Perform multi-criteria impact analysis

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Stage 3

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3c.4 Perform multi-criteria impact analysis and assess stakeholder responses
3c.4.1 Multi-criteria impact analysis

Stakeholders in this stage consider the feasibility, cost, and impact of potential and actions and policies that together create an institutional environment that supports the endorsed scenarios. Actions could also be evaluated for their robustness against multiple scenarios to maximize policy value against uncertainty. Stakeholders can then use macroeconomic analysis to evaluate the set of policies in aggregate, and adjust polices as necessary to better meet development goals. They should assess opportunities to build on existing programs.

Key Products

  • Multi-criteria impact analysis for each proposed policy, demonstrating, e.g., economic, social, and environmental development benefits, mitigation potential, market readiness, resiliency to climate change

There a number of models that can be used to analyze the impacts or co-benefits of an aggregated set of actions. Ideally, these models can be used to perform a multi-criteria impact analysis to assess the economic, environmental and social impacts of various actions and ultimately this impact assessment will help to determine which actions will be most beneficial to the country.


Potential impacts that could be assessed include:

  • Economic: employment, job creation, income, food production, rural electrification and stability in supply, terms of trade, energy intensity and cost impacts in industry, buildings, and transportation
  • Social: urban and rural development, literacy, health impacts, education, innovation
  • Environmental: climate resiliency; air, soil, and water quality, water use, biodiversity, GHG emissions

The following articles provide background on modeling techniques for impact assessment of sustainable development policies: Computable general equilibrium models for sustainability impact assessment: Status quo and prospects and Models for policy-making in sustainable development: The state of the art and perspectives for research.

The following toolkit from the European Commission, Joint Research Centre provides information on a number of resources to support impact assessment: Impact Assessment Tools

3c.4.1a Example Impact Assessment Tools

Clean Energy Clean Energy Impact Assessment Toolkit
Land Use Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit


3c.4.2 Stakeholder and decision-maker review

Key Products

  • Analysis of likelihood for each scenario to achieve goals established in previous stage, including consumer acceptance

In this stage stakeholders and technical teams will thoroughly review the alternative deployment scenarios developed to assess which are preferred deployment scenarios in relation to goals, market acceptance and cumulative benefits and costs.

  • Assess likelihood of alternative deployment scenarios achieving the desired goals, especially of market acceptance and consider projected cumulative benefits and costs of each scenario.
  • The selections will be used to create a pathway that combines deployment options for each sector.

Based on the analysis of pathways across sectors stakeholders can refine the pathways to prepare for the final economy-wide pathway recommendation.

Stakeholders and technical teams will prepare a final recommendation for the economy-wide pathways to present to key decision-makers to secure endorsement.