Fluid Geochemistry And Geothermometry In The Western Sector Of The Sabatini Volcanic District And The Tolfa Mountains (Central Italy)

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Journal Article: Fluid Geochemistry And Geothermometry In The Western Sector Of The Sabatini Volcanic District And The Tolfa Mountains (Central Italy)

Abstract
A geochemical survey of 197 fluid discharges (cold and thermal waters and bubbling pools) and 15 gas emissions from the western sector of the Sabatini Volcanic District and the Tolfa Mountains (Latium, Central Italy) was carried out in 2007-2008. The chemical and isotopic compositions of the fluid discharges indicate the occurrence of two main sources: 1) relatively shallow aquifers with Ca(Na,K)-HCO3 and Ca(Mg)-HCO3 compositions when trapped in volcanic and sedimentary formations, respectively; and 2) a deep reservoir, which is hosted in the Mesozoic carbonate sequence, rich in CO2 and having a Ca-SO4(HCO3) composition. Dissolution of a CO2-rich gas phase into the shallow aquifers produces high-TDS and high-pCO2 cold waters, while oxidation of deep-derived H2S to SO42- generates low-pH (< 4) sulfate waters. The Δ13C-CO2 values for gas emissions (from - 2.8 to + 2.7‰ vs. VPDB) suggest that the origin of CO2 associated with the deep fluids is mainly related to thermo-metamorphic reactions within the carbonate reservoir, although significant mantle contribution may also occur. However, R/Ra values (0.37-0.62) indicate that He is mainly produced by a crustal source, with a minor component from a crust-contaminated mantle. On the basis of the Δ13C-CH4 and ΔD-CH4 values (from - 25.7 to - 19.5‰ vs. VPDB and from - 152 to - 93.4‰ vs. VSMOW, respectively) CH4 production is associated with thermogenic processes, possibly related to abiogenic CO2 reduction within the carbonate reservoir. The Δ34S-H2S values (from + 9.3 to + 10.4‰ vs. VCDT) are consistent with the hypothesis of a sedimentary source of sulfur from thermogenic reduction of Triassic sulfates. Geothermometric evaluations based on chemical equilibria CO2-CH4 and, separately, H2S suggest that the reservoir equilibrium temperature is up to ~ 300°C. The ΔD and Δ18O data indicate that water recharging both the shallow and deep aquifers has a meteoric origin. Fluid geochemistry, coupled with gravimetric data and tectonic lineaments, supports the idea that significant contributions from a deep-seated geothermal brine are present in the Stigliano thermal fluid discharges. Exploration surveys investigated this area during 70's-90's for geothermal purposes. Nevertheless, presently the area is still under-exploited. The presence of thermal waters and anomalous heat flow together with the demographic growth of the last years, makes this site a suitable location for direct applications of the geothermal resource.

Authors 
D. Cinti, M. Procesi, F. Tassi, G. Montegrossi, A. Sciarra, O. Vaselli and F. Quattrocchi








Published Journal 
Chemical Geology, Date Not Provided





DOI 
10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.02.017


 

Citation

D. Cinti,M. Procesi,F. Tassi,G. Montegrossi,A. Sciarra,O. Vaselli,F. Quattrocchi. . Fluid Geochemistry And Geothermometry In The Western Sector Of The Sabatini Volcanic District And The Tolfa Mountains (Central Italy). Chemical Geology. (!) .