GIZ Sourcebook Module 5g: Urban Transport and Health

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This module aims to describe the health risks and benefits that arise from transport, and to identify transport systems that protect and promote people's health both in the short-term, e.g reduing immediate risks from air pollution and injuries, as well as over time by supporting the development of healthier and more sustainable cities. The module provides an overview of the key pathways by which transport can influence health, and the scale of transport-related health risks in OECD and developing countries. It also discusses instruments that are available to assess and counter transport-related health risks. It offers some principles that can be used to guide the development of healthy transport systems and concludes with some case studies illustrating good practice in diverse cities of the world.

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This tool is included in the Transportation Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership.

When to Use This Tool

While building a low emission strategy for your country's transportation system, this tool is most useful during these key phases of the process:

Learn more about the key actions you need to take to build a successful LEDS.

How to Use This Tool

This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

  • Avoid - Cut the need for travel
  • Shift - Change to low-carbon modes
  • Improve - Enhance infrastructure & policies

Learn more about the avoid, shift, improve framework for limiting air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.

This sourcebook on sustainable urban transport addresses the key areas of a sustainable transport policy framework for a developing city. The sourcebook consists of more than 31 modules. It is also complimented by a series of training documents and other material available from

This tool is available for download in multiple languages