Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support
The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic growth, known as "green growth", that simultaneously targets key aspects of economic performance, such as poverty reduction, job creation and social inclusion, and those of environmental sustainability, such as mitigation of climate change and biodiversity loss and security of access to clean energy and water. GGGI was founded in June 2010, and is headquartered in Seoul, the Republic of Korea.
Brazil Green Growth Planning
The GGGI-sponsored effort in Brazil was hosted by the Brazilian Finance Ministry and involved other key ministries such as Planning, Environment, Industry and Agriculture, as well as key research agencies such as EMBRAPA and FGV. The key objectives were to define low carbon options for all key GHG emitting sectors, develop a climate adaptation strategy and help develop a carbon financing framework for Brazil. Phase one of the project started in July 2010 in sectors prioritized by the Finance Ministry: forestry, agriculture, steel and electric power.
Current Activities and Future Plans
The second phase of the project will have two components: analysis and capacity building. The analysis component of project will continue in-depth analyses for the remaining sectors -- transportation, chemicals, cement, waste, oil and gas, and building -- and the assessment against a set of agreed criteria for both economic growth and emission reductions. The capacity building component encompasses codifying and integrating knowledge, and transferring knowledge and tools developed during the project to the local partners and stakeholders.
Kalimantan Green Growth Planning East Kalimantan is Indonesia’s second largest province covering some 20 million hectares of land area. Historically its economic development model has been based on natural resources extraction in the oil and gas, forestry, and mining sectors. Based on this model it has become the second wealthiest province in Indonesia with USD 7,500 GDP per capita, and making the nation’s third provincial largest emitter with estimated emissions of 255 MtCO2e in 2010. The Government of East Kalimantan realizes that economic development cannot continue to come at the expense of damaging the environment, and seeks to create a future that continues to generate economic prosperity while reducing environmentally harmful carbon emissions.
Past Activities During 2010 (Phase 1 of GGGI's work) the government of East Kalimantan and the Indonesian National Council of Climate Change (DNPI) with the active support of GGGI collaboratively developed a green growth strategy for East Kalimantan. The strategy projects future emissions against a baseline business-as-usual economic development scenario that assumes that no significant efforts at carbon abatement or shifts to economic activity with reduced emissions are made. It identifies key drivers of emissions and abatement opportunities across the province and within the five major industrial sectors and includes an outline of the institutional and regulatory changes required to capture abatement and economic development opportunities. The strategy focused on identifying major sources of emissions across the province and sectors, as well as major abatement opportunities and actions. To implement the strategy, the following critical enablers were identified: (a) integrated spatial planning; (b) financial mechanisms; and, (c) community engagement mechanisms.
Current Activities and Future Plans Pilot projects are being developed and stakeholders are being involved through extensive roadshows and the operationalization of the Provincial Council on Climate Change (DDPI). The overall objective of this phase is to build upon the green growth strategy developed in Phase 1. Specifically, for East Kalimantan, GGGI's objectives are the following:
- Build the capabilities of the DDPI organization to coordinate REDD+ related projects in East Kalimantan;
- Provide project management support for the DDPI including identification and facilitation of projects that support green growth strategy, driving the green growth toward implementation as opportunities and political will avail themselves;
- Conduct further REDD+ Readiness activities in Indonesia as needed in order to bring projects to fruition;
- Analyze impact of green growth on GDP, employment, industrial sector composition and implications for the provincial and district annual budgets with integrated spatial planning (physical and legal) with provincial economic development plans (including economic corridor plans); and
- Development of lessons learned and methodologies that can be applied elsewhere in Indonesia (e.g., Central Kalimantan).