Begin execution of implementation plans
- 2.1. Assess current country plans, policies, practices, and capacities
- 2.2. Compile lessons learned and good practices from ongoing and previous sustainable development efforts in the country
- 2.3. Assess public and private sector capacity to support initiatives
- 2.4. Assess and improve the national GHG inventory and other economic and resource data as needed for LEDS development
- Greenhouse Gas Inventory Development Toolkit
- 3a. Analytical Decision Making - Developing BAU Scenario
- 3b. Analytical Decision Making - Assessing Opportunities
- 3b.1. Assess technical potential for sector technologies
- Renewable Energy Technical Potential Toolkit
- Building Energy Assessment Toolkit
- Power System Screening and Design Toolkit
- Land Use Assessment Toolkit
- Bioenergy Assessment Toolkit
- Transportation Assessment Toolkit
- 3b.2. Assess economic and market potential of technologies and initiatives
- Clean Energy Market Analysis Toolkit
- 3b.3. Prioritize development options
- 3c. Analytical Decision Making - Developing and Assessing Low Emissions Development Scenarios
- 3c.1. Develop low emissions growth scenarios
- 3c.2. Assess institutional framework for LEDS
- Financing Initiatives Toolkit
- Policy and Program Design Toolkit
- 3c.3. Assess in-depth contributions of selected scenarios to goals across sectors
- Land-use Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit
- 3c.4. Perform multi-criteria impact analysis and assess stakeholder responses
- Clean Energy Impact Assessment Tool
- Sustainable Land-use Impact Assessment Toolkit
- 5.1. Begin execution and monitor progress of implementation plans
5.1 Begin execution and monitor progress of implementation plans
In this stage, projects should be started with a clear action plan for the implementation phase. After the launch of a project, regular monitoring should also take place according to plans developed in Stage 4. Progress in achieving actions may be monitored using objective measurable timelines and critical path milestones as identified in the implementation plan.
Monitoring and evaluation facilitates LEDS implementation by increasing transparency and accountability, enhancing stakeholder trust, facilitating adaptive management, and informing future programs. Well-designed monitoring and evaluation should be country owned and driven and be based on sound underlying data. It should also map back to the LEDS itself comprehensively and include mechanisms to track short-, medium-, and long-term impacts. Because the LEDS may build upon and expand existing development plans and objectives, the indicators can draw on existing frameworks for metrics and accountability. Where appropriate and feasible, incorporating independent third-party evaluation entities can help ensure autonomy.
A sample, illustrative six-stage iterative process for monitoring and evaluation is below.
- Identify responsible agencies for coordinating monitoring and evaluation
- Work with lead agencies to develop detailed implementation plans for each measure
- Modify targets identified in the pathways analysis to be specific and measurable
- Determine measurement and monitoring system needed to assess impacts of LEDS implementation
- Create indicators and measures and a monitoring system
- Publicly report results for monitoring and evaluation on a regular basis, then restart process as the LEDS evolves over time.
It is important to engage relevant stakeholders throughout the process of developing and implementing monitoring and evaluation to build trust and improve transparency and to improve ownership of the LEDS itself.