Calderas, Landslides And Paleo-Canyons On Piton De La Fournaise Volcano (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean)

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Journal Article: Calderas, Landslides And Paleo-Canyons On Piton De La Fournaise Volcano (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean)

Abstract
Based upon a re-interpretation of previous data and a new field campaign, a structural evolution is proposed for the early history of Piton de la Fournaise volcano from 500,000 to 50,000 years. Conceptually, it is shown that the formation of a caldera in which lava flows are contained inside the caldera depression, gives time for erosion to excavate deep canyons on the external slopes of the volcano, for example, the Riviere des Remparts, the Riviere Langevin and the Riviere de l'Est canyons on Piton de la Fournaise volcano. These canyons are infilled when lavas, filling the caldera and overflowing its rim, are able again to flow on the external slopes of the volcano. In the past, this excavating/infilling process has occurred twice following the formation of the Riviere des Remparts and Morne Langevin calderas. The formation of the third caldera, the Plaine des Sables caldera, was followed by the excavation of the current canyons. In addition to this process, two large landslides have been documented in the field. The first, which happened about 300,000 years ago, is apparently the first episode of the break up of Piton de la Fournaise volcano, predating the formation of the four large calderas. The second landslide, which occurred 150,000 years ago and is considered to be less extensive, has carried away the entire southern flank of the Riviere des Remparts caldera.

Authors 
Olivier Merle, Philippe Mairine, Laurent Michon, Patrick Bachelery and Magali Smietana








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2010





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Olivier Merle,Philippe Mairine,Laurent Michon,Patrick Bachelery,Magali Smietana. 2010. Calderas, Landslides And Paleo-Canyons On Piton De La Fournaise Volcano (La Reunion Island, Indian Ocean). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .