Connecticut/EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies for Connecticut

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Policy Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary
Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations contain instructions for the operation and monitoring of air pollution control equipment, as well as comments on procedures in the event of equipment breakdown, failure, and deliberate shutdown.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province No person shall operate a source which has a significant impact on air quality in such a manner as to cause or contribute to a violation of ambient air quality standards. Connecticut primary and secondary standards for sulfur oxides, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, hydrocarbons, nitrogen dioxide, lead, and dioxin are listed here.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Any source that serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe is considered a CO2 budget source for the purpose of these regulations. This section lists monitoring and reporting requirements as well as CO2 thresholds for such sources, and describes the CO2 allowance budget trading program.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Nitrogen Oxides Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations may apply to reciprocating engines, fuel-burning equipment, or waste combusting equipment which are either attached to major stationary sources of NOx or have high potential NOx emissions. Exceptions apply. The regulations require owners or operators of relevant equipment to meet certain emissions limitations, comply with equipment provisions, reduce Nox emissions, and register equipment.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Particulate Matter and Visible Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations set emissions opacity standards for stationary sources with opacity continuous emissions monitoring equipment, stationary sources without such equipment, and mobile sources. The regulations also require reasonable precautions to be taken to prevent particulate matter from becoming airborne during any activity which might carry such risk (e.g., construction), and describe emissions standards for fuel-burning equipment. Some exemptions are listed.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations set limits on the sulfur content of allowable fuels (1.0% by weight, dry basis) for combustion, as well as for the heat input of any fuel burning equipment (250,000 Btu/hour). These limits may be exceeded provided that the operator demonstrates that actual sulfur emissions do not exceed 1.1 pounds per million Btu of heat input. Some exceptions, including the use of fuels with higher sulfur contents during fuel emergencies, apply. The regulations also contain provisions for fuel analyses, fuel merchants, sulfuric acid plants, sulfur recovery plants, non-ferrous smelters, and sulfite pump mills.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Power Plants and Other Large Stationary Sources of Air Pollution (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province These regulations apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a maximum input heat capacity of 250 MMBtu/hr or more. The regulations define allowable average emissions rates for these sources, additional emissions reduction requirements, and sulfur dioxide emissions standards.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Distributed Generators (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province For the purpose of these regulations, a distributed generator is defined as any equipment that converts primary fuel, including fossil fuel and renewable fuel, into electricity or electricity and thermal energy, and has a nameplate capacity less than 15 MW that generates electricity for other than emergency use. Electricity generated may be used either on-site or for sale under an agreement with a utility, other market participant or system operator. The construction or modification of distributed generators may be exempt from new source general permit requirements. These regulations list emissions allowances and certification requirements for distributed generators, as well as information on credit for concurrent emissions reductions.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offset Projects (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Projects that either capture and destroy landfill methane, avoid sulfur hexafluoride emissions, sequester carbon through afforestation, provide end-use energy efficiency, or avoid methane emissions from agricultural management operations are eligible for the award of CO2 offset allowances. Projects are eligible as long as the offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement is not required by any local, state, or federal law, or regulation, administrative, or judicial order, and the project is not awarded credits or allowances under any other mandatory or voluntary greenhouse gas program by another participating state or carbon market. These regulations describe maximum allocation periods, timing, and monitoring for CO2 offset projects and how to compute allowable carbon offsets.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Hazardous Air Pollutants (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe maximum allowable stack concentrations and hazard limiting values for the emission of hazardous air pollutants. The regulations also discuss sampling procedures for hazardous air pollutants and reporting requirements.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Permit to Construct and Operate Stationary Sources (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Permits are required for the construction or major modification of a stationary source or emission unit. Some exemptions apply. These regulations describe permit requirements, authorized activities prior to permit issuance, and standards for the issuance, modification, revision, or revocation of a permit.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Prohibition of Air Pollution (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province All air pollution not otherwise covered by these regulations is prohibited. Stationary sources which cause air pollution must be operated in accordance with all applicable emissions standards and standards of performance.
Abatement of Air Pollution: Source Monitoring, Record Keeping, and Reporting (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Equipment that either combusts coal in any amount, or enough gaseous, liquid, or solid fuels to meet the heat and emissions standards defined in these regulations, must be operated with an Opacity Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEM) system. Some exemptions apply. These regulations describe monitoring and reporting requirements.
Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season Trading Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations may apply to fossil-fuel fired emission units, and describe nitrogen emission allocations that owners of such units must meet. The regulations also contain provisions for facilities that have implemented energy efficiency measures, such as higher building standards or the addition of combined heat and power units.
Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe application procedures for requesting an exemption for a given activity. Regulated activities include the storage of hazardous material; repair or maintenance requiring the use, storage, or disposal of hazardous materials; wastewater discharges other than domestic sewage water and stormwater; generation of electrical power with fossil fuels other than natural gas or propane; and storage, handling, recycling, disposal, reduction, processing, or composting of solid waste.
Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States) South Carolina
Connecticut
New Jersey
Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Nuclear State/Province The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is a cooperative effort to plan, regulate, and administer the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in the region. The states of Connecticut, New Jersey, and South Carolina are party to this compact.
Climate Action Plan (Connecticut) Connecticut Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Connecticut’s climate change initiative is led and directed by the Governor’s Steering Committee on Climate Change (GSC). The GSC is made up of leaders from key state agencies including the Departments of Environmental Protection, Public Utility Control, Transportation, and Administrative Services, the Office of Policy and Management, and the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund.
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state.
Competitive Bidding Process for Electric Distribution Companies’ Procurement of Default and Back-up Electric Generation Services (Connecticut) Connecticut Generation Disclosure Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Electric distribution companies shall utilize a competitive bidding process for electric generation services. The Department of Public Utility Control will be responsible for setting the criteria for this bidding process, which may include an evaluation of the cost of service, risk analysis, and use of renewable energy resources.
Connecticut Environmental Policy Act (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Environmental impact reports must be prepared for all proposed projects initiated by state agencies or funded in whole or in part by the state. Reports will assess the likely direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of a proposed project; will be subject to a state review; and will be distributed publicly. The sponsoring agency must use the impact reports to make a final decision on whether to sponsor the proposed project.
Connecticut Water Diversion Policy Act (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
State/Province This section describes regulations and permit requirements for projects or activities which may lead to water diversion; however, many exemptions apply. Regulated activities include large withdrawals from groundwater resources, collection or discharge of runoff, water transfer, and relocation, retention, detention, bypass, channelization, piping, culverting, ditching, or damming of waters where the drainage area tributary to such waters is 100 acres or greater.
Dam Safety Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province All dams, except those owned by the U.S., are under the jurisdiction of these regulations. These dams will be classified by hazard rating, and may be subject to periodic inspections. The construction of new dams is also subject to inspection throughout and following the building process.
Direct Loan Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Connecticut Development Authority’s Direct Loan Program provides direct senior and subordinated loans and mezzanine investments to companies creating or maintaining jobs. Up to $20,000 per job is available and proceeds may be used for working capital, equipment purchase, mortgage payments, or Brownfield remediation or redevelopment. The program provides access to loan funds that are otherwise unavailable to the borrower.
EXP Job Creation Incentive Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The EXP Job Creation Incentive Program provides loans towards expenditures related to training, marketing, working capital, or other Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development-authorized expenses. Loan amounts range from $10,000 to $300,000 with a 4% interest rate. DECD may choose to defer loan payments or forgive up to 50% of the loan if job creation goals are met. DECD offers a matching grant program to small businesses that are likely to maintain job growth.
EXP Revolving Loan Fund (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The EXP Revolving Loan Fund provides loans between $10,000 and $100,000 with a 4% interest rate for a maximum ten-year term. The loans may be used to purchase machinery and equipment, for construction or relocation costs, working capital, or other business-related expenses authorized by the Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development.
Economic Inducement Financing Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Companies relocating to or expanding within the state are eligible for CDA direct loans up to $5 million through its Economic Inducement Financing Program. proceeds may be used for working capital, equipment, facilities, or mortgages. Eligible companies must contribute to Connecticut’s technology base, intellectual capital, urban infrastructure, economic base, employment, tax revenues, or export of products and services.
Endangered, Threatened, and Species of Special Concern (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This document lists endangered, threatened, and species of special concern in Connecticut, along with procedures for petitioning to add or remove a species from these lists and to add or remove an area identified as an essential habitat. Such areas are identified by the Commissioner.
Energy Project Financing (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province CDA, in collaboration with the Connecticut Energy, Finance and Investment Authority (CEFIA), provides Energy Project Financing to promote advancements in energy technologies which will create business and job growth. CDA helps to provide investment capital through its loan and loan guarantee programs, attracting additional lenders who can help lower risks and costs.
Environmental Land Use Restriction (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This section governs the implementation and enforcement of environmental land use restrictions. These restrictions can only be requested by the property owner for remediation purposes, and are designed to minimize the risk of human exposure to pollutants and to protect a given area from residential or groundwater use, soil disturbance, and construction.
Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit (Connecticut) Connecticut Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Fixed Capital Investment Tax Credit allows a tax credit of 5% of the amount paid for any new fixed capital investment. Companies with fewer than 800 full-time employees may take a tax credit for machinery and equipment purchased and installed in a facility. The credit is based on a percentage of the amount spent on machinery that exceeds the amount spend on machinery in the preceding income year. A tax credit of 5% of the incremental increase is available for companies with 251 to 800 full-time employees. Companies with fewer than 250 full-time employees may take a tax credit equal to 10% of the incremental increase.
Forestry Policies (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The state of Connecticut is home to a large area of productive forested lands. These forests are managed primarily by the Division of Forestry, under the State Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP). In 2010, The State issued its Forest Resource Assessment and Strategy document:

http://www.ct.gov/deep/lib/deep/forestry/assessment_and_strategy/assessment__strategy.pdf

The Resource Assessment and Strategy document discusses a proposed Harvesting Guidelines study that is still under development, in the interim the State is considering using the Forest Guild Northeast Region's guidelines: http://www.forestguild.org/publications/research/2010/FG_Biomass_Guidelines_NE.pdf

The Resource Assessment and Strategy document also discusses concerns over biomass energy in general as well as with specific regard to forest residues, and references Vermont's programs as a potential model for developing a sustainable woody biomass supply in the state.

The Connecticut DEEP offers informational resources and review of biomass energy in the state through its website:

http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?a=2708&q=323872&depNav_GID=1763
Gas Code of Conduct (Connecticut) Connecticut Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Natural Gas State/Province The Gas Code of Conduct sets forth the standard of conduct for transactions, direct or indirect, between gas companies and their affiliates. The purpose of these regulations is to promote competitive markets and ensure that a gas company does not subsidize or provide an unauthorized benefit to its affiliates.
Gas Companies Operating Within the State of Connecticut (Connecticut) Connecticut Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations apply a broad definition of “gas company”, which includes any person or entity involved in the manufacture or transportation of gas within Connecticut. The regulations set standards for the operation of gas companies, including for the continuity of service, quality control, metering, testing, recording, and reporting, customer relations, and facility construction and operation.
General Conditions Applicable to Water Discharge Permits and Procedures and Criteria for Issuing Water Discharge Permits (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe permit and facility requirements for facilities which discharge wastewater. Facility construction, expansion, alteration, production increases, or process modifications may require permits under this section. The regulations also discuss monitoring, recording, and reporting requirements for wastewater discharges. With regards to conservation, facilities are required to minimize wastewater discharges and prohibited from diluting effluents or using excess water.
Guaranteed Loan Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Guaranteed Loan Program also helps private-sector lenders meet their client’s financing needs. CDA guarantees can cover up to 40% of the principal balance in case of a loss. Proceeds may be used the same as above, and also for performance guarantees and to finance foreign trade or receivables.
Hazardous Waste Facilities Siting (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province These regulations describe the siting and permitting process for hazardous waste facilities and reference rules for construction, operation, closure, and post-closure of these facilities.
Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste and other land uses. The regulations require an applicant for a proposed hazardous waste facility to demonstrate that the health and safety of all persons in schools, hospitals, nursing homes, and occupied dwellings within 2000 feet of the proposed facility will not be threatened. The minimum required distance to the nearest land uses may be reduced if the applicant sufficiently demonstrates that it will not pose an increased risk to the public.
Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Transportation of hazardous wastes into or through the State of Connecticut requires a permit. Some exceptions apply. The regulations provide information about obtaining permits and other permit-related procedures.
ISO New England Forward Capacity Market (Multiple States) Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont
Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Under the Forward Capacity Market (FCM), ISO New England projects the capacity needs of the region’s power system three years in advance and then holds an annual auction to purchase the power resources that will satisfy those future regional requirements. Resources that clear in the auction are obligated to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO. The Forward Capacity Market was developed by ISO New England, the six New England states, and industry stakeholders to promote investment in generation and demand-response resources to meet future demand. The results ensure that the region will have sufficient resources to meet future demand. Resources that clear in the auction are committed to provide power or curtail demand when called upon by the ISO, or risk financial penalties.
Inland Wetlands and Water Courses Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Regulated activities in or near inland wetlands and water courses include the removal or depositing of material, land or water obstruction or alteration, construction, pollution, or water diversion. This section describes permitting and review requirements for such activities. This section also contains information on procedures to dispute the designation of any land as a wetland or a water course.
Job Expansion Tax Credit (Connecticut) Connecticut Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Job Expansion Tax Credit allows eligible businesses to receive tax credits for each new full-time position created. Up to $500 per month per employee is available for up to three years. The credit can be applies against a variety of taxes. Businesses must hire a pre-determined number of employees per company size threshold to qualify for the credits.
Line-of-Credit to Term Loans (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province CDA’s Line-of-Credit to Term Loans good for one year for capital expenditures, converting to a fully amortizing term loan. Funds may be used for building expansion, equipment, or IT upgrades.
Minimum Stream Flow Standards (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province These regulations apply to all dams and structures which impound or divert waters on rivers or their tributaries, with some exceptions. The regulations set standards for minimum flow (listed in the document) to be met by such structures.
Moratorium on Construction of Nuclear Power Facilities (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province No construction shall commence on a fifth nuclear power facility until the Commissioner of Environmental Protection finds that the United States Government, through its authorized agency, has identified and approved a demonstrable technology or means for the disposal of high level nuclear waste.
Natural Gas Pipe Line Companies (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations list standards and considerations for the design, construction, compression, metering, operation, and maintenance of natural gas pipelines, along with procedures for records, complaints, and service interruptions.
New England Power Pool (Multiple States) Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
Interconnection Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Non-Profit Independent System Operator (ISO) New England helps protect the health of New England's economy and the well-being of its people by ensuring the constant availability of electricity, today and for future generations. ISO New England meets this obligation in three ways: by ensuring the day-to-day reliable operation of New England's bulk power generation and transmission system, by overseeing and ensuring the fair administration of the region's wholesale electricity markets, and by managing comprehensive, regional planning processes.
Oil and Gas Exploration (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province These regulations apply to activities conducted for the purpose of obtaining geological, geophysical, or geochemical information about oil or gas including seismic activities but excluding exploratory well drilling or aerial surveys. Such exploration for oil or gas must be registered with the Commissioner of Environmental Protection; requirements for registration are listed in these regulations. The regulations also discuss well drilling activities and abandonment requirements.
Participating Loan Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province CDA’s Participating Loan Program provides junior participating loans with private-sector lenders, contributing up to 50% of the principal balance, to companies unable to satisfy a lender’s standard loan underwriting criteria. Proceeds may be used the same as above. This program helps banks meet their client’s financing needs.
Permit Fees for Hazardous Waste Material Management (Connecticut) Connecticut Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe applicable fees for permit application, modification, and transfer for permits related to hazardous waste management.
Qualified Small Business Job Creation Tax Credit (Connecticut) Connecticut Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Qualified Small Business Job Creation Tax Credit provides tax incentives for Connecticut based-businesses with less than 50 employees. The tax credit is equal to $200 per month for each new full-time employee. The program expires January 1, 2013.
Qualifying RPS State Export Markets (Connecticut) Connecticut Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This entry lists the states with Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) policies that accept generation located in Connecticut as eligible sources towards their RPS targets or goals. For specific information with regard to eligible technologies or other restrictions which may vary by state, see the RPS policy entries for the individual states, shown below in the Authority listings. Typically energy must be delivered to an in-state utility or Load Serving Entity, and often only a portion of compliance targets may be met by out-of-state generation. In addition to geographic and energy delivery requirements, ownership, registry, and other requirements may apply, such as resource eligibility, generator vintage and capacity limitations, as well as limits on Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) vintage. The listing applies to RPS Main Tiers only, and excludes solar or distributed generation that may require interconnection only within the RPS state. This assessment is based on energy delivery requirements and reasonable transmission availability. Acceptance of unbundled RECs varies. There may be additional sales opportunities in RPS states outside the Eastern Interconnection. REC prices in markets with voluntary goals (North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont) may be lower.
Radiation Sources and Radioactive Materials (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province These regulations apply to persons who receive, transfer, possess, manufacture, use, store, handle, transport or dispose of radioactive materials and/or sources of ionizing radiation. Some exemptions apply. The regulations describe registration, labeling, reporting, and disposal requirements and maximum allowed radiation doses.
Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This section sets state goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.
Registration of Electric Generators (Connecticut) Connecticut Generation Disclosure Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province All electric generating facilities operating in the state, with the exception of hydroelectric and nuclear facilities, must obtain a certificate of registration from the Department of Public Utility Control prior to operation. An application may be denied if it is incomplete or if the Department determines that the liability insurance policy or terms of coverage for the subject electric generating facility is not commercially reasonable and customary within the industry.
Regulations Establishing Restricted Zones for the Transportation of Hazardous Materials (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province These regulations establish a Shore Clearance Line which cannot be crossed except in an emergency by any vessel transporting oil or hazardous materials in bulk in Long Island Sound. For the purpose of these regulations, hazardous substance means any liquid cargo which is inflammable or combustible or which, when discharged in any quantity into or upon the waters of Connecticut causes or is likely to cause significant damage to the environmental resources of Connecticut.
Reporting of Nuclear Incidents (Connecticut) Connecticut Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Nuclear State/Province Each operator of a nuclear power generating facility shall notify the Commissioner of Environmental Protection or his designee, which may be another State Agency, as soon as possible but in all cases within one hour, by telephone, of the occurrence of significant events as defined by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
Small Business Express Program (EXP) (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Small Business Express Program (EXP) provides loans and grants to small businesses (not more than 100 employees) to spur job creation and growth. The Program provides access to capital through a revolving loan fund, and provides loans and grants through two job creation incentive programs.
Soil Erosion and Sediment Control Act, Soil and Water Conservation District, and Council on Soil and Water Conservation Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local These regulations establish Soil and Water Conservation Districts throughout the State of Connecticut. Each district has its own Board of Directors; membership and election procedures are defined in these regulations. Each Board will oversee issues related to soil and water conservation in its district, and may choose to review local projects that could impact soil and water conservation. The Council of Soil and Water Conservation will oversee the Boards and prepare an annual report regarding soil and water conservation.
Solid Waste Management (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Solid waste facilities operating in Connecticut must abide by these regulations, which describe requirements and procedures for issuing construction and operating permits; environmental considerations; restrictions; and requirements for the disposal of special waste (incl. sewage treatment or industrial sludges, liquids, solids, and contained gases).
Solid Waste Management Services Act (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This Act affirms the commitment of the state government to the development of systems and facilities and technology necessary to initiate large-scale processing of solid wastes and resource recovery. By this Act, maximum resource recovery from solid waste and maximum recycling and reuse of resources is set as an environmental goal of the State. Long-term negotiated contracts between the state and private persons and industries may be utilized as an incentive for the development of industrial and commercial enterprise based on resources recovery within the state. The Act provides regulations for the use of bonds to fund resource recovery projects, and establishes the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority to oversee the planning, design, construction, financing, management, ownership, operation and maintenance of solid waste disposal, volume reduction, recycling, intermediate processing and resources recovery facilities and all related solid waste reception, storage, transportation and waste-handling and general support facilities.
State Agency Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy Technology Test Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Green Building Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of Connecticut has an established pathway to test new energy efficiency or renewable energy technologies in state offices. The technology, product or process must be presently available for commercial sale and distribution or have the potential for commercialization not later than two years following the completion of any test program by a state agency. If the test is successful, the Commissioner of Administrative Services may procure such technology for use by any or all state agencies.
Stream Flow Standards and Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations apply to all rivers and streams in Connecticut. Dam owners need to comply with these regulations unless the dam is principally used for hydroelectric power generation and is under the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Some other exemptions apply. The regulations describe river and stream classifications and prescribes standards for dam operation.
Tax Incremental Financing (Connecticut) Connecticut Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province CDA provides Tax Incremental Financing for significant economic projects―these may be able to receive funds from tax-exempt or taxable bonds. The incremental taxes generated by the project service the bond debt.
Tidal Wetlands Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Most activities occurring in or near tidal wetlands are regulated, and this section contains information on such activities and required permit applications for proposed activities. Applications will be reviewed based on the activity's potential impact(s) on the wetlands of the state, adjoining coastal and tidal resources, navigation, recreation, erosion, sedimentation, water quality and circulation, fisheries, shellfisheries, wildlife, flooding and other natural disasters and water dependent use opportunities.
Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program provides up to $100 million in tax credits over a ten-year period to support projects that create jobs and capital investment in under-served areas. An Urban Site Investment Project is eligible if it creates significant economic activity and if it is located in a designated community. Eligible Industrial Site Investment Projects must have made an investment in or improvement to real property that has been subject to environmental contamination.