Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change Through Sustainable and Innovative Energy Technologies

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This expert report highlights the need to bridge the divide between climate change and poverty reduction through innovative energy technologies and to bring about transformational impacts to address these dual challenges. The report argues that providing financing for innovative ideas, low-cost, low-emission, and pro-poor technologies are effective measures to harness their potential.


The need to enable and promote access to innovative energy technologies that address both poverty reduction and climate change needs is both urgent and timely. Cognizant that are no ‘one solution fits all’ technological options, and that institutional, regulatory, and capacity frameworks and constraints play a critical role in research and development of sustainable energy innovations, the study seeks to:

  • Make the case for addressing the divide

between two of the most pressing global challenges—poverty reduction and climate change—which tend largely to be viewed as distinct global issues, with few, sustained attempts at policy coordination and programmatic synergy

  • Highlight the urgent need for systematic

linkages between poverty reduction and future global efforts related to mitigation and adaptation. In particular, the timely and pressing need for coordination and synergy between increasing access to sustainable energy services for the poor and climate change concerns, through research, development, and implementation of new pro-poor sustainable energy services (technologies, applications, and systems)

  • Identify some innovative sustainable energy

services that have the potential to transform broader, ongoing developing country efforts toward reducing poverty and responding to climate change.

The aim is not to provide a comprehensive listing of all available/existing energy technologies and options that can address poverty reduction and climate change concerns, nor to provide an overview of applicable regulatory, policy, and institutional frameworks and mechanisms that can encourage the development of appropriate innovative energy technologies. Rather, the study focuses on select examples and applications with the potential for broad applicability in varied settings. It is worth pointing out that a nuanced study of sustainable energy innovations needs to go beyond the identification of selected energy innovations to analyse the institutional and regulatory environment that may have supported successful examples. However, analyses of the institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks/ environments that are conducive to the development of successful innovations are beyond the purview of this study.