Ecuador-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP)
"Ecuador decided to participate in the Low-Emission Capacity-Building project to develop a National Mitigation Plan and NAMAs for selected sectors as well as to implement a MRV system.
PLANNED OUTPUTS OF THE PROJECT
The objectives of the Low Emissions Capacity Building Programme in Ecuador are:
- Elaborate the energy, agriculture and waste components of the National Mitigation Plan, which will bring together all policies, actions and initiatives for climate change mitigation, and will constitute the reference framework at the national level for the implementation of mitigation measures in the country's priority sectors, through a participative prioritization process, validation and establishment of commitments.
- Develop MRV systems and a GHG inventory system for the 3 priority sectors.
- Elaborate 3 medium term NAMAs, according to the National Mitigation Plan, for the sectors agriculture, energy and waste.
The expected outcomes are:
- The National Mitigation Plan for energy, agriculture and waste.
- Implementation of and training on the MRV system for GHG emissions for developed NAMAs.
- 3 medium term NAMAs developed, one for each sector energy, agriculture and waste.
The National Mitigation Plan is the document that will route policies and actions for GHG emissions reductions and the GHG inventory system, will formalize and enhance the quality of periodical reports for the GHG inventory (National Communications), which is a commitment of Ecuador to the UNFCCC. The MRV system will provide information for the preparation and continuous improvement of LEDS and national level NAMAs per sector, and the elaborated NAMAs for the 3 sectors will be pilot initiatives to be replicated in the same sector or in others sectors mentioned in the National Climate Change Strategy. It is important to note that NAMAs will facilitate the implementation of mitigation actions in Ecuador.x
The project work will be overseen by the Ministry of Environment, flanked by the National Inter-Institutional Committee on Climate Change and UNDP, overseeing the Project Steering Committee and the Project Management and Secretariat, which coordinate the work of the technical teams. Involved national stakeholders include: the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries (MAGAP), the Ministry for Electricity and Renewable Energy (MEER), the Ministry of Environment (MAE), the Ministry of Transport and Public work (MTOP), the Coordinating Ministry for Production, Employment and Competitiveness (MCPEC), the Coordinating Ministry for Strategic Sectors (MCSE), as well as the Ministry of Industry and Productivity (MIPRO).xi Ecuador organigram vii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011 viii For example the "Program RENOVA" (Replacement of inefficient appliances with high energy consumption, renewal of the fleet) is expected to reduce 10,465.92 tons of CO2-eq per year); the National Program for Integrated Sustainable Solid Waste brings together 120 municipalities; the operation of 8 hydropower plants contribute to reducing more than 8 million tons of CO2-eq in the energy sector. ix Project Document x Project Document xi Project Document Photo credit: UNDP https://connect.undp.org/Cumulus/ng/,DanaInfo=occumulus.undp.org+recordview.jspx" (reference 2)
The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) was launched in January 2011 as part of a joint collaboration between the European Union (EU - European Commission and Member States) and the United National Development Programme (UNDP).
This collaborative, country-driven programme aims to strengthen technical and institutional capacities at the country level, while at the same time facilitating inclusion and coordination of the public and private sector in national initiatives addressing climate change. It does so by utilizing the global networks and substantial experience established by the UNDP through our wide portfolio of projects and programmes around the globe. The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is part of the larger Green, Low-Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategy of UNDP and gains insight from and builds on global programmes and initiatives already developed by UNDP and EU.
As activity progresses, capacity buildings needs have been identified including assistance with data gaps, building scenarios, and local expertise. Technical assistance aimed at these needs is being provided in the form of guidance materials, targeted backstopping, and training workshops.
With initial contributions of €8,000,000 from the European Commission and €5,000,000 from the Federal Republic of Germany, the programmes overall objective is to strengthen capacities in participating countries in the following ways:
- Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems
- Identify opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA)
- Design low emission development strategies (LEDS) in the context of national priorities
- Design systems for measuring, reporting, and verification of proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
- Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries in some countries
Progress and Outcomes
Capacity building activities include strengthening implementation of climate change policies, development of climate change policies, enhancing capacity for implementing NAMAs, preparation of GHG inventories, enhancing capacity for implementing LEDS, and enhancing financing for energy efficient projects. Capacity building needs identified include: "Support for the development of NAMAs and LEDS, including how to access climate finance. Building technical expertise to put in place a national inventory system." (reference 1)