Geochemical And Hydrogeological Characterization Of Thermal Springs In Western Sicily, Italy

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Journal Article: Geochemical And Hydrogeological Characterization Of Thermal Springs In Western Sicily, Italy

Abstract
Thermal and cold waters from Castellammare-Alcamo (Western Sicily-Italy) were collected between May 1994 and May 1995 and studied for their chemical and isotopic composition. During the same period, mean monthly samples of meteoric water were also collected and measured for their isotopic composition. The main purpose of this study was the characterization of the acquifers and, if possible, of their recharge areas. According to the results obtained, the acquifers were divided into three main groups: (a) selenitic waters, (b) cold carbonatic waters, and (c) deep thermal waters resulting from the mixing of the other two types. Besides a mixing process between carbonatic and selenitic waters, contamination processes of thermal waters by seawater take place during their ascent. The water temperature of the acquifer feeding the thermal springs was estimated by means of various geothermometers to range between 60°C and 97°C. Isotope data on rainwater samples show a wide seasonal variation of both Δ and ΔD values. The fairly constant values of thermal waters through time and the lack of an apparent correlation with the isotopic values of rainwater suggest the existence of a deep circuit determining an almost complete homogenisation of the seasonal variations of the isotopic values.

Authors 
R. Favara, F. Grassa, S. Inguaggiato and F. D'Amore








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1998





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

R. Favara,F. Grassa,S. Inguaggiato,F. D'Amore. 1998. Geochemical And Hydrogeological Characterization Of Thermal Springs In Western Sicily, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .