ESR Dating of Quartz Phenocrysts in the El Cajete and Battleship Rock Members of Valles Rhyolite, Valles Caldera, New Mexico

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Journal Article: ESR Dating of Quartz Phenocrysts in the El Cajete and Battleship Rock Members of Valles Rhyolite, Valles Caldera, New Mexico

Abstract
The electron spin resonance (ESR) dating method was employed on quartz phenocrysts separated from pumice of the El Cajete and Battleship Rock Members of the Valles Rhyolite in the Valles caldera, New Mexico. The results of heating experiments indicate that Ti impurity centers have two components; a thermally stable one and a less stable, temperature sensitive one. ESR dates using the stable Ti center yield eruption ages of 59 &plusmin; 6 ka for the Battleship Rock Member and 53 &plusmin; 6 ka for the El Cajete Member while recent 14C dates (S. Reneau and J. Gardner, unpub. data) from carbonized logs in the El Cajete pumice indicate that its age is older than 50 ka. Our results indicate that volcanism in the Valles caldera is much younger than previously thought (� 130 ka) and that recent revisions to the post-0.5 Ma stratigraphy of Valles caldera are probably in error. The results suggest that ESR dating of quartz may be a useful method for obtaining ages of units in other Quaternary volcanic areas.

Authors 
Shin Toyoda, Fraser Goff, Sumiko Ikeda and Motoji Ikeya








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1995





DOI 
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Online 
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Citation

Shin Toyoda,Fraser Goff,Sumiko Ikeda,Motoji Ikeya. 1995. ESR Dating of Quartz Phenocrysts in the El Cajete and Battleship Rock Members of Valles Rhyolite, Valles Caldera, New Mexico. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 67(1):29-40.


Related Geothermal Exploration Activities
Activities (1)


Areas (1)
  1. Valles Caldera - Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area
Regions (0)