Fluid Inclusions In Marmarosh Diamonds- Evidence For Tectonic History Of The Folded Carpathian Mountains, Ukraine

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Journal Article: Fluid Inclusions In Marmarosh Diamonds- Evidence For Tectonic History Of The Folded Carpathian Mountains, Ukraine

Abstract
Fissures in the nappes of the Folded Carpathians contain euhedral quartz crystals known as Marmarosh Diamonds. Study of Marmarosh Diamonds collected from the nappes in the Ukrainian part of the Carpathians showed that these quartz crystals contain abundant primary syngenetic methane-rich and aqueous inclusions. Many of the early inclusions show evidence of "explosion" (decrepitation under conditions of internal overpressure), caused by tectonic uplift of the enclosing sediments during Miocene times. Regional mapping of morphologic and microthermometric characteristics of inclusions indicates that the decrepitated inclusions display characteristic textural features and homogenization temperature patterns within the different nappes, suggesting that the various nappes have experienced significantly different burial-uplift histories. Thus, inclusions reveal an increase in depth of burial from the inner regions of the Folded Flysch Carpathians towards the outer regions: about 2 km for the Marmarosh nappe, 5 km for the Rahiv nappe, 7 km for the Porculec and Chornogora nappes and 10 km for the Krosno zone. The corresponding average geothermal gradients decreased from about 40-45°C/km for the Marmarosh nappe to about 20-25°C/km the Krosno zone. It is also concluded that the Marmarosh nappe followed a P-T path close to the original inclusion isochore, because inclusions from quartz crystals collected within this nappe show no evidence of decrepitation. On the other hand, inclusions in quartz from the Krosno zone show very intense explosion features and the highest fluid densities that have been recorded for the region, suggesting that the Krosno zone was the most buried part of the Ukrainian Folded Carpathians during formation of the inclusions.

Authors 
Maxim O. Vityk, Robert J. Bodnar and Igor V. Dudok








Published Journal 
Tectonophysics, 1996





DOI 
10.1016/0040-1951(95)00128-X


 

Citation

Maxim O. Vityk,Robert J. Bodnar,Igor V. Dudok. 1996. Fluid Inclusions In Marmarosh Diamonds- Evidence For Tectonic History Of The Folded Carpathian Mountains, Ukraine. Tectonophysics. (!) .