Bike-Sharing:History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future

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This paper discusses the history of bike-sharing from the early 1st generation program to present day 3rd generation programs. Included are a detailed examination of models of provision, with benefits and detriments of each, and a description of capital and operating costs. The paper concludes with a look into the future through discussion about what a 4th generation bike-sharing program could be.


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This tool is included in the Transportation Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership.

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While building a low emission strategy for your country's transportation system, this tool is most useful during these key phases of the process:





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This tool is most helpful when using these strategies:

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"This paper discusses the history of bike-sharing from the early 1st generation program to present day 3rd generation programs. Included are a detailed examination of models of provision, with benefits and detriments of each, and a description of capital and operating costs. The paper concludes with a look into the future through discussion about what a 4th generation bike-sharing program could be."

References

  1.  "Bike-Sharing:History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future"