or a history of non-compliance. This establishes two categories of violators: Significant Non-Compilers (SNC) and other Secondary Violators (SV). SNCs are those facilities that have caused actual exposure or a substantial likelihood of exposure to hazardous waste or hazardous waste constituents; are chronic or recalcitrant violators; or deviate substantially from the terms of a permit, order, and agreement or from RCRA statutory or regulatory requirements. The actual or substantial likelihood of exposure can be evaluated using facility specific environmental and exposure information whenever possible. This may include evaluating potential exposure pathways and the mobility and toxicity of the hazardous waste being managed. However, environmental impact alone is sufficient to cause a facility to be a SNC, particularly when the environmental media affected require special protection (e.g., wetlands or sources of underground drinking water). Facilities are evaluated on a multi-media basis; however, a facility may be found to be a chronic or recalcitrant violator based solely on prior RCRA violations and behavior.
Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act (Georgia) Georgia Generating Facility Rate-Making
Industry Recruitment/Support
Yes Nuclear State/Province The “Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act,” amends existing Georgia law to allow a utility to recover from its customers the costs of financing associated with the construction of a nuclear plant that has been certified by the Georgia Public Service Commission. The financing charges shall accrue on all applicable certified costs as they are recorded in the utility’s construction work in progress (CWIP) accounts. The financing costs shall be based on the utility’s actual cost of debt and authorized cost of equity. The financing costs shall be recovered from each customer on an equal percentage basis. The Commission shall retain discretion when setting charges on senior or low-income assisted customers.

From the Act:

"For any nuclear generating plant certified by the commission on or after January 1, 2009, and before July 1, 2009, the utility shall begin recovering on January 1, 2011, any costs of financing the construction of the nuclear generating plant. Any such costs incurred prior to January 1, 2011, shall be accrued, capitalized, and included in the balance of the account and then amortized over the next five years following January 1, 2011, and shall be recovered with one-fifth of those deferred costs being recovered each year for five years."
Georgia Oil and Gas Deep Drilling act of 1975 (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province Georgia's Oil and Gas and Deep Drilling Act regulates oil and gas drilling activities to provide protection of underground freshwater supplies and certain "environmentally sensitive" areas. The Board of Natural Resources has the authority to implement this Act. The Act establishes requirements for drilling, casing, and plugging of wells for oil, gas, or mineral exploration: (1) to alleviate escape of gas or oil from one stratum to another; (2) to prevent the pollution of freshwater by oil, gas, salt water or other contaminants; (3) to prevent drowning of any stratum that might reduce the total ultimate recovery of gas or oil; and, (4) to prevent fires, waste, and spillage of contaminants such as oil. The Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) is responsible for issuing Permits to Drill. Applications must contain details about the plans for drilling to the satisfaction of the director. After discovery of an oil and gas pool and for the prevention of waste, to avoid the drilling of an excessive number of wells and to assure the ultimate maximum recovery of gas or oil, the Director shall, after due investigation and a hearing, establish drilling and/or operation units. The director also, after investigation and a hearing, shall make such special orders as will give to each producer the opportunity to use his just and equitable share of the maximum reservoir energy of any pool. The permittee must submit a well completion report within 45 days of well completion.
Georgia Radiation Control Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Nuclear State/Province The Georgia Radiation Control Act is designed to prevent any associated harmful effects upon the environment or the health and safety of the public through the institution and maintenance of a regulatory program for radioactive material waste sources. The act provides that all facilities or sites for the concentration, storage or burial of radioactive waste must be constructed and operate pursuant to a permit issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD). The director may specify in the permit the conditions under which site or facility shall be operated. The permittee shall post a surety bond payable to the state and shall have and maintain financial protection to cover possible public liability in amounts to be determined by the Director. Applicants must provide information on the following: Administrative, Technical, And Environmental. Permits to construct and operate will be issued separately, and shall not last for more than 180 days and a year respectively. The permittee is fully responsible for the site until satisfactory termination of all activities is approved by the Director.
Georgia Safe Dams Act of 1978 (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Energy Storage
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The purpose of the Georgia Safe Dams Act is to provide regulation, inspection and permitting of dams to the State. The Director of the Environmental Protection Division (EPD) is responsible for ensuring that a competent engineer designs all dams, approving plans for inspection and maintenance, and otherwise monitoring the condition of dams. It requires that anyone wishing to construct a dam must obtain a permit from the EPD; permission to remove a dam is also required. Dams receiving federal funds or under federal regulation are exempt. Artificial barriers less than 6 feet high are also exempt. Dams are classified into two categories. Category I is where improper operation or dam failure would probably cause loss of human life. Category II is where dam failure would be unlikely to cause deaths. Category I dams are monitored more closely by EPD.
Georgia Surface Mining Act of 1968 (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This law regulates all surface mining in Georgia, including the coastal zone. It includes provisions to “advance the protection of fish and wildlife and the protection and restoration of land, water, and other resources affected by mining.” It establishes authority with Georgia DNR’s Environmental Protection Division to issue mining permits consistent with the purposes of the Act. Prior to commencing any surface mining operation a mining operator shall be required to obtain a permit to conduct such surface mining operation from the director. The law also provides conditions for issuance of mining permits and gives the Environmental Protection Division authority to review, investigate, and revoke such permits, as well as to conduct research studies of mining land uses. The law also provides penalties for failure to comply with conditions of mining permits. Tunnels, shafts and dimension stone quarries are exempted from permit requirements.
Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act, which permits the building of reserves for withdrawal in periods of peak demand, was created to promote the economic development of the State of Georgia and provide for more economical distribution of gas to the domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers of the State. Any gas utility desiring to utilize or operate an underground reservoir shall first apply to the Public Service Commission for an order approving the proposed project.
Georgia Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Georgia Underground Storage Act (GUST) provides a comprehensive program to prevent, detect, and correct releases from underground storage tanks (“USTs”) of “regulated substances” other than hazardous wastes governed by the RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) regulations. The regulations provide design, construction, installation, and operating standards for new USTs, a schedule for upgrading existing USTs, release detection methods for new USTs, and a phase-in of such methods for existing USTs. Notification and record keeping are required, as is reporting and correction of releases. The act establishes the GUST trust fund that will provide, to participating owners and operators, coverage for corrective action necessitated by releases from petroleum product USTs. An UST owner or operator conducting corrective action, either through a hired contractor or through the State Contractor, is entitled to reimbursement of reasonable costs from the GUST Trust Fund, in accordance with provisions of the GUST Act and the GUST Rules. The regulations establishing technical standards for USTs emphasize leak prevention, detection, and corrective action. The company wishing to create a UST must receive permitting from the EPD. A state certified contractor must be used for construction and maintenance.
Georgia Utility Facility Protection Act (Georgia) Georgia Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Utility Facility Protection Act (GUFPA) was established to protect the underground utility infrastructure of Georgia. GUFPA mandates that, before starting any mechanized digging or excavation work, you must contact Georgia 811 at least 48 hours but no more than 10 working days in advance to have utility lines marked. This law covers activities such as excavation, tunneling, grading, boring, demolition or any similar work. Any person must submit a Design Locate Request, which is a communication to the utilities protection center (UPC) in which a request for locating existing utility facilities for bidding, predesign, or advance planning purposes is made, to the UPC.
Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly defined to mean any discarded substance and specifically includes "sand, gravel, slag, rubbish, waste material, tin cans, refuse, garbage, trash, debris, bottles, boxes, containers, papers, tires, appliances, mechanical equipment or parts, building or construction materials, wood, motor vehicle parts, oil, batteries, etc. The term dump is also broadly defined to mean "to throw, discard, place, deposit, discharge, burn, or dispose of a substance." To be considered waste discarded items must exceed ten pounds or 15 cubic feet, otherwise they are classified as litter and are subject to Georgia Code 16-7-40.
Georgia Water Quality Control Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Georgia Water Quality Control Act (WQCA) is a set of environmental regulations and permitting requirements that comply with the federal Clean Water Act. The Georgia Water Quality Control Act is enforced by the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (EPD). Under the WQCA any person, corporation, or activity that may result in the discharging of any pollutant from a point source into United States water must obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit from the EPD, also known as a General Permit. If the EPD finds a violation of the WQCA a fine of up to $32,500 per day may be enforced. In addition the EPD may also: require immediate actions to correct the violation(s), order facility operators to cease operations until the problems are fully addressed, revoke the discharger's permit and refuse to renew a permit. Each pollutant discharged at one site constitutes a single violation. A permit is required whenever there are construction activities that disturb a land area of one acre or greater, or tracts of less than one acre that are part of a larger overall development with a combined disturbance of one acre or greater. The applicant must submit a Notice of Intent (NOI) to discharge to the EPD and Local Issuing Authority (LIA) 15 days prior to commencement of construction activities. The applicant must also submit an Erosion, Sedimentation and Pollution Control Plan (ESPCP or the Plan) which outlines Best Management Practices (BMP) and sampling locations prior to commencement of construction activities. The permittee will pay $8- per disturbed acre, half to the EPD and half to LIA. All permittees must provide monthly, by the 15th of the month, discharge monitoring reports on their (DMRs) to the EPD.
High Voltage Safety Act (Georgia) Georgia Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The purpose of the High Voltage Safety Act is to prevent injury to persons and property and interruptions of utility service resulting from accidental or inadvertent contact with high-voltage electric lines by providing that no work shall be done in the vicinity of such lines unless and until the owner or operator thereof has been notified of such work and has taken the appropriate safety measures. The Georgia Public Service Commission requires that anyone doing work in the vicinity of overhead high voltage lines must notify the Utilities Protection Center at least 72 hours in advance, excluding weekends and holidays, to enable the owner or operator of the high-voltage lines to determine the precise tract or parcel of land involved.
Integrated Resource Planning Act (Georgia) Georgia Industry Recruitment/Support
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Georgia’s Integrated Resource Planning Act, which was passed in 1991 and is now Georgia Code § 46-3A, requires that any proposed new electric plant receive certification by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC) before construction begins. A utility is entitled to recover pre-approved costs after a plant is built or canceled. In 2009, the Georgia Legislature passed the Georgia Nuclear Energy Financing Act which allowed Georgia utilities to recover from its customers the costs of financing associated with the construction of a nuclear plant that has been certified by the Georgia Public Service Commission, during the nuclear plant’s construction phase.
Interstate Oil and Gas Conservation Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Florida
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Michigan
Mississippi
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Mexico
New York
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Dakota
Texas
Utah
Virginia
West Virginia
Wyoming
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission assists member states efficiently maximize oil and natural gas resources through sound regulatory practices while protecting the nation's health, safety and the environment.

The Commission serves as the collective voice of member governors on oil and gas issues and advocates states' rights to govern petroleum resources within their borders.

The Commission formed the Geological CO2 Sequestration Task Force, which examines the technical, policy and regulatory issues related to safe and effective storage of CO2 in the subsurface (depleted oil and natural gas fields, saline formations and coal beds).

The Commission also funds research on hydraulic fracking, reusing water used in extracting oil and gas, and makes recommendations on national energy policies and statutes for individual states.

The Commission also has several associate states: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Missouri, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. In addition, it has international affiliations with the Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon.
Marketers' Certificate of Authority (Georgia) Georgia Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Marketers' Certificate of Authority is mandated by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC), and is a part of the Natural Gas Competition and Deregulation Act. It requires that any company seeking to distribute natural gas in the state obtain a certificate of authority from the PSC. To obtain a certificate of authority, an applicant must demonstrate to the Commission's satisfaction that it possesses adequate financial and technical capability to sell or offer to sell natural gas within the state.
Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of oil or hazardous substances in an unknown and/or excess quantity. The term hazardous substance is very broadly defined. "Spill or release" means "discharge, deposit, dumping, emitting, releasing, leaking, etc." and includes the discharge of oil into waters of the state which will cause a significant film, sheen, or discoloration of the water surface or cause the deposition of sludge or emulsion beneath the water surface.
Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with permits. The applicant must prove to the director that the portion of the proposed pipeline, which is the subject of the application, is consistent with and not an undue hazard to the environment and natural resources of Georgia. Permit applications shall include an environmental effects report.
Protection of Tidewaters (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province The Protection of Tidewaters Act establishes the State of Georgia as the owner of the beds of all tidewaters within the State, except where title by a private party can be traced to a valid British Crown or State land grant. The Act provides the Department of Natural Resources the authority to remove those structures that are capable of habitation, or incapable of or not used for transportation.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Georgia) Georgia Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Georgia as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota) may be lower.
Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Tariff RNR-7 (Georgia) Georgia Green Power Purchasing
Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Utility The Renewable and Non-Renewable Resource tariff is authorized by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC), which requires that the investor owned utility, Georgia Power Company, purchase renewable energy cumulative to 0.2% of the Company's annual peak demand in the previous year. Georgia Power purchases renewable energy from eligible providers on a first-come, first-serve basis until the cumulative generating capacity of all renewable sources reaches a specific amount set by the Georgia Public Service Commission. The company will pay avoided energy cost as defined by the most recent informational filing made by the company in compliance with the final order in the PURPA Avoided Cost Docket No. 4822. Additional energy may be purchased by the company at a cost agreed to by it and the Provider. Georgia Power will purchase solar energy through the RNR tariff at the company's Solar Avoided Cost rate (filed in Docket No. 16573) as approved by the Georgia Public Service Commission.
Shore Proection Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province The Shore Protection Act is the primary legal authority for protection and management of Georgia's shoreline features including sand dunes, beaches, sandbars, and shoals, collectively known as the sand-sharing system. The value of the sand-sharing system is recognized as vitally important in protecting the coastal marshes and uplands from Atlantic storm activity, as well as providing valuable recreational opportunities.

The Shore Protection Act limits activities in shore areas and requires a permit for certain activities and structures on the beach. Construction activity in sand dunes is limited to temporary structures such as crosswalks, and then only by permit from the Georgia Coastal Resources Division. Structures such as boat basins, docks, marinas, and boat ramps are not allowed in the dunes. Shore Permits, which are administered by the Coastal Resources Division, are not granted for activities that are inconsistent with the Georgia Coastal Management Program. The Shore Protection Act prohibits operation of any motorized vehicle on or over the dynamic dune fields and beaches, except as authorized for emergency vehicles, and governmental vehicles for beach maintenance or research. The Shore Protection Act also prohibits storage or parking of sailboats, catamarans, or other marine craft in the dynamic dune field.

Direct permitting authority regarding any proposed facilities located within the jurisdictional area the Shore Protection Act lies with the Shore Protection Committee. The Georgia Coastal Resources Division administers these permits. This authority is a very important aspect of the Georgia Coastal Management Program, since recreation at the water's edge is a significant demand. Providing public access and recreational opportunities at or near the beach while protecting the sand sharing system is an important component of the Program.
Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Mississippi
Tennessee
Virginia
Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province The Southeast Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is administered by the Compact Commission. The Compact provides for rotating responsibility for the region's low-level radioactive waste, and the Commission can set rules for waste disposal in the region.
Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Alabama
Arkansas
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maryland
Mississippi
Missouri
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Puerto Rico
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
United States Virgin Islands
Virginia
West Virginia
Industry Recruitment/Support
Environmental Regulations
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Southern States Energy Compact provides for the proper employment and conservation of energy, and for the employment of energy-related facilities, materials, and products, within the context of a responsible regard for the environment, among the Southeastern states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Southern States Energy Board is responsible for administering the Compact and may adopt bylaws, rules, and regulations in conjunction with state agencies. The Board also encourages the development, conservation, and responsible use of energy and energy-related facilities, installations, and products as part of a balanced economy and a healthy environment.
The Center of Innovation for Energy (Georgia) Georgia Training/Technical Assistance Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Non-Profit The Center of Innovation for Energy accelerates the development of new products, ideas and business models in the Energy Ecosystem to help the State maintain a leadership position in the fields of Energy generation, transmission, distribution, storage and consumption. The bridge between research and

commercialization can be challenging. The COI for Energy accelerates this process by providing direct access to research at the University System of Georgia, technical colleges and other research facilities, including Herty Advanced Materials Development Center. The One Stop Shop connects qualified businesses with representatives from over 20 state and federal agencies. Companies present their energy-related projects to the panel and

leave with materials they need to streamline their start up or growth process. This is a program designed to encourage companies to incorporate their business in Georgia, by providing them with guidance and information.
The Entrepreneaur and Small Business Loan Guarantee Fund (Georgia) Georgia Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Non-Profit The Entrepreneur and Small Business Loan Guarantee Fund (ESB) were created by the OneGeorgia Authority to encourage the development or rural, locally owned, small business. The program, in partnership with accredited Georgia financial institutions, provides loans to eligible entrepreneurs and small business owners living in rural areas. These loans range from $35,000 up to $250,000 at competitive interest rates. The OneGeorgia Authority guarantees up to 50% of the loan, which can be used for start-up, fixed assets, or working capital. This public-private partnership allows any accredited financial institution in Georgia to access these shared-risk loans funds, provided the ESB project is located in a rural county.
The Natural Gas Competition and Regulation Act of 1998 Georgia Generating Facility Rate-Making
Industry Recruitment/Support
Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Natural Gas Competition and Deregulation Act's stated intent and purposes are to: promote competition; protect the consumer during and after the transition to competition; maintain and encourage safe and reliable service; deregulate those components of the industry subject to actual competition; continue to regulate those services subject to monopoly power; promote an orderly and expeditious transition of the industry toward fully developed competition; provide for rate-making methods which include the use of straight fixed variable rate design, the recovery of certain stranded costs and the use of alternative forms of rate regulation; and allow gas companies the opportunity to compete effectively in a competitive marketplace. The Act was amended in 2001 so as to provide that a retail customer shall be authorized to change marketers at least once a year without incurring any service charge relating to such change to an alternative marketer; to require the Public Service Commission to have published at least quarterly in newspapers throughout the state a summary of the price per therm and any other amounts charged to retail customers by each marketer operating in this state and any additional information which the commission deems appropriate to assist customers in making decisions regarding choice of a marketer; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes.
The Quality Jobs Tax Credit (Georgia) Georgia Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Quality Jobs Tax Credit provides a tax credit of $2,500-$5,000 per job, per year, for up to five year to companies that create at least 50 jobs in a twelve month period. Credits may be carried forward for ten years.
The Small Business Tax Relief Program (Georgia) Georgia Corporate Tax Incentive
Personal Tax Incentives
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Small Business Tax Relief stipulation allows for faster depreciation on equipment deduction in which businesses can choose to claim the expense in one year as opposed to several years.