Democratic Republic of Congo-Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP)
"The Democratic Republic of Congo is the second largest country in Africa after Algeria. It is the country with most forest area in Africa, making it a carbon sink of estimated 140Gt CO2, and has large hydroelectric potential of 100,000 megawatts, of which so far 2.5% is used. The population is 72 million (2011), with 230 million projected for 2050. The country exported 500,000 tons of copper in 2010, as well as oil, still poverty reduction is one of the main efforts of the government.vii
In its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper addressing climate change is given a crucial role, progress on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) and advancing the use of hydroelectric capacity are seen as key initiatives to contribute to sustainable development in the country. In this context, GHG inventories are of key importance to build a solid information base for further action.viii To comprehensively advance on these efforts, the country is preparing its National Climate Plan and joined the Low-Emission Capacity-Building Project to support the design and implementation of a growth-oriented intersectoral sustainable development strategy. The objective of participating in the project is to build over the next three years a comprehensive carbon emissions reduction strategy, including the inventory of Greenhouse Gases, the development of NAMAs and complying with MRV (measuring, reporting and verification) requirements. The LECB programme is planned to support these efforts with a focus to establish a sectoral GHG inventory system, to identify mitigation activities, to implement a MRV system and to develop a national mitigation project register.
PLANNED OUTPUTS OF THE PROJECT The project's overall objective is to develop a national strategy for the Democratic Republic of Congo that includes mitigation of emissions as well as sustainable development within three years. After three years of project activities, expected outcomes in terms of capacity building are:
- Establishment of a sectoral GHG inventory system.
- Identification of activities within the agriculture and energy sectors to mitigate emissions.
- Identification and implementation of a MRV system.
- Development of a national project register that takes into account all projects contributing to mitigation.
To achieve these results, the strategy is to:
- Carry out sector studies accompanied by measures for each outcome (NAMA) on the basis of studies commissioned to national and international experts. The number and nature of these studies, their terms of reference are identified by sectoral working groups in the relevant fields, including agriculture and energy. The results from the national REDD+ efforts are integrated in this process.
- Validate and gradually improve the study results of these working groups.
- Use working groups to establish a hub of innovative practices to drive innovation in the sectors.
- Transfer the findings of studies and working groups in the strategies and sectoral regulations.
- Collaborate in the drafting of the Third National Communication and the development of the National Climate Plan. While the Third National Communication is subject of a separate project (with funding from UNEP), the collaboration with the LECB project will ensure the involvement of recognized bodies within the dynamic development of low carbon solutions, rather than considering the development of GHG inventories as an end in itself.
- Steer a process of information and communication with stakeholders in each sector and national level.
- Create, build and equip Sustainable Development Cells in each relevant ministerial department so that they have the means to fully participate in the process.ix
INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS The selected institutional architecture respects the mandate given by the Government to the Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism in the fight against global warming and all the socio-environmental issues. The Ministry of Environment established a Steering Committee, as well as a Secretariat for the project management that coordinates the various sectoral groups under the project. The Steering Committee comprises the directors of various ministerial departments in charge of production and the environment (environment, agriculture, energy, oil, mining, transport, urban planning and housing, land-affairs), the director of the Environmental Study Group (Group des Etudes Environnementales du Congo, GEEC), two representatives from the Federation of Congolese Enterprises (Fédération des Entreprises du Congo, FEC), one representative from the environmental sector, one from the Council of Non-Governmental Organizations in Congo (Conseil national des organisations non-gouvernementales, CNONG/RDC), and one from UNDP Congo and the EU Commission. The sectoral groups include the director of sustainable development, the director of production, several representatives from the Federation of Congolese Enterprises, public enterprises, as well as representatives from sectoral NGOs and trade unions and local experts from universities and businesses." (reference 2)
vii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011 viii Workshop presentation by National Project Focal Point Berlin November 2011 ix Project Document x Project Document
The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) was launched in January 2011 as part of a joint collaboration between the European Union (European Commission and Member States) and the United National Development Programme.
This collaborative, country driven programme aims to strengthen technical and institutional capacities at the country level, while at the same time facilitating inclusion and coordination of the public and private sector in national initiatives addressing climate change. It does so by utilizing the global networks and substantial experience that UNDP has established through our wide portfolio of projects and programmes around the globe. The EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme is part of the larger Green, Low-Emission Climate Resilient Development Strategy of UNDP and gains insight from and builds on global programmes and initiatives already developed by UNDP and EU.
With initial contributions of €8,000,000 from the European Commission and €5,000,000 from the Federal Republic of Germany, the programmes overall objective is to strengthen capacities in participating countries in the following ways:
- Develop greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory management systems
- Identify opportunities for nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMA)
- Design low emission development strategies (LEDS) in the context of national priorities
- Design systems for measuring, reporting, and verification of proposed actions and means to reduce GHG emissions
- Facilitate the design and adoption of mitigation actions by selected industries in some countries (reference 1)