Fluid Geochemistry Of The San Vicente Geothermal Field (El Salvador)

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Journal Article: Fluid Geochemistry Of The San Vicente Geothermal Field (El Salvador)

The volcano Chichontepeque (San Vicente) is one of the nine recent volcanoes making up the El Salvador sector of the WNW-ESE-trending active Central American volcanic belt. Thermal activity is at present reduced to a few thermal springs and fumaroles. The most important manifestations (Agua Agria and Los Infernillos Ciegos) are boiling springs and fumaroles located on the northern slope of the volcano (850 m a.s.l.) along two radial faults. The chloride acid waters of the Los Infernillos area are partly fed by a deep hydrothermal aquifer (crossed at 1100-1300 m by a geothermal exploration well), which finds a preferential path to the surface through the radial fault system. C02 is the most important gas (>90%) of the Los Infernillos Ciegos and Agua Agria fumaroles. Part of the Los Infernillos gases may also come from a deeper, hotter source, given their high HCl/Stot. ratio and their more reducing conditions. The application of geothermometric and geobarometric methods to the gases and thermal waters suggests that both thermal areas are linked to the identified 1100-1300 m reservoir, whose temperature (250°C), lateral extension and chemical composition, as resulting from this study, are of interest for industrial development.

Alessandro Aiuppa, Maria Luisa Carapezza and Francesco Parello

Published Journal 
Geothermics, 1997




Alessandro Aiuppa,Maria Luisa Carapezza,Francesco Parello. 1997. Fluid Geochemistry Of The San Vicente Geothermal Field (El Salvador). Geothermics. (!) .