Application Of The Geomechanical Facies Approach And Comparison Of Exploration And Evaluation Methods Used At Soultz-Sous-Forts (France) And Spa Urach (Germany) Geothermal Sites

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Journal Article: Application Of The Geomechanical Facies Approach And Comparison Of Exploration And Evaluation Methods Used At Soultz-Sous-Forts (France) And Spa Urach (Germany) Geothermal Sites

Abstract
Earth-reservoirs are increasingly exploited today with the extraction of resources, such as heat and hydrocarbons, and the large-scale emplacement of waste, such as CO(2) sequestration. The characterization, site investigation, predictive modeling and long-term monitoring are dependent on the processes being investigated and modeled. In most cases complex coupled processes have to be addressed in a geologically complex rock mass system. In this paper we present a conceptual holistic framework known as geomechanical facies linking all the scales of investigation, characterization and reservoir development methods. We demonstrate this concept on the work undertaken during the design and development of the enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) systems at the forefront of European Hot-Dry-Rock (HDR) technology, Soultz-sous-Forts (France) and Spa Urach (Germany). Soultz-sous-Forts is situated within granitic rocks and an active tectonic graben system in the central part of the Rhine Graben. It presents conditions of lithology, temperature, stress, hydraulics and geochemistry that are very different from those at Spa Urach, located in a very dense gneiss formation in the South German crystalline complex. Spa Urach exhibits more elastic behavior and is set tectonically within an almost inactive strike-slip stress field described in more detail in Sects. "Drill core analysis" and "Hydraulic stimulation at Spa Urach". This paper compares the exploration and field development methods used at these two sites against the back drop of the geomechanical facies concept. Issues addressed include the key parameters for flow and heat transport properties, coupled hydro-mechanical process identification, the success of the HDR reservoir as a heat exchanger and exploration techniques applicable to the different facies. Identification of the key geomechanical facies gives an indication as to which technologies will prove more efficient in the application of HDR technology. The results of this study will hopefully help in developing heat recovery schemes for the long-term economical operation of future HDR plants and EGS as well as assist in the understanding of engineered geosystems.

Authors 
H. Tenzer, C. H. Park, O. Kolditz and C. I. McDermott








Published Journal 
Environmental Earth Sciences, Date Not Provided





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

H. Tenzer,C. H. Park,O. Kolditz,C. I. McDermott. . Application Of The Geomechanical Facies Approach And Comparison Of Exploration And Evaluation Methods Used At Soultz-Sous-Forts (France) And Spa Urach (Germany) Geothermal Sites. Environmental Earth Sciences. (!) .