Assess institutional frameworks for LEDS for land-use sector

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Stage 3

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3c.2 Assess institutional framework for LEDS

3c.2.1 Review barriers to achieving deployment scenarios

 
Key Products

  • Identification of barriers

This first step in evaluating and selecting policies should be to assess potential barriers to achieving deployment pathways. This is important so that policy options can be chosen to address these barriers. Click here to download a summary and table of renewable energy policies and barriers.

  • The planner can use the capacity and market assessments from stage 3 to identify barriers including:
  • Economic
  • Regulatory
  • Financing
  • Infrastructure
  • Technical capacity
  • Consumer acceptance
  • Private sector interest
  • Legal
  • Legal treatment of ownership
  • Laws regulating the effects of an energy installation on the local environment
  • Local traditions of contract law

Inability to secure financing for LEDS projects is one of the primary barriers faced by developing countries. It is important for developing countries to have access to information about the costs and financing options for clean energy projects in their country. The programs listed in the toolkit below provide resources for learning more about clean energy financing options, project costs and private sector presence in your country.

Financing Initiatives Toolkit

3c.2.2 Identify comprehensive portfolio of possible actions for addressing barriers

 
Key Products

  • Identification of policy options, deployment and financing programs, and other actions to address barriers

There are a number of policy options to address barriers to low emission development. In this step stakeholders and technical teams will first review and then identify policy options to address barriers.

  • Once barriers are identified stakeholders and technical teams can review policy options to address the identified barriers.
  • Next stakeholders can assess how these policies have been applied in countries similar to their own. The databases below provide country-specific information on clean energy and land use policies that have been applied internationally.

The Policy and Program Design Toolkit may be used to research the development and implementation of clean energy and land use policies in use around the globe

Policy and Program Design Toolkit




3c.2.3 Example sector assessment - land use

In some countries, the institutional frameworks exist to support nation-wide Landscape LEDS. However, many countries have not integrated climate goals into their land use planning, and a Landscape LEDS will require an institutional structure that integrates the priorities of the different ministries and agencies that make land use decisions. Gap analyses can identify the human and institutional capacities needed to implement the LEDS plan and attain integrated climate goals.

The institutional framework will enable the policy priorities identified in earlier stages of this module. Stakeholders in this stage consider the feasibility, cost, and impact of institutional structures that support the endorsed pathways. Institutional structures could be evaluated for their credible and transparent economic, legal, and governance arrangements, and should be able to accommodate changes to the pathway and portfolio of activities.

High-level endorsements of the institutional framework and policy reforms are critical to this process to ensure sufficient political will and capacity for implementation.

3c.2.4 Review international best policy practice and lessons learned

Stakeholders should also review case studies, lessons learned and best practices on application of policies and deployment programs in countries similar to their own. Some resources to find these best practice and lessons learned documents are listed below.

 
Clean Energy
Clean Energy

Further best practice documents that planners can review in relation to policy design are listed below.

General
Compendium of US Policy Best Practices
International Clean Energy Analysis Policy and Program Design Toolkit
IEA workshop on Global Best Practice in Renewable Energy Policy Making
NREL State of the State Report
Advance Vehicles
Technology Action Plan Advanced Vehicles
Bioenergy
Technology Action Plan Bioenergy
Carbon Capture, Use and Storage
Technology Action Plan Carbon Capture, Use and Storage
Energy Efficiency
Technology Action Plan Buildings
Technology Action Plan Industrial
Building Energy Codes-Best Practices Report for APEC Economies
ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard
IEA Energy Efficiency Policy Recommendations to the G8 2007 Summit, Heiligendamm
High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions (HELE) Coal Technologies
Technology Action Plan Coal
Marine Energy
Technology Action Plan Marine
Smart Grid
Technology Action Plan Smart Grid
Solar
Technology Action Plan Solar
Wind
Technology Action Plan Wind
Land Use
What Is Needed to Make REDD+ Work on the Ground: Lessons Learned from Pilot Forest Carbon Initiatives
A Nested Approach to REDD+: Structuring Effective and Transparent Incentive Mechanisms for REDD+ Implementation at Multiple Scales


 
Questions

Where can I find a comprehensive collection of policies that support low-emissions development?

What financing programs would help support carbon mitigation options?

What policies can be used to support sustainable forestry?

How can agricultural and forest sector policies be reformed to support low emission planning?

What regulatory reforms have been implemented by other countries to support low emission development?

How should I design the policies and deployment programs that will help my country achieve its development goals?

3c.2.5 Select actions for analysis and tailor to country contexts
Iterative process of policy analysis.png

 
Key Products

  • Multi-criteria impact analysis for each proposed policy, demonstrating, e.g., economic, social, and environmental development benefits, mitigation potential, market readiness, resiliency to climate change

Although there are policy best practices it is important that they are tailored to individual country circumstances. The following steps can assist in selection of policies that support deployment goals to be analyzed in the next step and inform how to tailor these policies to differing country contexts.

  • Define policy goals for the country
  • Clarify technical and market scope of policy or program
  • Identify how it builds on and complements existing policies or programs

The following report provides an example from the Center for Climate Strategies on the US stakeholder-led process for selecting policy options: Impacts of Comprehensive Climate Legislation on the U.S. Economy.