Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects

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Contents

World Bank Active Climate Projects in Brazil

  1. Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project
  2. BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ)
  3. First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management
  4. BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II
  5. BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration
  6. PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project
  7. Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro
  8. Rio de Janeiro Sustainable Integrated Ecosystem Management in Productive Landscapes of the North-Northwestern Fluminense (GEF)

Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project

"The objective of the Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project for Brazil is to improve the mobility of public transport users in the Capao Redondo-Largo Treze Chacara Klabin corridor in a cost-efficient and environmentally-friendly manner. The components of the project include: extending the existing Line 5 by approximately 12 km from the southwest of the city to the expanded center by 2013 and will be co-financed by the State of Sao Paulo, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the Inter American Development Bank (IADB). The state will fully finance all the civil works and permanent way as well as its project management and supervision. IADB will finance in full the modernization of 8 trains which already operate in the existing line 5 and will partially finance with the state the energy supply, the telecommunications and control system, the auxiliary systems and the low-income population impact studies for a total of US$481 million. The IBRD will finance the acquisition and supervision of delivery and implementation of 26 new trains, the Communication Based Train Control (CBTC) signaling system and platform screen doors and climate change related studies for a total of US$650.4 million. After the extension, the line will consist of a 20.1 km metro line going from Capdo Redondo station to Chcicara Klabin station and including the 15 intermediate stations."

BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ)

"The objective of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project for Brazil is to assist the selected agencies to:

(i) reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions growth rates by fostering a long term increase in the promotion of less energy intensive transport modes; and
(ii) promote the implementation of policies and regulatory frameworks that foster the development of sustainable transport systems.

There are six components to the project, the first component being freight transport. This component will improve the efficiency of freight transport in urban areas, and reduce conflicts and impacts on other modes of transport. The second component is the better coordination and integration of transport and land-use planning and environmental management. The third component is the enhancement of public transport. This component will improve public transport systems, facilitate the effectiveness and interconnectivity of those systems with other modes of transport, and induce mode switching away from private vehicles. The fourth component is the non-motorized transport. This component will carrying out of pilot investments to better integrate walking and biking into the municipalities' planning processes and transport facilities, and to create incentives for their use as a viable and safe alternative to traditional motorized transport systems. The fifth component is the Transport Demand Management (TDM). This component will support the development and evaluation of transport interventions and policies to rationalize use of private vehicles, and create incentives for more widespread use of public transport and non-motorized modes. Finally, the sixth component is the project administration."

First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management

"This development policy loan (DPL) is the first operation in a series of two loans which span the period 2008-2010 and aim to support the Government of Brazi (GoB) efforts to

(i) improve the effectiveness and efficiency of policies and guidelines of the Brazilian environmental management system; and
(ii) further integrate principles of environmentally sustainable development in the development agenda of key sectors.

By focusing on these sectors, the Sustainable Environmental Management (SEM) DPL series will support the GoB commitment to implement a model of accelerated competitiveness and growth while assuring improved environmental and poverty outcomes, which are pillars of the 2008-2011 Country Partnership Strategy (CPS). In this way, the SEM DPL series supports the GoB concerted efforts to promote the sustainable management of agricultural lands, forests, and water resources; reduction of deforestation in the Amazon; reduction of the environmental degradation of land, water, and other resources which are key determinants of the well-being of the poor; and promotion of renewable."

BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II

"The main objective of the Second Novagerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project for Brazil is to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and reduce environmental and social impacts of solid waste disposal. The project is comprised of individual sub-projects at different stages of preparation. A preliminary assessment has identified five initial sub-projects. Sub-project one: operation of the existing landfill of Sao Goncalo (850 tons/day), a.k.a Itaoca. The landfill has already been contracted in the form of a municipal concession and is planned to be closed in 2008. About 200 waste-pickers are living on the project location and have been organized in the form of a cooperative since the beginning of the rehabilitation process of Sao Goncalo from a dumpsite into a proper landfill. Sub-project two: Novagerar is developing an entirely privately operated landfill in Muribeca, Jaboatao dos Guarapes, and Pernambuco State. The site is already operating and waiting for nearby municipalities to start bringing their solid wastes. The site has already secured an estimated 900 tons/day of municipal waste, and the addition of Recife will bring the potential to 2,700 tons/day. Sub-project three: as part of the concession for the rehabilitation and closing of the old dumpsite in Sao Goncalo, the contract with the municipality also includes the opening of a new sanitary landfill in the municipality with an estimated disposal of around of 900 tons/day. A site has already been identified and is currently in the process of receiving the environmental licenses to start the project designs. Sub-project four: Novagerar has identified a site for a new landfill in the southern part of the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro (Santa Rosa) and is currently getting the environmental license for the area. The potential amount of solid waste to be disposed is very high, between 3,000 to 5,000 tons/day. In addition, there are plans to use an existing railway link to transport the waste between the city of Rio de Janeiro and the landfill, providing additional benefits. This sub-project is likely to be ready in 2009. Sub-project fifth: Novagerar is currently operating a landfill but is planning the construction of a composting plant in Petrolina, Bahia, which could receive waste from neighboring cities, including Juazeiro. The organic content of the waste is high, but no detailed studies have been undertaken to assess the emission reduction potential of the project."

BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration

"The Lages Wood Waste Cogeneration Project for Brazil aims to reduce emissions by generating energy from renewable sources. It also supports the development of an international market mechanism for emissions reduction under the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. The project produces reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by

  1. ) substituting electricity by thermal plants with electricity from renewable sources, using wood waste from existing wood processing units and other wood residues from legal sources in the State of Santa Catarina; and
  2. ) avoiding methane emissions from wood waste piles, currently landfilled in most cases in an environmentally harmful manner (open air burning of wood waste is banned by law)."

PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project

"The objective of the Prototype Carbon Fund - PCF - Sugar Bagasse Cogeneratioon Project is to reduce emissions by generating energy from renewable resources. It is designed to facilitate the implementation of several subprojects in Brazil, of which two sugar bagasse cogeneration projects are presented for approval. The Alta Mogiana Bagasse Cogeneration Project is hosted by Usina Alta Mogiana S.A., and focuses on increasing efficiency in the cogeneration process to produce more steam, and increase electricity output to supply the national grid. In the first phase, two 21 bar pressure boilers are refurbished and a new 25 MW turbo generator installed. The Guarani Cruz Alta Bagasse Cogeneration project is hosted by Azucar Guarani S.A. and focuses on installing new facilities to increase the electricity output from its generation plant. Under Phase I, a 21.8 MW backpressure turbo-generator will be installed and a 63 bar boiler. In Phase II a 25 MW pressure turbo-generator will be installed, as well as a 63 Bar boiler. The project will receive carbon finance, and project preparation and processing from the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)."

Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro

"The specific objectives for the Nova Gerar Landfill Gas Generation Project for Brazil will encompass maximizing the reduction of greenhouse gases and social and environmental benefits by investing in gas collection system and in a modular electricity generation plant at the landfill sites and further upgrading the waste management disposal system. The project components for both the Marambaia and Adrianpolis sites include:

Component 1) The gas collection system will use state-of-the-art technology. The landfill uses cells coated with an impermeable high-density polyethylene membrane; water residues will be channeled and treated in a waste water treatment plant. Landfill gas will be collected and channeled to the power generation units. Vertical wells will be used to extract gas.
Component 2) The flares to be installed in parallel with the generator sets, will be 2000 m3/hour Modular Ground Gas Flares.
Component 3) In terms of power generators, British landfill-gas-to-power company EnerG has recommended the use of modular engines, such as the Caterpillar G 3516RA Le spark ignition engines."

Rio de Janeiro Sustainable Integrated Ecosystem Management in Productive Landscapes of the North-Northwestern Fluminense (GEF)

"The aim of the Rio de Janeiro Sustainable Integrated Ecosystem Management in Productive Landscapes of the North-Northwestern Fluminise (GEF) Project for Brazil is to

  1. address threats to biodiversity of global importance;
  2. reverse land degradation in agricultural landscapes;
  3. enhance carbon sequestration, and
  4. increase awareness at all levels of the value of adopting an integrated ecosystems management (IEM) approach in managing natural resources. This project has four components.
Component 1 supports planning for IEM actions.
Component 2 supports systems for adopting IEM and sustainable management practices.
Component 3 supports organization and capacity building for IEM.
Component 4 finances project management, monitoring, and evaluation."

References

  1.  "World Bank Project Database-Brazil"