Chemical And Isotopic Signatures Of The Basement Rocks From The Campi Flegrei Geothermal Field (Naples, Southern Italy)- Inferences About The Origin And Evolution Of Its Hydrothermal Fluids

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Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Signatures Of The Basement Rocks From The Campi Flegrei Geothermal Field (Naples, Southern Italy)- Inferences About The Origin And Evolution Of Its Hydrothermal Fluids

Abstract
The Campi Flegrei (Naples, Campanian Plain, southern Italy) geothermal system is hosted by Quaternary volcanic rocks erupted before, during and after the formation of the caldera that represents one of the major structural features in the Neapolitan area. The volcanic products rest on a Mesozoic carbonate basement, cropping out north, east and south of the area. Chemical (major, minor and trace elements) and stable isotope (C, H, O) analyses were conducted on drill-core samples recovered from geothermal wells MF-1, MF-5, SV-1 and SV-3, at depths of ~ 1100 to 2900 m. The study was complemented by petrographic and SEM examination of thin sections. The water which feeds the system is both marine and meteoric in origin. Mineral zonation typical of a high-temperature geothermal system exists in all the geothermal wells; measured temperatures in wells are as high as ~ 400°C. The chemical composition of the waters suggests the existence of two reservoirs: a shallow reservoir (depth < 2000 m) fed by seawater that boiled at 320°C and became progressively diluted by steam-heated local meteoric water during its ascent; and a deeper reservoir (depth > 2000 m) of hypersaline water. The drill-cores are mainly hydrothermally altered volcanics of trachy-latitic affinity, but some altered pelites and limestones are also present. Published Na, Mg and K concentrations of selected geothermal waters indicate that the hydrothermal fluids are in equilibrium with their host rocks, with respect to K-feldspar, albite, sericite and chlorite. The measured Δ18O(SMOW) values of rocks range from +4.3 to + 16.5%. The measured ΔD(SMOW) values range from - 79 to - 46%. The calculated isotopic composition of the fluids at equilibrium with the samples vary from + 1 to + 8.3%. Δ18O and from - 52 to + 1%. ΔD. The estimated isotopic composition of the waters at equilibrium with the studied samples confirmed the existence of two distinct fluid types circulating in the geothermal system. The shallower has a marine water signature, while the deeper water has a signature consistent both with magmatic and meteoric origins. In the latter case, the recharge of this aquifer likely occurs at the outcrop of the Mesozoic Limestones surrounding the Campanian Plain; after infiltration, the water percolates through evaporitic layers, becoming hypersaline and D-depleted.

Authors 
Graziella Caprarelli, Makoto Tsutsumi and Bruno Turi








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 1997





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Graziella Caprarelli,Makoto Tsutsumi,Bruno Turi. 1997. Chemical And Isotopic Signatures Of The Basement Rocks From The Campi Flegrei Geothermal Field (Naples, Southern Italy)- Inferences About The Origin And Evolution Of Its Hydrothermal Fluids. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .