Circulation And Thermodynamics In A Subglacial Geothermal Lake Under The Western Skafta Cauldron Of The Vatnajokull Ice Cap, Iceland

Jump to: navigation, search


OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library

Journal Article: Circulation And Thermodynamics In A Subglacial Geothermal Lake Under The Western Skafta Cauldron Of The Vatnajokull Ice Cap, Iceland

Abstract
The subglacial, geothermal lake beneath the Western Skafta cauldron ( depression) in the Vatnajokull ice cap, Iceland, was accessed by hot water drilling through the overlying 300 m-thick ice shelf. Most of the ca. 100-m water column was near 4.7 degrees C, but was underlain by a distinct similar to 10 m-deep water mass at 3.5 degrees C. The sensible heat content of the lake water is approximately twice the potential energy dissipated in outburst floods, and the temperature of the lake may be an important factor in the development of subglacial water courses of jokulhlaups from the lake. The lake temperature is higher than the temperature of maximum density, implying that convective heat transfer can take place in the lake. The vertical temperature structure suggests a large-scale recirculating flow in the lake, the rate of which was estimated from the lake temperatures and the chemical composition of a water sample.

Authors 
T. Johannesson, T. Thorsteinsson, A. Stefansson, E. J. Gaidos and B. Einarsson








Published Journal 
Geophysical Research Letters, 2007





DOI 
Not Provided
Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org



 

Citation

T. Johannesson,T. Thorsteinsson,A. Stefansson,E. J. Gaidos,B. Einarsson. 2007. Circulation And Thermodynamics In A Subglacial Geothermal Lake Under The Western Skafta Cauldron Of The Vatnajokull Ice Cap, Iceland. Geophysical Research Letters. (!) .