Geophysical Exploration Of The Boku Geothermal Area, Central Ethiopian Rift

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Journal Article: Geophysical Exploration Of The Boku Geothermal Area, Central Ethiopian Rift

Abstract
The Boku central volcano is located within the axial zone of the Central Ethiopian Rift near the town of Nazareth, Ethiopia. An integrated geophysical survey involving thermal, magnetic, electrical and gravimetric methods has been carried out over the Boku geothermal area in order to understand the circulation of fluids in the subsurface, and to localize the "hot spot" providing heat to the downward migrating groundwaters before they return to the surface. The aim of the investigations was to reconstruct the geometry of the aquifers and the fluid flow paths in the Boku geothermal system, the country's least studied. Geological studies show that it taps heat from the shallow acidic Quaternary volcanic rocks of the Rift floor. The aquifer system is hosted in Quaternary Rift floor ignimbrites that are intensively fractured and receive regional meteoric water recharge from the adjacent escarpment and locally from precipitation and the Awash River. Geophysical surveys have mapped Quaternary faults that are the major geologic structures that allow the ascent of the hotter fluids towards the surface, as well as the cold-water recharge of the geothermal system. The shallow aquifers are mapped, preferred borehole sites for the extraction of thermal fluids are delineated and the depths to deeper thermal aquifers are estimated.

Authors 
Tamiru A. Abiye and Haile Tigistu








Published Journal 
Geothermics, 2008





DOI 
10.1016/j.geothermics.2008.06.004


 

Citation

Tamiru A. Abiye,Haile Tigistu. 2008. Geophysical Exploration Of The Boku Geothermal Area, Central Ethiopian Rift. Geothermics. (!) .