Geochemistry Of The High-Salinity Geothermal Field Of Asal, Republic Of Djibouti, Africa

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Journal Article: Geochemistry Of The High-Salinity Geothermal Field Of Asal, Republic Of Djibouti, Africa

Abstract
In 1987-1988 deep exploratory geothermal wells were drilled in the Asal Rift in the Republic of Djibouti. The salinity of the brines produced in the Asal field exceeded 100 000mg/kg, with a low gas content of the order of 0.6 mmol/mol. Measured temperatures in the producing zones and at wellbottom vary from about 260 to 359°C. The sphalerite and galena scaling observed in producing wells starts at the flash level located at about 850 m depth. The calculated geochemical temperatures are close to 260°C, which is the average temperature of the main reservoir located at depths between 1000 and 1300 m. As a result of sulphide precipitation, about 90% of H2S is removed from the original fluid before discharge. The computed composition of the brine at reservoir conditions is compatible with the presence of stable phases of epidote, (Mg-Fe)-chlorite, albite, K-feldspar, K-mica, pyrite and anhydrite. The main recharge water is seawater.

Authors 
Franco D'Amore, Daniele Giusti and Anis Abdallah








Published Journal 
Geothermics, 1998





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Franco D'Amore,Daniele Giusti,Anis Abdallah. 1998. Geochemistry Of The High-Salinity Geothermal Field Of Asal, Republic Of Djibouti, Africa. Geothermics. (!) .