Evolution Of The Latera Geothermal System Ii- Metamorphic, Hydrothermal Mineral Assemblages And Fluid Chemistry
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Journal Article: Evolution Of The Latera Geothermal System Ii- Metamorphic, Hydrothermal Mineral Assemblages And Fluid Chemistry
AbstractThe Latera field (Vulsini volcanic complex, Latium, Italy) is one of the geothermal areas of the peri-Tyrrhenian belt along which a regional, high thermal anomaly has been detected. So far nine deep wells have been drilled within the Latera caldera and four of them have been productive. The geothermal reservoir is located within the fractured carbonatic rocks of the Tuscan nappe; the overlying volcanic units, sealed by hydrothermal minerals (mainly calcite and anhydrite), act as an impervious cover. The fluid produced by the wells comes from a deep aquifer (about 1000-1500 m depth) which at present is not connected with the shallow aquifer in the volcanoclastic units. Fluid temperatures range between 200 and 230°C; in-hole temperatures as high as 343°C at 2775 m depth have been measured in dry wells. The study of the newly formed mineral assemblages from both volcanic and sedimentary units as sampled from the geothermal wells can be used to reconstruct the thermal evolution of the geothermal field. The intrusion of a syenitic melt, up to a depth of about 2000 m, dated 0.86 Ma, represents the major thermal event for the units in the area and is assumed to represent the first step in the geothermal evolution of the Latera system. The above mentioned newly formed mineral assemblages can be divided into three groups: (a) "contact-metasomatic": calcite, anhydrite, diopsidic pyroxene, grossularitic garnet, phlogopite, wollastonite or monticellite; (b) "high-temperature hydrothermal": calcite, anhydrite, K-feldspar, vesuvianite, melanitic garnet, tourmaline, amphibole, epidote, sulphides; (c) "low-temperature hydrothermal": calcite, anhydrite, K-feldspar, clay minerals, sulphides. Group (a) minerals are now relics. Part of (b) and all of (c) group are still in equilibrium with the existing conditions in different parts of the geothermal system. Thermodynamic calculations on the observed mineral assemblages permitted estimates of the P, T conditions and gas fugacities.
- G. Cavarretta, G. Gianelli, G. Scandiffio and F. Tecce
- Published Journal
- Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1985
- Not Provided
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G. Cavarretta,G. Gianelli,G. Scandiffio,F. Tecce. 1985. Evolution Of The Latera Geothermal System Ii- Metamorphic, Hydrothermal Mineral Assemblages And Fluid Chemistry. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .