Compound and Elemental Analysis

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Exploration Technique: Compound and Elemental Analysis

[edit]
"{{{ExplorationTimePerMetric}}}" is not in the list of possible values (job, 10 mile, 10 stn, 100 mile, sq. mile, foot) for this property.



Exploration Technique Information
Exploration Group: Lab Analysis Techniques
Exploration Sub Group: Fluid Lab Analysis
Parent Exploration Technique: Fluid Lab Analysis
Information Provided by Technique
Lithology:
Stratigraphic/Structural:
Hydrological: Results can aid in the determination of fluid source regions and circulation pathways.
Thermal: Certain elements exhibit high spatial correlation with high-temperature geothermal systems.
Cost Information
Low-End Estimate (USD): 15.00
1,500 centUSD
0.015 kUSD
1.5e-5 MUSD
1.5e-8 TUSD
/ compound
Median Estimate (USD): 30.00
3,000 centUSD
0.03 kUSD
3.0e-5 MUSD
3.0e-8 TUSD
/ compound
High-End Estimate (USD): 50.00
5,000 centUSD
0.05 kUSD
5.0e-5 MUSD
5.0e-8 TUSD
/ compound
Dictionary.png
Compound and Elemental Analysis:
Compound and elemental analysis is a process where a sample of some material (e.g., soil, waste or drinking water, bodily fluids, minerals, chemical compounds) is analyzed for its elements and compounds and sometimes its isotopic composition. Elemental analysis can be qualitative (determining what elements are present), and it can also be quantitative (determining how much of each type are present).
Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle


 
Introduction
"By taking appropriate samples of fluids from surface springs and from well discharges, a great deal can be learned about the presence of absence of a geothermal resource and about the resource itself, such as reservoir fluid types, geothermometry, reservoir processes, and production monitoring. [[File:ICPMS_plasma_sampler.jpg|thumb|500px|center|Photo of the plasma sampler from an ICP-MS system used by the Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France. Photo from the CEA Website, last updated October 2, 2011." cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
By taking appropriate samples of fluids from surface springs and from well discharges, a great deal can be learned about the presence of absence of a geothermal resource and about the resource itself, such as reservoir fluid types, geothermometry, reservoir processes, and production monitoring.
Photo of the plasma sampler from an ICP-MS system used by the Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission (CEA), France. Photo from the CEA Website, last updated October 2, 2011.
 
Use in Geothermal Exploration
  • "Two common chemical parameters used to characterize geothermal fluids are TDS and pH, which can be measured in the field with a conductivity meter and pH meter.'"`UNIQ--ref-00000001-QINU`"' More detailed characterization of thermal and meteoric fluids is achieved through lab analyses of individual dissolved chemical components. Dissolved solids consist mainly of:
    • sodium (Na)
    • calcium (Ca)
    • potassium (K)
    • chlorine (Cl)
    • silica (SiO2)
    • sulfate (SO4)
    • bicarbonate (HCO3).

    Minor constituents include a wide range of elements, including:

    • mercury (Hg),
    • fluorine (F),
    • boron (B),
    • arsenic (As)

    Dissolved gases usually include:

    • carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • hydrogen sulfide (H2S)
    • ammonia (NH4)
    • methane (CH4)" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.
    • The given value was not understood.
Two common chemical parameters used to characterize geothermal fluids are TDS and pH, which can be measured in the field with a conductivity meter and pH meter.[1] More detailed characterization of thermal and meteoric fluids is achieved through lab analyses of individual dissolved chemical components. Dissolved solids consist mainly of:
  • sodium (Na)
  • calcium (Ca)
  • potassium (K)
  • chlorine (Cl)
  • silica (SiO2)
  • sulfate (SO4)
  • bicarbonate (HCO3).
  • Minor constituents include a wide range of elements, including:

    • mercury (Hg),
    • fluorine (F),
    • boron (B),
    • arsenic (As)

    Dissolved gases usually include:

    • carbon dioxide (CO2)
    • hydrogen sulfide (H2S)
    • ammonia (NH4)
    • methane (CH4)



     
    Best Practices
    The given value was not understood.
    Data suggest that there are differences in the trace element geochemistry of magmatically-driven systems when compared to extensional systems (i.e. those that are just driven by elevated geothermal gradients).[2]




    Page Area Activity Start Date Activity End Date Reference Material
    Compound and Elemental Analysis (Klein, 2007) Unspecified


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Akutan Fumaroles Area (Kolker, Et Al., 2010) Akutan Fumaroles Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Alum Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Alvord Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Alvord Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Beowawe Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Beowawe Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) Black Warrior Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Blackfoot Reservoir Area (Hutsinpiller & Parry, 1985) Blackfoot Reservoir Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Breitenbush Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Breitenbush Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area (Laney, 2005) Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2010) Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Clear Lake Area (Thompson, Et Al., 1992) Clear Lake Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Colrado Area (DOE GTP) Colado Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (1991) Coso Geothermal Area 1991 1991


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Coso Geothermal Area (2004) Coso Geothermal Area 2004 2004


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Crane Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Crane Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) Dixie Valley Geothermal Area 1997 2001


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Brookins & Laughlin, 1983) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1983


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff & Janik, 2002) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Goff, Et Al., 1981) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1981


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby, Et Al., 1983) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Grigsby, Et Al., 1989) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1989


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Janik & Goff, 2002) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1982 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Laughlin, Et Al., 1983) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1983


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Rao, Et Al., 1996) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1996 1996


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area (Trujillo, Et Al., 1983) Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area 1983


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fish Lake Valley Area (DOE GTP) Fish Lake Valley Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fish Lake Valley Area (Deymonaz, Et Al., 2008) Fish Lake Valley Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Flint Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) Flint Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) Fort Bliss Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Gabbs Valley Area (DOE GTP) Gabbs Valley Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Geysers Area (Kennedy & Truesdell, 1996) Geysers Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Geysers Area (Lambert & Epstein, 1992) Geysers Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) Glass Buttes Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Heber Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Hot Lake Area (Wood, 2002) Hot Lake Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Hot Springs Ranch Area (Szybinski, 2006) Hot Springs Ranch Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Indonesia (Laney, 2005) International Geothermal Area Indonesia


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Mexico (Norman & Moore, 2004) International Geothermal Area Mexico


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) International Geothermal Area New Zealand


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At International Geothermal Area, Philippines (Wood, 2002) International Geothermal Area Philippines


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Jemez Pueblo Area (DOE GTP) Jemez Pueblo Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Jemez Springs Area (Goff & Janik, 2002) Jemez Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Jemez Springs Area (Goff, Et Al., 1981) Jemez Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Jemez Springs Geothermal Area (Trainer, 1974) Jemez Springs Geothermal Area 1972 1974


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Kilauea East Rift Area (Coombs, Et Al., 2006) Kilauea East Rift Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Coombs, Et Al., 2006) Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area 1998 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Quane, Et Al., 2003) Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area 1989 2000


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Combs, Et Al., 2006) Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area (Coombs, Et Al., 2006) Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Sladek, Et Al., 2004) Lake City Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lake City Hot Springs Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Lake City Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Janik & Mclaren, 2010) Lassen Volcanic National Park Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lassen Volcanic National Park Area (Thompson, 1985) Lassen Volcanic National Park Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lightning Dock Area (Norman & Moore, 2004) Lightning Dock Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Dellechaie, 1977) Lightning Dock Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Elston, Et Al., 1983) Lightning Dock Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Lightning Dock Geothermal Area (Witcher, 2006) Lightning Dock Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Little Valley Area (Wood, 2002) Little Valley Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Bergfeld, Et Al., 2006) Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area 2006


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Evans, Et Al., 2002) Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (Farrar, Et Al., 2003) Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area 2000 2001


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area (McKenzie & Truesdell, 1977) Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area 1976 1977


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Maui Area (DOE GTP) Maui Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At McCoy Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) McCoy Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mccredie Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) McCredie Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mcgee Mountain Area (DOE GTP) McGee Mountain Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mickey Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Mickey Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mt St Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 1995) Mt St Helens Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Mt St Helens Area (Shevenell & Goff, 2000) Mt St Helens Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At New River Area (DOE GTP) New River Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Newberry Caldera Area (Goles & Lambert, 1990) Newberry Caldera Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Northern Basin & Range Region (Cole, 1983) Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Northern Basin & Range Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2010) Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2010) Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Raft River Geothermal Area (1981) Raft River Geothermal Area 1981 1981


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Reese River Area (Henkle & Ronne, 2008) Reese River Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Roosevelt Hot Springs Area (Christensen, Et Al., 1983) Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Rye Patch Area (DOE GTP) Rye Patch Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2006) Salt Wells Geothermal Area 2005 2005


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Shevenell & Garside, 2003) Salt Wells Geothermal Area 2002 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salton Sea Area (Wood, 2002) Salton Sea Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Seven Mile Hole Area (Larson, Et Al., 2009) Seven Mile Hole Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Silver Peak Area (DOE GTP) Silver Peak Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Snake River Plain Region (DOE GTP) Snake River Plain Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Soda Lake Area (DOE GTP) Soda Lake Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At The Needles Area (DOE GTP) The Needles Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At U.S. West Region (Krohn, Et Al., 1993) U.S. West Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) U.S. West Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Umpqua Hot Springs Area (Wood, 2002) Umpqua Hot Springs Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Chipera, Et Al., 2008) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 2008


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Gardner, Et Al., 1986) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 1986


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Goff, Et Al., 1982) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 1982


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Janik & Goff, 2002) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 1982 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (Musgrave, Et Al., 1989) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 1989


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area (White, Et Al., 1992) Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area 1992


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Area (Rao, Et Al., 1996) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1996 1996


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Chipera, Et Al., 2008) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 2008


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Goff, Et Al., 1982) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1982


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Goff, Et Al., 1985) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1986


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Janik & Goff, 2002) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 2002


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Musgrave, Et Al., 1989) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1989


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (Trainer, 1974) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1972 1974


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area (White, Et Al., 1992) Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area 1992


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes Region Area (Keith, Et Al., 1992) Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes Region Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes Region Area (Kodosky & Keith, 1993) Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes Region Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Coolbaugh, Et Al., 2010) Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Wister Area (DOE GTP) Wister Area


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Goff & Janik, 2002) Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Hurwitz, Et Al., 2007) Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Kennedy, Et Al., 1985) Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Yellowstone Region (Kennedy, Et Al., 1988) Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region


    Compound and Elemental Analysis At Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Wood, 2002) Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area
    1. Unspecified
    2. Akutan Fumaroles Area
    3. Alum Geothermal Area
    4. Alvord Hot Springs Area
    5. Belknap-Foley-Bigelow Hot Springs Area
    6. Beowawe Hot Springs Area
    7. Black Warrior Area
    8. Blackfoot Reservoir Area
    9. Breitenbush Hot Springs Area
    10. Buffalo Valley Hot Springs Area
    11. Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region
    12. Clear Lake Area
    13. Colado Geothermal Area
    14. Coso Geothermal Area
    15. Crane Hot Springs Area
    16. Dixie Valley Geothermal Area
    17. Fenton Hill HDR Geothermal Area
    18. Fish Lake Valley Area
    19. Flint Geothermal Area
    20. Fort Bliss Area
    21. Gabbs Valley Area
    22. Geysers Area
    23. Glass Buttes Area
    24. Heber Area
    25. Hot Lake Area
    26. Hot Springs Ranch Area
    27. International Geothermal Area Indonesia
    28. International Geothermal Area Mexico
    29. International Geothermal Area New Zealand
    30. International Geothermal Area Philippines
    31. Jemez Pueblo Area
    32. Jemez Springs Area
    33. Jemez Springs Geothermal Area
    34. Kilauea East Rift Area
    35. Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area
    36. Kilauea Southwest Rift And South Flank Area
    37. Lake City Hot Springs Area
    38. Lassen Volcanic National Park Area
    39. Lightning Dock Area
    40. Lightning Dock Geothermal Area
    41. Little Valley Area
    42. Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area
    43. Maui Area
    44. McCoy Geothermal Area
    45. McCredie Hot Springs Area
    46. McGee Mountain Area
    47. Mickey Hot Springs Area
    48. Mt St Helens Area
    49. New River Area
    50. Newberry Caldera Area
    51. Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region
    52. Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region
    53. Raft River Geothermal Area
    54. Reese River Area
    55. Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area
    56. Rye Patch Area
    57. Salt Wells Geothermal Area
    58. Salton Sea Area
    59. Seven Mile Hole Area
    60. Silver Peak Area
    61. Snake River Plain Geothermal Region
    62. Soda Lake Area
    63. The Needles Area
    64. U.S. West Region
    65. Umpqua Hot Springs Area
    66. Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area
    67. Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area
    68. Valley Of Ten Thousand Smokes Region Area
    69. Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region
    70. Wister Area
    71. Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region
    72. Zim's Hot Springs Geothermal Area