Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)
"The Government of Denmark will provide US$6 million to the new programme Facilitating Implementation and readiness for Mitigation (FIRM). The new programme will also provide fast start financing to Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in developing countries.
FIRM will assist six to eight developing countries to strengthen their national low carbon development strategies and get a "quick start" on NAMAs. The focus will be on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in ways that also contribute to national development goals, such as creating jobs, enhancing energy security, and reducing the local environmental impacts of conventional energy technologies.
FIRM will also develop guidelines for NAMA criteria, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) approaches and tools for analyzing and prioritizing mitigation measures.
The project will be implemented by UNEP and build directly on the GEF-funded Technology Needs Assessment Programme in the participating countries. Danish funding will be supplemented by in-kind UNEP and national resources."
Progress and Outcomes
Capacity buidling needs have been identified and include all issues associated with MRVs, national framweworks for MRVs, capacity development for baselines definition for NAMAs, institutional and legal aspects, and the need to provide instruments and incentives for barriers removal. The project will provide technical advice and institutional capacity-building services to national agencies (and their stakeholders) with the aim of helping design and then implement specific national mitigation activities within a NAMA framework. The results will be the accelerated implementation of public and private mitigation projects within a NAMA framework and contributing to a low carbon development strategy, and reduced emission of greenhouse gases. The goal is to achieve relatively short term results while strengthening institutions and demonstrating approaches that can be replicated.