Chemical Composition Of Thermal Springs, Cold Springs, Streams, And Gas Vents In The Mt Amiata Geothermal Region (Tuscany, Italy)

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Journal Article: Chemical Composition Of Thermal Springs, Cold Springs, Streams, And Gas Vents In The Mt Amiata Geothermal Region (Tuscany, Italy)

Abstract
A geochemical study of thermal and cold springs, stream waters and gas emissions has been carried out in the Mt. Amiata geothermal region. The cold springs and stream waters do not seem to have received significant contribution from hot deep fluids. On the contrary, the thermal springs present complex and not clearly quantifiable interactions with the hot fluids of the main geothermal reservoir. The liquid-dominated systems in the Mt. Amiata area, like most of the high-enthalpy geothermal fields in the world, are characterized by saline, NaCl fluids. The nature of the reservoir rock (carbonatic and anhydritic), and its widespread occurrence in central Italy, favor a regional circulation of "Ca-sulfate" thermal waters, which discharge from its outcrop areas. Waters of this kind, which have been considered recharge waters of the known geothermal fields, dilute, disperse and react with the deep geothermal fluids in the Mt. Amiata area, preventing the use of the main chemical geothermometers for prospecting purposes. The temperatures obtained from the chemical geothermometers vary widely and are generally cooler than temperatures measured in producing wells. Other thermal anomalies in central Italy, apart from those already known, might be masked by the above-mentioned circulation. A better knowledge of deep-fluid chemistry could contribute to the calibration of specific geothermometers for waters from reservoirs in carbonatic rocks.

Authors 
V. Duchi, A. A. Minissale and F. Prati








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1987





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

V. Duchi,A. A. Minissale,F. Prati. 1987. Chemical Composition Of Thermal Springs, Cold Springs, Streams, And Gas Vents In The Mt Amiata Geothermal Region (Tuscany, Italy). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .