Egypt-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP)
"The country participates in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to advance these considerations in the areas of the public sector as well as industry.
PLANNED OUTPUTS OF THE PROJECT
The proposed project outcomes are:
- Area 1: Public Sector (i.e. executive administrative entities that are public)
- Outcome 1: Up to 6 detailed NAMAs formulated in the key sectors of energy and transport within the context of national development priorities.
- Outcome 2: LEDS formulated within the context of national development priorities.
- Outcome 3: MRV systems have been designed to support implementation and evaluation of associated NAMAs and LEDS.
- Area 2: Industry (i.e. industrial entities that are either public or private)
- Outcome 4: Mitigation action plans have been established in the cement and fertilizer industriesx, including up to 4 full-documented mitigation projects developed.
- Outcome 5: MRV systems have been designed to support implementation and evaluation of mitigation action plans in the cement and fertilizer industries.
While the focus in the public sector is on formulation of effective NAMAs in the energy and transport sectors and a LEDS, attention will also be paid to improving MRV systems. This will be done by establishing appropriate indicators for monitoring mitigation actions, as well as by creating the conditions necessary to support future investment in mitigation measures. The focus will be on establishing scopes, metrics/indicators, reporting mechanisms, verification mechanisms, and time frames. An improved MRV system will take into account whether NAMAs are implemented autonomously, through support from developed countries, or through an international crediting mechanism. Suggested criteria for the MRV systems include: credibility, cost effectiveness, timeliness, and a simple and clear procedure which provides enough flexibility for a wide range of mitigation actions.
In the field of industry capacity building, national and regional policies translate into specific requirements for private and/or public industry, which trigger performance improvements in production processes. This component will focus on the aims and needs of at least two selected industries (i.e., cement and fertilizer, and possibly iron & steel at a later stage), and the intent is to encourage industry to uptake and scale up mitigation actions. Work will start from the industry's perspective of enhancing profitability by means of energy efficiency improvements and cost savings. During the inception phase, contacts will be made with programme representatives of the EU and UNDP and industrial organizations in the country in order to identify high priority mitigation actions and potential domestic barriers.xi
The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency and the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs will oversee the project, coordinating the input of the broad range of relevant stakeholders in Egypt, including key line Ministries, councils and agencies, academia, civil society and the private sector.xii Egypt organigram vii Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2011): Third Assessment Report. viii Second National Communication 2010 ix Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011 x The iron & steel industry, which ranked as third priority, will also be engaged if the project budget and duration allows for its inclusion at a later stage. xi Project Document xii Project Document" (reference 2)
The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) was launched in January 2011 as part of a joint collaboration between the European Union (EU - European Commission and Member States) and the United National Development Programme (UNDP).
This collaborative, country-driven programme aims to strengthen technical and institutional capacities at the country level, while at the same time facilitating inclusion and coordination of the public and private sector in national initiatives addressing climate change. It does so by utilizing the global networks and substantial experience established by the UNDP through our wide portfolio of projects and programmes around the globe. The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is part of the larger Green, Low-Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategy of UNDP and gains insight from and builds on global programmes and initiatives already developed by UNDP and EU.
As activity progresses, capacity buildings needs have been identified including assistance with data gaps, building scenarios, and local expertise. Technical assistance aimed at these needs is being provided in the form of guidance materials, targeted backstopping, and training workshops.
With initial contributions of €8,000,000 from the European Commission and €5,000,000 from the Federal Republic of Germany, the programmes overall objective is to strengthen capacities in participating countries in the following ways:
- Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems
- Identify opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA)
- Design low emission development strategies (LEDS) in the context of national priorities
- Design systems for measuring, reporting, and verification of proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
- Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries in some countries
Progress and Outcomes
Capacity building activities include strengthening implementation of climate change policies, development of climate change policies, enhancing capacity for implementing NAMAs, preparation of GHG inventories, enhancing capacity for implementing LEDS, and enhancing financing for energy efficient projects. Capacity building needs identified include: "Support for the development of NAMAs and LEDS, including how to access climate finance. Building technical expertise to put in place a national inventory system." (reference 1)