All EZFeed Policies

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EZ Feed Policies

Incentive Place Policy Type Active Affected Technologies Implementing Sector Summary Applicable Sector
401 Certification (Vermont) Vermont Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Nuclear
State/Province A 401 Certification is required for any project that triggers a federal permit or license. Examples include licenses from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and any project which requires a permit from the Army Corps of Engineers for dredging or placement of fill in federally protected waters or wetlands. Hydroelectric projects subject to FERC licensing and re-licensing require a 401. Projects must comply with the Clean Water Act, the Vermont Water Quality Standards and any other requirements of state law. Industrial
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Air Pollution Control Equipment and Monitoring Equipment Operation (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations contain instructions for the operation and monitoring of air pollution control equipment, as well as comments on procedures in the event of equipment breakdown, failure, and deliberate shutdown. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Connecticut Primary and Secondary Standards (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province No person shall operate a source which has a significant impact on air quality in such a manner as to cause or contribute to a violation of ambient air quality standards. Connecticut primary and secondary standards for sulfur oxides, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, ozone, hydrocarbons, nitrogen dioxide, lead, and dioxin are listed here. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Carbon Dioxide Emissions/Carbon Dioxide Budget Trading Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Any source that serves an electricity generator with a nameplate capacity equal to or greater than 25 MWe is considered a CO2 budget source for the purpose of these regulations. This section lists monitoring and reporting requirements as well as CO2 thresholds for such sources, and describes the CO2 allowance budget trading program. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Nitrogen Oxides Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations may apply to reciprocating engines, fuel-burning equipment, or waste combusting equipment which are either attached to major stationary sources of NOx or have high potential NOx emissions. Exceptions apply. The regulations require owners or operators of relevant equipment to meet certain emissions limitations, comply with equipment provisions, reduce Nox emissions, and register equipment. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Particulate Matter and Visible Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations set emissions opacity standards for stationary sources with opacity continuous emissions monitoring equipment, stationary sources without such equipment, and mobile sources. The regulations also require reasonable precautions to be taken to prevent particulate matter from becoming airborne during any activity which might carry such risk (e.g., construction), and describe emissions standards for fuel-burning equipment. Some exemptions are listed. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Compound Emissions (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations set limits on the sulfur content of allowable fuels (1.0% by weight, dry basis) for combustion, as well as for the heat input of any fuel burning equipment (250,000 Btu/hour). These limits may be exceeded provided that the operator demonstrates that actual sulfur emissions do not exceed 1.1 pounds per million Btu of heat input. Some exceptions, including the use of fuels with higher sulfur contents during fuel emergencies, apply. The regulations also contain provisions for fuel analyses, fuel merchants, sulfuric acid plants, sulfur recovery plants, non-ferrous smelters, and sulfite pump mills. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Control of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions from Power Plants and Other Large Stationary Sources of Air Pollution (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province These regulations apply to fossil-fuel fired stationary sources which serve a generator with a nameplate capacity of 15 MW or more, or fossil-fuel fired boilers or indirect heat exchangers with a maximum input heat capacity of 250 MMBtu/hr or more. The regulations define allowable average emissions rates for these sources, additional emissions reduction requirements, and sulfur dioxide emissions standards. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Distributed Generators (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province For the purpose of these regulations, a distributed generator is defined as any equipment that converts primary fuel, including fossil fuel and renewable fuel, into electricity or electricity and thermal energy, and has a nameplate capacity less than 15 MW that generates electricity for other than emergency use. Electricity generated may be used either on-site or for sale under an agreement with a utility, other market participant or system operator. The construction or modification of distributed generators may be exempt from new source general permit requirements. These regulations list emissions allowances and certification requirements for distributed generators, as well as information on credit for concurrent emissions reductions. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Offset Projects (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Projects that either capture and destroy landfill methane, avoid sulfur hexafluoride emissions, sequester carbon through afforestation, provide end-use energy efficiency, or avoid methane emissions from agricultural management operations are eligible for the award of CO2 offset allowances. Projects are eligible as long as the offset project or CO2 emissions credit retirement is not required by any local, state, or federal law, or regulation, administrative, or judicial order, and the project is not awarded credits or allowances under any other mandatory or voluntary greenhouse gas program by another participating state or carbon market. These regulations describe maximum allocation periods, timing, and monitoring for CO2 offset projects and how to compute allowable carbon offsets. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Hazardous Air Pollutants (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe maximum allowable stack concentrations and hazard limiting values for the emission of hazardous air pollutants. The regulations also discuss sampling procedures for hazardous air pollutants and reporting requirements. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Permit to Construct and Operate Stationary Sources (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Permits are required for the construction or major modification of a stationary source or emission unit. Some exemptions apply. These regulations describe permit requirements, authorized activities prior to permit issuance, and standards for the issuance, modification, revision, or revocation of a permit. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Prohibition of Air Pollution (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province All air pollution not otherwise covered by these regulations is prohibited. Stationary sources which cause air pollution must be operated in accordance with all applicable emissions standards and standards of performance. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: Source Monitoring, Record Keeping, and Reporting (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Equipment that either combusts coal in any amount, or enough gaseous, liquid, or solid fuels to meet the heat and emissions standards defined in these regulations, must be operated with an Opacity Continuous Emissions Monitoring (CEM) system. Some exemptions apply. These regulations describe monitoring and reporting requirements. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Abatement of Air Pollution: The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Nitrogen Oxides (Nox) Ozone Season Trading Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations may apply to fossil-fuel fired emission units, and describe nitrogen emission allocations that owners of such units must meet. The regulations also contain provisions for facilities that have implemented energy efficiency measures, such as higher building standards or the addition of combined heat and power units. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Accelerate Oklahoma (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Equity Investment Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Three new funds that each offer equity and growth investment capital for state-based entrepreneurs, depending on the lifecycle stage of their business, were appropriated through the Oklahoma Commerce Department by the U.S. Treasury Department and are managed by i2E. These funds are expected to attract up to $130 million in concurrent and follow-on private capital in Oklahoma companies that receive investment through Accelerate Oklahoma! Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Accidental Release Program (Delaware) Delaware Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Delaware Accidental Release Prevention Regulation contains requirements for owners or operators of stationary sources having regulated extremely hazardous substances onsite to develop and implement a risk management program (RMP) that anticipates and minimizes the chances of catastrophic events.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region III approved the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control’s (DNREC) request to implement and enforce its accidental release prevention program in place of similar federal requirements on August 7, 2001. The Delaware regulation adopts the Federal requirements found in regulation 40 CFR Part 68 with some adjustments and substitutions. Delaware’s regulation includes additional requirements for sources not regulated by the Federal program.

Delaware did not request Federal approval for these more stringent requirements but rather uses State authority under 7 Del. C. Chapter 77 Extremely Hazardous Substances Risk Management Act to implement and enforce these requirements.
Agricultural
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Acquisition Of Land (Tennessee) Tennessee Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Every corporation organized under the laws of any state of the United States and authorized to construct, own, and operate gas or electric plants or both for the purpose of furnishing gas or electricity or both to persons in this state or in this state and elsewhere, or authorized to engage in the business of reducing, generating, and furnishing light, heat, electricity and electrical and mechanical power generated or produced from steam power or water power obtained by a dam or dams across any stream or streams of water, or authorized to store, transport or distribute natural or artificial gas or oil to be used in producing light, heat or mechanical power, for sale to the public generally or to utility corporations for resale to the public generally, and, for any or all of such purposes, authorized to construct and maintain pipelines, is empowered to condemn and take upon paying or securing payment thereof, to purchase or otherwise acquire, such lands and interests in and by whomsoever owned as may be necessary or advisable in the construction, maintenance, and operation of either its gas or electric plants or both, and likewise to acquire the right to use, employ, and divert such water flowing in and running into any stream or watercourse as may be necessary or advisable in the exercise of its charter powers, such lands and interests in lands as may be necessary or advisable for establishing and maintaining its power houses, canals, flumes, conduits, pipelines, reservoirs, ponds, dams, transmission lines and other works, the rights-of-way for lines of poles, towers, wires, and transmission lines through any and all lands between its reservoirs, ponds, dams, power houses and other works and the cities and towns and other points at which its light, heat, water, electricity and electrical and mechanical or gas power may be transmitted, consumed or disposed of, such lands and interests in lands as may be necessary or advisable to place its electric wire, conductors, conduits, ditches, canals, flumes, pipelines, and transmission lines either above or underground; and every such corporation may at any time enter thereon and repair same or when deemed necessary or advisable may place additional equipment, appliances or appurtenances; provided, that such electric wires, conductors, conduits, ditches, canals, flumes, pipelines and transmission lines shall be placed in such manner as to do as little injury to the property of private persons as possible; and provided further, that every such corporation shall make compensation to the owners of the real estate condemned or taken through which its electric wires, conductors, conduits, ditches, canals, flumes, pipelines and transmission lines may be placed. If the owner and the corporation cannot agree upon the amount of compensation which should be paid, the taking shall proceed and the damages or compensation to be paid shall be assessed in the manner provided by title 29, chapter 16. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Administrative Code Title 83, Public Utilities (Illinois) Illinois Environmental Regulations
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Training/Technical Assistance
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province In addition to general rules for utilities, this article states regulations for the protection of underground utilities, promotional practices of electric and gas public utilities construction of electric power and communication lines, standards of service and environmental disclosure. It also states RPS and clean coal standard for alternative retail electric suppliers and utilities operating outside their service areas. It states regulations on net metering, electric interconnection of facilities, standards of service for gas utilities, training programs for natural gas system operating personnel, safety and quality standards for gas transportation and standards of service for water utilities. Commercial
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Transportation
Utility
Advantage Jobs Incentive Program (Mississippi) Mississippi Rebate Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Advantage Jobs Incentive Program is a rebate program designed to encourage businesses that create new quality jobs to locate in the state. Jobs must meet or exceed the average annual wage of the state or the county in which the company locates, whichever is lower. The amount available for rebate is the lesser of the qualified Mississippi personal income tax withheld or a legal maximum of 4% of applicable wage. Once the amount available is determined, the eligible company will receive 90% if the annual average wage is at least 110% of the lesser of the average county or state wage. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Agricultural Biomass and Landfill Diversion Incentive (Texas) Texas Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This law provides a grant of a minimum $20 per bone-dry ton of qualified agricultural biomass, forest wood waste, urban wood waste, co-firing biomass, or storm-generated biomass that is provided to a qualified biomass facility. The Texas Department of Agriculture administers the program, and provides quarterly rebates to biomass facilities for the grant monies paid out throughout the year to biomass suppliers. The agricultural biomass and landfill diversion incentive program is available to farmers, loggers, diverters, and renewable biomass aggregators and bio-coal fuel producers who provide qualified agricultural biomass, forest wood waste, urban wood waste, co-firing biomass, or storm-generated biomass debris to facilities that use biomass to generate electric energy. The law was designed to promote economic development, encourage the use of renewable sources in the generation of electric energy, reduce air pollution, and divert waste from landfills. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Emission Regulations for the Prevention, Abatement, and Control of Air Contiminants (Mississippi) Mississippi Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Air Emission Regulation for the Prevention, Abatement and Control of Air Contaminants is relevant to all ongoing and planned developments in Mississippi. The Regulation sets the maximum amount of permitted emissions of particulate matter from all activities. No person shall cause, permit or allow the emission smoke from a point source into the open air from any manufacturing, industrial, commercial or waste disposal process which exceeds 40% opacity unless it is a Startup operation, which may produce emissions exceeding 40% opacity for up to 15 minutes per startup in any one hour and not exceed 3 startups per day. No person shall cause, allow, or permit the discharge of any point source or emissions, which will obscure someone's view by 40%.

For fossil fuel burning the maximum permissible emission of ash and/or particulate matter shall be limited to less than .6 pounds per million BTU for installations less than 10 million BTU per hour heat. For installations equal or greater than 10 million BTU per hour heat input shall not exceed the rate of E = 0.8808 * I-0.1667 where E is the emission rate in pounds per million BTU per hour heat input and I is the heat input in millions of BTU per hour. Emissions from installations equal to or greater than 10,000 million BTU per hour heat input shall not exceed .19 pounds per million BTU per hour heat input. Fuel burning operations utilizing a mixture of combustibles with fossil fuels to produce steam or heat water or any other heat transfer medium through indirect means may be allowed emission rates up to .30 grains per standard dry cubic foot.

The amount of sulfur dioxide emissions from fuel burning shall not exceed 4.8 pounds per million BTU heat input. The maximum sulfur dioxide from any fuel-burning unit whose generation capacity is less than 250 million BTU per hours 2.4 pounds per million BTU heat input.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Emissions Operating Permit Regulations for the Purposes of Title V of the Federal Clean Air Act (Mississippi) Mississippi Climate Policies
Environmental Regulations
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Air Emissions Operating Permit Regulations for the Purpose of Title V of the Federal Clean Air Act make the state Title V permitting program (Permit Regulations for the Construction and/or Operation of Air Emissions Equipment) consistent with the federal requirements by including the EPA’s Green House Gas Emission standards. Green House Gasses are: Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride. These shall not be subject to regulation unless, as of July 1, 2011 the Green House Gas emissions are at a stationary source emitting or potentially emitting 100,000 tons per year of co2 equivalent emissions (calculated by multiplying the mass amount of emissions, for each of the 6 Green House Gasses, by the gas's associated global warming potential found in table A-1 to Subpart A of 40 CFR part 98- Global Warming Potentials). Prior to July 21, 2014 the mass of the carbon dioxide shall not include carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the combustion or decomposition of non-fossilized and biodegradable organic material originating from plants, animals, or microorganisms. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Emissions Reduction Assistance Program (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of Iowa may provide financial assistance in the form of loans and/or grants to projects aimed at reducing air emissions. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Emissions Trading Program/Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The New Hampshire Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative is a carbon dioxide emissions budget trading program. The program includes a statewide annual CO2 budget allowance of 8,620,460 tons between 2009 and 2014; beginning in 2015 and ending in 2018, the budget shall decline, resulting in a 10 percent total reduction from the initial budget. The program is designed to stabilize, then reduce, CO2 emissions from CO2 budget sources within the state in an economically efficient manner. The program is designed to comply with the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, to which New Hampshire is signatory. Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Permits, Licenses, Certifications (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This program regulates and limits air emissions from a variety of sources within Maine through a statewide permitting program. Separate regulations exist for limiting emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter (PM), and carbon monoxide (CO) from smaller-scale electricity generating resources. Affected electricity generating resources are non-mobile generators having a capacity equal to or greater than 50 kilowatts installed on or after January 1, 2005. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Permitting for Stationary Sources (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The permitting system implements the permitting requirements of RSA 125-C and 125-I to regulate the operation and modification of new and existing stationary sources, area sources, and devices to maintain ambient air quality standards and ambient air limits for regulated toxic pollutants. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution (Illinois) Illinois Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This article states regulations for monitoring air pollution, methods for permit applications, emission limitations for pollutants and air quality standards. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Air Pollution - Local Air Quality (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Air Pollution regulation administered by the Ministry of the Environment enforces compliance to the standards set in the Ontario law. The law is phased in, with portions taking effect in 2010, 2013, and 2020 that apply to different types of facilities. By 2020, all facilities are required to comply with the law.

The first phase of the law, which started in 2010, requires all fossil fuel power generating facilities - excluding those less than 25 MW in capacity - to comply with the regulations. Coal-fired plants are included in that definition. Other coal product manufacturing facilities are required to comply by the 2013 phase. Also included in the 2013 phase are waste treatment and disposal facilities, which includes biomass and biogas facilities.

The law sets the standards for dispersion models to assess compliance, as well as contaminant limits. Most of the standards developed under the law are based on the ministry's Ambient Air Quality Criteria (AAQCs). AAQCs are effect-based concentration levels with variable averaging times (e.g., 24 hours, 1 hour, 10 minutes). The effects considered include health, odor, vegetation, soiling, visibility and corrosion.
Agricultural
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control (Indiana) Indiana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The mission of the Indiana Department of Environmental Management's Office of Air Quality implements federal and state regulations to protect human health and the environment while allowing the environmentally sound operations of industrial, agricultural, commercial and governmental activities vital to a prosperous economy. The mission of the Office is to assure that the air in Indiana meets the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for each of the six criteria pollutants regulated by the federal Clean Air Act (CAA); to provide timely, quality air permits without unnecessary requirements and to verify compliance with applicable state and federal air pollution laws and regulations.

OAQ is comprised of five branches, each with specific air quality responsibilities. Most branches in OAQ are divided into sections that handle certain aspects of branch responsibilities.

The Office implements and enforces rules established by the Environmental Rules Board, which was created by the 2012 Indiana General Assembly and consolidates the Air Pollution Control Board, Water Pollution Control Board, and Solid Waste Management Board.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control (Michigan) Michigan Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This rule requires an annual report from a commercial, industrial, or governmental source of emission of an air contaminant if, in the judgment of the Department, information on the quantity and composition of an air contaminant emitted from the source is considered by the Department as necessary for the proper management of the air resources. In addition, other state rules and federal statutes and regulations require sources to report air emissions if certain conditions are met. The Air Quality Division (AQD) has outlined the general criteria that are used to determine if a source must report. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Department of Health is the designated agency to administer and coordinate a statewide air pollution control program, to promulgate regulations related to air pollution control, grant necessary permits to air pollution sources, and establish state ambient air quality standards. Air quality rules or standards pertaining to coal conversion facilities, petroleum refineries, or oil and gas production and processing facilities may not be more stringent than federal standards, barring favorable results of stringent cost-benefit impact analyses. Additionally, section 23-25-11 specifically addresses the regulation of odors, including those resulting from manure management methods. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This chapter enumerates primary and secondary ambient air quality standards and the significant deterioration increments. Significant deterioration refers to an increase in ambient air pollution above a baseline plus a specific increment allowed for one of three classes of areas. It is required for potential sources of air contaminants to register with the Division. Facilities that emit air contaminants have to file an emission inventory and pay annual operating fees.

The article also lays out rules about permits for operation and construction of facilities, states visibility standards and excess emissions reporting standards. It also provides provisions for open burning, incinerators, municipal waste combustors and for the control of emission of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds.

The rules have provisions for permitting, as well as specific provisions for clean coal technology.
Agricultural
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Act (West Virginia) West Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The purpose of this law is to provide for a coordinated statewide program of air pollution prevention, abatement and control; to facilitate cooperation across jurisdictional lines in dealing with problems of air pollution not confined within single jurisdictions; to assure the economic competitiveness of the state by providing for the timely processing of permit applications and other authorizations under this article; and to provide a framework within which all values may be balanced in the public interest. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Board (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Air Division in the Department of Environmental Quality and the State Air Pollution Control Board work together to control present and future sources of air pollution. The Division's core responsibilities include: (a) Developing and implementing programs designed to ensure that Virginia meets national air quality standards; (b) Regulating the emission of air pollutants from industries and facilities by issuing and ensuring compliance with permits that set limits that protect public health; (c) Monitoring Virginia's air quality; (d) Investigating complaints and violations of Virginia's air quality laws; and (e) Developing state rules governing air quality standards. The Division also provides assistance to small businesses to help them to meet emissions standards. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Facility, Tax Exemption (Michigan) Michigan Property Tax Incentive
Sales Tax Incentive
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province An application for a pollution control tax exemption certificate shall be filed with the state tax commission in a manner and in a form as prescribed by the state tax commission. The application shall contain plans and specifications of the facility, including all materials incorporated or to be incorporated in the facility and a descriptive list of all equipment acquired or to be acquired by the applicant for the purpose of pollution control, together with the proposed operating procedure for the control facility.

For the purposes of this tax exemption, “facility” means machinery, equipment, structures, or any part or accessories of machinery, equipment, or structures, installed or acquired for the primary purpose of controlling or disposing of air pollution that if released would render the air harmful or inimical to the public health or to property within this state. Facility includes an incinerator equipped with a pollution abatement device in effective operation.

For the period subsequent to the effective date of the certificate and continuing as long as the certificate is in force, a facility covered by the certificate is exempt from real and personal property taxes imposed under the general property tax act Tangible personal property purchased and installed as a component part of the facility is exempt from sales tax.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Fees (Ohio) Ohio Environmental Regulations
Fees
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Facilities with a potential to emit any one regulated air pollutant of a quantity greater than or equal to 100 tons per year, or any one hazardous air pollutant (HAP) greater than or equal to 10 tons per year, or any combination of hazardous air pollutants greater than 25 tons per year, must submit, in a form and manner prescribed by the director, a fee emission report that quantifies the actual emission data for particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, and lead. The owner or operator of a facility shall pay fees on the facility's actual emissions. The fee for reporting year 2011 is $45.55/ton. Agricultural
Construction
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Air Pollution Control Permit to Construct and Permit to Operate (Vermont) Vermont Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Air Pollution Control Division of the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation requires a permit for electrical power generation facilities that are air contaminant sources. An Air Pollution Control Permit to Construct may be required prior to commencing construction of the facility. Fuel-burning boilers, coal, oil, or natural gas-fired boiler steam generators require a permit. Gas turbines, as well as simple cycle combined with heat recovery steam turbine require permits. Projects that are in Green Mountain Power's Cow Power program that comply with specific standard requirements do not require a permit. Utility
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Municipal/Public Utility
Air Pollution Control Program (Alabama) Alabama Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Natural Gas
State/Province This rule states standards for emission inventory reporting requirements, ambient air quality standards, sampling and testing methods and guidelines for maintenance of equipment. It also states guidelines for air pollution emergencies, rules for open burning and incineration of commercial and industrial waste. A separate chapter lists limits for the control of particulate emissions and fuel burning equipment. Standards for sulfur compound emissions, volatile organic compound emissions, carbon monoxide emissions, nitrogen oxide emissions are also stated.

Information is provided on permits- in general, any person building, erecting, altering, or replacing any article, machine, equipment, or other contrivance, the use of which may cause the issuance of or an increase in the issuance of air contaminants or the use of which may eliminate or reduce or control the issuance of air contaminants, shall submit an application for an Air Permit at least 10 days prior to construction. The rule also states gas emission standards for municipal solid waste landfills.

The Air Division has primary jurisdiction over all air emission sources within the State, except those emission sources located within Jefferson County or the City of Huntsville. The Air Pollution Control Programs in these areas are administered by the Jefferson County Department of Health (www.jcdh.org) and the City of Huntsville Department of Natural Resources (www.hsvcity.com/NatRes/), respectively. Air emission sources in these areas should contact these agencies for information regarding applicable regulations and permitting requirements.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) South Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province South Dakota's Air Pollution Control Program is intended to maintain air quality standards through monitoring the ambient air quality throughout the state, permitting businesses and facilities that emit air pollution, and ensuring compliance with the state laws and rules. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources is authorized to enact regulations pertaining to air quality and air pollution sources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 13 - Particulate Emissions from Fossil Fuel Fired Steam or Hot Water Generating Units (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The purpose of this regulation is to limit emissions of particulate matter from fossil fuel fired and wood-fired steam or hot water generating units. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 1 - Visible Emissions (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The regulations state that no person shall emit into the atmosphere from any source any air contaminant for a period or periods aggregating more than three minutes in any one hour which is greater than or equal to 20 percent opacity. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 22 - Air Toxics (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Permits are required to construct, install, or modify any stationary source which has the potential to increase emissions of a listed toxic air contaminant by an amount greater than the minimum quantity for that contaminant. Minimum quantities are specified in Table III of these regulations. Permits will be granted based in part on the impact of the projected emissions of the stationary source on acceptable ambient levels for the relevant contaminant(s), as specified in Table I of these regulations. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 3 - Particulate Emissions from Industrial Processes (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations limit particulate emissions into the atmosphere by process weight per hour, where process weight is the total weight of all materials introduced into any specific process which may cause any emissions of particulate matter into the atmosphere. The regulations contain a table to aid emissions calculations. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 43 - General Permits for Smaller-Scale Electric Generation Facilities (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This rule applies to any generator that: (a) has a heat input capacity of 350,000 Btus or more per hour or, in the case of internal combustion engines, is 50 HP or larger; and, (b) is not subject to or would not cause a facility to be subject to the RI major source permitting requirements. Generators whose engines are non-road engines will be exempt from compliance with the requirements of this rule. The regulations describe the permitting process, emissions standards, and monitoring requirements that must be met by these systems. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 46 & 47 - CO2 Budget Trading Program & Allowance Distribution (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province For the purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe. The regulations describe CO2 allowance allocations and transfers necessary to meet emissions standards. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 41 - Nox Budget Trading Program (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations No Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Repealed in 2014. These regulations establish a budget trading program for nitrogen oxide emissions, setting NOx budget units for generators and an NOx Allowance Tracking System to account for emissions. These regulations apply to units that serve generators with a nameplate capacity greater than 15 MWe and sell any amount of electricity, as well as to units that have a maximum design heat input greater than 250 mmBtu/hr. Units that possess federally enforceable permits may be exempt from these regulations. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 5 - Fugitive Dust (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations aim to prevent the release of fugitive dust by forbidding the handling, transportation, mining, quarrying, storing, or utilizing of materials in a way that will cause airborne particulate matter to travel beyond the property line of the emission source without taking adequate precautions to prevent particulate matter from becoming airborne. The regulations apply to activities including the construction, demolition, or renovation of buildings, bridges, or other structures; material stockpiles and earth moving activities, including land clearing; stationary sources whose activities involve the handling of materials which cause airborne particulate matter; exterior surface preparation or resurfacing operations; and others. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 6 - Continuous Emissions Monitors and Opacity Monitors (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Stationary sources, including fossil fuel fired steam or hot water generating units, may be required to install and operate a continuous emissions monitoring system equipped with an opacity monitor with audio alarm. The devices will be calibrated to sound the alarm at 20 percent opacity and operate continuously during fuel combustion. Data from the monitoring system will be reported to the Department of Environmental Management. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 7 - Emission of Air Contaminants Detrimental to Person or Property (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province No person shall emit any contaminant which either alone or in connection with other emissions, by reason of their concentration or duration, may be injurious to human, plant or animal life, or cause damage to property or which unreasonably interferes with the enjoyment of life and property. The criteria for determining compliance is listed in the regulations, and is based on other air pollution and ambient air standards. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 9 - Air Pollution Control Permits (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe permitting procedures and requirements for minor and major sources of emissions. Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations apply to stationary sources with the potential to emit 50 tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) per year from all pollutant-emitting equipment or activities. The regulations describe possibilities for exemptions (i.e., for sources which have the potential to emit 50 tons but do not actually reach that level) and Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) Plan Requirements for high NOx emitters. Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Control Rules (West Virginia) West Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The listed rules were enacted as directed by the Air Pollution Control Act. Together, these rules guide the monitoring, permitting and compliance enforcement of air quality in the state. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Air Pollution Controls (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Various statutes within the Wisconsin Legislative Documents relate to air pollution control. These statutes describe zoning, permitting, and emissions regulations for hazardous and non-hazardous pollutants. Developer
Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Pollution Emissions and Abatement (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province A person who controls the source of an emission must notify the Pollution Control Agency immediately of excessive or abnormal unpermitted emissions, and must take immediate or reasonable steps to minimize these emissions. The regulations accompanying this legislation list ambient air quality standards for Minnesota, as well as emissions standards for stationary sources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Quality (Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Nova Scotia Environment is responsible for monitoring the air quality in the province, as well as administering fines and permits relating to air quality. The Air Quality Regulations state specific rules about different types of air pollutants.

Facilities that release emissions in excess of 90 tonnes of sulphur dioxide per year in the aggregate must, not later than February 15 of each year or as otherwise directed by an Administrator, in a form specified by the Administrator, submit a report to the Minister or an Administrator on the sulphur throughput, noting the fuel usage, sulphur content and corresponding sulphur dioxide emissions for the previous calendar year from each facility owned or operated by, or under the responsibility of, the person.

Before ownership of a fossil fuel-fired thermal power generating station (which includes natural gas and coal) is transferred, the apportioning of its emission allocation and associated monitoring and reporting requirements must be approved in writing by the Administrator.

Mercury emissions are also covered.
Agricultural
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Quality Approvals and Permits (New Brunswick, Canada) New Brunswick Environmental Regulations
Fees
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province An air quality approval is required by owners or operators of a source of air contaminants for the construction, operation, or modification of the source. This applies to most existing or new industrial and some commercial or institutional facilities.

Anyone constructing, operating, and/or modifying what is considered by the department to be a source of contaminants. This applies to most existing or new industrial and some commercial or institutional facilities in New Brunswick.

The following are the major services that are provided through the Approvals program: Application Review, Approval Development and Issuance, and Compliance Verification. The actual time spent on providing these services increases with facility complexity and associated environmental risk. In keeping with this, the annual fees for Air Quality Approvals are broken into five classes that include Class 1A, 1B, 2, 3, and 4 facilities. A Class 1A facility is considered the most complex and requires the most regulatory effort, and therefore has the highest annual fee. Conversely, a Class 4 facility is considered the least complex and requires the lowest associated amount of regulatory effort, and therefore has the lowest annual fee.
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Quality Control Act (New Mexico) New Mexico Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province This act states the duties and powers of the New Mexico Environmental Improvement Board and local agencies. It also states the enforcement of regulations, permit fees, inspection of facilities and penalties. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Quality Permits (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Companies that operate any of the following:

- fuel burning equipment (utilities and non-utility boilers), - incinerators, and - industrial sources (e.g., asphalt plants)

must get a permit to operate under the Air Quality Regulations of the Environmental Protection Act.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Air Quality Regulations (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Air Quality Program regulates more than 70,000 inspection points such as pollution control devices, boilers, fuels and paints at 3,650 facilities that produce air pollution in Pennsylvania. The program administers the rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania Air Pollution Control Act and the Pennsylvania Code. The Code has specific regulations for coal-fired combustion units, natural gas, and other potential pollutants. Agricultural
Construction
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Utility
Air Quality Rules (North Carolina) North Carolina Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This is a comprehensive air quality rule for North Carolina that includes ambient air quality standards, emission control standards, monitoring and reporting requirements, and permitting procedures. The rule provides emission limits for sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter, etc., and contains guidelines for the control of the emissions from incinerators, emission standards for municipal solid waste landfills and guidelines for open burning and permit requirements. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Air Resources: Prevention and Control of Air Contamination and Air Pollution, Air Quality Classifications and Standards, and Air Quality Area Classifications (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations establish emissions limits and permitting and operational requirements for facilities that may contribute to air emissions. General air quality standards and standards for specific contaminants are listed. The regulations list activities that are exempt from these permitting requirements and identify emissions standards for specific sources. The regulations also describe several budget trading programs active in New York State, including programs for NOx, SO2, and CO2 trading. Agricultural
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Alabama Air Pollution Control Act (Alabama) Alabama Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This Act gives the Environmental Management Commission the authority to establish emission control requirements, by rule or regulation, as may be necessary to prevent, abate or control air pollution. Such requirements may be for the state as a whole or may vary from area to area, as may be appropriate, to facilitate accomplishment of the purposes of this chapter and in order to take account of varying local conditions.

The Commission can prohibit the construction, installation, modification or use of any equipment, device or other article which it finds may cause or contribute to air pollution or which is intended primarily to prevent or control the emission of air pollutants unless a permit has been obtained from the Director. Any duly authorized officer, employee or representative of the department may enter and inspect any property, premises or place on, or at, which an air contaminant source is located or is being constructed, installed or established, at any reasonable time, for the purpose of ascertaining the state of compliance with this chapter and rules and regulations.

The Commission may require the owner or operator of any air contaminant source to establish and maintain records, make reports, install, use and maintain monitoring equipment or methods, sample emissions in accordance with methods, at locations, intervals and procedures as the Commission requires, and provide other information as the commission reasonably may require.
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Alabama Land Recycling And Economic Redevelopment Act (Alabama) Alabama Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This article establishes a program, to be implemented, maintained, and administered by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management, to encourage the voluntary cleanup and the reuse and redevelopment of environmentally contaminated properties. The article states criteria for applicant participation and property qualification in the voluntary cleanup program. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Alabama Property Tax Exemptions (Alabama) Alabama Property Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Alabama Property Tax Exemptions are offered through the Alabama Department of Revenue. Relevant exemptions to energy generation facilities are abatements for air and water pollution control device and industrial purposes. There is no minimum amount of investment required to qualify a new project for abatement. An addition, however, to an existing project requires an investment of the lesser of 30% of the original cost of the existing facility or $2 million. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Alabama Underground Storage Tank And Wellhead Protection Act (Alabama) Alabama Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
State/Province The department, acting through the commission, is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations governing underground storage tanks and is authorized to seek the approval of the United States Environmental Protection Agency to operate the state underground storage tank program in lieu of the federal program. In addition to specific authorities provided by this chapter, the department is authorized, acting through the commission, to adopt any rules or regulations that are mandatory requirements for approval of the State Underground Storage Tank Regulatory Program by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Adoption of rules and regulations governing underground storage tanks shall not occur prior to adoption by the United States Environmental Protection Agency of regulations establishing the federal program. To provide revenue for regulation, the department shall, beginning October 1, 1988, collect a tank regulation fee of not less than $15.00 and not more than $30.00 per regulated tank per year. This fee shall be collected in lieu of a permit or certification fee Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Municipal/Public Utility
Allegany County Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local This ordinance sets requirements for industrial wind energy conversion systems. These requirements include minimum separation distances, setback requirements, electromagnetic interference analysis (EIA), the establishment of bonds for the purposes of decommissioning and groundwater protection, as well as the establishment of supplemental safety provisions. Industrial
Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone
Industry Recruitment/Support
Loan Program
Public Benefits Fund
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Local The Alleghany Highlands Economic Development Authority was created to encourage economic development in the Alleghany Highlands. The Authority provides financial support for the purchase of real estate, construction of buildings for sale or lease, installation of utilities and any other support improvements it deems necessary, including flood control dams, and for direct loans and grants to private for-profit basic employers. The Authority also administers a business incubator program in the region. The Alleghany Highlands are also designated as an Enterprise Zone by the Commonwealth of Virginia, so businesses locating within the region can take advantage of other state financial incentives. The Authority has a specific section concerning the development of wind energy in the Alleghany highlands, including a listing of potential development properties. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Utility
Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This permit is required whenever a project proposes to disturb more than 100,000 square feet of contiguous terrain (50,000 square feet if any portion of project is within protected shoreland), or disturbs an area having a grade of 25 percent or greater within 50 feet of any surface water. Permitting program applies to earth moving operations, such as commercial, industrial, and residential developments. The requirements protect groundwater supplies by controlling erosion and managing stormwater runoff from developed areas. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Alternate Energy Development Fund (Kentucky) Kentucky Industry Recruitment/Support No Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulations Title 115 chapter 2 establishes the alternative energy development fund under the authority of the Kentucky Energy Cabinet. The goal for the use of the alternate energy development fund is to encourage and promote the development, implementation and construction of alternate energy projects in the Commonwealth. Funding cycle(s) during which applications will be received for the program will be announced. A deadline for proposals will be established and advertised through appropriate newspapers to effect statewide coverage. Interested parties will be notified about the program upon request to the Kentucky Energy Cabinet. In addition workshops to explain the program are anticipated and will be held as appropriate. More than one (1) funding cycle is anticipated, but this will be dependent upon the continued existence of available funds for the program. Each loan and/or grant proposal must involve the research, development, implementation, operation and/or construction of an alternate energy project. Also, projects of renewable resources must be designated within one (1) or more of other categories: Biomass, Geothermal, Hydropower, Solar and Wind. Proposals must detail all costs and financing information. To insure proper use of funds, successful applicants will be held accountable for project expenses in a manner acceptable to the Kentucky Energy Cabinet. Records, receipts, and vouchers, etc., for the selected projects are subject to audit. Documentation of reliable credit must be furnished with all loan applications. A separate bank account for each project is required. A grant or loan recipient will be required to submit to the Kentucky Energy Cabinet quarterly reports on projects in progress and a final report within three (3) months after completion of the project. Quarterly reports following a format designated by the Kentucky Energy Cabinet will show progress of project, schedule, and financial activities. The final report will emphasize results and other activities associated with the project. The Kentucky Energy Cabinet anticipates that new technology and considerable valuable data will be generated through the use of program funds. The cabinet encourages inventors to seek patents for and to commercialize their inventions and technology. The cabinet will not interfere with an inventor seeking patent protection, but the inventor will be responsible for filing and prosecution of any patent applications. The Kentucky Energy Cabinet reserves the right to use and disseminate all information, data, and technology derived from use of program funds to the extent such information and technology is not protected by any claim of confidentiality. Any data which are released from confidential status may then be used or disseminated by the cabinet in any way it deems appropriate. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Alternate Energy Production, Cogeneration, and Small Hydro Facilities (Indiana) Indiana Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation aims to encourage the development of alternative energy, cogeneration, and small hydropower facilities. The statute requires utilities to enter into long-term contracts with these facilities and provide supplemental or backup power to such facilities at reasonable rates, to be established by the Utility Regulatory Commission. Some exceptions apply. Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Alternative Energy Engineering Activity (Minnesota) Minnesota Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute establishes an alternative energy engineering activity to provide on-site technical assistance for alternative energy and conservation projects; develop information materials and educational programs to meet the needs of engineers, technicians, developers, and others in the alternative energy field; conduct feasibility studies when the results of the studies would be of benefit to others working in the same area; facilitate development of energy projects through assistance in finding financing, meeting regulatory requirements, gaining public and private support, limited technical consultation, and similar forms of assistance; and work with and use the services of Minnesota design professionals. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Alternative Energy Projects by Rural Electric Membership Corporations (Indiana) Indiana Industry Recruitment/Support
Performance-Based Incentive
Property Tax Incentive
Corporate Tax Incentive
Grant Program
Personal Tax Incentives
Rebate Program
Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation encourages the development of alternative energy projects using clean or renewable resources by rural electric membership corporations. The section establishes the Office of Alternative Energy Incentives within the Office of Energy Development, as well as an alternative energy incentive fund to aid corporations in project implementation. The chapter describes application procedures to this fund and procedures for joint development of projects. Agricultural
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Alternative Energy Zone (Ohio) Ohio Green Power Purchasing
Siting and Permitting
Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Ohio's Alternative Energy Zones are made possible through Ohio's Senate Bill 232, which reduced taxes on alternative energy projects. The Alternative Energy Zones are designated on a county-by-county basis, and provide developers with incentive for projects located in these counties. Incentives include a quicker approval process and set rates for revenue. Local Government
State/Provincial Govt
Alternative Fuel Production Facility Incentives (Kentucky) Kentucky Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Kentucky Economic Development and Finance Authority (KEDFA) provides tax incentives to construct, retrofit, or upgrade an alternative fuel production or gasification facility that uses coal or biomass as a feedstock. Beginning Aug. 1, 2010, tax incentives are also available for energy-efficient alternative fuel production facilities and up to five alternative fuel production facilities that use natural gas or natural gas liquids as a feedstock. Energy-efficient alternative fuels are defined as homogeneous fuels that are produced from processes designed to densify feedstocks such as coal, waste coal, or biomass resources, and have an energy content that is greater than the feedstock. The incentives may consist of: 1) a refund of up to 100 percent of the state sales tax paid on the purchase of personal property used to construct the facility; 2) a credit of up to 100 percent of an approved company's state income tax and limited liability entity tax that is generated by the project; 3) up to 4 percent of the wage assessment of employees whose jobs were created as a result of the construction, retrofit, upgrade or operation of a qualified facility; and 4) a credit for up to 80 percent of the severance tax paid for coal, natural gas, or natural gas liquids used as a feedstock. The incentives expire at the time of receipt of the authorized incentives or 25 years from activation of the project, whichever occurs first. Approved companies may recover up to 50 percent of their capital investment through the authorized tax incentives. The minimum capital investment for incentive eligibility is $25 million for an alternative fuel or gasification facility that uses biomass as the primary feedstock; $100 million for an alternative fuel or gasification facility that uses coal, natural gas, or natural gas liquids as the primary feedstock; and $25 million for an energy-efficient alternative fuel facility. Commercial
Developer
Utility
Alternative Loan Program (Missouri) Missouri Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Missouri Department of Agriculture offers direct loans through the Agriculture Development Fund to finance the production, processing and marketing needs of an alternative agricultural enterprise. An agricultural alternative project is doing something different from what traditional rural operations are currently doing.

Criteria: - Applicant must be a legal Missouri resident and the project must be located in Missouri - Applicant must be a minimum of 14 years of age - Maximum loan - $20,000 - Interest Rate - 5.9%

- Maximum term of loan - 5 years with semi-annual payments
Agricultural
Commercial
Alternative Regulation (Vermont) Vermont Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Utility regulators, including the Public Service Board, have applied a new type of regulation, often called "alternative regulation" or "incentive regulation." There are many variants of this type of regulation, but the common foundation is that rates are set differently from the traditional cost-of-service approach. Sometimes there is a performance-based aspect to rate-setting so that a utility is allowed to earn a larger profit if it meets certain performance goals or increases its efficiency. Other times a utility is allowed to automatically change certain aspects of its rates, without a full-scale review of all its costs (as would occur under a typical cost-of-service review). Sometimes this type of regulation "guarantees" a utility a certain amount of revenue or profit, or it provides a utility with greater flexibility to offer new services. Alternative regulation is generally approved for a specified number of years, after which time it is revisited by the utility and the regulators. Agricultural
Commercial
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Utility
Alternative Renewable Fuels 'Plus' Research and Development Fund (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Grant Program No Biomass/Biogas State/Province In 2008, with the advent of OMAF and MRA's Bioeconomy-Industrial Uses research theme, the Alternative Renewable Fuels 'Plus' Development Fund (ARF) was consolidated with the New Directions Research Program. Therefore, Calls for Letters of Intent issued during the fiscal years of 2008-09 and 2009-10 through New Directions included ARF priorities.

Exploration of new markets and new uses for bioproducts, alternative renewable fuels and their co-products will contribute to the long term sustainability of Ontario's agri-food, energy and rural sectors. Investment in research will help position Ontario to take advantage of new technologies in these areas.

The Alternative Renewable Fuels 'Plus' Research and Development Fund is a discretionary, competitive research fund open to universities, research institutions, industry, governments, organizations or partnership networks. Applicants outside Ontario may also apply if they can demonstrate how the proposed research will provide significant benefits or a unique competitive advantage for Ontario's agri-food industry, energy sector and/or rural communities.

The objectives of the Alternative Renewable Fuels 'Plus' Research and Development Fund are to fund research that will:

Enable continuous improvement in the alternative renewable fuels industry products and processes; Promote agricultural value-added opportunities in the bioproducts and alternative renewable fuels industries in Ontario; and Assist alternative renewable fuels and biobased production facilities in Ontario to be major participants in these new worldwide markets. The application procedure involves a two stage process: Stage One involves the submission of a letter of intent; Stage Two involves the submission of a full proposal by invitation only to successful Stage One applicants.

The Call for Letters of Intent documents and submission information can be found on the Alternative Renewable Fuels 'Plus' Research and Development Fund website.

Funding for this program is provided by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and GreenField Ethanol (formerly Commercial Alcohols Inc.).

  • 'Plus' in the fund name indicates the broadening of focus beyond alternative renewable fuels to include agricultural based bioproducts.
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Ambient Air Quality Criteria (Manitoba, Canada) Manitoba Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Manitoba Ambient Air Quality Criteria schedule lists maximum time-based pollutant concentration levels for the protection and preservation of ambient air quality within the Province of Manitoba. Each criterion is classified as an objective, a guideline, or a Canada-wide Standard depending upon several factors. The objective classification is for those air pollutants sufficiently widespread in presence and potential environmental effect that national limits have been developed. The guideline classification is used for those pollutants of a more localized presence for which provincial limits have been developed. A Canada-wide Standard (CWS) is a national standard developed under the Canada-wide Environmental Standards Sub-agreement by the federal, provincial and territorial governments for a contaminant of national priority. This schedule is intended to serve as a guide for the evaluation of air quality and for planning purposes. The selection of the appropriate concentration category will depend upon the degree of protection to be afforded to affected receptors. Maximum Tolerable Levels are only for evaluation purposes to identify the severity of an anthropogenic or natural phenomenon in order to protect human health and institute appropriate corrective action. In general, Maximum Acceptable Levels are not to be exceeded in any urban centre including areas that are in the vicinity of industries with atmospheric emissions. Within rural areas, it is in the goal to maintain pollutant concentrations at or below Maximum Desirable Levels. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Ambient Air Quality Standards (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations set statewide ambient air quality standards for various contaminants. The state code follows the regulations set forth in the National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Quality Standards as published in 40 Code of Federal Regulations Part 50, as amended, with the exception of the annual PM10 standard specified is under the Iowa code that applies it to new source permitting provisions. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Ambient Air Quality Standards (New Jersey) New Jersey Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This article lists specific standards for ambient air quality standards for particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, lead and nitrogen dioxide. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Ambient Air Quality Standards (New Mexico) New Mexico Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province This regulation establishes ambient air quality standards for the areas of New Mexico under the jurisdiction of the Environmental Improvement Board. The maximum allowable concentrations of total suspended particulate in the ambient air are as follows: 24-hour average: 150 ug/m3; 7-day average:  110 ug/m3; 30-day average:  90 ug/m3; Annual geometric mean:  60 ug/m3. The maximum allowable concentrations of sulfur-containing air contaminants and for carbon monoxide are also listed. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
An Act Relative to Environmental Cleanup and Promoting the Redevelopment of Contaminated Property - The “Brownfields” Act (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Commonwealth of Massachusetts provides liability relief and financial incentives aimed to encourage cleanup and redevelopment of contaminated sites. Financial incentives include encouraging private sector lending to developers, low-interest loans and grants for site assessment and cleanup, and tax credits. Construction
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
An Act to Facilitate Testing and Demonstration of Renewable Ocean Energy Technology (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This law streamlines and coordinates State permitting and submerged lands leasing requirements for renewable ocean energy demonstration projects, aiding Maine's goal to become an international proving ground for testing new technologies in specific locations along the coast in an environmentally responsible manner. This law amended the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA) to establish a new general permit process for tidal energy demonstration projects. To qualify for a general permit as a tidal energy demonstration project, a project must use tidal action as a source of electrical power; must have a total installed generating capacity of 5 megawatts or less; and must be proposed for the primary purpose of testing tidal energy generation technology, including mooring or anchoring systems and transmission lines, and collecting and assessing information on the environmental and other effects of the technology. This law also amended the Natural Resources Protection Act (NRPA) to establish a new general permit process for offshore wind energy demonstration projects, including wave energy test projects. To qualify for this general permit, a wave energy test project must use ocean wave energy to produce electricity; be proposed as part of an offshore wind energy demonstration project and be designed and sited to test production of electricity from wave energy in conjunction with and in a manner that complements electricity produced by an offshore wind energy turbine; employ up to 2 wave energy converters, each of which may use different technology, not already in use in the Gulf of Maine for commercial energy production, for the primary purpose of testing and validating the overall design of the converter and related systems; and may include a mooring or anchoring system and an ocean sensor package. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
An Act to Implement the Recommendations of the Governor's Ocean Energy Task Force (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province This law was enacted to overcome economic, technical and regulatory obstacles and to provide economic incentives for vigorous and efficient development of promising indigenous, renewable ocean energy resources. The law amended the Maine Waterway Development and Conservation Act (MWDCA) to provide that it is the policy of the State to encourage the attraction of appropriately sited development related to tidal and wave energy, including any additional transmission and other energy infrastructure needed to transport such energy to market, consistent with all state environmental standards; the permitting and siting of tidal and wave energy projects; and the siting, permitting, financing and construction of tidal and wave energy research and manufacturing facilities. Thus, all applications for tidal and wave energy projects must be processed in keeping with this policy. The Act also made several procedural changes to existing law, including specifying that tidal and wave energy projects are not required to be consistent with Land Use Regulation Commission zoning, even if located in an unorganized territory. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory (Maine) Maine Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy State/Province An Act to Reform Land Use Planning in the Unorganized Territory alters the makeup and responsibilities of Maine's Land Use Regulation Commission (LURC). It took effect on August 29, 2012 and changed the Commission’s name to the Land Use Planning Commission. Under the Act, permitting review for significant projects, such as grid-scale wind projects, in the "unorganized territories" is no longer the responsibility of the Commission, but falls under the jurisdiction of the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP). This change enables wind project permitting to have a standard procedure and review process throughout the state. Agricultural
Commercial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Tribal Government
Utility
Angel Investment Credit (New Mexico) New Mexico Personal Tax Incentives Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A taxpayer who files a New Mexico income tax return and who is a “qualified investor” may take a tax credit of up to $25,000 (25% of a qualified investment of not more than $100,000) for an investment made in a New Mexico company that is engaging in high-technology research or manufacturing. The taxpayer may claim the angel investment credit for up to two qualified investments in a taxable year, provided that each investment is in a different qualified business. Any portion of the tax credit remaining unused at the end of the taxpayer’s taxable year may be carried forward for three consecutive years. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Animal Agriculture Compliance Act (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Sections of this chapter (311-312) describe the minimum manure management requirements to be followed by owners of livestock confinement feeding operations. Agricultural
Commercial
Tribal Government
Animal Waste Technology Fund (Maryland) Maryland Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province A bill passed in 2012 transferred responsibility for animal waste management technology projects to the Maryland Department of Agriculture. The Department will maintain the Animal Waste Technology Fund, which provides funding opportunities for the research, development, implementation, and market development of technology intended to (a) reduce the amount of nutrients in animal waste, (b) alter the composition of animal waste, (c) develop alternative waste management strategies, or (d) use animal waste in a production process. Funds may be granted to individuals or businesses. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Animal Waste Treatment System Loan Program (Missouri) Missouri Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The purpose of the Animal Waste Treatment System Loan Program is to finance animal waste treatment systems for independent livestock and poultry producers at below conventional interest rates. Loan proceeds may be used to finance 100% of the cost of an eligible animal waste treatment system. Agricultural
Commercial
Anne Arundel County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local Includes zoning provisions for small wind systems. Commercial
Industrial
Residential
Renewable Operating Permits (ROP,Title V) (Michigan) Michigan Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Renewable Operating Permit (ROP) is required by Title V of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The ROP program clarifies the requirements that apply to a facility that emits air contaminants. Any facility in Michigan that has the potential to emit 10 tons per year of any one hazardous air pollutant (HAP), 25 tons per year of any combination of HAPs, or 100 tons per year of any other regulated air contaminant is considered a "major source," and is subject to the ROP program.

The ROP pulls together all of the requirements into a single document giving the facility, state and local regulatory agencies, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA), and the public a better picture of air emissions at a facility. Thus all Permits to Install and any other applicable air quality requirements will be incorporated into one permit.

A ROP does not add any new requirements; however, many facilities have to establish new monitoring systems to demonstrate compliance with emission limits and material usage limits. Once an emission source receives a ROP, the burden of proof is shifted from the regulatory agency to the emission source. It becomes the emission source's responsibility to determine whether a violation has occurred and report the findings. Therefore, facilities must track their compliance with state and federal air quality requirements and make reports to the regulatory agencies.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Antidegration Implementation Methods Mississippi Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This environmental regulation is an addition to the Water Quality Criteria for Intrastate, Interstate, and Coastal Water regulations. It separates Mississippi's water into 3 tiers. Tier 1 waters are those waters in which the existing water quality does not support designated uses. Tier 2 waters are those waters in which the water quality meets or exceeds the mandatory minimum levels to support the Clean Water Act (CWA) goal of propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife, and recreation in and on such waters. Tier 3 waters are those high quality waters that constitute Outstanding National Resource Waters (ONRWs). Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) will decide which tier applies to state water based on provided information. All existing uses must be maintained and protected in all water of the State regardless of whether they are considered a Tier 1,2, or 3 water. All waters in Mississippi are considered to be tier 2 waters unless otherwise noted. The methods that the State will use to implement the antidegredation policy include the following components: A determination of the impact of the discharge upon state waters, alternative analysis, socio-economic issues, a preliminary State antidegredation decision, public review/input, and a final State decision. A report regarding compliance with the antidegredation policy shall be conducted for all or new expanding wastewater discharges into Mississippi surface waters that require an NPDES permit. This Notice of Intent (NOI) to discharge will be reviewed by the MDEQ. The applicant must provide the following in their NOI application: Alternative Analysis, Socio-Economic Impacts Analysis. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact (Maryland) Maryland Environmental Regulations Yes Nuclear State/Province This legislation authorizes Maryland's entrance into the Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact, which seeks to promote interstate cooperation for the proper management and disposal of low-level radioactive wastes. The Commission that administers the compact is also responsible for conducting research and recommending regulations pertaining to radioactive waste. The states of Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia are party to this compact. The compact is designed so that each state in turn assumes the responsibility of the host state for the receipt and disposal of low-level radioactive waste. Pennsylvania is currently the host state. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Application Filing Requirements for Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province Any utility proposing to construct a natural gas pipeline requiring a Certificate of Authority (CA) under Wis. Stat. §196.49 must prepare an application for Commission review.  These regulations list the information needed for all CA applications, which includes detailed route information and potential environmental impacts. More extensive construction projects may require additional information contained in the application filing requirements (AFR) for pipeline projects.  The AFR also includes information requirements for obtaining wetland or waterway crossing permits from the Department of Natural Resources when coordinated reviews are required under Wis. Stat. §30.025. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Application Filing Requirements for Wind-Powered Electric Generation Facilities (Ohio) Ohio Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Utility Chapter 4906-17 of the Ohio Administrative Code states the Application Filing Requirements for wind-powered electric generating facilities in Ohio. The information requested in this rule shall be used to assess the environmental effects of the proposed facility.

An applicant for a certificate to site a wind-powered electric generation facility shall provide a project summary and overview of the proposed project. In general, the summary should be suitable as a reference for state and local governments and for the public.

The applicant shall conduct a project area site selection study prior to submitting an application for a wind-powered electric generation facility. The study shall be designed to evaluate all practicable project area sites for the proposed facility. Information on the location, major features, and the topographic, geologic, and hydrologic suitability of the proposed project area site and any proposed alternative project area site(s) shall be submitted by the applicant.

For detailed requirements for the project summary and siting study, please see: http://www.puc.state.oh.us/emplibrary/files/legal/rules/chapters/4906-17.doc
Commercial
Developer
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Application Filling Requirements for Transmission Line and Substation Construction Projects (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This page describes application requirements for all projects that involve the installation of an electricity transmission line or substation that also require either a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) or a Certificate of Authority (CA). Applications must include a discussion of general route impacts, distances to sensitive buildings, impacts on residences and commercial and industrial buildings, and impacts on public and tribal lands. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Applications for Certificates for Electric, Gas, or Natural Gas Transmission Facilities (Ohio) Ohio Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
Utility An applicant for a certificate to site a major electric power, gas, or natural gas transmission facility shall provide a project summary and overview of the proposed project. In general, the summary should be suitable as a reference for state and local governments and for the public. The applicant shall provide a statement explaining the need for the proposed facility, including a listing of the factors upon which it relied to reach that conclusion and references to the most recent long-term forecast report (if applicable). Commercial
Developer
Utility
Applications for Certificates for Electric Generation Facilities (Ohio) Ohio Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Utility An applicant for a certificate to site an electric power generating facility shall provide a project summary and overview of the proposed project. In general, the summary should be suitable as a reference for state and local governments and for the public.

The applicant shall state the current and proposed ownership status of the proposed facility, including site(s), rights-of-way, structures, and equipment. Such information shall include type of ownership.

The information requested in this rule shall be used to assess the environmental effects of the proposed facility. Where appropriate, the applicant may substitute all or portions of documents filed to meet federal, state, or local regulations. Existing data may be substituted for physical measurements.
Commercial
Developer
Utility
Appropriation of Water (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This section describes procedures for applications to appropriate water for beneficial uses, including irrigation, municipal, and industrial use. Once granted, water users must continue to seek permission for changes to their specific permit conditions. A permit will be issued if all of the following conditions are met: (1) The rights of a prior appropriator will not be unduly affected. (2) The proposed means of diversion or construction are adequate. (3) The proposed use of water is beneficial. (4) The proposed appropriation is in the public interest. In determining the public interest, all of the following will be considered: (a) The benefit to the applicant resulting from the proposed appropriation. (b) The effect of the economic activity resulting from the proposed appropriation. (c) The effect on fish and game resources and public recreational opportunities. (d) The effect of loss of alternate uses of water that might be made within a reasonable time if not precluded or hindered by the proposed appropriation. (e) Harm to other persons resulting from the proposed appropriation. (f) The intent and ability of the applicant to complete the appropriation. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Appropriation or Use of Waters, Reservoirs, and Dams (Maryland) Maryland Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Nuclear
State/Province It is state policy to control the use and appropriation of ground and surface waters of the state. A permit from the Department of the Environment is required prior to the construction or operation of any plant, building, or structure that will appropriate or use any waters of the state. The applicant must provide the Department that the proposed water withdrawal will not jeopardize the State's natural water resources. Some exemptions – including for domestic water use, agricultural use of less than 10,000 gallons per day on average, and groundwater use of 5,000 gallons of water per day or less – apply. Permits from the Department are likewise required prior to the construction, alteration, or repair of any reservoir, dam, or waterway obstruction. Some exemptions apply. This legislation contains additional information on exemptions, required information notices and public hearings, Department considerations in acting on permit applications, measuring and reporting of water use, compliance, and additional regulations. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Aquatic Habitat Protection Permit (Saskatchewan, Canada) Saskatchewan Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Environmental Management and Protection Act, 2002 (EMPA) and the Water Regulations provides for the protection of aquatic habitat and states that a permit is required: to alter the bed, bank or boundary of any water body or water course; to remove or add any material to the bed, bank or boundary of any water body or watercourse; or to remove vegetation from the bed, bank or boundary or any water body or water course. Aquatic Habitat Protection Permits are issued by the Water Security Agency (WSA). Authorizations may also be required from other agencies. Exemptions for some types of work are available, and are being developed by the WSA. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Utility
Aquifer Protection Area Land Use Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations describe allowable activities within aquifer protection areas, the procedure by which such areas are delineated, and relevant permit requirements. The regulations also describe application procedures for requesting an exemption for a given activity. Regulated activities include the storage of hazardous material; repair or maintenance requiring the use, storage, or disposal of hazardous materials; wastewater discharges other than domestic sewage water and stormwater; generation of electrical power with fossil fuels other than natural gas or propane; and storage, handling, recycling, disposal, reduction, processing, or composting of solid waste. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Arkansas Air Pollution Control Code (Arkansas) Arkansas Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Arkansas Air Pollution Control code is adopted pursuant to Subchapter 2 of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-4-101). ) By authority of the same State law, the Commission has also adopted Regulation 19, Regulations of the Arkansas Plan of Implementation for Air Pollution Control (Regulation 19) and Regulation 26, Regulations of the Arkansas Operating Air Permit Program (Regulation 26) which deal exclusively with regulations compelled by federal mandates and which are to some extent federally enforceable. It is the specific intent of Regulation 18 to preclude federal enforceability of Regulation 18 requirements. Regulation 18 permits or permit conditions issued under its authority, or enforcement issues arising from Regulation 18 shall not be deemed to be federally enforceable.

No person shall cause or permit the operation, construction or modification of a stationary source, which actually emits: 75 tons per year or more of carbon monoxide; 40 tons per year or more of nitrogen oxides; 40 tons per year or more of sulfur dioxide; 40 tons per year or more of volatile organic compounds; 25 tons per year or more of particulate matter; 15 tons per year or more of PM100.5 tons per year or more of lead; 2.0 ton per year or more of any single hazardous air pollutant; 5.0 tons per year or more of any combination of hazardous air pollutants; or 25 tons per year or more of any other air contaminant without first obtaining a permit from the Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ). Application of a permit shall be made on such forms and contain such information as the Department may reasonably require, including but not limited to: (1) information on the nature and amounts of air pollutants to be emitted by the stationary source or by associated mobile sources; and (2) such information on the location, design, and operation of stationary source as the Department may reasonably require.

No person shall cause or permit the operation, construction, or modification of a stationary source, whose actual emissions are: 40 tons per year or more but less than 75 tons per year of carbon monoxide; 25 tons per year or more but less than 40 tons per year of nitrogen oxides; 25 tons per year or more but less than 40 tons per year of sulfur dioxide; 25 tons per year or more but less than 40 tons per year of volatile organic compounds; 15 tons per year or more but less than 25 tons per year of particulate matter; 10 tons per year or more but less than 15 tons per year of PM10; 1.0 ton per year or more but less than 2 tons per year of any single hazardous air pollutant; or 3.0 tons per year or more but less than 5 tons per year of an combination of hazardous air pollutants without first having registered the source with the Department. Such registration shall be made on such forms and contain such information as the Department may reasonably require, including but not limited to: ) the name and address of the facility; an estimate of emissions from the facility; and an explanation of how the emissions estimate was determined.

These regulations also list the monitoring, sampling, and reporting requirements which will be no less stringent than the federally mandated requirements.

If there is any shutdown, startup, breakdown, interruption of fuel supply the operator of the permitted facility must report to the Director within 24 hours.
Fuel Distributor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Arkansas Surface Coal Mining Reclamation Act (Arkansas) Arkansas Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Arkansas Surface Coal Mining Reclamation Act authorizes the state to develop, adopt, issue and amend rules and regulations pertaining to surface coal mining and reclamation operations. These regulations are consistent with, but no more restrictive that the federal regulations set forth in the Surface Mining and Control and Reclamation Act of 1977. The Arkansas Department of Environmental Quality (ADEQ) Surface Mining and Reclamation Division (SMRD) is the authority under this act. Regulation No. 20 from the ADEQ sets performance and reclamation standards.

The surface coal mining permit is active for up to five years. Work cannot begin until all the permitting requirements are met, public notice periods are completed and the permit is issued. Operators must complete reclamation upon expiration of the permit. A bond is posted to cover reclamation costs if an operator fails to reclaim the site to standards set in Regulation No. 20. A fee is assessed on coal mined in the United States and is placed in a trust fund that is used for reclamation of pre-law abandoned mine sites. The federal Mine Safety and Health Administration regulates safety and health issues for coal mine employees.

Under this Act an operator of a coal mine must submit the following application materials: Collateral Bond Agreement, Collateral Bond Form, Surety Bond, Irrevocable Letter of Credit, Coal Mining Application/Permit and, Memo from AR Board for Prof. Geologists on Interpretation and Analysis. In addition all coal mining operators must follow the Revegetation Success Standards outlined by the ADEQ.
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (Arkansas) Arkansas Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The Arkansas Underground Injection Control Code (UIC code) is adopted pursuant to the provisions of the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act (Arkansas Code Annotated 8-5-11). It is the purpose of this UIC Code to adopt underground injection control (UIC)

regulations necessary to qualify the State of Arkansas to retain authorization for its Underground Injection Control Program pursuant to the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974, as amended; 42 USC 300f et seq. In order to retain program authorization, it is necessary for the Arkansas Pollution Control and Ecology Commission to have regulations as stringent as the federal program administered by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. The following regulations are adopted and made part of the UIC code: 40 CFR part 144, 40 CFR part 145, 40 CFR part 12 subpart A, 40 CFR 146 Subparts A, B, D, E, F and G. The Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission (AOGC) has authority over Class II and Class V bromine related wells, and shares enforcement authority with ADEQ of the Class V bromine wells as recognized in the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Department, the AOGC and the EPA.

No person shall construct, install, alter, modify, or operate any underground injection facility without a permit from the Department or, as to Class II and Class V bromine-related brine disposal wells, from the Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission. No person shall construct, install, or operate a Class IV well. No person shall construct, install, alter, modify or operate any underground injection facility contrary to the terms and conditions of a permit or of any provision of this UIC Code or the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act, as amended (the Act). Any person who violates any provision of this UIC Code shall be subject to the penalties as provided in the Arkansas Water and Air Pollution Control Act, Ark. Code Ann. § 8-4-103.

This Regulation goes onto to classify wells into 5 categories (I-V) based on their function.
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Utility
Article 3J Tax Credits (North Carolina) North Carolina Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Article 3J Tax Credits can be used to offset up to 50% of a taxpayer’s state income and/or franchise tax liability. The credits are offered for businesses which create fulltime jobs, invest in capital infrastructure, or invest at least $10 million in real property and create at least 200 new jobs. Projects located within designated municipalities (Urban Progress Zones) or designated counties (Agrarian Growth Zones) may receive enhanced Article 3J credits. Commercial
Atlantic Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact (Multiple States) South Carolina
Connecticut
New Jersey
Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Nuclear State/Province The Atlantic (Northeast) Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Compact is a cooperative effort to plan, regulate, and administer the disposal of low-level radioactive waste in the region. The states of Connecticut, New Jersey, and South Carolina are party to this compact. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Atomic Energy and Nuclear Materials Program (Tennesse) Tennessee Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Nuclear State/Province The Atomic Energy and Nuclear Materials section of the Tennessee Code covers all of the regulations, licenses, permits, siting requirements, and practices relevant to a nuclear energy development. In addition to the Tennessee Code the Department of Environment and Conservation has a rule pertaining to the licensing and registration of sources of radiation. The Department's rules state that any contractor or subcontractor of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) or the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission is exempt from the Department's rules to the extent that such contractor or subcontractor under his contract receives, possesses, uses and transfers or acquires sources of radiation. Thus, due to the DOE's heavy involvement in the licensing, permitting and compliance of nuclear power plants, any project being considered is most likely to be exempt from the Department’s rule. The licenses required are pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 compiled at (42 U.S.C. § 2011).

Every person receiving ownership or possession of one (1) or more radiation machines shall register with the radiological health service within ten (10) days of such receipt on forms to be provided for this purpose.

Any change in ownership, location, or use of any radiation machine, or any extension, modification, alteration or termination of such machine for any person required to register under this part, constitutes a revocation of such existing registration. Such person will then be required to register with the radiological health service.

These rules and regulations give the Director of the Department he power to change any of the rules if necessary. It also requires that all forms submitted to the DOE or Nuclear Regulatory Commission be submitted to the Department as well.
Commercial
Construction
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Utility
Atomic Energy and Radiation Control Act (South Carolina) South Carolina Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province The Division of State Development within the Department of Commerce is responsible for the promotion and development of atomic energy in the state, and is authorized to enact relevant rules and regulations. The South Carolina Budget and Control Board may finance projects or lease lands for atomic energy development. The Department of Health and Environmental Control is responsible for the control and regulation of radiation sources that are not licensed by the Federal Government, as well as for the transportation of radioactive materials. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Atomic Radiation (Illinois) Illinois Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Nuclear State/Province This article states permissible levels of radiation in unrestricted areas, environmental standards for uranium fuel cycle and information about notification of incidents. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Utility
Authorization of Line Extension (Nebraska) Nebraska Line Extension Analysis Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Any entity permitted to establish an electric light and power plant, and/or transmission or distribution lines within a city, village, or public electric light and power district, may also extend said power plant and transmission or distribution lines beyond the boundaries of the municipality or district. Some exemptions apply. The remainder of this section provides additional regulations for the operation and interconnection of electric light and power plants and distribution lines. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Baltimore County - Solar and Geothermal Equipment Property Tax Credit (Maryland) Maryland Property Tax Incentive No Geothermal Electric
Solar Photovoltaics
Local The allocated budget for this program has been met. There is now a wait list for new credits. The wait for applications not yet received is expected to last until at least July 2015. Md. Property Tax Article § 9-203 allows local governments to offer property tax credits for energy conservation devices if they choose to do so. This credit, available only for residential buildings, is set at the lesser of 50% of the cost of the system or $5,000 for heating devices and $1,500 for devices that supply hot water. There is no dollar limit on credits for PV or cooling systems, although the credit claimed each year cannot exceed the amount of county property taxes owed during that year. Excess credits can be carried over for 2 years. Residential
Baltimore County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local Provides permitting process for anemometers only (not turbines) Agricultural
Residential
Belle Fourche River Compact (South Dakota) South Dakota
Wyoming
Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Local The Belle Fourche River Compact, agreed to by South Dakota and Wyoming, seeks to provide for the most efficient use of the waters of the Belle Fourche River Basin for multiple purposes, and to provide for an equitable division of such waters. Water use and development projects on lands inside the basin are subject to this compact. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Ben Franklin Partners Challenge Grant Program (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania Grant Program No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Ben Franklin Technology Partner's Challenge Grant and Alternative Energy Development Program (AEDP) provides funds to businesses through the four Ben Franklin Technology Partners for access to capital, business expertise, technology commercialization services to advance the development of new technologies and for the generation, conservation, and transportation of alternative and clean energy. The BFTDA Centers receive funding to award to entrepreneurs, start-up and early-stage companies, established companies, investors, higher education and research and BFTP alumni companies. Grants may be used for direct company investments, business and technical support, technology and entrepreneurial infrastructure, and administrative expenses. For further information and program requirements, please see the guidelines: BenFranklinTechnologyPartners_Guidelines_10-2.pdf. Commercial
Institutional
Schools
Big Sky Trust Fund (Montana) Montana Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Big Sky Trust Fund reimburses expenses incurred in the purchase, leasing, or relocation of real assets for direct use of the assisted business or employee training costs. A local or tribal government on behalf of any business may apply. The funding limit of the program is $5,000 per new qualifying job created or $7,500 per qualifying job created in a high poverty county. A dollar for dollar match (or 50% match in a high poverty county) is required of businesses looking to qualify for program funds. Commercial
Local Government
Tribal Government
Biodiesel Production and Blending Tax Credit (Kentucky) Kentucky Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province blended biodiesel does not qualify. The biodiesel tax credit is applied against the corporation income tax imposed under KRS 141.040 and/or the limited liability entity tax (LLET) imposed under KRS 141.0401. The amount of the tax credit claimed against the corporation income tax and LLET can be different. The total amount of credit for all biodiesel producers may not exceed the annual biodiesel tax credit cap of $10 million. Unused credits may not be carried forward. For the purpose of this credit, biodiesel must meet ASTM specification D6751. Renewable diesel is defined as a renewable, biodegradable, non-ester combustible liquid derived from biomass resources that meets ASTM specification D975 or D396. The Kentucky Administrative regulation KAR 15:140. Biodiesel tax credit outlines the credit information administered byKentucky Department of Revenue. Commercial
Industrial
Bioeconomy Crop Initiative (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Rebate Program No Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Bioeconomy Crop Initiative was being offered by the P.E.I. Department of Agriculture through the Agricultural Flexibility Fund, a cost-sharing agreement between the Government of Canada and the Province of Prince Edward Island. The Bioeconomy Crop Initiative was an approximate $2.9 million dollar initiative that allowed Island farmers to pursue emerging market opportunities by producing crops for the bioeconomy while working to improve the environmental sustainability of the Province.

This initiative is part of the overall effort to increase the competitiveness of the agriculture sector.

The purpose of the Bioeconomy Crop Initiative is to identify the economic and environmental benefits of crops that will serve as platforms for the development of the provincial bioeconomy. Fall rye, perennial grasses, hybrid willows and other potential bioeconomy crops will be evaluated to progress towards the commercialization stage through a series of trials, demonstrations and pilot projects. Assistance is available through this program for producers, agri-businesses and agricultural industry organizations.

Perennial Biomass Development The preliminary evaluation of certain perennial grass and hybrid willows under P.E.I. conditions is necessary for the development of these two bioeconomy crops. It is anticipated that by the time the preliminary evaluations are complete, the particular role of these two crops in the bioeconomy will be more clearly defined. Technical assistance may be provided by staff from the Department of Agriculture for site preparation and monitoring of results. This program is not intended for crops to be planted in buffer zones and funding will not be provided for such activity.

Eligibility: • Applications will be accepted from primary producers, agriculture industry organizations and agribusinesses. • Applications are to be submitted at least sixty (60) days in advance of the intended date of planting the proposed crop. Late applications may be accepted if funding is not fully committed. • Applicants must agree to maintain the plantation site(s) until the end of the program in 2014. In the event of a crop failure or loss, a project may be terminated early upon mutual agreement of the applicant and the Department of Agriculture. • Applicants must agree to follow a management protocol that is mutually agreed upon by the applicant and the Department of Agriculture. This protocol may be modified upon mutual consent. Rate of assistance*: Funding will be provided on an annual basis. The level of funding differs for primary producers/agribusinesses and agriculture industry organizations. • 50% for primary producers and agribusinesses • Up to 100% for agriculture industry organizations Eligible expenses will include, but may not be limited to, the documented costs for:

• Site preparation, cost of seed, planting, crop maintenance and harvesting.
Agricultural
Biomass Anaerobic Digestion Facilities and Biomass Gasification Facilities (Indiana) Indiana Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Indiana Department of Environmental Management requires permits before the construction or expansion of biomass anaerobic digestion or gasification facilities. This legislation exempts biomass anaerobic digestion and biomass gasification facilities from regulation as a solid waste processing facility, unless otherwise determined by the Department. Agricultural
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Biomass Guidelines (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province PEI Biomass Guidelines identify two major pathways that biomass projects may follow: No Public Investment, and Public Investment. Projects with Public Investment include any project that has:

• Grants or loans for start-up, capital, or operating costs;

• Silvicultural or other land management incentives provided through Departmental programs (e.g. Forest Enhancement Program, ALUS); or

• Green credits or certification from Government.

Guidelines for No Public Investment projects must only comply with existing legislation such as the Environmental Protection Act, Wildlife Conservation Act, and other applicable laws.

For Public Investment projects, the following guidelines must also be met:

• All harvest sites require a pre-harvest management plan meeting the standards set out in the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division’s Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual;

• All harvests must be in compliance with the standards set out in the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division’s Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual;

• For clearcut harvests, only the tree bole may be removed, with branches and foliage to be spread throughout the harvest site (i.e. no whole tree removal);

• For commercial thinnings and other non-clearcut harvests, whole tree harvest is allowed, but stumps must be left in situ; and

• All biomass harvest sites must be mapped via GPS and the map files submitted to the Forests, Fish and Wildlife Division.

Clearcut harvests on sites being converted to agriculture or other non-forest uses are exempt from the management plan requirement and other standards of the Ecosystem-based Forest Management Manual.
Agricultural
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Utility
Bond Financing (New Jersey) New Jersey Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Bond financing is available to eligible businesses through the New Jersey Economic Development Authority, in the amount of $500,000 to $10 million. The bonds can be used to finance capital improvements and expansions, equipment and machinery, construction, and renovations. Taxable bonds can be used for debt refinancing. Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Schools
Bond Financing Program (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Bond Program Yes Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province BFA’s Bond Financing Program offers tax-exempt and taxable bonds for fixed-asset expansion projects. Industrial development revenue bonds can be used by manufacturers for the acquisition, renovation, and construction of new buildings, and for the purchase of land or new equipment. Commercial
Industrial
Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas) Arkansas Bond Program
Loan Program
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Bond and Loan programs of Arkansas are four programs designed to attract small business development within the state.

The Minority Business Loan Mobilization Revolving Fund is restricted to sustaining the business, economic growth and development of the minority businesses in the state of Arkansas. The proceeds may be used for job creation, expansion, repairs, acquisition of machinery and equipment, inventory purchase, and working capital. To be eligible for the program the Business Owner must be a member of the following minority groups: African American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic American, Pacific Islander American, Service Disabled Veteran.

The Capital Access Program makes funds available to borrowers who might otherwise have difficulty in obtaining conventional bank loans. The LLR fund is available on a pooled basis to be applied to any of the lenders Capital Access Program loans.

The Capital Access Program states that a portion of the SSBCI (State Small Business Credit Initiative) allocation has been set aside to provide direct co-investments in Arkansas companies that have received commitments for an institutional venture capital investment from qualified venture capital entities. The source of money for these AIF investments has been borrowed capital from banks. With the advent of the SSBCI funding, ADFA now has an ability to support Arkansas businesses directly with venture capital investments without having to borrow the money.

The Bond Guaranty Program is open to businesses that qualify for taxable and/or tax-exempt financing but do not have the financial strength to access national capital markets. The Arkansas Development Finance Authority acts as a guarantor of the bond issue and this guarantee provides the necessary credit enhancement for the bondholder and takes the place of a Line of Credit or Bond Insurance.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Bonding Assistance Program (Louisiana) Louisiana Bond Program No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Bonding Assistance Program provides assistance with new bond guarantees to small businesses. The bond underwriting is accomplished by a surety company, and the surety company has final bonding approval authority. Once the surety has given final bonding approval, the Bonding Assistance Program provides collateral up to 25% of the base contract amount, up to $200,000, on a project specific basis. Commercial
Boundary Waters Canoe Area (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Boundary Waters Canoe Area occupies a large section of northern Minnesota, and is preserved as a primitive wilderness area. Construction and new development is prohibited. A map of the Boundary Waters Canoe Area can be found here: http://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5130164.pdf Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Brownfields Assistance Matching Grants (Delaware) Delaware Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Brownfield Assistance Program, administrated by the Delaware Economic Development Office (DEDO) and funded from Delaware Strategic Fund, provides matching grants to owners and developers to encourage the redevelopment of environmentally distressed sites within the state. Brownfield redevelopment is an important tool for Delaware's livable growth, recycling the state's land and cleaning up the environment within areas designed for growth. However, these sites cannot be revitalized without the help of developers, commercial real estate firms, lenders, and property owners. In the past, concerns over liability and the added cost of cleaning up a site have hindered the redevelopment of Brownfields. The state of Delaware understands the risks are higher for these projects and, in response, provides financial incentives and a fast track cleanup process.

The program is administered in collaboration with the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control and offers the lesser of up to $100,000 or 50 percent of the costs associated with the investigation and remediation of a Brownfield site. Phase I costs are excluded from the Program and unlike the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC)’s Program, each project must have an employment impact of a minimum of five permanent full-time jobs. To be eligible for DEDO’s Program, the owner, prospective owner or developer must first obtain a Brownfield Certification through DNREC that recognizes the site as a Brownfield. After Certification has been obtained, an application can be sent to DEDO for evaluation and processing. Eligibility for Brownfield assistance will be based on the project’s potential to serve a public purpose by maintaining or expanding employment in the State, by maintaining, expanding, or diversifying business and industry in the State, and/or maintaining or increasing its tax base.

Associated with the program is the Delaware Brownfields Marketplace, a list of Brownfield sites available for redevelopment in Delaware.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Brownfield Development Tax Abatements (Alabama) Alabama Corporate Tax Incentive
Property Tax Incentive
Sales Tax Incentive
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local The Brownfield Development Tax Abatements gives cities and counties the ability to abate, non-educational city and county sales and use taxes, non-educational state, city and county property taxes – up to 20 years, and mortgage and recording taxes. The brownfield development property must equal the lesser of 30 percent of the original cost of the property as remediated or $2,000,000 for companies expanding facilities. For new businesses, there is no such requirement. The property must be in the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's voluntary cleanup program to qualify for Brownfield abatements. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Brownfield Grants (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province WEDC provides Brownfield Grants to local governments and businesses for redeveloping Brownfield sites. The maximum grant award is $1.25 million and a 20-50% match is required, depending on the grant awarded. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Brownfield Redevelopment Program (Missouri) Missouri Personal Tax Incentives Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Brownfield Redevelopment Program provides financial incentives for the redevelopment of commercial/industrial sites that are contaminated with hazardous substances and have been abandoned or underutilized for at least three years. The Department of Economic Development(DED)may issue tax credits for up to 100% of the cost of remediating the project property. DED will issue 75% of the credits upon adequate proof of payment of the costs; the remaining 25% will not be issued until a clean letter has been issued by DNR. The tax credit may also include up to one hundred percent of the costs of demolition that are not directly part of the remediation activities. State tax credits may also be issued for non-remediation demolition costs. The total state costs for providing tax credits must be less than the projected economic impact, as determined by the DED. Commercial
Industrial
Retail Supplier
Utility
Brownfield/Grayfield Tax Credit Program (Iowa) Iowa Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Brownfield/Grayfield Tax Credit Program offers qualifying projects tax credits of 24% for qualifying costs of a Brownfield project and 30% if the project meets green building requirements. Grayfield is also included in the tax credit program. A Grayfield project can receive tax credits of 12% of qualifying costs and 15% if the project meets green building requirements. Tax credits are available on a first come first served basis, with a maximum tax credit per project of $1,000,000 and a $10,000,000 maximum. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Brownfields Revitalization and Economic Development Program (South Dakota) South Dakota Enterprise Zone Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The South Dakota Brownfields Program aims to encourage cleanup and business development of contaminated sites. Currently, entities can apply for cleanup funds through the Ground Water Quality Program to assist with the redevelopment of brownfields. The 2004 session of the South Dakota State Legislature passed HB 1175 authorizing the establishment of a brownfields revitalization and economic development program including two funds - the brownfields cleanup revolving loan fund and the brownfields assessment and cleanup fund. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources has been directed to develop rules for the administration of these funds which will be funded through grants from the Environmental Protection Agency's Brownfields Program. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Systems Integrator
Nonprofit
Business Development Loan Program (North Dakota) North Dakota Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Business Development Loan Program assists new and existing businesses in obtaining loans that would have a higher degree of risk than would normally be acceptable to a lending institution. Business may use the loan for a variety of purposes, including establishing or purchasing a business, financing the acquisition of real property, expanding a business, or for working capital. Commercial
Business Employment Incentive Program (BEIP) (New Jersey) New Jersey Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Economically viable expanding or relocating businesses that create jobs in New Jersey are eligible to secure annual incentive grants via the Business Employment Incentive Program (BEIP) of up to 80% of the total amount of employees' state income taxes withheld by the company during the calendar year from the new employees hired, awarded for up to 10 years, to a maximum of $50,000 per employee over the course of the grant. Approved businesses receive annual cash grants based on the number of new jobs they have created in the State of New Jersey. Commercial
Business Incentive Loans and Bonds (Georgia) Georgia Bond Program
Loan Program
No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Non-Profit The Strategic Industries Loan Fund (SILF) is a program offered by the OneGeorgia Authority. The purpose of SILF is to provide financing, through loan assistance, for the purchasing of fixed assets for companies that are considered as a relocation or expansion site for an emerging or development-stage company in a strategic industry targeted by Georgia. SILF is only to be used when needed to fill a financing gap that is unmet by the private sector. The State of Georgia has identified energy as a strategic target industry because it produces commercially viable technologies and will create higher quality jobs. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Business Opportunity Loan Fund (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province WEDC may provide financing options through loans or loan guaranties to businesses that are investing funds to expand or relocate to Wisconsin. WEDC investments generally range between $200,000 and $1 million based on need, quality and quantity of jobs and other program, statute, and policy requirements. Recipients may also be eligible for loan guaranties in addition to or in lieu of loan financing. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Business Retention and Relocation Assistance Grant (BRRAG) (New Jersey) New Jersey Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A business relocating operations within New Jersey and retaining jobs, or a business maintaining jobs at a current location and making a qualified capital investment is eligible for corporate business tax credits through the Business Retention and Relocation Assistance Grant (BRRAG) program. Eligible businesses can receive credits up to $2,250 per year for up to six years, per job retained in the State. Commercial
Business and Market Development Program (Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada) Newfoundland and Labrador Grant Program No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This policy is no longer active. In 2013 the Business and Market Development Program will be absorbed into the new Business Development Fund.

The Business and Market Development Program provides new entrepreneurs and expanding small businesses with funding to help them acquire the necessary expertise to pursue new business ideas and new markets for their products or services. The program supports new growth opportunities in the economy, such as value-added manufacturing activities and export-oriented opportunities.

The program will provide assistance of up to $25,000 in the form of a non-repayable contribution. These funds must be matched on an equal basis by the applicant.

Small businesses (those with less than 50 employees and less than $5 million in annual sales) located and operating in Newfoundland and Labrador, including corporations, cooperatives and other similar structures, are eligible to apply. The applicant must demonstrate that it has the appropriate financial structure and management ability to carry out the project.

Applications will be considered for the following projects: • Developing new markets or researching new product development opportunities. • Technical feasibility research relating to potential new business opportunities.

• Acquiring external expertise on production processes, marketing, financial management or other internal company needs for growth and expansion.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Businesses that Create New Jobs Tax Credit (Maryland) Maryland Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Businesses located in Maryland that create new positions and establish or expand business facilities in the state may be entitled to a Businesses that Create New Jobs Tax Credit. To be eligible, businesses must first have been granted a property tax credit by a local government for creating the new jobs. The credit may be taken against corporate income tax, personal income tax or insurance premium tax. The business must create at least 25 new positions as part of the new or expanded business facility, 5,000 square feet or more, in Maryland. Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
CO2 Geologic Storage (Kentucky) Kentucky Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Division staff, in partnership with the Kentucky Geological Survey (KGS), continued to support projects to investigate and demonstrate the technical feasibility of geologic storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in Kentucky. In 2012, KGS conducted a test of carbon dioxide enhanced natural gas recovery in the Devonian Ohio Shale, Johnson County, east Kentucky. During the test, 87 tons of CO2 were injected through perforations in a cased, shut-in shale gas well. Industry partners for this research included Crossrock Drilling, Advanced Resources International, Schlumberger, Ferus Industries, and Nabors Well Services. Pre- and post-test data are being analyzed to assess the results of the experiment. Additionally, a request for proposals was issued for drilling and testing a deep well on property owned by Hanson Aggregates, Carter County, east Kentucky. Contracts are being finalized with site construction and drilling expected to begin in January, 2013. As proposed, the well will be drilled to a total depth of 4,800 feet to test the Cambrian Knox Group dolomite and Mt. Simon sandstone and identify the primary seals to ensure stored CO2 will remain in deep reservoirs (no CO2 will be used in this test well). Reservoir data will also be acquired for other potential storage zones and sealing units. The Division of Carbon Management’s goal is to investigate, develop, and promote technical solutions for carbon capture, storage and reuse; and to engage with state, regional and federal agencies in the development of state policy designed to man¬age greenhouse gas emissions, especially carbon dioxide, in a carbon constrained environment. The division has oversight in implementing Strategy 6 of the Governor’s energy plan. Industrial
Calvert County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local Zoning regulations for wind power systems Commercial
Residential
Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada) Canada Environmental Regulations
Equipment Certification
Fees
Generating Facility Rate-Making
Generation Disclosure
Industry Recruitment/Support
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas Federal The purpose of this Act is to promote safety, the protection of the environment, the conservation of oil and gas resources, joint production arrangements, and economically efficient infrastructures.

The act sets up a regulatory structure for licensing, permitting, equipment certification, safety and operational regulations and standards, land owner rights and the rights of access for exploratory and extraction operations, as well as prohibited areas.

The act also addresses the fee structures, the development plan approval process, employee benefits and training standards, financial obligations, pipeline and transmission tariffs, purchasing agreements and sales, and legal recourse.
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Canada Small Business Financing Program (Canada) Canada Loan Program Yes Energy Storage
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Federal Since 1961, the Canada Small Business Financing Program (CSBFP) seeks to increase the availability of loans for establishing, expanding, modernizing and improving small businesses. It does this by encouraging financial institutions to make their financing available to small businesses. By sharing the risk with a financial institution, the program may help businesses secure up to $500,000.

Small businesses or start-ups operating for profit in Canada, with gross annual revenues of $5 million or less.

Not eligible under this program are farming businesses (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada has a similar program for the farming industry — for information, visit www.agr.gc.ca), not-for-profit organizations, or charitable and religious organizations.

Up to a maximum of $500,000 for any one borrower is available, of which no more than $350,000 can be used for purchasing leasehold improvements or improving leased property and purchasing or improving new or used equipment.

Financial institutions deliver the program. The decision to grant a loan rests entirely with the financial institution.

Loans can be used for financing up to 90% of the cost of:

- purchasing or improving land, real property or immovables - purchasing new or existing leasehold improvements - purchasing or improving new or used equipment

The interest rate is determined by individual financial institutions. The interest rate may be variable or fixed:

Variable rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's prime lending rate plus 3%.

Fixed rate: The maximum chargeable is the lender's single family residential mortgage rate plus 3%.

A registration fee of 2% of the total amount loaned under the program must also be paid by the borrower to the lender. It can be financed as part of the loan.

The registration fee and a portion of the interest are submitted to Industry Canada by the lender to help offset the costs of the program for the government.

Lenders are required to take security in the assets financed. Lenders also have the option to take an additional unsecured personal guarantee, which cannot exceed 25% of the total amount loaned.
Fuel Distributor
Institutional
Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement (Saskatchewan, Canada) Saskatchewan Grant Program No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province All funds have been committed for the current Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement and no new applications are being accepted.

The Canada-Saskatchewan Western Economic Partnership Agreement (WEPA) is a four-year, $50-million federal/provincial agreement designed to encourage economic development and growth in the Saskatchewan economy. Signed in January 2009, this agreement is administered through Western Economic Diversification Canada and Enterprise Saskatchewan. This agreement replaces the former five-year, $50-million WEPA that expired in 2008. Through joint federal and provincial support, WEPA provides funding for projects that build and sustain economic growth and opportunity in Saskatchewan through the following strategic theme areas:

Business Productivity and Competitiveness: Includes investments to increase small- and medium-sized business productivity; increase export readiness; assist in business growth and viability; and strengthen national and international competitiveness of Saskatchewan business.

Technology Commercialization: Includes investments to increase collaboration with local research institutions to successfully develop, commercialize, market and distribute technologies, products and services; or enhance industry or community capacity to invest in technologies, products and services to improve industry or community adoption and commercialization of new technologies, products or services.

Community and Regional Development and Diversification: Increase the capacity of Saskatchewan communities to implement strategies that promote sustainable development; create greater collaboration and integration between and among government and communities; increase investment and business opportunities; or increase the economic infrastructure for the further development of leading industries, including internationally significant tourism initiatives.

Trade and Investment: Increase national and international awareness of Saskatchewan products and services.

Eligible applicants must be:

Legal entities and include non-profit organizations; post-secondary institutions, hospitals or regional health care centres engaged in research; or other provincial agencies or legal entities created by the provincial government.

Any organization, agency, university or group that requires funding for a project, which would have a measurable impact on the economic development of the province.

Individual commercial businesses or commercial activities will not be eligible for support.
Agricultural
Construction
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999 (Canada) Canada Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal The Canadian Environmental Protection Act of 1999 (CEPA 1999) provides the legislative framework for Environment Canada, and outlines the provisions for the prevention and management of risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.

The CEPA 1999 implements pollution prevention, procedures for the investigation and assessment of substances, and requirements with respect to substances that the Minister of the Environment and the Minister of Health have determined to be toxic or capable of becoming toxic, and provisions regarding animate products of biotechnology. The enactment also contains provisions respecting fuels, international air and water pollution, motor emissions, nutrients whose release into water can cause excessive growth of aquatic vegetation and environmental emergencies, provisions to regulate the environmental effects of government operations and to protect the environment on and in relation to federal land and aboriginal land, disposal of wastes and other matter at sea, and the export and import of wastes.

The enactment provides for the gathering of information for research and the creation of inventories of data, which are designed for publication, and for the development and publishing of objectives, guidelines and codes of practice.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Canadian River Compact (Multiple States) Texas
Oklahoma
New Mexico
Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Canadian River Commission administers the Canadian River Compact which includes the states of New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. Signed in 1950 by the member states, the Compact was subsequently ratified by the respective state legislatures, approved by Congress, and was signed into law by the President in 1952. The interstate Canadian River Commission includes one state commissioner appointed by the governor of each member state and one federal commissioner appointed by the President. The major purposes of the Compact are to promote interstate comity; to remove causes of present and future controversy; to make secure and protect present developments within the States; and to provide for the construction of additional works for the conservation of the waters of Canadian River. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Transportation
Capacity and Energy Payments to Cogenerators Under PURPA Docket (Georgia) Georgia Green Power Purchasing
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Docket No. 4822 was enacted by the Georgia Public Service Commission in accordance with The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) that was enacted to promote conservation and to encourage use of alternative sources of power generation. PURPA established a class of non-utility generators comprised of small power producers and cogenerators, referred to as Qualifying Facilities (QFs). Docket No. 4822, and subsequently Docket No. 19279, approved methodologies for full-avoided cost payments made by Georgia Power Company (GPC) to QFs pursuant to PURPA. Avoided costs are the “incremental costs to an electric utility of electric energy or capacity or both which, but for the purchase from the qualifying facility or qualifying facilities, such utility would generate itself or purchase from another source”. Standard firm (average capacity factor of at least 90%) and non-firm (energy only) contracts were established for QFs up to 80 MWs. Capacity payments are determined by the needs stated in the Integrated Resource Plan (IRP). RFPs are conducted to address the capacity needs. Commission Rule 515-3-4-.04(3)(f) exempts QFs up to 30 MWs from having to bid into RFPs. Instead, QFs must notice in to receive a proxy-price set by the last winning bidder of the RFP. QFs must operate at 96% availability to receive the proxy-price. QFs shall bear the cost of interconnections and any resulting changes to the transmission system. Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Capital Access Program (CAP) (Michigan) Michigan Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Capital Access Program (CAP), utilizes public resources to generate private financing for small business in Michigan seeking access to capital. Funding from the Michigan Strategic Fund is joined with private banking participants to enable more favorable loan access for small businesses. To date, the private/public ratio of funding has been approximately 28 to 1. Eligible businesses must have no more than 500 workers and the maximum loan amount which may be enrolled in CAP is $5 million. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Capital Access Program (Vermont) Vermont Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Capital Access Program provides loan guarantees to small businesses seeking access to commercial credit. Premiums paid by the borrower and matched by Vermont Economic Development Authority fund a reserve account which insures loans enrolled in the program. Borrowers with gross annual sales of $5 million or less are eligible for the program. Commercial
Capital Investment Incentive (Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia Grant Program
Rebate Program
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Capital Investment Incentive (CII) is part of the Productivity Investment Program as outlined in the economic growth plan for Nova Scotia, jobsHere.

This incentive can contribute up to 20% toward the cost of technologically-advanced machinery, clean technology, equipment, software and hardware with preference given to exporters in qualified industries.

The CII is limited to corporations in the following industries: - Advanced manufacturing and processing - Development of non-traditional sources of energy - Life-sciences - Aerospace and defense - Information and communication technology (ICT) - Ocean technology - Professional, Scientific and Technical Services excluding the following: Legal Services; Accounting, Tax Preparation, Bookkeeping and Payroll Services; Advertising and Related Services; Photographic Services; Veterinary Services; Translation and Interpretation Services

Under certain circumstances, strategic gateway and trade related activities may be eligible under the Capital Investment Incentive.

The CII helps companies make investments in their future by offsetting the cost of incremental capital purchases. These are the kinds of purchases that would result in cost savings and productivity improvements, and increase competitiveness in international markets.

If deemed eligible under the guidelines of the incentive, companies can receive reimbursement of 20% of the cost of its equipment, up to a maximum of $1 million. Acquisitions less than $25,000 will not be considered.

Please note the following changes to the Capital Investment Incentive Guidelines are retroactive April 1, 2011. An application must be submitted to the Department of Economic and Rural Development and Tourism (ERDT), prior to any commitment to purchase the Qualified Property.
Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Systems Integrator
Utility
Capital Investment Tax Credit (Florida) Florida Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Capital Investment Tax Credit is an annual credit, provided for up to twenty years, against the corporate income tax. Eligible projects are those in designated high-impact portions of the following sectors: clean energy, biomedical technology, financial services, information technology, silicon technology, transportation equipment manufacturing, or be a corporate headquarters facility. Projects must also create a minimum of 100 jobs and invest at least $25 million in eligible capital costs. Eligible capital costs include all expenses incurred in the acquisition, construction, installation, and equipping of a project from the beginning of construction to the commencement of operations. The level of investment and the project's Florida corporate income tax liability for the 20 years following commencement of operations determines the amount of the annual credit. Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Carbon Capture Pilots (Kentucky) Kentucky Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Support for the Carbon Management Research Group (CMRG), a public/private partnership consisting of most of the Commonwealth’s utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER), and the Department for Energy Development and Independence (DEDI), continues by the division. The program is broken into 9 project areas with 6 projects devoted to fundamental research, 2 projects devoted to pilot scale research and one project for a semi-commercial slip stream CO2 capture system. The 9 projects are geared towards addressing the most pertinent issues facing the wide scale deployment of CO2 capture systems for post-combustion applications. In 2011, CAER was awarded a U.S. DOE cooperative agreement which will allow CMRG to pursue the project for a semi-commercial slip stream CO2 capture system, with substantial federal funding and involvement. Commercial
Fed. Government
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Carbon Dioxide Capture/Sequestration Tax Deduction (Kansas) Kansas Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Carbon Dioxide Capture/Sequestration Tax Deduction allows a taxpayer a deduction to adjusted gross income with respect to the amortization of the amortizable costs of carbon dioxide capture, sequestration or utilization machinery and equipment based upon a period of 10 years. Such amortization deduction shall be an amount equal to 55% of the amortizable costs of such machinery and equipment for the first taxable year in which such machinery and equipment are in operation and 5% of the amortizable costs of such machinery and equipment for each of the next nine taxable years. Commercial
Industrial
Utility
Carbon Dioxide Sequestration (West Virginia) West Virginia Environmental Regulations
Fees
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The purpose of this law is to:
  1. Establish a legal and regulatory framework for the permitting of carbon dioxide sequestration operations;
  2. Designate a state agency responsible for establishing standards and rules for the permitting of carbon dioxide sequestration operations including, but not limited to, rules pertaining to:
    1. Environmental surveillance of carbon dioxide sequestration operations;
    2. The monitoring of geologic migration of carbon dioxide and the detection of carbon dioxide excursions;
    3. Construction standards for carbon dioxide sequestration operations;
    4. Bonding or other financial assurances; and
    5. The closure of carbon dioxide sequestration operations, including post-closure monitoring, verification and maintenance; and to
  3. With the aid of a carbon dioxide sequestration working group, develop a long-term strategy for the regulation of carbon dioxide sequestration.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Carbon Dioxide Transportation and Sequestration Act (Illinois) Illinois Equipment Certification
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This Act applies to the application process for the issuance of a certificate of authority by an owner or operator of a pipeline designed, constructed, and operated to transport and to sequester carbon dioxide produced by a clean coal facility, by a clean coal substitute natural gas (SNG) facility, or by any other source that will result in the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from that source. No person or entity may construct, operate, or repair a carbon dioxide pipeline unless the person or entity possesses a certificate of authority. Inasmuch as the regulation of the construction, maintenance, and operation of pipelines transporting carbon dioxide, whether interstate or intrastate, falls within the statutory and regulatory jurisdiction of the Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration of the federal Department of Transportation, each carbon dioxide pipeline owner shall construct, maintain, and operate all of its pipelines, related facilities, and equipment in this State in a manner that complies fully with all federal laws and regulations governing the construction, maintenance, and operation of pipelines transporting carbon dioxide, as from time to time amended, and which otherwise poses no undue risk to its employees or the public. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Utility
Carbon Monoxide, Ozone, Hydrocarbon Air Quality Standards, and Related Emission Requirements (Ohio) Ohio Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This chapter defining the roles of the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency gives specific detail on the regulation point-source air pollution for a variety of industries and pollutants.

Included in the chapter are rules governing emissions from biomass treatment facilities, natural gas, and any facility that emits steam or particulates into the air.

The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency's Division of Air Pollution Control has more information on regulatory programs, air monitoring, and permitting.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Carbon Sequestration Advisory Committee (Nebraska) Nebraska Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province Under this statute, the Director of Natural Resources will document and quantify carbon sequestration and greenhouse emissions reductions associated with agricultural practices, management systems, and land uses. This information will be used by the Carbon Sequestration Advisory Committee to recommend policies or programs to aid Nebraska agricultural landowners in participating in systems of carbon trading, including potential policies or programs designed to optimize economic benefits to agricultural producers participating in carbon trading transactions, among other duties. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Caroline County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local This ordinance amends Chapter 175 of the Code of Public Local Laws of Caroline County, Maryland to provide for the erection, maintenance, and operation of small wind energy systems, as well as outlining guidelines and requirements for these systems. Commercial
Residential
Carroll County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local This ordinance sets forth regulations for the zoning, erection, and operation of small wind energy systems in Carroll County, Maryland. Commercial
Residential
Cavern Protection (Texas) Texas Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province It is public policy of the state to provide for the protection of caves on or under Texas lands. For the purposes of this legislation, “cave” means any naturally occurring subterranean cavity, and includes or is synonymous with cavern, pit, pothole, well, sinkhole, and grotto. No person may excavate, remove, destroy, injure, alter in any significant manner, or deface any part of a cave owned by the State of Texas, unless the person possesses a valid permit under this section. A permit may be obtained following the receipt of an application giving the reasons and objectives for the excavation, removal, or alteration and the benefits expected to be obtained from the contemplated work. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Certificate of Public Good--Gas and Electric (Vermont) Vermont Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province This Public Service Board rule limits the construction of electric and natural gas facilities and restricts the amounts that companies can buy from non-Vermont sources. No company, as defined in section 201 of this title, may in any way purchase electric capacity or energy from outside the state; invest in an electric generation or transmission facility located outside this state unless the public service board first finds that the same will promote the general good of the state and issues a certificate to that effect. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Investor-Owned Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Certified Capital Companies (Missouri) Missouri Equity Investment No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Certified Capital Companies (CAPCO), the creation of the Department of Economic Development (DED,) are venture capital firms which have certain requirements to make equity investments in eligible businesses in Missouri. To qualify for CAPCO funding, businesses must be independently owned, headquartered in Missouri and employ less than 200 persons before the investment is made. The annual revenue of the business in its last fiscal year must be less than $4 million, or, if the business is more than 3 years old, the revenue limit is $3 million. Service companies must also demonstrate that more than 33% of its revenue would be from outside the state of Missouri. At this point, all credits allowed under the law have been authorized. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Utility
Certified Sites (Ready! Set! Build!) (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Siting and Permitting
Training/Technical Assistance
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation has created, in partnership with Deloitte Consulting (Site Selector Consultant) and community partners, the Ready! Set! Build! Program, which provides consistent standards for industrial site certification in Wisconsin. Certification means that the key approvals, documentations, and assessments most commonly required for industrial uses will already be in place to assist businesses quickly locate on site. Wisconsin communities, organizations, or individuals with a site which has a minimum of 50 contiguous acres that can be developed are eligible for this funding. Agricultural
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Institutional
Low-Income Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Chapter 10 Water Quality Standards (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province This administrative regulation establishes procedures to protect the surface waters of the Commonwealth, and thus protect water resources. It states the designated uses of surface water and establishes a methodology to implement the antidegradation policy. The regulation establishes water quality standards that consist of designated legitimate uses of the surface waters of the commonwealth and the associated water quality criteria necessary to protect those uses. These water quality standards are minimum requirements that apply to all surface waters in the commonwealth of Kentucky in order to maintain and protect them for designated uses. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 30 Waste Management: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The waste management administrative regulations apply to the disposal of solid waste and the management of all liquid, semisolid, solid, or gaseous waste defined or identified as hazardous in KRS Chapter 224 or the appropriate administrative regulations by all persons and state and federal agencies who engage in the generation, treatment, storage, or disposal of wastes, including hazardous substances spilled into the environment, that meet the criteria of hazardous waste. The regulation also sets forth the minimum environmental performance standards with which all waste sites or facilities shall comply. According to KRS Chapter 224, "Hazardous waste" means any discarded material or material intended to be discarded or substance or combination of such substances intended to be discarded, in any form which because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness or pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.  Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 31 Identification and Listing of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This administrative regulation establishes the general provisions necessary for identification and listing of a hazardous waste. The regulation also establishes the criteria for identifying the characteristics of hazardous waste and the criteria for listing a hazardous waste. "Hazardous waste" means any discarded material or material intended to be discarded or substance or combination of such substances intended to be discarded, in any form which because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics may cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness or pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.  Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 32 Standards Applicable to Generators of Hazardous Waste (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province This administrative regulation establishes procedures to establish the applicable general provisions for generators of hazardous waste. It also establishes recordkeeping and reporting standards. This administrative regulation is equivalent to corresponding federal requirements except an annual report is required rather than a biennial report. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 37 Hazardous Waste Land Disposal Restrictions (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province This administrative regulation establishes requirements for land disposal of hazardous waste. These include- surface impound exemptions, prohibitions on disposal and storage and treatment standards. This administrative regulation differs from the corresponding federal regulation in Section 8 of this administrative regulation, which has Kentucky specific information regarding standards to control metal emissions. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 38 Hazardous Waste Permitting Process (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province This administrative regulation establishes the general provisions for storage, treatment, recycling, or disposal of hazardous waste. It provides information about permits and specific requirements for containers, tanks, surface impoundments, waste piles, equipment and air emissions control for tanks, surface impoundments and containers. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 47 Solid Waste Facilities (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations
Fees
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This chapter establishes the permitting standards for solid waste sites or facilities, the standards applicable to all solid waste sites or facilities, and the standards for certification of operators. This administrative regulation sets forth the classification of solid waste sites or facilities for permitting purposes. The regulation applies specifically to landfills. It also provides information about permits, solid waste permit fees from the Kentucky Division of Waste Management and the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection. By-products from coal mining are excluded from the definition of solid waste. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Chapter 50 Division for Air Quality: General Administrative Procedures (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Chapter 50 of the Division of Air Quality section within Energy and Environment Cabinet Department For Environmental Protection outlines the general administrative procedures for maintaining air quality standards. These procedures are created in adherence to 42 USC 7410 which requires the state to implement standards for national primary and secondary ambient air quality. All major sources of VOCs located in a county or portion of a county which is designated ozone nonattainment, for any nonattainment classification except marginal, under 401 KAR 51:010, shall install and use control technology which is reasonable and available. If no Control Techniques Guidelines Document is appropriate, the lowest emission limit that a particular source is capable of meeting by the application of control technology that is reasonably available considering technological and economic feasibility. The cabinet may require technology that has been applied to similar, but not necessarily identical source categories. In the absence of a standard specified in these administrative regulations, all major air contaminant sources shall as a minimum apply control procedures that are reasonable, available, and practical. Nothing in these administrative regulations is intended to permit a practice which is in violation of a statute, ordinance, or administrative regulation. These administrative regulations shall be complementary to each other, and to other administrative regulations adopted by the cabinet. If a provision of these administrative regulations or the application thereof to a person or circumstance is held to be invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or application of another part of these administrative regulations and to this end each provision of these administrative regulations and the various applications thereof are declared to be severable. Except as provided by 401 KAR 50:055, nothing in these administrative regulations shall allow a source to remove control equipment or discontinue procedures previously required in a nonattainment area to achieve the national ambient air quality standards until a state implementation plan containing different requirements has been approved by the U.S. EPA. For the purpose of applying the definition of modification, an increase in the amount of an air pollutant shall be determined as in 40 CFR 60.14. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Transportation
Utility
Chapter 51 Attainment and Maintenance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 51, entitled Attainment and Maintenance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet’s Department for Environmental Protection. This administrative regulation establishes the general provisions as related to new air pollution sources with respect to the prevention of significant deterioration of air quality and construction of stationary sources impacting on nonattainment areas. The purpose of chapter 51 is to prevent the significant deterioration of air quality in areas of the state where the air quality is better than the ambient air quality standards outlined in 401 KAR 53:010; and to provide conditions for the construction of new or modified sources which would impact on nonattainment areas in order that major or new or major modified sources will not exacerbate existing violations of the ambient air quality standards. These regulations state that the owner of an affected facility subject to this chapter shall be subject to the performance testing regulations found in 401 KAR 59:005, section 2. The owner or operator of an affected facility subject to this chapter is also subject to the notification and recordkeeping provisions found in 401 KAR 59:0005, Section 3. The Cabinet, as defined by KRS 224.01-010(9), may require the owner or operator of an affected facility subject to this chapter to install, calibrate, maintain, and operate continuous emission monitoring systems. All such emission monitoring systems shall be subject to the provisions of 401 KAR 59:005, Section 4, and other provisions as the cabinet deems necessary. "Affected facility" means an apparatus, building, operation, road, or other entity or series of entities that emits or may emit an air contaminant into the outdoor atmosphere. These regulations also cover the NOx requirements for stationary internal combustion engines, NOx requirements for large utility and industrial boilers, NOx credits for early reduction and emergency, Banking and trading if NOx allowances, NOx opt-in provisions, CAIR Ox Annual Trading Program, CAIR NOx ozone season trading program and the CAIR SO2 Trading Program. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Chapter 52 Air Quality: Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 52, entitled Air Quality: Permits, Registrations, and Prohibitory Rules, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet’s Department for Environmental Protection. Chapter 52 outlines the permitting requirements for all air pollution sources within the state; the chapter includes application procedures, the application review process, the necessary steps to maintain and renew permits, and the monitoring, notification and maintenance standards for all air pollution sources. The following permits are covered in chapter 52: Title V permits, Federally enforceable permits for nonmajor sources, State-origin permits, Permit Applications Forms and Acid rain permits. Chapter 52 also outlines the review process which has public, state and EPA (federal) phases. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Chapter 53 Ambient Air Quality (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 53, entitled Ambient Air Quality, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet’s Department for Environmental Protection. Chapter 53 sets the air quality standards for pollutants regulated under the federally mandated Clean Air Act. The purpose of the primary ambient air quality standards is to define levels of air quality that the cabinet judges are necessary, with an adequate margin of safety, to protect the public health. Secondary ambient air quality standards define levels of air quality which the cabinet judges necessary to protect the public welfare from any known or anticipated adverse effects of a pollutant. Chapter 53 implements the federal standard for all air pollutants and requires that Within sixty (60) days of promulgation or revision of any ambient air quality standard by the U.S. EPA, the cabinet shall initiate proceedings to promulgate or review this administrative regulation in conformance with the federal ambient air quality standards. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Chapter 63 Air Quality: General Standards of Performance (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulation Chapter 63, entitled Air Quality: General Standards of Performance, is promulgated under the authority of the Division of Air Quality within the Energy and Environment Cabinet’s Department for Environmental Protection.

Chapter 63 adopts the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) codified in 40 C.F.R. 63.1 through 63.56, 63.70 through 63.81, and 63.100 through 63.11434. Delegation of implementation and enforcement authority for the federal NESHAP program from the United States Environmental Protection Agency to the Commonwealth of Kentucky is provided under 42 U.S.C. 7412(l).

Reasonable precautions must be taken to prevent particulate matter from becoming airborne from any material handled, processed, transported, or stored; or from a building or its appurtenances to be constructed, altered, repaired, or demolished, or a road to be used.

When dust, fumes, gases, mist, odorous matter, vapors, or any combination escape from a building or equipment that cause a nuisance or violate any administrative regulation, the Secretary may order that the building or equipment in which processing, handling and storage are done be tightly closed and ventilated in such a way that all air and gases and air or gas-borne material leaving the building or equipment are treated by removal or destruction of air contaminants before discharge to the open air.

Persons responsible for a source from which hazardous matter or toxic substances may be emitted must provide the utmost care and consideration, in the handling of these materials, to the potentially harmful effects of the emissions resulting from such activities.

Facilities may not emit potentially hazardous matter or toxic substances in such quantities or duration as to be harmful to the health and welfare of humans, animals and plants. Evaluation of such facilities as to adequacy of controls and/or procedures and emission potential will be made on an individual basis by the cabinet.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Charles County - Agricultural Preservation Districts - Renewable Generation Allowed (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Local Charles County provides that producing energy "from solar, wind, biomass, and farm waste and residue crops" is a permitted agricultural use in areas zoned as Agricultural Preservation Districts. Agricultural
Chesapeake Bay Preservation Programs (Multiple States) Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Washington D.C.
Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Chesapeake Bay Program is a unique regional partnership that has led and directed the restoration of the Chesapeake Bay since 1983. The Chesapeake Bay Program partners include the states of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia; the District of Columbia; the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a tri-state legislative body; the Environmental Protection Agency, representing the federal government; and participating citizen advisory groups.

The Chesapeake Executive Council was established by the Chesapeake Bay Agreement of 1983. Under the 1987 Chesapeake Bay Agreement, membership changed from cabinet secretaries to the governors of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia; the administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; the mayor of the District of Columbia; and the chair of the Chesapeake Bay Commission, a legislative body serving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

The Council: (a) Establishes the policy direction for the restoration and protection of the Bay and its living resources; (b) Exerts leadership to marshal public support for the Bay effort; (c) Signs directives, agreements and amendments that set goals and guide policy for Bay restoration; and (d) Is accountable to the public for progress made under the Bay agreements.

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality administers complementary programs and regulations to prevent future pollution and degradation of the Chesapeake Bay and surrounding lands. More information can be found here: http://www.deq.virginia.gov/Programs/Water/ChesapeakeBay.aspx
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Chesapeake Bay and Tributaries (Maryland) Maryland Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
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Local This legislation sets limits on development near Chesapeake Bay as well as on dredging and the deposition of dredged material into the bay. The legislation establishes the Cox Creek Citizens Oversight Committee (now mostly defunct); the Hart-Miller-Pleasure Island Oversight Committee, which provides oversight and monitoring of the future development, use, and maintenance of the Hart-Miller-Pleasure Island chain, and the water quality in the area immediately surrounding the islands; the Kent Island Citizens Oversight Committee (now defunct). Agricultural
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Chesapeake Bay, Drilling for Oil or Gas Prohibited (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas Local Drilling for oil or gas in the waters or within 500 hundred feet from the shoreline of the Chesapeake Bay or any of its tributaries is prohibited. If a person or entity desires to drill for oil or gas in any area of Tidewater Virginia where drilling is not prohibited, an environmental impact assessment is required as part of the permit to the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy. Other provisions under the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality then apply. No permits for oil production wells will be issued until the Governor has had an opportunity to review the report and make recommendations, in the public interest, for legislative and regulatory changes, and that legislation has become effective. Commercial
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Chesapeake Forest Lands (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
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Local The Chesapeake Forest Lands are most of the former land holdings of the Chesapeake Forest Products Company, which now includes more than 66,000 acres in five lower Eastern Shore counties. These lands make up 12 percent of the productive forests in the region, which in the past produced 15-20 percent of the region's annual timber harvest.

The Maryland Department of Natural Resources manages the land, and periodically updates the Sustainable Forest Management Plan. The plan includes information on powerline right-of-ways, protected areas, and acceptable uses for the area.

The state bought the land for the purpose of supporting the Eastern Shore's forest products industry, the second largest industry on the Eastern Shore, which adds $349 million to the State's economy and employs more than 2,100 people. The purposes is also to maintain the ecological integrity of the area, including water quality and habitat.

The Department involves the public in the management plan development, which is reviewed every couple of years. The public's comments will be considered as plans are developed for resource management, watershed enhancement, facility development or public use.
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Clean Air Act of Montana (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
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State/Province The purpose of the Clean Air Act of Montana is to achieve and maintain levels of air quality to "protect human health and safety and, to the greatest degree practicable, prevent injury to plant and animal life and property, foster the comfort and convenience of the people, promote the economic and social development of this state, and facilitate the enjoyment of the natural attractions of this state." It is also the purpose of the Act to achieve these goals without unduly compromising individual freedoms. The Act supports the establishment of local and regional air pollution control programs, and provides for a coordinated statewide program of air pollution prevention, abatement, and control. The Act addresses emissions from electricity generating facilities, fossil fuels, and small business stationary sources; ambient air quality standards, monitoring, and reporting; permitting and operating requirements for sources of air pollution; and local air pollution control programs. Agricultural
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Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Budget Permits (Michigan) Michigan Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
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State/Province Michigan implements the federal requirements of the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) through state regulations. Michigan's Rule 821 requires subject sources to obtain and operate in compliance with a CAIR Annual NOx Budget permit and/or CAIR Ozone NOx Budget permit. Rule 420 requires subject sources to obtain and operate in compliance with a CAIR SO2 Budget permit. All CAIR Budget permits must be issued and renewed in keeping with Michigan's Renewable Operating Permit program procedures. Agricultural
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Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit (Kentucky) Kentucky Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Clean Coal Incentive Tax Credit provides for a property tax credit for new clean coal facilities constructed at a cost exceeding $150 million and used for the purposes of generating electricity. Before the credit is given, the Environmental and Public Protection Cabinet must certify that a facility is reducing emissions of pollutants released during electric generation through the use of clean coal equipment and technologies. The amount of the allowable credit is $2 per ton of eligible coal purchased that is used to generate electric power at a certified clean coal facility. The credit shall not be carried forward and must be used on the tax return filed for the period during which the eligible coal was purchased. Developer
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Clean Coal Projects (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This legislation directs the Virginia Air Pollution Control Board to facilitate the construction and implementation of clean coal projects by expediting the permitting process for such projects. Commercial
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Clean Coal Technology (Indiana) Indiana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS State/Province A public utility may not use clean coal technology at a new or existing electric generating facility without first applying for and obtaining from the Utility Regulatory Commission a certificate that states that public convenience and necessity will be served by the use of clean coal technology. Some exemptions apply. This statute describes the requirements for obtaining a certificate of necessity. Municipal/Public Utility
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Clean Electric Power Generation (Canada) Canada Grant Program
Industry Recruitment/Support
No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
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Federal The Clean Electrical Power Generation (CEPG) SSA consists of research and development (R&D) and late-stage development and demonstration of technologies for promoting clean, reliable and efficient power generation, both centrally and distributed, including the production of energy from renewable sources and the integration of these resources into the grid. It addresses the reduction of GHG emissions and toxic pollutants from the production of energy from fossil fuels, including through the development of clean coal and carbon dioxide capture and storage technologies, and it provides support for Canada’s participation in the treaty of the Generation IV International Forum (GIF) to develop advanced nuclear based energy systems. The CEPG distributed more than $117 million (Canadian) of NRCan funding for the period from 2003-04 to 2008-09. The total estimated CEPG funding from all sources for this period was $250.5 million. Commercial
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Clean Energy Investment Program (Florida) Florida Bond Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province The Florida Opportunity Fund's Clean Energy Investment Program is a direct investment program created to promote the adoption of energy efficient and renewable energy (EE/RE) products and technologies in Florida. The Fund will increase the availability of capital in Florida through both loan and equity investment instruments, and is designed to help Florida businesses and promote the adoption of commercialized clean energy technology. Fund investments must comport to the State Energy Program statute which requires that funds be used primarily for: (1) facility and equipment improvement with EE/RE products; (2) acquisition or demonstration of renewable energy products; and (3) improvement of existing production, manufacturing, assembly or distribution processes to reduce consumption or increase the efficient use of energy in such processes. The Office of Energy is working with the Grantee – Florida Opportunity Fund (staffed by Enterprise Florida) – and their contracted investment manager Florida First Partners to administer the program. Commercial
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Clean Energy Resource Teams (Minnesota) Minnesota Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
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Wave Energy
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Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
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State/Province Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs) are community-based groups stemming from a state, university, and nonprofit partnership to encourage community energy planning and clean energy project development. CERTs are tasked with developing and implementing community-based energy programs, and are meant to give citizens a voice in the implementation process and provide a broad-based resource and communications network that links local, county, and regional energy efficiency and renewable energy project efforts around the state. There are seven CERT regions, covering the entire state. Agricultural
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Clean Energy Tax Credit (Maryland) Maryland Personal Tax Incentives Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Clean Energy Tax Credit is 0.85 cents for each kilowatt hour of electricity sold that was produced from a Maryland qualified energy resource during the 5-year period specified in the initial credit certification. The annual tax credit may not exceed one-fifth of the maximum amount of credit stated in the initial credit certificate.

The business must produce electricity during the tax year using primarily "qualified energy resources" (see Internal Revenue Code Section 45) which includes any solid, non-hazardous, cellulosic waste material that is segregated from other waste materials and is derived from the following:

• Forest-related resources, including mill residues (except sawdust and wood shavings), forest thinnings, slash, or brush, but excluding old-growth timber.

• Waste pallets, crates, dunnage, landscape or right-of-way trimmings.

• Agricultural sources (orchard tree crops, vineyard, grain, legumes, sugar, and other crop by-products or residues).

"Qualified energy resources" also includes methane gas or other combustible gases resulting from the decomposition of organic materials from an agricultural operation or from a landfill or a wastewater treatment plant using either anaerobic or thermal decomposition, or a combination of both, and solar, geothermal or hydropower energy sources.
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Clean Energy Technology Device Manufacturers' Credits (Delaware) Delaware Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Wind energy
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Qualified manufacturers can apply for a tax break equal to 75% of the corporation income tax. The incentive is an increase from the Investment and Employment Credit Against Corporation Income Tax, raising the multiplier of the credit for the number of employees from $500 to $750. The business must have made an investment of at least $200,000 in the past 12 months, and must employ at least five people. Commercial
Industrial
Clean Tennessee Energy Grant Program (Tennessee) Tennessee Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The purpose of the Clean Tennessee Energy Grant Program is to select and fund projects that best result in a reduction of emissions and pollutants identified below. The Clean Tennessee Energy Program provides financial assistance to municipal government, county government, utility districts, and other entities created by statute (e.g. airport authority) in Tennessee to purchase, install, and construct energy projects that fit into one of the following eligible project categories: Cleaner Alternative Energy, Energy Conservation, Air Quality Improvement. Agricultural
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Clean Water Legacy Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This Act provides authority, direction, and resources to achieve and maintain water quality standards for groundwater and surface waters by implementing the federal Clean Water Act as well as applicable state and federal regulations. The Council aims to identify and categorize impaired waters, to offer incentives to prevent water impairment, and to support effective measures to clean up waters. The Council sets pollutant total maximum daily load (TMDL) standards for the waters of the State. Agricultural
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Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However, this law also provides a legal basis for state implementation of federal laws controlling nonpoint sources of water pollution, such as pollution from runoff or transportation. Agricultural
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Clean and Green Property Tax Incentives (Montana) Montana Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
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Wind energy
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Hydroelectric (Small)
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State/Province In 2007, the Montana Legislature passed House Bill 3 (May special session) that established property tax incentives to encourage energy projects with less environmental impact than conventional facilities. The “Clean and Green” incentives come in three forms.

First, certain facilities and equipment can be classified as either Class 14 or Class 15 Property (15-6-157 and 15-6-158, MCA). These classes are taxed at 3 percent of market value; previously, these facilities may have been taxed at a higher percent of their market value. To qualify for the 3% tax rate, the standard prevailing wages for heavy construction must be paid during construction and some other qualifications may also apply.

Second, high-voltage direct-current converter stations that are constructed in a location and manner so that the station can direct power to two different regional power grids can be classified as Class 16 property. Class 16 property is taxed at 2.25 percent of market value.

Third, a subset of Class 14, 15, and 16 properties are eligible for a property tax abatement of 50 percent for up to 19 years (15-24-3101 et seq. MCA). This abatement applies to all mills levied against the qualifying facility or equipment. For qualifying clean advanced coal research and development equipment or for renewable energy research and development equipment, only the first $1 million of the value receives the abatement.

The Montana Department of Environmental Quality must certify that certain transmission lines, carbon dioxide pipelines and liquid fuel pipelines qualify as Class 14 or 15 property. The Department also certifies any facility or equipment seeking the property tax abatement. A taxpayer starts the process by filling out the appropriate application. Projects eligible for these property tax classifications and abatements are likely to have unique characteristics, so a follow-up interview or inspection may be necessary.
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Climate Action Plan (Alabama) Alabama Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Currently, the State of Alabama does not have a climate plan in place or in progress. In December of 1997, Alabama completed a climate action plan jointly funded by the EPA to determine ways for the state to reduce greenhouse gases. The plan includes energy efficiency improvements, land management strategies, and cleaner transportation, but it does not include any methods of directly capturing emissions or pricing carbon. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Arkansas) Arkansas Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province With the signing of Act 696 of the Arkansas 86th General Assembly (HB2460), Governor Mike Beebe established the Governor’s Commission on Global Warming. By design the Commission represents a wide diversity of views and perspectives with members coming from business, industry, environmental groups, and academia. The Governor appoints seventeen of the twenty-one members of the Commission and two members each are appointed by the President Pro Tempore of the Arkansas State Senate and by the Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives. The Commission was charged with setting a “global warming pollution reduction goal” for Arkansas and a “comprehensive strategic plan for implementation of the global warming pollution reduction goal.” The Act sets several study and evaluation requirements and required a final report to be provided to the Governor by November 1, 2008. The final report of the GCGW offered findings to the Eighty-Seventh General Assembly on which state action can be based. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Connecticut) Connecticut Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Connecticut’s climate change initiative is led and directed by the Governor’s Steering Committee on Climate Change (GSC). The GSC is made up of leaders from key state agencies including the Departments of Environmental Protection, Public Utility Control, Transportation, and Administrative Services, the Office of Policy and Management, and the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Delaware) Delaware Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province To better understand the current and future vulnerabilities and risks to climate change, DNREC Secretary Collin O’Mara directed the Division of Energy and Climate to conduct a statewide climate change vulnerability and risk assessment.

The Delaware Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment reflects the best available climate science, climate modeling, and projections to illustrate the range of potential vulnerabilities that Delaware may face from the impacts of climate change. The Assessment will provide a strong scientific foundation for the development of the state’s adaptation planning and strategy.

The Delaware Climate Change Steering Committee was created to oversee the Assessment process. The Steering Committee’s membership includes some of Delaware’s leading scientists and practitioners. Their charge is to ensure the Assessment adheres to the highest levels of scientific integrity and that the information presented is applicable for future work in the state. Members represent the fields of agriculture, ecosystems and wildlife, climate, public health, water resources, and infrastructure.

In 2000, the Delaware Climate Change Action Plan (DCCAP) was prepared with funding from the Delaware State Energy Office and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s State and Local Climate Change Program. The Center for Energy and Environmental Policy of the University of Delaware researched and wrote the Action Plan with the guidance and advice of the Delaware Climate Change Consortium (DCCC), comprised of representatives from government, business, labor, environment and community-based organizations. In this Action Plan, the DCCC has developed a set of policy options that can reduce Delaware’s greenhouse gas emissions by 7% below the 1990 level. This amounts to a decrease of almost 25% in State emissions by 2010.

Three levels of implementation were devised: a Full Implementation scenario involving the adoption of all measures (i.e. 100%); a Major Commitment scenario which seeks to realize 65% of the reductions identified in the DCCAP through aggressive state policies and supporting federal strategies; and a Modest Commitment scenario with 35% of the DCCAP’s reductions targeted for state action and supporting federal initiatives. A detailed emissions reduction policy strategy is included in the DCCAP and is based on detailed analyses of a wide range of policy measures applicable to each sector of energy use. To ensure applicability to Delaware, the final selection of options was determined on the basis of cost-effectiveness. Implementation of the Action Plan will require adoption of a policy agenda that encourages the state’s government, industries, and citizen organizations to participate actively in a wide range of implementation activities. Such cooperation would involve legislative initiatives, community input and support, and education and outreach.
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Climate Action Plan (District of Columbia) District of Columbia Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province To lead by example, and to capitalize on the many benefits of energy efficiency and climate protection, the District Government is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% (below 2006 levels) by 2012, 30% by 2020, and 80% by 2050. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Florida) Florida Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province On July 12 and 13, 2007, Governor Charlie Crist hosted “Serve to Preserve: A Florida Summit on Global Climate Change.” The summit brought together leaders of business, government, science and advocacy to examine the risks of global climate change to Florida, and the nation, and to explore the business opportunities that can come from an aggressive response to climate change. At the conclusion of the summit, Governor Crist signed three Executive Orders and two international partnership agreements, adding Florida to the states actively working to address global climate change. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Georgia) Georgia Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Currently, the State of Georgia does not have a climate plan in place or in progress.  Some efficiency actions have been taken. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Illinois) Illinois Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province In 2006 Governor Blagojevich announced a new global warming initiative that will build on Illinois’ role as a national leader in protecting the environment and public health. The announcement marked the beginning of a long-term strategy by the state to combat global climate change, and builds on the steps the state has already taken to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, such as enhancing the use of wind power, biofuels and energy efficiency. The Climate Change Advisory group issued a series of recommended strategies in 2007. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Indiana) Indiana Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of Indiana does not currently have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Kansas) Kansas Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
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State/Province On March 21, 2008, Governor Kathleen Sebelius issued Executive Order No. 08-03 establishing the Kansas Energy and Environmental Planning Advisory Group (KEEP). The group’s purpose was to identify opportunities for Kansas to respond to the challenge of global climate change, while becoming more energy efficient and energy independent and spurring economic growth. The Advisory Group's task was to 1) Review and approve a current inventory and forecast of GHG sources and emissions from 1990 through 2025.

2) Develop and recommend short-, medium-, and long-term goals for statewide reductions in the amount of GHGs emitted by activities in Kansas. And,

3) Develop and recommend comprehensive climate mitigation policies in all economic sectors in Kansas through 2025 to meet or exceed state emission reduction goals.
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Climate Action Plan (Kentucky) Kentucky Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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State/Province The Commonwealth of Kentucky established the Kentucky Climate Action Plan Council (KCAPC) process to identify opportunities for Kentucky to respond to the challenge of global climate change while becoming more energy efficient, more energy independent, create jobs and spur economic growth. Recognizing the interconnectedness of energy, environment and economic development, in June of 2009 Governor Steven L. Beshear created the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC). Three departments within the EEC — Department for Environmental Protection, Department for Natural Resources and Department for Energy Development and Independence — are participating in the Kentucky Climate Action planning process. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Louisiana) Louisiana Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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Energy Storage
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State/Province The State of Louisiana currently does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Maine) Maine Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
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State/Province In June 2003, the Maine State Legislature passed a bill charging the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) with developing an action plan with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from state sources. DEP initiated a stakeholder process, seeking input and building consensus on how best to meet the required emissions reductions. DEP submitted a Climate Action Plan for Maine 2004 to the Legislature in December 2004. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Manitoba, Canada) Manitoba Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
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Wind energy
State/Province Manitoba's Climate Action Plan centers around energy efficiency, although it includes mandates and initiatives for renewable sources of energy.

The province has a goal of installing 1000 MWs of wind energy in the next 10 years. Geothermal heat resources are already being used, and will be further developed. The province has a biofuels mandate and tax incentives for biodiesel plants and ethanol standards for fuel.

The province enacted legislation, the Climate Change and Emissions Reduction Act, that requires the province to meet the Kyoto targets.
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Climate Action Plan (Maryland) Maryland Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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State/Province On April 20, 2007, Governor Martin O’Malley signed Executive Order 01.01.2007.07 establishing the Maryland Climate Change Commission (MCCC) charged with collectively developing an action plan to address the causes of climate change, prepare for the likely consequences and impacts of climate change to Maryland, and establish firm benchmarks and timetables for implementing the Commission’s recommendations.

The Commission included members representing academia, business, industry, environmental groups and many levels of government. It was staffed jointly by the Maryland Department of the Environment and Department of Natural Resources in coordination with other state agencies.

One of the Plan’s policy recommendations, to adopt science-based regulatory goals to reduce Maryland’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, was realized with the passage of the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act of 2009 (GGRA). The law requires Maryland to reduce its GHG emissions to 25 percent below 2006 levels by 2020. It directs the Maryland Department of the Environment to work with other lead State agencies to prepare an implementation plan to meet this goal as a first step toward achieving longer term science-based reductions. An interim plan will be submitted to the Governor and the General Assembly during the 2012 legislative session, and the final plan (GGRA Plan) will be submitted on or before December 31, 2012.
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Climate Action Plan (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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State/Province In August 2008, Governor Deval Patrick signed into law the Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA), making Massachusetts one of the first states in the nation to move forward with a comprehensive regulatory program to address climate change.

The GWSA requires the Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (EOEEA), in consultation with other state agencies and the public, to set economy-wide greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction goals for Massachusetts that will achieve reductions of between 10 percent and 25 percent below statewide 1990 GHG emission levels by 2020, and 80 percent below statewide 1990 GHG emission levels by 2050. It is in this context that EOEEA presents the Massachusetts Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020. Secretary Bowles has set that 2020 limit at 25 percent — and the Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020

contains the measures necessary to meet the limit.
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Climate Action Plan (Michigan) Michigan Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
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State/Province On November 14, 2007, Governor Jennifer M. Granholm issued Executive Order No. 2007-42 establishing the Michigan Climate Action Council (MCAC). The Council is comprised of members representing academia, a broad base of industry, utilities, state and local government, and environmental interest groups. The Council will act in an advisory capacity to:

1) Produce an inventory and forecast of greenhouse gas sources and emissions from 1990-2020; 2) Consider potential state and multi-state actions to mitigate and adapt to climate change in various sectors including energy supply, energy efficiency and conservation, industrial process and waste management, transportation and land use, and agriculture and forestry; 3) Develop a comprehensive climate action plan with specific recommendations for reducing greenhouse gases in Michigan by business, government and the general public, and 4) Advise state and local government on measures to address climate change.

The Council is being supported by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, which is the lead state agency for this effort and by the Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) a nonprofit service organization that has substantial experience working directly with public officials and their stakeholders to facilitate the development of climate action plans.

In addition to the Council, there will be five technical work groups that will have further input into the process by reviewing technical documents, developing and reviewing proposed policy actions and recommendations and providing feedback on priorities.
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Climate Action Plan (Minnesota) Minnesota Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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Geothermal Electric
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State/Province Recognizing the implications that global climate change may have on the economy, environment and quality of life in Minnesota, Governor Tim Pawlenty signed into law the 2007 Next Generation Energy Act. The law builds on Minnesota’s nation-leading energy policies of more renewable energy, more energy savings, and lower carbon emissions, and specifies the development of a comprehensive plan to reduce Minnesota’s emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Center for Climate Strategies (CCS) was asked to help facilitate and provide technical support to a new Minnesota Climate Change Advisory Group (MCCAG) that would prepare a Climate Mitigation Action Plan for presentation to the governor and the legislature in February, 2008.

CCS worked closely with the Minnesota Department of Commerce and the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to create and manage the MCCAG, which began meeting in April 2007. This 56-member group, representing a vast range of public-/private-sector organizations and citizen interests, is using a stakeholder-based consensus building process to develop set of state-level policy recommendations for reducing or sequestering greenhouse gas emissions. The MCCAG will also identify opportunities to promote energy-efficient technologies and clean, renewable energy resources that will enhance economic growth.
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Climate Action Plan (Mississippi) Mississippi Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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Energy Storage
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State/Province Currently, the State of Mississippi does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Missouri) Missouri Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
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State/Province Currently, the State of Missouri does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Several municipalities and universities have climate action plans in place. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Montana) Montana Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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State/Province Recognizing the profound implications that global warming and climate variation could have on the economy, environment and quality of life in Montana, the Climate Change Advisory Committee (CCAC) was established with the aim of formulating recommendations for specific actions for reducing or sequestering greenhouse gas emissions. The Committee also identified opportunities to promote energy efficient technologies and clean, renewable energy resources that will enhance economic growth. The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) managed the CCAC, which was made up of 18 members representing a broad range of stakeholders including industry, environmental groups, local and tribal governments, transportation, and agriculture. The Center for Climate Strategies provided facilitation and technical support to the DEQ and the CCAC. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Nebraska) Nebraska Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
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State/Province The State of Nebraska does not currently have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (New Brunswick, Canada) New Brunswick Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
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State/Province This Climate Change Action Plan 2014–2020 builds and establishes 2020 and 2050 provincial GHG emissions reduction targets of 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020 and 75 to 85 percent below 2001 levels by 2050. It is a long-term strategy achieved through key incremental actions, many described in the plan, while other actions will evolve during the next six years.

The plan includes actions in the following areas: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency; Transportation; Waste Reduction and Diversion; Industrial Sources; Government Leading by Example; Adaptation; and Partnerships and Communication.

The plan includes studies of the feasibility of constructing new small-scale hydroelectricity generation projects, the assessment and development of a range of renewable energy generation opportunities, such as biomass, solar, wind and tidal, and the implementation of a forest biomass policy.
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Climate Action Plan (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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State/Province 29 members of Governor John Lynch’s Climate Change Policy Task Force developed a Climate Action Plan in 2009. It is aimed at achieving the greatest feasible reductions in greenhouse gas emissions while also providing the greatest possible long-term economic benefits to the

citizens of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire’s Climate Action Plan presents an opportunity to: • Spur economic growth through investment in our state’s economy of monies currently spent on energy imports. • Create jobs and economic growth through development of in-state sources of energy from renewable and low emitting resources, and green technology development and deployment by New Hampshire businesses. • Avoid the significant costs of responding to a changing climate to the state’s infrastructure, economy, and the health of our citizens. • Preserve the unique quality of life that makes New Hampshire an outstanding place to live, work, and raise a family.

The Task Force recommends that New Hampshire strive to achieve a long-term reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050, consistent with the New England Governors – Eastern Canadian Premiers resolutions and the consensus recommendations of the scientific community.

To move toward this long-term goal and provide the greatest economic opportunity to the state of New Hampshire, the Task Force recommended 67 actions to: • Reduce emissions from buildings, electric generation, and transportation. • Protect our natural resources to maintain the amount of carbon sequestered. • Support regional and national initiatives to reduce greenhouse gases. • Develop an integrated education, outreach and workforce training program.

• Adapt to existing and potential climate change impacts.
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Climate Action Plan (New Jersey) New Jersey Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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State/Province The NJDEP Office of Sustainability and Green Energy coordinates programs that reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change, as well as programs designed to help New Jersey become resilient to climate impacts and adapt to those impacts that are unavoidable. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (New Mexico) New Mexico Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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State/Province Recognizing the profound implications that global warming and climate variation could have on the economy, environment and quality of life in the Southwest, New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson signed Executive Order 05-033 on June 5th, 2005, establishing the New Mexico Climate Change Action Council and the New Mexico Climate Change Advisory Group (CCAG). The Climate Change Action Group reviewed and provided recommendations to the Governor’s office regarding climate change policy. The Council was chaired by the Secretary of the Environment and will had representatives from the Departments of Agriculture; Economic Development; Energy, Mining, and Natural Resources; General Services; Health; Indian Affairs; and Transportation. The State Engineer, Director of Game and Fish, and the Governor’s Advisor on Energy and Environment also served on the Council. Drawing on its own expertise and the perspectives of the CCAG members, the Advisory Group found meaningful solutions that fit New Mexico’s unique needs and circumstances. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (New Orleans) New Orleans, Louisiana Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
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State/Province New Orleans' Climate Action Plan will provide a road map to reach the City's greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction goal by 2030 while orchestrating its adaptation to climate change. The CAP will outline how the region will mitigate the effects of sea level rise and global warming through a variety of complementary structural and non-structural measures. The Energy Department is collaborating with local non-profits to secure funding for this effort.

Citywide Programs: - Retrofitting of 200 City Buildings - will increase energy efficiency by 20% and save $1.8 million/year.

- Conversion of street lights to high-pressure sodium (amber) and metal halide (white). Plan to experiment with super fluorescents (white and more energy efficient).

- Evaluating light emitting diodes (LEDs) for traffic signals. Note: LED's and higher efficiency streetlights save both energy and maintenance costs.

- Computerization of lights on playgrounds to save energy use when playgrounds not in use. Emissions inventory and analysis being conducted by OEA.

- Development of volunteer speakers' bureau to increase curbside recycling participation.

- Canal Streetcar Project underway; Desire Streetcar Project being studied
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Climate Action Plan (New York) New York Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
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State/Province In August of 2009 Governor David A. Paterson signed Executive Order No. 24 setting a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in New York State by 80 percent below the levels emitted in 1990 by the year 2050. The Executive Order also created the New York Climate Action Council (CAC) with a directive to prepare a draft Climate Action Plan by September 30, 2010. The Climate Action Plan will assess how all economic sectors can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapt to climate change. The Plan will also identify the extent to which such actions support New York’s goals for a clean energy economy. The CAC will draw on several advisory panels including an Integration Advisory Panel (IAP) made up of New Yorkers who will provide advice and assist the CAC in evaluating the best methods to achieve the Governor's GHG reduction goals and prepare New York communities and natural resources for the impacts of climate change. CAC representatives and IAP members will participate in Technical Work Groups (TWGs) representing the key sectors of the states' economy. Four technical work groups will focus on "mitigation" -- ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A fifth TWG will address "adaptation" -- measures that will safeguard public health, the environment, and infrastructure from expected climatic changes. The work of the TWGs will inform the decision making of the CAC and the New York Climate Action Plan. In addition, the 2050 Visioning Advisory Panel will offer guidance and long-term perspective to the CAC, TWGs, and IAP on key design options available to achieve the Executive Order’s goal of a low-carbon, climate-change-resilient New York State by year 2050. Utility
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Climate Action Plan (North Carolina) North Carolina Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
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State/Province The North Carolina Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR) has established a priority in the 2009 - 2013 Strategic Plan to respond to climate change using both mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce vulnerability, increase adaptive capacity and improve resiliency of climate-sensitive resources. DENR’s Climate Change Steering Committee provides oversight for implementation of DENR’s Climate Change Initiative. This team is developing a focused approach to address climate change policy actions at state, regional and federal levels, while coordinating strategies with other state, federal and nongovernmental partners. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (North Dakota) North Dakota Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
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State/Province The State of North Dakota does not currently have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
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State/Province Nova Scotia's Climate Change Action Plan has two main goals: reducing the province's contribution to climate change by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and preparing for changes to the province's climate that are already inevitable.

REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS Target: 5 Megatonnes Annually By 2020 Nova Scotia aims to reduce GHG emissions by at least 10 per cent from 1990 levels by 2020.

Electricity generation The greatest single reduction will be achieved by imposing caps on emissions from Nova Scotia Power Incorporated (NSPI), which produces 46 percent of the province's GHG emissions. The caps will take effect in 2010, 2015, and 2020.

The two most cost-effective means of reducing emissions from power generation in Nova Scotia are straightforward: generating less electricity and generating it from clean, renewable sources.
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Climate Action Plan (Ohio) Ohio Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
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State/Province The State of Ohio does not currently have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
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Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of Oklahoma does not currently have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Systems Integrator
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Climate Action Plan (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Climate Ready, Ontario's Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan, outlines the problems, goals, and key strategies for the province's approach to climate change and the problems it poses. The Plan includes five goals:

1. Avoid loss and unsustainable investment, and take advantage of economic opportunities. 2. Take reasonable and practical measures to increase climate resilience of ecosystems. 3. Create and share risk-management tools to support adaptation efforts across the province. 4. Achieve a better understanding of future climate change impacts across the province. 5. Seek opportunities to collaborate with others.

One main area of focus for the first goal is energy infrastructure. The infrastructure policy includes the development of clean energy sources that diversify the province's energy supply.
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Climate Action Plan (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Office of Pollution Prevention and Energy Assistance works with citizen's groups, businesses, trade organizations, local governments and communities to help them reduce pollution and save energy. In addition, the office works to foster and develop alternative energy solutions. Part of that effort includes encouraging the deployment and use of innovative environmental and advanced energy technologies, including renewable energy. Agricultural
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Systems Integrator
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Climate Action Plan (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Prince Edward Island's Climate Action Plan has four main goals:

- Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the effects of global warming - Enhancing carbon sinks to reduce the harmful build-up of CO in the atmosphere - Improving PEI's communities' ability to adapt to climate change - Increase public awareness

The plan addresses PEI's energy strategy to add 500 MW of new wind power by 2013, as well as the planned increase in biomass energy and support for small-scale geothermal (heat) and solar projects.
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Climate Action Plan (Rhode Island) Rhode Island Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province In the fall of 2001, the Department of Environmental Management (DEM), the RI State Energy Office (SEO), and the Governor's office convened the Rhode Island Greenhouse Gas Stakeholder Project in response to growing international agreement that carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are warming the planet at a rapid rate. Reducing greenhouse gases can help reduce global warming — a major concern for Rhode Islanders because of its potential adverse impacts such as flooding in coastal areas, saltwater contamination of drinking water, extreme weather events, and damage to local crops. In July 2002, GHG stakeholders completed Phase 1 of the project with the publication of the Rhode Island Greenhouse Gas Action Plan. The Action Plan outlines programs and policies the state could undertake to meet its commitment under the New England Governors' and Eastern Canadian Provincial Premiers' (NEG/ECPP) Climate Change Action Plan, August 2001. The NEG/ECPP agreement aims to reduce annual greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2010, to at least 10 percent below 1990 levels by 2020, and up to 85 percent below 1990 levels over the long term. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (South Carolina) South Carolina Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Governor Sanford issued Executive Order 2007-04 on February 16, 2007, establishing the South Carolina Climate, Energy and Commerce Advisory Committee (CECAC).

The Committee was made up of members representing a broad range of stakeholders including: industry, environmental groups, government agencies, academic institutions, agriculture, forestry, coastal interests, real estate, tourism, banking, insurance and other sectors. The non-profit Center for Climate Strategies (www.climatestrategies.us) will provide facilitation and technical support.

The current members of CECAC are listed at this address: http://www.fws.gov/southeast/climate/policy/ClimateSCClimateActionPlan082008.pdf
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Climate Action Plan (South Dakota) South Dakota Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of South Dakota currently does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Tennessee) Tennessee Climate Policies No Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The State of Tennessee currently does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Texas) Texas Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of Texas currently does not have a climate plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Vermont) Vermont Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province There is a growing scientific consensus that increasing emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere are affecting the temperature and variability of the Earth’s climate. Recognizing the profound implications that global warming and climate variation could have on the economy, environment and quality of life in Vermont, Governor Jim Douglas issued Executive Order 07-05 establishing the Governor's Commission on Climate Change (GCCC) and asked it to:

Examine the real and potential effects of climate change on Vermont, including, but not limited to the impact of climate change on public health, natural resources and the economy; Produce an inventory of existing and planned actions that contribute to greenhouse gas emissions in Vermont; Educate the public about climate change and develop educational tools that will help Vermonters understand how they, as individuals, can play a role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions; Request input from representatives of the business, environmental, forestry, transportation, non-profit, higher education, municipal and other sectors regarding opportunities to reduce emissions and conserve energy; and

Develop recommendations to the Governor to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Vermont, consistent with Vermont’s need for continued economic growth and energy security.
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Climate Action Plan (Virginia) Virginia Climate Policies Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Governor Timothy M. Kaine established the Governor's Commission on Climate Change in December 2007. The commission prepared a plan for Virginia that identified ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. During the development of the plan, the commission took the following steps:

Inventoried the amount of and contributors to Virginia’s greenhouse gas emissions, including emissions projections through 2025

Inventory and projection of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (2000 – 2025) - added 12.19.2008 Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (1990 - 1999) - added 12.19.2008

GHG inventory - final draft

Evaluated the expected impacts of climate change on Virginia’s citizens, natural resources and economy

Identify climate change approaches being pursued by other states, regions and the federal government

Identified what Virginia needs to do to prepare for the likely consequences of climate change Identified any actions (beyond those identified in the Virginia Energy Plan) that need to be taken to achieve the 30 percent greenhouse gas reduction goal

The Virginia Energy Plan, released in September 2007, set a goal for the Commonwealth to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2025. The reduction in emissions will be partially achieved through energy conservation and renewable energy actions listed in the energy plan.
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Climate Action Plan (West Virginia) West Virginia Climate Policies No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The State of West Virginia currently does not have a climate action plan in place or in progress. Agricultural
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Climate Action Plan (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province In April 2007, Governor Doyle signed Executive Order 191 which brought together a prominent and diverse group of key Wisconsin business, industry, government, energy and environmental leaders to create a Task Force on Global Warming. The Task Force proposed measures to reduce a variety of the state's greenhouse gas emissions. In July 2008, the Task Force voted overwhelmingly to approve the final report and recommendations, Wisconsin's Strategy for Reducing Global Warming, and forwarded the document on to Governor Doyle for consideration. WICCI formed in 2007 and is a partnership between the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and the University of Wisconsin–Madison's Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies. The goal of WICCI is to assess and anticipate climate change impacts on Wisconsin's natural resources, ecosystems, regions and industries (including agriculture, tourism and other human activities) and develop and recommend adaptation strategies that can be implemented by businesses, farmers, public health officials, municipalities, wildlife managers and other stakeholders. Agricultural
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Climate Protection and Green Economy Act, Global Warming Solutions Act (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act requires the Department of Natural Resources to monitor and regulate the emissions of greenhouse gases in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, to require emissions reporting and to establish a regional greenhouse gas registry. Emissions reporting is required from generation sources producing electricity that is consumed in the Commonwealth, as well as from all retail sellers of electricity. Agricultural
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Coal Bed Methane Protection Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province The Coal Bed Methane Protection Act establishes a long-term coal bed methane protection account and a coal bed methane protection program for the purpose of compensating private landowners and water right holders for damage to land and to water quality and availability that is attributable to the development of coal bed methane wells. The Act aims to provide for the responsible development of coal bed methane resources while mitigating adverse environmental impacts. However, the provisions of this Act do not relieve coal bed methane developers or operators of their legal obligation to compensate landowners and water right holders for damages caused by the exploration for development of coal bed methane. The Coal Bed Methane Protection Program is administered by local Conservation Districts in the state. Agricultural
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Coal Combustion By-Products (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Department of the Environment is responsible for regulating fugitive air emissions from the transportation of coal combustion by-products and the permissible beneficial uses of these by-products in the State. This legislation restricts the siting of new refuse disposal systems accepting coal combustion by-products in critical natural resource areas (defined in Natural Resources Article, 8-1802, Annotated Code of Maryland). Commercial
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Coal Conversion Facility Privilege Tax Exemptions (North Dakota) North Dakota Property Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Coal Conversion Facility Privilege Tax Exemptions are granted under a variety of conditions through the North Dakota Tax Department. Privilege tax, which is in lieu of property taxes on the facility, is imposed monthly on a coal conversion facility. The land on which the plant is located remains subject to property tax. A new or repowered electrical generation facility is exempt from the state’s share of both taxes for the first five years of operation, and the county where the plant is located may exempt all or part of its share of the tax based on capacity for up to five years. Industrial
Coal Development (Nebraska) Nebraska Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This section provides for the development of newly-discovered coal veins in the state, and county aid for such development. Agricultural
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Coal Mine Safety Act (Virginia) Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Coal with CCS State/Province This Act is the primary legislation pertaining to coal mine safety in Virginia. It contains information on safety rules, safety standards and required certifications for mine workers, prohibited acts in mines, mine inspections, rescue crews, incident procedures, fees, and worker training programs. Additional requirements, specific to underground and surface coal mines, are found in the next two sections. Commercial
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Coal Mining (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS State/Province These sections describe procedures for coal exploration and extraction, as well as permitting requirements relating to surface and underground coal mining. These sections also address land conservation and reclamation procedures following mining. All applications for coal mining operations must address the probable on- and off-site hydrologic consequences of the mining and reclamation operations. Commercial
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Coal Mining Reclamation (North Dakota) North Dakota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Reclamation Division of the Public Service Commission is tasked with administering the regulation of surface coal mining and reclamation. Specific regulations can be found in article 69-05.2 of the ND Administrative Code. Agricultural
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Coal Mining Regulations (Kentucky) Kentucky Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS State/Province Kentucky Administrative Regulation Title 405 chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 18 and 20 establish the laws governing coal mining in the state. The Department of Natural Resources under the authority of the Energy and Environment Cabinet is responsible for enforcing these laws and assuring compliance with the 1977 Federal Surface Mining Control Act (SMCRA). The Division of Mine Reclamation and Enforcement is responsible for inspecting all surface and underground coal mining permits in the state. The Division of Mine permits is responsible for issuing all permits related to coal mining. The Division of Abandoned Mine Lands is responsible for ensuring that all mines are properly closed down and will not pose a threat to the public once they are closed. All certifications and mining specialties, as established by the Kentucky Mining Board, must be signed by the Director (KOMSL) verifying the holder has completed the requirements for certification. All coal miners must be drug tested prior to being issued any new certification. New miners must have 24 hours of training and pass a written exam before being eligible for employment at a surface mine. Workers at prep plants, rail sidings, and river terminals must also meet those training requirements. The inexperienced miner must work a minimum of 45 days at a surface mine before becoming a certified experienced miner. After the initial training, each surface mine employee is required to receive eight hours of retraining annually. To obtain a Surface Mine Foreman Certification, a miner must have three years of surface mining experience achieved after age 18. To obtain certification, a surface mine foreman must specialize in either coal extraction or post mining activities (coal preparation or coal handling). The applicant must have at least one year of practical experience in the specialty category. To become a blaster in a surface coal mine, the applicant must attend 30 hours of training and pass both a licensing and certification test. Two years of additional work experience under a licensed blaster is required. The federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) established authority for the AML Fund. Production fees of $0.325 per ton for surface-mined coal and $0.125 per ton for underground-mined coal are collected from coal producers at all active coal mining operations. Commercial
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Coal Mining Regulatory and Reclamation Act (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS State/Province These regulations aim to ensure that any coal mining or extraction will be conducted in a manner that will not significantly damage the environment or area of land affected. The Department of Environmental Protection has the authority to grant licenses for coal mining, to protect public health and environment quality, and oversee all reclamation procedures. Any proposed exploration or mining for coal requires a license, and these regulations describe application procedures, powers of the Commissioner of the Department in the event of an emergency, and the authority to call a special investigating commission, and rules pertaining to water quality. Applications for a license must include an environmental impact report, a comprehensive reclamation plan, and public hearings and announcements. Industrial
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Coal Mining Tax Credit (Arkansas) Arkansas Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Coal Mining Tax Credit provides an income or insurance premium tax credit of $2.00 per ton of coal mined, produced or extracted on each ton of coal mined in Arkansas in a tax year. An additional credit of $3.00 per ton will be allowed for each ton of coal mined in Arkansas in excess of 50,000 tons in a tax year. The credit can only be earned if the coal is sold to an electric generation plant for less than $40 per ton excluding freight charges. Any unused credits may be carried forward for the next 5 succeeding tax years or until exhausted, whichever occurs first. Commercial
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Coal Severance Tax (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Coal Severance Tax replaces and streamlines previous coal taxes to:

(a) allow the severance taxes on coal production to remain a constant percentage of the price of coal; (b) stabilize the flow of tax revenue from coal mines to local governments through the property taxation system; (c) simplify the structure of coal taxation in Montana, reducing tax overlap and improving the predictability of tax projections; (d) recognize the economic, transportation, and environmental advantages of electrical generation by modern electrical generation plants near coal mines; and (e) accomplish the purposes of this subsection by establishing categories of taxation that recognize the unique character of coal, as well as the variations found within the coal industry, and by encouraging the use of coal to produce electricity in modern generating plants near the coal mine.

Persons producing less than 50,000 tons of coal in a year are exempt from the severance tax. Persons producing in excess of 50,000 tons per year are exempt from the severance tax on the first 20,000 tons produced. The first 2 million tons of coal produced as "feed stock" for a coal enhancement facility is exempt.

Funds from the Coal Severance Tax are placed into a tax trust bond fund, which is used as a reserve fund to guarantee repayment of state bonds for renewable resource projects if the normal funding source is unavailable.
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Coal Severance Tax (North Dakota) North Dakota Fees Yes Coal with CCS State/Province The Coal Severance Tax is imposed on all coal severed for sale or industrial purposes, except coal used for heating buildings in the state, coal used by the state or any political subdivision of the state, and coal used in agricultural processing and sugar beet refining plants in the state or adjacent states. The tax is in lieu of sales and use taxes on the coal and property tax on minerals in the earth. Coal is taxed at a flat rate of 37.5 cents per ton. An additional 2-cent per ton tax is levied for the Lignite Research Fund. A 50% reduction in the 37.5-cent tax is allowed for coal burned in a cogeneration facility designed to use renewable resources to generate 10% or more of its energy output. Counties may grant a partial or complete exemption from the counties’ 70% portion of the 37.5-cent tax for coal that is shipped out of state. Commercial
Industrial
Coal seam natural gas producing areas (Louisiana) Louisiana Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Natural Gas State/Province In order to prevent waste and to avoid the drilling of unnecessary wells and to encourage the development of coal seam natural gas producing areas in Louisiana, the commissioner of conservation is authorized, as provided in this law, to establish a single unit to be served by one or more wells for a coal seam natural gas producing area. Without in any way modifying the authority granted to the commissioner to establish a drilling unit or units for a pool, the commissioner, upon the application of any interested party, may enter an order requiring the unit operation of any coal seam natural gas producing area when such unit operation will promote the development of such coal seam natural gas producing area, prevent waste, and avoid the drilling of unnecessary wells. Commercial
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Coastal Area Management Program (Alabama) Alabama Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province This program regulates coastal activities, permits required, discharges to coastal waters and siting, construction and operation of energy facilities. ADEM's Coastal Program rules include the review and permitting for the following types of activities when they are to occur within the Coastal Area: beach and dune construction projects, developments and subdivision of properties greater than five (5) acres in size, dredging and filling of state water bottoms and wetlands, the drilling and operation of groundwater wells with a capacity of 50 gpm or greater, the siting of energy facilities, and other various activities which may have an impact on coastal resources. Implementation of the ACAMP is shared by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources-Coastal Section and the ADEM Coastal Section. ALDCNR-Coastal Section is responsible for planning activities while the ADEM Coastal Section is responsible for permitting, monitoring and enforcement activities, as detailed in the ADEM Division 8 Coastal Programs Rules (ADEM Admin. Code R 335-8). Commercial
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Coastal Facilities Review Act (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Natural Gas State/Province This Act aims to preserve Maryland's coastal areas and to balance competing demands for resources by requiring environmental impact evaluations to be conducted prior to the approval of the construction or operation of certain facilities. Such review complements the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, which establishes a comprehensive plan for the proper use and development of energy resources in coastal areas. This Act applies to pipelines carrying crude oil or natural gas from offshore sources; facilities for the processing, transmission, or storage of natural gas with a total design capacity for at least one billion cubic feet of gas for storage or 200 million cubic feet for processing; operations bases and fabrication yards; and other facilities storing or processing petroleum resources. See subtitle 22. Commercial
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Coastal Management (Louisiana) Louisiana Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Coastal Use Permit (CUP) process is part of the Louisiana Coastal Resources Program (LCRP), which is an effort among Louisiana citizens, as well as state, federal and local advisory and regulatory agencies to preserve, restore, and enhance Louisiana's valuable coastal resources. The purpose of the Coastal Use Permit process is to make certain that any activity affecting the Coastal Zone, such as a project that involves either dredging or filling, is performed in accordance with guidelines established in the LCRP. The guidelines are designed so that development in the Coastal Zone can be accomplished with the greatest benefit and the least amount of damage. Any project that may impact coastal waters through dredging, filling, water control structures, bulkheads, oil and gas facilities, marina, or residential development require a permit. Commercial
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Coastal Management Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Coastal Management Act provides enabling authority for the State to prepare and administer a coastal management program. The Act does not establish new regulations or laws; it is designed to establish procedural requirements for the Department of Natural Resources to develop and implement a program for the sustainable development and protection of coastal resources. It establishes the Department of Natural Resources as the State agency to receive and disburse federal grant monies. It establishes the Governor as the approving authority of the program and as the person that must submit the program to the federal government for approval under the federal Coastal Zone Management Act. It requires other State agencies to cooperate with the Coastal Resources Division when exercising their activities within the coastal area. Agricultural
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Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Coastal Marshlands Protection Act (Georgia) Georgia Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act provides the Coastal Resources Division with the authority to protect tidal wetlands. The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act limits certain activities and structures in marsh areas and requires permits for other activities and structures. Erecting structures, dredging, or filling marsh areas requires a Marsh Permit administered through the Coastal Management Program. In cases where the proposed activity involves construction on State-owned tidal water bottoms, a Revocable License issued by the Coastal Resources Division may also be required. Marsh Permits and Revocable Licenses are not issued for activities that are inconsistent with the Georgia Coastal Management Program. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey) New Jersey Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Coastal Permit Program Rules provide the processes for permit reviews. They include details on what activities need permits; the qualifications for general permits or permits-by-rule; the details for pre-application meetings, contents and fees; review procedures and deadlines; permit appeals; and enforcement of the coastal laws and rules. The Coastal Zone Management Rules (CZM Rules) define Special Areas of environmental interest, details requirements for development projects and sets forth the compliance criteria for permit approval. Certain general permits require compliance of specific sections of the CZM Rule, for example “dunes” or “shellfish habitat.” Individual Permit applications must address and demonstrate compliance with each applicable component of the CZM rules for the specific site and regulated activity to be approved. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Coastal Public Lands Management Act (Texas) Texas Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The coastal public lands of the state are managed in accordance with the following principles: (a) The natural resources of the surface land, including their aesthetic value and their ability to support and nurture all types of marine life and wildlife, shall be preserved. (b) Preference will be given to uses which the general public may enjoy and participate in over uses which are limited to fewer individuals. (c) The public interest in navigation in the intracoastal water shall be protected. (d) Unauthorized use of coastal public land shall be prevented. (e) Utilization and development of the surface of coastal public land is not allowed unless the public interest as expressed by this chapter is not significantly impaired by it. (f) Use of the surface estate in coastal public land shall not be granted except by leases and lesser interests and by exchanges of coastal public land for littoral property. (g) Vested rights in land shall be protected. The School Lands Board is responsible for implementing, administering, and enforcing these policies, and, in cooperation with the Texas Land Commissioner, will develop a comprehensive coastal land management program to carry out these duties. As part of this program, permits are required for the construction or modification of most structures on coastal public lands. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Coastal Tidelands and Wetlands (South Carolina) South Carolina Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This legislation enacts a state management program to oversee water and land use and development in South Carolina's coastal zone. Under the program, the Department of Health and Environmental Control is authorized to enact regulations to protect coastal zones. Permits are required for many activities which may disrupt land or water in these areas, including dredging, the construction of pipelines, and other development.

The South Carolina Coastal Management Program was established under the guidelines of the national Coastal Zone Management Act (1972) as a state-federal partnership to comprehensively manage coastal resources. It was authorized in 1977 under SC’s Coastal Tidelands and Wetlands Act (CTWA) with the goal of achieving balance between the appropriate use, development, and conservation of coastal resources in the best interest of all citizens of the state.

DHEC's Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (DHEC-OCRM) is the designated state coastal management agency and is responsible for the implementation of the state’s Coastal Management Program. Implementation includes the direct regulation of impacts to coastal resources within the critical areas of the state including coastal waters, tidelands, beaches and beach dune systems; and indirect certification authority over direct federal actions and federal and state permit decisions within the eight coastal counties.

The SC Coastal Management Program also includes the direct permitting of stormwater and land disturbances in the coastal zone in coordination with the state-wide stormwater permitting program.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Cogeneration Rules (Arkansas) Arkansas Generating Facility Rate-Making
Interconnection
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Cogeneration Rules are enforced by the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are designed to ensure that all power producers looking to sell their power to residents of Arkansas are necessary, benefit the public and are environmentally friendly. Under these rules new facilities constructed to connect the generating facility to the transmission grid require the issuance of a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CCN) or a Certificate of Environmental Compatibility and Public Need (CECPN). These certificates must be applied for and are issued by the Public Service Commission. Commercial
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Collateral Support Program (New Mexico) New Mexico Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The New Mexico Finance Authority has been approved to administer a $13.2 million Small Business Collateral Support Participation Program. The funds are dedicated to help finance credit worthy small businesses leverage private lending when they are unable to obtain the capital required to expand and create jobs.

Through the Collateral Support Participation program, the Finance Authority is able to partner directly with banks to provide capital to credit worthy businesses seeking to expand and create or retain jobs. Under this bank participation program, the Finance Authority is able to fund quickly and efficiently lower the interest rate paid by the business and mitigate the bank’s risk by purchasing a portion of the bank’s loan, often in a subordinated collateral position. The amount of the Finance Authority’s participation will vary based upon the location of the business, the term of the loan and the collateral position offered to the Finance Authority.

In order to qualify for Collateral Support Participation program funds, a small business must:

- Be located in New Mexico - Use the loan proceeds for business purposes - Be a non-profit corporation or a for-profit corporation, partnership, limited liability company or partnership, sole proprietorship, cooperative or other entity that is authorized to conduct business in the State of New Mexico - Have 500 or fewer employees

- Meet the bank’s lending requirements with the exception of the deficient collateral, which is enhanced through the program
Commercial
Collection, Storage And Impounding Of Waters (Kansas) Kansas Property Tax Incentive Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province Kansas Statute Chapter 82 Article 4 lays out property tax exemption requirements for landowners who build and maintain dams on their property in the state of Kansas. Dams must meet the given standards for design, approval, construction, maintenance and procedure in order for the land owner to be eligible for tax exemption. Commercial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Combined Heat and Power Standard Offer Program (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Performance-Based Incentive No Natural Gas Utility The Combined Heat and Power Standard Offer was developed by the Ontario Power Authority to

support the efficient use of gas-fired electricity generating facilities that utilize combined heat and power (CHP) technology. The fundamental objective of the CHPSOP Program is to facilitate the increased development of CHP Facilities that are up to a maximum capacity of 20 MW in size, connected to a Distribution System and in an area of the Province where such generation can effectively be accommodated.

Some typical examples of facilities suitable for the application of such CHP technologies include: greenhouses, institutional buildings (such as municipalities, universities, schools and hospitals) with high thermal energy demands, multi-unit residential buildings, industrial facilities and other district energy projects.

The program, in combination with the complimentary Energy Recovery Standard Offer Program that applies to biogas and biomass facilities, are initially limited to a total combined program capacity of 200 MW.

The program is currently on hold while the Authority determines the remaining capacity for the project.
Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Commercial and Industrial Machinery Tax Exemption (Kansas) Kansas Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province All commercial and industrial machinery and equipment acquired by qualified purchase or lease made or entered into after June 30, 2006 shall be exempt from property tax. All commercial and industrial machinery and equipment transported into this state after June 30, 2006 for the purpose of expanding an existing business or the creation of a new business shall be exempt from property tax. Commercial
Industrial
Commercialization Support for Business Program (Manitoba, Canada) Manitoba Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Commercialization Support for Business Program supports product and process commercialization and business development in all sectors and all regions of the province.

Commercialization Support for Business includes:

Concept Development (Max up to $25,000) – from concept to prototype development

Product Development (Max up to $40,000) – pre-commercialization activities like feasibility or engineering analyses, trial production and test marketing

Product Commercialization (Max up to $200,000) – moving from prototype to market-ready product.

Market Access Component (Max $15,000) – materials and activities needed to enter new markets successfully

Certification Assistance (Max $15,000) – obtaining plant or product certification

Intellectual Property (Max $25,000) – securing intellectual property rights for the product or process
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
State/Province Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the business of producing, purchasing, or transporting natural gas, is subject to these regulations. The regulations address resource production and pipeline operation, and permitting requirements and the right of eminent domain as they apply to pipeline carriers. The Commission may choose to enact further regulations as necessary. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Community Development Block Grant (Kansas) Kansas Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Community Development Block Grant provides funds aimed at creating or retaining permanent jobs, which must be filled by a majority of low- and moderate-income persons. Eligible small city and county governments may apply for the Community Development Block Grant economic development funds to make infrastructure improvements designed to assist companies in creating jobs. These funds may also be used by a business to acquire land or buildings, construct or renovate facilities, purchase machinery and equipment or for working capital. Companies can apply for up to $35,000 per job created with a maximum limit of $750,000. Commercial
Municipal/Public Utility
Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (United States) United States Grant Program
Loan Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Federal Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and expansions for existing businesses. State programs help achieve the national objective of CDBG by funding projects in which at least 51 percent of the new jobs created are made available to low and moderate income individuals. The maximum amounts awarded under the program are $1 million for new businesses locating to the state and $500,000 for existing businesses expanding in the state. Utility
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
Transportation
Community Development Fund (Illinois) Illinois Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Community Development Fund is a partnership between the Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) and financial institutions. Up to $5 million in micro loans is available to start-up companies and existing small businesses. Commercial
Community Economic Development Business Program (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Personal Tax Incentives Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Geothermal Electric
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Community Economic Development Business (CEDB) program has been created as part of the Prince Edward Island Rural Action Plan to support local investment in innovative Prince Edward Island businesses.

The program is coordinated by the Department of Finance and Municipal Affairs under the Community Development Equity Tax Credit Act and its regulations. Its objective is to facilitate local investment in Prince Edward Island businesses, with the ultimate aim of stimulating rural community development.

The Community Economic Development Business program is a made-in-PEI initiative designed to achieve similar objectives to the Nova Scotia Community Economic Development Investment Funds.

Local investors in Community Economic Development Businesses will receive relatively generous personal income tax credits for their commitment to local community investment. An investment is eligible for RRSP tax deductibility. The total cost to provincial government will depend on the success of local entrepreneurs in establishing community economic development businesses as well as local community investment interest.
Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Industrial
Community Energy Partnerships Program (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Utility The Community Energy Partnerships Program (CEPP) provides financial grants to community groups who are developing renewable energy projects in Ontario. These grants provide funding to community groups to assist with the "soft" or developmental costs associated with new renewable energy projects. Projects must be greater than 10 kW. Funding opportunities for renewable energy education projects are also available to assist not-for-profit, charitable and co-operative organizations in Ontario.

Community groups may be eligible to receive up to $500,000 for costs associated with project development. Eligible costs include site investigation and control, resource assessment, business and financial planning, engineering studies, project management and studies associated with the Renewable Energy Approval or other required approvals.

Funding under the CEPP and entry into a funding agreement is available to a community in the province of Ontario that is a “co-operative corporation”, as defined in the Co-operative Corporations Act (Ontario), all of whose members are resident in Ontario.
Agricultural
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Community Feed-in Tariff (Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia Performance-Based Incentive Yes Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Nova Scotia Community Feed-in Tariff (COMFIT) Program encourages community-based, local renewable energy projects by guaranteeing a rate per kilowatt-hour for the energy the project feeds into the province’s distribution electrical grid.

Through COMFIT, these smaller producers will be able to supply renewable energy to their specific community. Eligible entities include:

- combined heat and power (CHP) biomass facilities - Community Economic Development Investment Funds (CEDIFs) - co-operatives - Mi'kmaq band councils - municipalities or their wholly owned subsidiaries - not-for-profit organizations - universities

Eligible technologies include: - wind 50 kilowatts (kW) and under, or greater than 50kW - small-scale in-stream tidal - combined heat and power (CHP) biomass

- run-of-the-river hydroelectricity
Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Tribal Government
Utility
Community Service Block Grant Loan Program (Illinois) Illinois Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Community Service Block Grant Loan Program is a partnership among the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, community action agencies, and the Illinois Ventures for Community Action. The program provides long-term, low-interest, fixed-rate loans to new or expanding businesses. Companies must create jobs for low-income individuals. Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Utility
Competitive Bidding Process for Electric Distribution Companies’ Procurement of Default and Back-up Electric Generation Services (Connecticut) Connecticut Generation Disclosure Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Electric distribution companies shall utilize a competitive bidding process for electric generation services. The Department of Public Utility Control will be responsible for setting the criteria for this bidding process, which may include an evaluation of the cost of service, risk analysis, and use of renewable energy resources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Competitive Grants to Local Governments (Florida) Florida Grant Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province The State of Florida distributes more than 60 percent of the State’s Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program from the US Department of Energy funds for energy efficiency and small scale renewable energy initiatives to cities and counties that were not eligible for direct formula grants from the Department of Energy. The Office of Energy is distributing these funds based on a competitive basis. Two-thirds of the available grant funds were made available on a competitive basis to all eligible local governments. Requested grant funding from any single applicant does not exceed 10 percent of the available grant funds. The remaining one-third of the available grant funds were dedicated to assist small counties and cities. A “small county” is considered to be a county with an unincorporated population of less than 50,000, while a “small city” is a municipality with a population of 15,000 or less. The maximum award amount in this category does not exceed $250,000. Local Government
Competitive Natural Gas Providers (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Natural Gas State/Province Competitive providers and aggregators of natural gas must be certified by the Utilities Board. Applicants must demonstrate the managerial, technical, and financial capability to perform the proposed activities, and granted certificates may be subject to restrictions on a case-by-case basis. Commercial
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Comprehensive Environmental Cleanup and Responsibility Act (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province The Comprehensive Environmental Cleanup and Responsibility Act contains general provisions (sections 705-729), along with the Voluntary Cleanup and Redevelopment Act (sections 730-738) and the Controlled Allocation of Liability Act (sections 742-751). Together, the three sections describe state regulations pertaining to remedial actions following the release of hazardous substances. Private parties are encouraged to clean up sites where such releases have occurred, and funding is allocated to study, plan, and undertake the rehabilitation, removal, and cleanup of sites within the state at which no voluntary action has been taken. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Regulation Act (Florida) Florida Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This Act enacts the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, which is a joint state and federal effort to provide for the conservation of the Everglades region. The plan regulates land and water use in and around Everglades National Park, and sets limitations on the development and modification of new and existing structures and facilities in the area. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Comprehensive Local Water Management Act (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Each county is encouraged to develop and implement a local water management plan. This section sets the specifications that must be met by local plans. The status of county water plans is shown here: http://www.bwsr.state.mn.us/maps/Website/Land%20&%20Water/Water%20Management/County%20Water%20Plan%20Revisions.pdf See the Metropolitan Surface Water Management Act for a similar map of metropolitan water management plans. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Comprehensive Municipal Solid Waste Management, Resource Recovery, and Conservation Act (Texas) Texas Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province This Act encourages the establishment of regional waste management facilities and the cooperation of local waste management entities in order to streamline the management of municipal solid waste in the state of Texas and aid the implementation of resource recovery systems. Utility
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Compressed Air Energy Storage Act (Kansas) Kansas Environmental Regulations Yes Energy Storage Local This act lays out regulations for the local authorities related to site selection, design, operation and monitoring for underground storage of compressed air. Commercial
Industrial
Utility
Connecticut Environmental Policy Act (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Environmental impact reports must be prepared for all proposed projects initiated by state agencies or funded in whole or in part by the state. Reports will assess the likely direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of a proposed project; will be subject to a state review; and will be distributed publicly. The sponsoring agency must use the impact reports to make a final decision on whether to sponsor the proposed project. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Connecticut Water Diversion Policy Act (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
State/Province This section describes regulations and permit requirements for projects or activities which may lead to water diversion; however, many exemptions apply. Regulated activities include large withdrawals from groundwater resources, collection or discharge of runoff, water transfer, and relocation, retention, detention, bypass, channelization, piping, culverting, ditching, or damming of waters where the drainage area tributary to such waters is 100 acres or greater. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Conservation Districts (Montana) Montana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local Local Conservation Districts in the state of Montana may be formed by approval of the Department of Natural Resources and Conservation and local referendum, to take place following a petition by 10% of qualified local electors. When formed, Conservation Districts function as governmental subdivisions of the state and may exercise public powers, such as by adopting and implementing regulations regarding local conservation, water and land use practices, and erosion control. The Department of Natural Resources and Conservation is tasked with encouraging the formation of Conservation Districts, offering assistance to Districts in carrying out policies and programs, and coordinating programs between Districts. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Conservation Districts (South Dakota) South Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local A Conservation District can be established by petition of registered voters within the territory proposed for organization into the district, with the approval of the State Conservation Commission. Conservation Districts have the authority to develop annual and long range ten-year comprehensive plans for the conservation of all renewable natural resources and for the control and prevention of soil erosion, flood prevention, or the conservation and development, utilization, and disposal of soil and water within the district. A Conservation District may also cooperate with local governments to implement area-wide waste management systems. Conservation Districts are overseen by the SD Department of Agriculture's Division of Resource Conservation and Forestry and the State Conservation Commission. These two entities are responsible for aiding the programs implemented by local Conservation Districts through education, funding, and technical assistance. They also review and make recommendations regarding all state and local natural resource development plans, and play a key role in enacting coordinated resource conservation plans throughout the state. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Conservation of Biomass Fuel, Firewood (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province When trees or portions of trees usable as firewood are removed from property under the control of a public utility, pipeline company, railroad, state agency or department, or a political subdivision, that portion of the tree material that is six inches or larger in diameter shall not be destroyed by open burning or deposited in a landfill without first being offered for use to the public, subject to the approval of the landowner or landowners involved. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Conservation of Oil and Gas (Texas) Texas Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Natural Gas State/Province This legislation prohibits the production, storage, or transportation of oil or gas in a manner, in an amount, or under conditions that constitute waste. Actions which may lead to the waste of oil or gas are listed, and include the operation of any oil well or wells with an inefficient gas-oil ratio as well as the wasteful burning of natural gas wells. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Conservation of Water Resources (Virginia) Virginia Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province The State Water Control Board is responsible for formulating and implementing a comprehensive water use policy for the Commonwealth of Virginia. Implemented by the Department of Environmental Quality, the policy consists of ground water characterization, water supply planning, and water withdrawal permitting programs. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Construction Permits and Fees (New Mexico) New Mexico Environmental Regulations
Fees
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province Industries that wish to build or modify facilities that emit air pollutants (emissions) into the air must obtain an air quality permit prior to constructing. Thus, these permits are called construction permits.

"Construction" means fabrication, erection, installation or relocation of a stationary source, including but not limited to temporary installations and portable stationary sources. The regulations establish the requirements for obtaining construction permits for air quality. The rule also establishes a schedule of fees for the construction permit program, including construction permits, permit revisions, and technical reviews of existing permits.

Two permitting divisions apply: Minor Source Units and Major Source Units.

Minor Source Units are for all sources with the potential emission rate greater than 10 pounds per hour, or 25 tons per year, of criteria pollutants (such as nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide). Air quality construction permits must be obtained for new or modified sources prior beginning construction.

Major Source Units are have a potential to emit more than 100 tons per year for criteria pollutants, or for landfills greater than 2.5 million cubic meters (2.5 million-mg). In addition, TV major sources also include facilities that have the potential to emit greater than ten tons per year of a single Hazardous Air Pollutant, or 25 tons per year of any combination of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP).
Agricultural
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Construction Work in Progress (Kansas) Kansas Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act allows nuclear power plants to qualify for recovery of Construction Work in Progress (CWIP) and other preconstruction expenditures in rates. Previously, nuclear power plants were excluded from this treatment. The bill requires the Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) to allow a utility to recover in rates prudent expenditures for developing a new nuclear plant. These development costs may include preliminary engineering, feasibility studies, prepayments for major equipment and permitting. Utilities can also seek predetermination of ratemaking principles that would apply to recover these costs. Costs of nuclear plant construction may be included in customer rates before the plant is operational. This legislation requires the KCC to allow utilities to capitalize and add to their rate base costs for energy efficiency, conservation and demand response programs. Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Construction in Navigable Waters (South Carolina) South Carolina Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province This South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control program establishes a number of provisions regarding waters, water resources, and drainage in South Carolina. Navigable streams and rivers are declared to be common highways and “forever free”. The obstruction of such waterways is prohibited. A permit is required for hydroelectric projects necessitating the impoundment or diversion of navigable streams; some exemptions apply. The remainder of this legislation addresses permitting fees, landowner obligations, and the use of navigable waterways for timber transport. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Construction of Channels (Indiana) Indiana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Permission is required from the Natural Resources Commission is required for the construction or alteration of artificial channels or improved channels of natural watercourses that connect to any river or stream in Indiana for the purpose of providing access by boat or otherwise to public or private industrial, commercial, housing, recreational, or other facilities. Prior approval by Department of Environmental Management is required for sewage disposal facilities involved with the channel and each facility that the channel is to serve before the Commission can consider the application. Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Construction or Extended Operation of Nuclear Plant (Vermont) Vermont Siting and Permitting Yes Nuclear State/Province Any petition for approval of construction of a nuclear energy generating plant within the state, or any petition for approval of the operation of a nuclear energy generating plant beyond the date established in a certificate of public good issued under this title, must be submitted to the public service board no later than four years before the date upon which the approval may take effect.

Upon receipt of a petition for approval of construction or operation as provided under this section, the public service board shall notify the general assembly of that fact. The public service department, with the review of the joint energy committee, is authorized and directed to arrange for studies to be conducted as appropriate to support the general assembly in the fact finding and public engagement process established in subsection (b) of this section.

Upon completion of the studies, the public service department shall provide the studies to the public service board and to the committees on natural resources and energy, the house committee on commerce, and the senate committee on finance, together with other information requested by the general assembly.
Investor-Owned Utility
Utility
Contaminating Fresh Waters (Florida) Florida Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province It is illegal to discharge any dyestuff, coal tar, oil, sawdust, poison, or deleterious substances into any fresh running waters in Florida in quantities sufficient to injure, stupefy, or kill fish. It is not a violation of this section for any person, firm, or corporation engaged in any mining industry to discharge any water handled or used in any branch of such industry on the surface of land where such industry or branch thereof is being carried on under such precautionary measures as shall be approved by the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Contract Financing Program (Maryland) Maryland Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Contract Financing Program, administered by the Maryland Small Business Development Authority, provides financial assistance to eligible businesses in the form of a direct loan or the guaranty of loans made by a financial institution. The funds may be used for working capital, equipment purchase, and to complete work on contracts where a majority of the funds are provided by federal, state, local government, or a utility regulated by the Public Service Commission. Financing is limited to $1,000,000. Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Retail Supplier
Contracts For Services (Tennessee) Tennessee Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province A corporation may contract with cities, towns, and villages, and with persons, for supplying them with water, light, heat, electricity, electrical and mechanical powers, and any other article or thing which it may produce or handle. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Control of Mississippi Headwater Lakes (Minnesota) Minnesota Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province The lakes at the headwaters of the Mississippi River are subject to joint federal and state control, and the Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources is responsible for establishing a plan for the operation of dams on each of the Mississippi headwater reservoirs. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Control, Prevention, and Abatement of Pollution of Surface Waters (North Dakota) North Dakota Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province It is the policy of North Dakota to protect, maintain, and improve the quality of the waters in the state, and to require necessary and reasonable treatment of sewage, industrial, or other wastes. This section establishes the State Water Pollution Control Board, which may make recommendations regarding rules for the emission of polluting discharges to state waters; the Department of Health has the authority to enact these regulations. The Department of Health also administers programs pertaining to groundwater, waste water, surface water, storm water, animal feeding operations, and nonpoint sources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Controlling Pollution (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province Permits are required for new or existing stationary potential sources of pollution, including anaerobic lagoons. Permits may also be required for modifications that may increase emissions. These rules describe procedures for obtaining permits and list special requirements for certain areas and permit types. Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Corporate Headquarters Tax Credit (West Virginia) West Virginia Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Corporate Headquarters Tax Credit is available to companies who relocate their corporate headquarters to West Virginia and create 15 new jobs. The credit can offset up to 100% of the tax liability for business and occupation tax, business franchise tax, corporate net income tax, and personal income tax on certain pass-through income for up to 13 years. Commercial
Corporate Jobs Tax Credit (Louisiana) Louisiana Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Corporate Jobs Tax Credit is a one-time tax credit ranging from up to $225 for each net new permanent job created as the result of a new business start-up or the expansion of an existing one. Credits may be used to satisfy state corporate income tax obligations. The program is offered to most industries. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Retail Supplier
Utility
Cost of Gas Adjustment for Gas Utilities (Maine) Maine Generation Disclosure Yes Natural Gas State/Province This rule, applicable to gas utilities, establishes rules for calculation of gas cost adjustments, procedures to be followed in establishing gas cost adjustments and refunds, and describes reports required to be filed with the Commission. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
County Land Preservation and Use Commissions (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This ordinance creates Land Preservation and Use Commissions in each county to provide for the orderly use and development of land, to protect agricultural land from nonagricultural development, and to promote the efficient use and conservation of energy resources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
County Planning, Zoning, and Recreation on Natural Streams and Waterways (Missouri) Missouri Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province This legislation contains provisions pertaining to local planning and zoning issues, particularly regarding sites adjacent to natural streams and waterways. Certain counties are authorized to form county planning commissions, which direct and oversee planning and zoning decisions. Plans for developments or public improvements are subject to approval by county planning commissions, and commissions may also regulate the types of structures permissible on land in their jurisdiction. This legislation also addresses land acquisition for landfill purposes in certain counties. No additional restrictions are placed by this legislation on open-cut or strip mining; commercial structures are permitted in all districts except those zoned for residential or recreational use. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
County Solid Waste Control Act (Texas) Texas Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas Local The purpose of this chapter is to authorize a cooperative effort by counties, public agencies, and other persons for the safe and economical collection, transportation, and disposal of solid waste to control pollution in this state. Utility
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Create Rebate Program (Arkansas) Arkansas Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This program is offered by the Arkansas Economic Development Commission and is available to businesses after a business certifies to the Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration that is has fulfilled the minimum payroll requirements and the reported payroll has been verified by the Department. The program provides annual cash payments based on a company’s annual payroll for new, full-time, permanent employees. In all tiers, a minimum payroll of new, full-time permanent employees of $2 million annually is required. The benefits depend on the tier in which a company locates. Tier 1 benefits are 3.9% and Tier 4 benefits are 5%. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Utility
Credit Enhancement Program (Oklahoma) Oklahoma Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Credit Enhancement Program is a means by which the Oklahoma Finance Authority provides guarantees for small companies, manufacturing facilities and communities in need of funds for expansion projects and infrastructure loans. "Credit Enhanced" financing carry a financial guarantee of the Credit Enhancement Reserve Fund (CERF). The fund assumes part or all of the risk of repayment of the credit enhanced notes or bonds. The two basic forms of lending utilized by ODFA are conduit and credit-enhancement financing. The Authority utilizes conduit financing to provide borrowers with lower cost financing, due to the Authority's standing as a public trust, without creating risk for ODFA itself. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Criteria and Conditions for Authorizing Withdrawal, Diversion, and Storage of Water (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations describe the criteria for the issuance of water withdrawal, diversion, and storage permits for irrigation, industrial use, and power generation, among other uses. The regulations list permit requirements for water drawn from streams, surface water, and groundwater sources. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Critical Areas Act of 1973 (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act applies to certain areas of the state with important historic, cultural, or esthetic values, or natural systems with functions of greater than local significance. Plans for a given critical area will be determined by the local government in conjunction with either the regional development commission or the Environmental Quality Board. This Act describes permitting procedures for development activities proposed in critical areas. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Critical Areas of State Concern (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This legislation designates the Chesapeake Bay, other Atlantic Coastal Bays, and their tributaries and adjacent lands as critical areas of state concern. It is state policy to protect these areas and to prevent the further degradation of water quality. Further development of non-water dependent structures and increase in lot coverage in these areas is presumed to be contrary to the policy of the state, and construction is therefore restricted in these areas. For the purpose of this legislation, "Critical Area" includes all land within 1,000 feet of the Mean High Water Line of tidal waters or the landward edge of tidal wetlands and all waters of and lands under the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Construction
Developer
Industrial
DC Hazardous Waste Management (District of Columbia) District of Columbia Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This regulation regulates the generation, storage, transportation, treatment, and disposal of hazardous waste, and wherever feasible, reduces or eliminates waste at the source. It is the policy of the District of Columbia that the generation of hazardous waste and the release of toxic chemicals is to be reduced or eliminated as quickly as possible. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dakota CDC Intermediary Relending Program (North Dakota) North Dakota Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Dakota CDC Intermediary Relending Program makes IRP loans up to $250,000 available to qualified applicants for a variety of business purposes, including financing a new or existing business, purchasing or leasing equipment, or providing working capital. Repayment terms are based on the use of the loan proceeds or the life of the assets being finances. The average term is seven years or less. Commercial
Dam Construction and Maintenance (Minnesota) Minnesota Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province Dams may be constructed, improved, or repaired on private, non-navigable waters subject to certain timelines; however, previously-developed hydropower mechanisms cannot be disrupted. The State may also choose to construct dams, and has oversight of other dams for environmental and safety reasons. The Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources or a local government may provide a lease or development agreement for the development of hydropower on an existing structure. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dam Control and Safety Act (West Virginia) West Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This law grants authority to the secretary of the Department of Environmental Protection to control and exercise regulatory jurisdiction over dams as indicated in the subsections of the law. This includes all inspections, permitting, fees, reviews and investigations necessary to carry out the law. Currently, only four hydroelectric dams exist in West Virginia. This law does not apply to dams that are owned, operated and maintained by the federal government. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Transportation
Dam Design and Construction (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations apply to dams that are not owned by the U.S. government and (a) have a structural height of more than 6 feet and a maximum storage capacity of 50 acre–feet or more of water, (b) have a structural height of 25 feet or more and a maximum storage capacity of more than 15 acre–feet of water, or (c) have a structural height of 6 feet or less or a maximum storage capacity of less than 50 acre–feet of water if the department determines that the dam is likely to endanger life, health or property if it is not designed, constructed or reconstructed in accordance with this chapter. Dams are exempt from the requirements of these regulations if they meet requirements which are at least as restrictive. Prior to dam construction or reconstruction, hazard ratings must be assigned to the project and estimated costs must be calculated. Additionally, a professional engineer registered in the state of Wisconsin must prepare several documents, which must be submitted to and approved by the Department of Natural Resources prior to the start of the project. These documents include plans and specifications for the dam project, as well as hydraulic, hydrologic, and stability analyses. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dam Safety (Delaware) Delaware Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province The Delaware Dam Safety Law was adopted in 2004 and provides the framework for proper design, construction, operation, maintenance, and inspection of dams in the interest of public health, safety, and welfare. The law requires licensing, inspections and preparation of emergency action plans (EAPs) for publicly owned dams with a high or significant hazard potential. A dam’s hazard potential classification depends upon the threat to downstream communities and infrastructure in the event of a dam failure and is not related to the condition of a dam. The Delaware Dam Safety Program was developed to reduce the risk of failure of dams and to prevent injuries to persons, damage to downstream property and loss of reservoir storage. The Dam Safety Regulations, adopted on December 11, 2009, establish requirements for licensing existing dams; permitting construction of new dams and repairs to existing dams; conducting inspections; performing maintenance; and preparing EAPs. In 2007, DNREC was awarded state funding to develop Emergency Action Plans for Delaware’s highest priority, state-owned, high-hazard dams. Construction
Fed. Government
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Dam Safety (Michigan) Michigan Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This rule requires that anyone who desires to construct a dam that is 6 feet or more in height and impounds 5 surface acres or more at the design flood elevation, must first obtain a permit from the Department of Environmental Quality Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dam Safety (North Carolina) North Carolina Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province North Carolina Administrative Code Title 15A, Subchapter 2K lays out further regulations for the design, approval, construction, maintenance, and inspection of dams to ensure public safety and environmental health. The rules and regulations in this chapter are intended to carry out the purposes of the Dam Safety Law of 1967, which authorizes the implementation of a dam inspection and certification program in the interest of public health, safety and welfare. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
State/Provincial Govt
Dam Safety (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania Environmental Regulations
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Division of Dam Safety provides for the regulation and safety of dams and reservoirs throughout the Commonwealth in order to protect the health, safety and welfare of its citizens and their property. This division is required to assure proper planning, design review, construction review, maintenance monitoring and supervision of dams and reservoirs. This requirement is mandated by the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act, as amended, and the Pennsylvania Code. The division directs and coordinates field investigations with regional offices on authorized projects during construction; provides program guidance and coordination to regional program staff in the periodic inspection of all existing dams to determine their condition and safety; and directs, coordinates and develops policies and technical standards in the area of dam safety for the Department. Construction
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Dam Safety Program (Florida) Florida Safety and Operational Guidelines
Training/Technical Assistance
Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Dam safety in Florida is a shared responsibility among the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), the regional water management districts, the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the local government and private dam owners.

Dam safety training is provided by the BMMR for state, regional, and local regulatory agency personnel and dam owners, with the assistance of the ASDSO, in accordance with the performance requirements of the dam safety grant provided through the National Dam Safety Program led by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Dam inspections in Florida are conducted by agency personnel at the state, regional, and local levels, as related to their respective regulatory programs, as well as by private dam owners. Oversight for phosphate mining and similar industrial impoundments is primarily the responsibility of the FDEP. Other dams generally fall within the purview of the USACE, the State’s five regional water management districts, or local government agencies.
Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Dam Safety Program (Maryland) Maryland Safety and Operational Guidelines
Siting and Permitting
Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Dam Safety Division within the Department of the Environment is responsible for administering a dam safety program to regulate the construction, operation, and maintenance of dams to prevent dam failures and protect environmental resources. Permits are required for the construction and modification of structures, and dams are reviewed based on their assigned hazard rating. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Dam Safety Regulation (Mississippi) Mississippi Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The purpose of the Dam Safety Regulation is to ensure that all dams constructed in the state of Mississippi are permitted and thus do not potentially harm wildlife, water supplies and property. Any person or entity proposing to construct, enlarge, repair, or alter a dam or reservoir must obtain written permission from the Permit Board prior to commencement of any site work related to the project. The Permit Board may require any information necessary to evaluate a proposal. Any person intending to acquire the right to store or use water from a reservoir formed by a dam shall submit an application for a surface water use permit to the Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality in accordance with Mississippi Code Annotated, Sections 51-3-5 and 51-3-7, and the regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder. Within 30 days after completion of a dam, the owner shall submit 1 complete set of as-built plans and specifications to the board. The submittal shall include a letter by the professional engineer responsible for the project.

High Hazard Dams are classified by dams in which failure may cause loss of life, serious damage to residential, industrial, or commercial buildings; or damage to, or disruption of, important public utilities or transportation facilities such as major highways or railroads. Dams that are proposed for construction in established or proposed residential, commercial, or industrial areas will be given a High Hazard classification. Most projects carried out for energy generation will be high hazard.

A surface water permit may also be required for any person to impound and store water behind a dam. Any changes to the dam must be immediately reported to the MDEQ. The owner shall perform a visual inspection every 60 days and after every major rainfall event over the watershed.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Transportation
Utility
Dam Safety Regulations (Connecticut) Connecticut Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province All dams, except those owned by the U.S., are under the jurisdiction of these regulations. These dams will be classified by hazard rating, and may be subject to periodic inspections. The construction of new dams is also subject to inspection throughout and following the building process. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dam Safety Rules (West Virginia) West Virginia Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province This establishes requirements relating to the design, placement, construction, enlargement, alteration, removal, abandonment, and repair of dams and also establishes requirements to govern the disbursement and use of moneys held in the State Dam Safety Rehabilitation Revolving Fund. These rules do not apply to dams owned, operated, and maintained by the federal government. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Transportation
Dam Safety Standards (New Jersey) New Jersey Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These rules set forth procedures for application to construct, repair or modify a dam and set standards for design and maintenance of dams. These rules also establish a dam inspection procedure. The requirements in this subchapter shall not affect or relate to a dam or reservoir in the pinelands area, which will raise the waters of any river or stream less than eight feet above the surface of the ground where the drainage area above the same is less than one square mile in extent and where the water surface created by the dam or reservoir is less than 100 acres in extent except that the commissioner may investigate and take appropriate action regarding any dam or reservoir about which he has a security or safety concern. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Transportation
Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (Pennsylvania) Pennsylvania Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province This act sets the standards and criteria for the siting and design of dams, water obstructions and encroachments considering both existing and projected conditions. It requires operational plans to be prepared and implemented by owners and also requires monitoring, inspection and reporting of conditions affecting the safety of dams, water obstructions and encroachments. No person is authorized to construct, operate, maintain, modify, enlarge or abandon any dam, water obstruction or encroachment without the prior written permit of the department. Utility
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Dams (South Dakota) South Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Dam construction in South Dakota requires a Location Notice or a Water Right Permit. A Location Notice is a form that must be filed with the County Register of Deeds, and is the only paperwork required if (a) the proposed dam will impound 25 acre feet of water or less at the primary spillway elevation, and (b) is constructed on either a dry draw or non-navigable stream but not on a navigable stream. A dry draw, in South Dakota law, is defined as any ravine or watercourse with less than 0.4 cubic feet of average daily flow from May 1st to September 30th.

A Water Right Permit is required if (a) the proposed dam will impound more than 25 acre feet of water at the primary spillway elevation, (b) diversions will be made from the dam to serve some use other than reasonable domestic use, or (c) the proposed dam is being constructed on a navigable stream. If any of these conditions apply, an application for a Water Right Permit must be filed and approved prior to building the dam.

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources has enacted dam safety rules (SDAR 74:02:08). For the purpose of these regulations, "a structure is a dam if (a) the height to the dam crest is greater than or equal to 25 feet AND the storage at the dam crest (not at the spillway elevation) is greater than 15 acre feet OR (b) if the height to the dam crest is greater than 6 feet AND the storage at the dam crest (not at the spillway elevation) is greater than or equal to 50 acre feet.

The height of the dam is the difference in elevation between the natural bed of the watercourse or the lowest point on the toe of the dam, whichever is lower, and the crest elevation of the dam."
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Dams and Reservoirs Safety Act (South Carolina) South Carolina Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy State/Province The Dams and Reservoirs Safety Act provides for the certification and inspection of dams in South Carolina and confers regulatory authority on the Department of Health and Environmental Control. Owners of dams and reservoirs are responsible for maintaining the safety of the structures, and must follow directives from the Department regarding dam maintenance, alteration, reconstruction, and removal in the event of unsafe conditions or lack of maintenance. Owners must also obtain Department approval prior to the construction, repair, alteration, enlargement, or removal of any dam or reservoir. Some exemptions apply for state- and federally-owned dams and small structures. Utility
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Institutional
Dams – Fishways (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province No permanent dam or obstruction may be placed in the waters of the state without providing for fish passage. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dams, Dikes, and Other Devices: Dam Safety Program (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations govern the permitting, construction, operation, inspection, and hazard classifications of dams, dikes, and other water impoundments. The Dam Safety page of the State Water Commission website contains further information regarding dam inspections. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dams, Mills, and Electric Power (Missouri) Missouri Siting and Permitting Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Water Resources Center of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources is responsible for implementing regulations pertaining to dam and reservoir safety. Any person or corporation may erect a dam across any watercourse, provided that: (a) the entity is chartered to construct, operate and maintain mills, electric power and light works, or other machinery; (b) the watercourse is not a navigable stream; and (c) the entity is the proprietor of the land on which the dam is to be erected or is the owner of the land on one side of the stream where the dam is to be erected. This legislation contains additional procedures which must be followed to lawfully erect a dam. Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Delaware Greenhouse Gas Reduction Projects Grant Program (Delaware) Delaware Grant Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Delaware Greenhouse Gas Reduction Projects Grant Program is funded by the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Projects Fund, established by the Act to Amend Title 7 of the Delaware Code Relating to a Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and CO2 Emission Trading Program.

The Fund allocates 10 percent of the proceeds derived from the auction of carbon allowances under the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) to projects and other actions that result in a measurable reduction of greenhouse gases. Projects must result in quantifiable and verifiable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in Delaware not otherwise required by federal or state law and not receiving funding from any other state sources.

Delaware-based businesses, state/municipal agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as business sector associations, homeowner associations, academia and/or non-profit assistance providers are eligible to apply for funding under this Grant Program.
Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Delaware Land Protection Act (Delaware) Delaware Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Land Protection Act requires the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control to work with the Delaware Open Space Council to develop standards and criteria for determining the existence and location of state resource areas, their degree of endangerment, an evaluation of their importance, and information related to their natural, historic or open space values.

The Act also established an Open Space Program. The Open Space Program oversees the protection of designated State Resource Areas (SRA). These areas are permanently protected through the buying of various state lands including parks, fish and wildlife areas, forests, nature preserves and cultural sites.

Many SRAs are not protected through acquisition – the intent has not been to purchase all SRAs. Rather, the purpose of the SRAs is to guide state acquisition of open space from willing sellers and to be incorporated by counties in their land use plans.

Designation of an SRA does not prohibit development, and does not change the underlying zoning. The designation provides that county ordinances, standards, criteria and/or requirements for SRAs will allow for environmentally sensitive development that protects the natural, cultural and geological resources in those areas.
Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Delaware River Basin Commission (Multiple States) Delaware
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
New York
Environmental Regulations
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province The Delaware River Basin Commission (DRBC) is a federal-interstate compact government agency that was formed by concurrent legislation enacted in 1961 by the United States and the four basin states (Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware). Its five members include the basin state governors and the Division Engineer, North Atlantic Division, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, who serves as the federal representative. The commission has legal authority over both water quality and water quantity-related issues throughout the basin.

Much of the new drilling interest taking place in northeastern Pennsylvania and southern New York is targeted at reaching the natural gas found in the Marcellus Shale formation, which underlies about 36 percent of the Delaware River Basin.

In connection with natural gas drilling, the commission has identified three major areas of concern:

1) Gas drilling projects in the Marcellus Shale or other formations may have a substantial effect on the water resources of the basin by reducing the flow in streams and/or aquifers used to supply the significant amounts of fresh water needed in the natural gas mining process. 2) On-site drilling operations may potentially add, discharge or cause the release of pollutants into the ground water or surface water. 3) The recovered "frac water" must be treated and disposed of properly.

While the Delaware River itself is un-dammed, there are 13 dams within the basin that feed into the river. The Commission holds authority to approve any project that will have a substantial effect on the water resources of the basin.

The Commission also has approval authority over energy projects that need to draw water from the basin, including coal plants, biomass plants, and natural gas extraction and power plants.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Delaware Solid Waste Authority (Delaware) Delaware Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Delaware Solid Waste Authority (DSWA) runs three landfills, all of which recover methane and generate electricity with a total capacity of 24 MWs. The DSWA Solid Waste Plan includes goals, recommendations, and standards for turning waste into energy for the state. Agricultural
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Delaware Strategic Fund (Delaware) Delaware Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Delaware Strategic Fund represents the primary funding source used by Delaware Economic Development Authority (DEDA) to provide customized loans and grants to businesses for job creation, relocation and expansion. For businesses considering locating in the state of Delaware, financial assistance may be provided in the form of low interest loans, grants, or other creative instruments to support the attraction of businesses that pay sustainable wages. Assistance terms are negotiated specific to each firm’s individual needs and situation. The process for obtaining Strategic Fund assistance requires completing an Application for Financial Assistance. Competition for the limited amount of funding available each year is strong and approval is not automatic. Applications are first reviewed by the DEDO Internal Investment Committee and if approved will be presented at a Council on Development Finance meeting. If the CDF recommend financial assistance from the Strategic Fund, a formal agreement will be prepared for execution. This agreement will contain business terms plus a customized recapture provision based on forecasted jobs and minimum salary requirements determined by location. Commercial
Industrial
Department of Natural Resources and Water Divisions (Nebraska) Nebraska Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This chapter describes the duties of the Department of Natural Resources and divides the state into two water divisions for administrative purposes. Water Division 1 consists of all the lands of the state drained by the Platte Rivers and their tributaries lying west of the mouth of the Loup River, and all other lands lying south of the Platte and South Platte Rivers that may be watered from other superficial or subterranean streams not tributary to the Platte River. Water Division 2 consists of all lands that may be watered from the Loup, White, Niobrara, and Elkhorn Rivers and their tributaries, and all other lands of the state not included in any other water division. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Destruction or Alteration of a Dam (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Permission from the Environmental Protection Commission is required prior to the removal, destruction, or alteration that results in a lower water level of any existing dam. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Development Opportunity Zone Credits (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Corporate Tax Incentive
Personal Tax Incentives
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Development Opportunity Zone Credits incent new and expanding businesses in the Cities of Beloit, Janesville and Kenosha by providing non-refundable tax credits to assist with the creation and retention of new, full-time jobs, environmental remediation, and capital investment. Commercial
Development near Wetlands and Waterways (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Wetlands and Waterways Program requires permits for commercial activity or development proposed on or near a wetland or waterway. For the purpose of the permitting process, major projects are defined as projects that will permanently impact 5,000 square feet or more of wetlands or waterways, including the 100-year floodplain and are located in an area identified as potentially impacting a nontidal wetland of special State concern. Major and minor projects permits are subject to varying application fees and approval processes. Section 5-901 et seq. off the Environment Article contains more specific information on application and permit procedures. More information on nontidal wetlands classifications: http://www.mde.maryland.gov/programs/researchcenter/factsheets/waterfactsheet/documents/www.mde.state.md.us/assets/document/wetlandswaterways/classification.pdf More information, Maryland Nontidal Wetland Mitigation Guidance: http://www.mde.maryland.gov/programs/water/wetlandsandwaterways/aboutwetlands/documents/www.mde.state.md.us/assets/document/wetlandswaterways/mitguidefeb72011.pdf Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Utility
Developmental Tidal Feed-in Tariff Program (Nova Scotia, Canada) Nova Scotia Performance-Based Incentive Yes Tidal Energy State/Province The Developmental Tidal Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program is similar to the Community Feed-in Tariff (COMFIT) program as it encourages the development of specific renewable energy projects by guaranteeing a rate per kilowatt hour for the energy the project feeds into the province’s electricity grid. It is different as it is designed to incent tidal energy developers to test and deploy their large-scale in-stream tidal energy projects in Nova Scotia. This tariff applies to in-stream tidal single device projects or arrays greater than 0.5 megawatts (500 kilowatts). There are no limits on ownership. Commercial
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Utility
Direct Discharge Permit (Vermont) Vermont Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
State/Province A direct discharge permit is required if a project involves the discharge of pollutants to state waters. For generation purposes, this involves the withdrawal of surface water for cooling purposes and the subsequent discharge of heated waters and or other effluents and pollutants. Utility
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
Industrial
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Direct Loan Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Connecticut Development Authority’s Direct Loan Program provides direct senior and subordinated loans and mezzanine investments to companies creating or maintaining jobs. Up to $20,000 per job is available and proceeds may be used for working capital, equipment purchase, mortgage payments, or Brownfield remediation or redevelopment. The program provides access to loan funds that are otherwise unavailable to the borrower. Commercial
Direct Loan Program (Kentucky) Kentucky Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Direct Loan Program, is designed to allow businesses to obtain the long term financing needed to encourage growth. The Kentucky Economic Development Finance Authority (KEDFA) may participate in projects with loans ranging from $25,000 to $500,000. The amount of KEDFA participation is dependent on the project fixed asset cost. To participate, project owners must inject a minimum of 10% toward the fixed assets. Commercial
Direct Loan Program Subchapter 5 (Vermont) Vermont Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Direct Loan Program assists Vermont borrowers in financing fixed assets and in cooperation with commercial banks. The Vermont Economic Development Authority may either make its own direct loan or purchase a portion of a bank loan to enable greater access to debt financing for Vermont businesses. The loan may be used for the purchase of land and buildings, including construction or renovation, and for the purchase and installation of machinery, equipment, furniture, and fixtures. Commercial
Division of Water, Part 666: Regulation for Administration and Management of the Wild, Scenic and Recreational Rivers System in New York State Excepting Private Land in the Adirondack Park (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act establishes statewide regulations for the management, protection, enhancement and control of land use and development in river areas on all designated wild, scenic and recreational rivers in New York State, except for private land in river areas within the Adirondack Park. The regulations specify that all new land use or development in river areas requires a permit, with some exceptions. The regulations define three classes of rivers (wild, scenic, and recreational) and set management rules specific to each. Some exemptions apply. The regulations specify that no new dams or waterway modifications can be constructed on any wild, scenic, or recreational rivers, and no new construction or operation of hydropower facilities is permitted on wild rivers. New hydropower facilities at existing dams on scenic and recreational rivers are allowed, pending certain requirements. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Part 673: Dam Safety Regulations (New York) New York Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Energy Storage
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations address dam safety, define dam hazard categories and inspection procedures, and apply to any owner of a dam. Dam owners are required to maintain dams in a safe condition at all times and to comply with Department inquiries for information on the status of a given dam. Fed. Government
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Part 675: Great Lakes Water Withdrawal Registration Regulations (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations set forth requirements for the registration of water withdrawals and reporting of water losses from the Great Lakes Basin. The regulations apply to water withdrawals from facilities located in the Great Lakes basin in excess of 100,000 gallons per day averaged over any consecutive 30-day period and to water withdrawals that result in a water loss from the Great Lakes basin in excess of 2,000,000 gallons per day averaged over any consecutive 30-day period. Facilities which have a valid water supply or transport permit and hydroelectric facilities licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission are not subject to the registration requirements in these regulations. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Parts 660-661: Tidal Wetlands (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations require permits for any activity which directly or indirectly may have a significant adverse effect on the existing condition of any tidal wetland, including but not limited to any form of draining, dredging, excavation and removal, either directly or indirectly; any form of dumping, filling or depositing, either directly or indirectly; erection of any structures or construction of any roads, the driving of any pilings or placing of any other obstructions, whether or not changing the ebb and flow of the tide. The regulations allow only those uses of tidal wetlands and areas adjacent thereto that are compatible with the preservation, protection and enhancement of the present and potential values of tidal wetlands that will protect the public health and welfare, and that will be consistent with the reasonable economic and social development of the State. The regulations list land use guidelines and permit requirements in tidal wetland areas Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Parts 662-665: Freshwater Wetlands (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province No person may alter any freshwater wetland or adjacent area without having first submitted an application and obtained an interim permit for the alteration from the department. Some exemptions apply. The regulations list procedures for acquiring permits and procedures used in classifying areas as freshwater wetlands. The Department of Environmental Conservation is responsible for classifying and mapping such areas, with the exception of lands in Adirondack Park, where the Adirondack Park Agency is responsible. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Parts 670-672: Reservoir Releases Regulations (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province Water releases from New York State reservoirs are subject to monitoring and regulation; these sections establish rules for the Schoharie, Shandaken Tunnel-Esopus Creek, Cannonsville, Pepacton, Neversink, Ashokan, Kensico, Rondout, Croton System (Boyds Corner, West Branch, Bog Brook, East Branch, Middle Branch, Croton Falls, Cross River, Titicus, Amawalk, Muscoot and New Croton), Mongaup System (Toronto, Swinging Bridge, Cliff Lake, Rio), East Sidney Lake, Sleepy Hollow Lake, Cooper Lake, and Sturgeon Pond reservoirs. The purpose of regulating such releases of water is to protect and enhance the recreational use of the rivers and streams affected by those releases, while ensuring, and without impairing, an adequate supply of water for power production or for any municipality which uses water from such reservoirs for drinking and other purposes. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Division of Water, Parts 700-750 and Parts 800-941: Classes and Standards of Quality and Purity (New York) New York Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These sections describe general standards of water quality and purity as well as standards for specific water bodies (Parts 800-941). The regulations provide classifications for different types of waters and set standards for each. Standards include prohibitions on the discharge of certain substances and “best use” guidelines, as well as criteria for water purity, temperature, and allowable discharges. Part 704 (http://www.dec.ny.gov/regs/4589.html) refers specifically to allowable thermal discharges. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Dorchester County - Renewable Zoning (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
Local Dorchester County zoning codes specifically permit solar arrays and small wind turbines in many zoning districts. Commercial
Residential
Dorchester County - Wind Ordinance (Maryland) Maryland Siting and Permitting Yes Wind energy Local This ordinance amends Chapter 155 of the Dorchester County Zoning Ordinance in order to add small wind energy systems as an accessory use in all zoning districts. Commercial
Residential
Drainage Districts (Montana) Montana Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province A Drainage District may be created by petition of landowners who desire to construct one or more drains, ditches, levees, waste ditches, or other works across the lands of others or to straighten, widen, deepen, or otherwise alter any natural stream or watercourse not navigable. Such activities must be for the promotion of the public health or welfare and the drainage of the lands and removal of surface waters therefrom; or the desire to maintain and keep in repair any such drain, ditch, or levee heretofore constructed under any law of this state. This section provides information pertaining to the creation, dissolution, operation, and alteration of such districts. Districts are authorized to issue bonds and otherwise finance relevant projects, and to participate in flood control and planning, as well as development activities. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Drainage, Sanitation, and Public Facilities Districts (Virginia) Virginia Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Tidal Energy
State/Province This legislation provides for the establishment of sanitary, sanitation, drainage, and public facilities districts in Virginia. Designated districts are public bodies, and have the authority to regulate the construction and development of sanitation and waste disposal projects in their jurisdiction. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Dredged and Fill Material Disposal (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This chapter provides regulations for the disposal of dredged and fill material. Any entity desiring to dispose of such material must first obtain a permit, and the State Engineer has the responsibility to specify a disposal site for each permit application. General permits may be issued on a regional basis. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
EXP Job Creation Incentive Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The EXP Job Creation Incentive Program provides loans towards expenditures related to training, marketing, working capital, or other Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development-authorized expenses. Loan amounts range from $10,000 to $300,000 with a 4% interest rate. DECD may choose to defer loan payments or forgive up to 50% of the loan if job creation goals are met. DECD offers a matching grant program to small businesses that are likely to maintain job growth. Commercial
EXP Revolving Loan Fund (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The EXP Revolving Loan Fund provides loans between $10,000 and $100,000 with a 4% interest rate for a maximum ten-year term. The loans may be used to purchase machinery and equipment, for construction or relocation costs, working capital, or other business-related expenses authorized by the Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development. Commercial
Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa) Iowa Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for repayment of the bonds rests with the applicant. Neither IFA nor the State of Iowa has any liability to repay the debt. IFA does not buy the bonds or sell the bonds. Applicants are responsible for finding an entity to purchase the bonds.

If the project is qualified and IFA will be the issuer of the bonds, an Economic Development Revenue Bond Program application must be completed and submitted to IFA, along with a $1,000 fee for applications up to $10 million and $2,500 fee for applications over $10 million. The application fee will be subtracted from the issuer fee at closing.

Once the application is submitted and the application fee is paid, the application is considered by IFA’s Board of Directors. IFA’s Board meets monthly. Applications must be received approximately ten days prior to a Board meeting to be considered at that meeting. If the application is approved by the Board of Directors, IFA will hold a public hearing and consider approving the issuance of the bonds for the borrower at a later meeting.

Because Federal tax requirements limit the amount and type of expenses that can be reimbursed with bond proceeds, the borrower should seek approval of the project by the Board before beginning work or expending funds on the project. Economic Development Bond applications will expire if the bonds are not issued within 18 months.

At the time of closing, IFA requires the borrower to pay a fee, usually 10 basis points, for administrative costs. IFA does not pay for costs or legal fees of the borrower or any other costs incurred as a result of the issuance of the bonds.

There will be a $2,500 charge for any resolution coming before the IFA Board that is not part of a bond issue that will have a closing fee. This would primarily include amending resolutions to prior bond issues.

The fee for a special IFA Board meeting is $2,500. This fee is in addition to any other fees charged.
Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Utility
Economic Development Fund (New York) New York Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Empire State Development operates the Economic Development Fund, which offers financial assistance to businesses that create or retain business activity and jobs. The program can provide financing and a range of assistance to businesses, municipalities, IDAs, and other economic development organizations, and the funds can be used for working capital, training, equipment, construction, and a variety of other costs. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Economic Development Incentive Program (Massachusetts) Massachusetts Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Development Incentive Program (EDIP) is a tax incentive program designed to foster job creation and stimulate business growth throughout the Commonwealth. Participating companies may receive state and local tax incentives in exchange for job creation, manufacturing job retention and private investment commitments. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Economic Development Loan Fund (Virginia) Virginia Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Economic Development Loan Fund helps to fill the financing gap between private debt financing and private equity. Up to $1 million is available for each project and can be used for the acquisition of land or facilities, or the purchase of machinery or equipment. Projects must create new jobs or “save” jobs in underserved or distressed areas. Eligible businesses include those engaged in technology, and those that provide for a locality’s economic and “quality of life” development. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Economic Development Project Districts (Indiana) Indiana Enterprise Zone Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Redevelopment commissions may petition legislative bodies to designate economic development project districts in cities with populations between 80,500 and 500,000. Such districts may be established if it is found that the completion of the redevelopment and economic development of the district will attract new business enterprises to the district or retain or expand existing business enterprises in the district, benefit the public health and welfare and be of public utility and benefit, protect and increase state and local tax bases or revenues, and result in a substantial increase in temporary and permanent employment opportunities and private sector investment within the district. Once established, improvement projects in these districts may be eligible for bond financing, remitted funds, and tax incentives. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) (Iowa) Iowa Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Development Set-Aside (EDSA) program provides financial assistance to those businesses and industries requiring such assistance in order to create new job opportunities. Assistance is provided to encourage new business start-ups, expansion of existing businesses, new capital investment, and/or the relocation of out-of-state businesses into Iowa. Assistance may be provided in the form of direct loans or forgivable loans.

Priority is given to projects that will create manufacturing jobs, add value to Iowa resources and/or increase exports out of state. Preference will be given to those businesses which will create or retain the greatest number of jobs with the least amount of program dollars. Refinancing or restructuring of existing loans and projects involving a single retail establishment will be considered low priorities. In order to receive funding, programs must be “necessary and appropriate” and only the minimum amount of EDSA funds necessary to meet this may be provided. The only three valid criteria to determine this need are: a financing gap, insufficient return on investment or location disadvantages.

The EDSA is funded by the Job Creation, Retention and Enhancement Fund, which assists businesses that are creating new jobs by providing a direct or forgivable loan or through infrastructure projects. It also provides industry driven training assistance designed to help the underemployed and working poor obtain the training and skills they need to move into available higher-skill, better-paying jobs. Assistance is provided to leverage private financing in business activities resulting in the creation or retention of jobs principally for low- and moderate-income persons. Although the program provides financial assistance to businesses, the application must come from a public “sponsor”. Iowa cities under 50,000 population (with the exception of Cedar Falls) and all counties are eligible to apply on behalf of business within their jurisdiction.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Transportation
Utility
Economic Development Tax Credit Program (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Development Tax Credit (ETC) program was enacted in 2009 and eliminated five existing tax credit programs (Agricultural Development Zones, Airport Development Zones, Community Development Zones, Enterprise Development Zones and Technology Zones) and replaced them with a comprehensive program enabling businesses to earn tax credits based on jobs, capital investment, training and the location or retention of corporate headquarters. The Economic Development Tax Credit Program offers tax credits against a business’s income tax liability. Tax credits may be earned 1) through the creation of full-time positions meeting a pre-determined rate; 2) through capital investments on property and equipment; 3) by providing training to employees; and 4) by locating company headquarters in Wisconsin. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Economic Development and Pollution Control (Indiana) Indiana Bond Program Yes Coal with CCS
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This legislation establishes possible financing avenues for pollution control facilities that may mitigate or reduce pollution, or treat substances in processed materials that may cause pollution. The legislation specifically coal with CSS using coal from Indiana mines as preferable and eligible for financing through bonds. Agricultural
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program (Illinois) Illinois Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit Program encourages companies to remain, expand, or locate in Illinois. The program provides tax credits to qualifying companies equal to the amount of state income taxes withheld from salaries for newly created jobs. A company must make a capital investment of $5 million and create a minimum of 25 jobs to be eligible. A company must also demonstrate that it had considered locating out-of-state. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Utility
Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit (Indiana) Indiana Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Development for a Growing Economy Tax Credit is awarded to businesses with projects that result in net new jobs. The tax credit must be a major factor in the company’s decision to move forward with the project in Indiana. The refundable tax credit is calculated as a percentage of the expected increased tax withholdings generated from the new jobs. The credit is phased in over ten years. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Retail Supplier
Economic Improvement Districts (Indiana) Indiana Industry Recruitment/Support
Bond Program
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province A legislative body may adopt an ordinance establishing an economic improvement district and an Economic Improvement Board to manage development in a respective district. The Board can choose to issue revenue bonds to finance economic improvement projects. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Economic Inducement Financing Program (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program No Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Companies relocating to or expanding within the state are eligible for CDA direct loans up to $5 million through its Economic Inducement Financing Program. proceeds may be used for working capital, equipment, facilities, or mortgages. Eligible companies must contribute to Connecticut’s technology base, intellectual capital, urban infrastructure, economic base, employment, tax revenues, or export of products and services. Commercial
Economic Recovery Loan Program (Maine) Maine Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Economic Recovery Loan Program provides subordinate financing to help businesses remain viable and improve productivity. Eligibility criteria are based on ability to repay, and the loan is repayable over five years at a fixed interest rate. Commercial
Economic Redevelopment & Growth Program (New Jersey) New Jersey Grant Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Economic Redevelopment and Growth program (ERG) is an incentive for real estate development projects that have a financing gap, defined as having insufficient revenues to support the project debt service under a standard financing scenario. It can also apply to projects that have a below market development margin or rate of return. The grant is not meant to be a substitute for conventional debt and equity financing, and applicants should generally have their primary debt financing in place before applying. In order for a project to be approved, it needs to undergo a rigorous analysis of the sources and uses of funds, construction costs and projected revenues.

Approved developers/owners are eligible to receive up to 75% of the incremental increase in approved State revenues that are directly realized from the businesses operating in the

redevelopment project premises.
Commercial
Edison Innovation Green Growth Fund (New Jersey) New Jersey Loan Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The EIGGF offers loans up to $2 million with a performance grant component to support technology companies with Class I renewable energy or energy efficiency products or systems that have achieved "proof of concept" and successful independent beta results, have begun generating commercial revenues, and will receive 1:1 match funding by time of loan closing. Photovoltaic, solar, wind energy, renewably fueled fuel cells, wave, tidal, sustainable harvested biomass, and methane gas from landfills qualify, as well as other technologies or equipment that can demonstrate their integral nature to the development of Class I renewable energy technologies, including technologies that produce or support the production of renewable or clean electricity generation. Commercial
Effluent and Pretreatment Standards (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
State/Province These regulations describe prohibited discharges into surface water and groundwater systems and set effluent standards for secondary treatment facilities. Effluent limitations and pretreatment requirements typically follow federal standards, but additional standards are prescribed for sources not regulated by the federal government. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Electric Companies and Electric Transmission Lines (North Dakota) North Dakota Line Extension Analysis Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Public Service Commission has the authority to regulate the construction, operation, and maintenance of electrical supply lines, and to issue additional rules for this purpose. Section 49-21.1 addresses limitations on other activity near high-voltage transmission lines. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Electric Generating and Transmission Facilities (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This section details responsibilities of the Iowa Utility Board, including the policies for electricity rate-making for the state of Iowa, certification of natural gas providers, and other policies applicable to electric generating and transmission facilities within the state. Agricultural
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Electric Light & Power Rules (North Carolina) North Carolina Generating Facility Rate-Making
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Safety and Operational Guidelines
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Utility These rules shall apply to any person, firm, or corporation (except municipalities, or agents thereof) which is now or may hereafter become engaged as a public utility in the business of furnishing electric current for domestic, commercial or industrial consumers within the State of North Carolina. The rules are intended to define good practice which can normally be expected. They are intended to insure adequate service and to protect the public from unfair practices and the utilities from unreasonable demands.

Each utility shall, at such times and in such form as the Commission shall prescribe, report to the Commission and the Public Staff the results of all tests required to be made or the information contained in any records required to be kept by the utility. Each utility shall maintain its plant, distribution system and facilities at all times in proper condition for use in rendering safe and adequate service. Each utility shall, upon request of the Commission or the Public Staff, file with it a statement regarding the condition and adequacy of its plant, equipment, facilities and service in such form as may be required by the Commission.

Each public utility or person, prior to commencing construction of a new transmission line for which a certificate is required shall first obtain a certificate of environmental compatibility and public convenience and necessity from the Commission. Each year, beginning in 2008, each electric power supplier or its designated utility compliance aggregator shall file with the Commission the electric power supplier’s plan for complying with the state’s RPS.
Utility
Commercial
Electric Power Generation and Transmission (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Electric power generating facilities with a combined capacity greater than 25 MW, as well as associated transmission lines, may not be constructed or begin operation prior to the issuance of a certificate from the Utilities Board. Agricultural
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Electric Power Transmission and Distribution (EPTD) Smart Grid Program (New York) New York Grant Program Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Up to $10 million in funds is available from NYSERDA to support research and engineering studies, product development and demonstration projects that improve the reliability, efficiency, quality, and overall performance of the electric power delivery system in New York State. The primary objective of the program is to promote the development of a smart grid that accommodates a diverse supply of generation resources, enhances overall grid performance and enables customers to reduce costs, energy consumption, and environmental impacts. Preferred technologies include distributed energy resources integration, grid scale energy storage, and renewable energy integration. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Electric Transmission Lines (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Electric transmission lines capable of operating at 69 kV or greater cannot be constructed along, across, or over any public highways or grounds outside of cities without a franchise from the Utilities Division, as discussed in this section. In some circumstances, an expedited franchise may be obtained for the upgrade of existing transmission lines operating at 34.5 kV to 69 kV. Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska) Nebraska Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Public Service Commission has jurisdiction over all electricity transmission lines crossing over or under railroad tracks at public highway crossings. This section contains general regulations on the construction of electricity transmission lines, as well as regulations on their construction near highways, telephone lines, and airports. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Electric Utilities and Electric Cooperatives (South Carolina) South Carolina Generating Facility Rate-Making
Siting and Permitting
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation authorizes the Public Service Commission to promulgate regulations related to investor owned utilities in South Carolina, and addresses service areas, rates and charges, and operating procedures for these entities. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Rate-Making Principles (Kansas) Kansas Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province This legislation permits the KCC to determine rate-making principles that will apply to a utility’s investment in generation or transmission before constructing a facility or entering into a contract for purchasing power. There is no restriction on the type or the size of electric generating unit for which rate-making principles can be set in advance. A petition for predetermining rate-making principles will include a description of the following: the utility’s conservation measures, demand-side management efforts, 10-year generation and load forecast, and all power supply alternatives considered. The KCC may review, but need not require, a competitive request for proposal process used by the utility. If the KCC fails to issue a determination within 180 days of the petition filing, the rate-making principles the utility proposed will be deemed to have been approved by the commission and shall be binding. If the project is built, once it is placed in service the rate-making principles apply to that generating facility in all subsequent rate cases. Municipal/Public Utility
Utility
Electric, Gas, Water, Heating, Refrigeration, and Street Railways Facilities and Service (South Dakota) South Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation contains provisions for facilities and service related to electricity, natural gas, water, heating, refrigeration, and street railways. The chapter addresses the construction and extension of such facilities, as well as finances and fees. Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Tribal Government
Utility
Electric, Street Railway, and Gas Companies (South Dakota) South Dakota Line Extension Analysis Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation contains provisions pertaining to a corporation formed for the purpose of constructing, maintaining and operating a street railway or railways; generating, transmitting or distributing electricity to be sold to or used by the public for heat, light or power manufacturing; or producing, supplying, or transporting natural or artificial gas. The chapter addresses the powers and stocks of such corporations. Commercial
Developer
Electrical Energy Producer's License Tax (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Each person or other organization engaged in the generation, manufacture, or production of electricity and electrical energy in the state of Montana, either through waterpower or by any other means, is required to pay a quarterly license tax of $.0002 per kilowatt hour on all electricity and electrical energy generated, manufactured, or produced, as measured at the place of production. There is no production incentive; however, an interest differential credit is allowed to utility providers for low-interest loans provided to customers for energy efficiency improvements. Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Electrical Generation Tax Reform Act (Montana) Montana Fees Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This Act reforms taxes paid by electricity generators to reduce tax rates and imposes replacement taxes in response to the 1997 restructuring of the Montana electric utility industry that allows Montana customers to choose their supplier of electricity and related services in a competitive market. The Act reduces property taxes applied to electrical generation facilities while adding a wholesale energy transaction tax imposed on each kilowatt hour of electricity transmitted in the state. Agricultural
Commercial
Fed. Government
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Electricity Suppliers' Service Area Assignments (Indiana) Indiana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province To promote efficiency and avoid waste and duplication, rural and unincorporated areas of Indiana are divided into geographic areas, to be assigned to an electricity provider that will have the sole right to furnish retail electric service to customers. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Eligible Facility Borrower (Missouri) Missouri Loan Program Yes Biomass/Biogas State/Province The Missouri State Treasurer’s Office administers the Missouri Linked Deposit Program, one of the nation’s most utilized low interest loan programs. In order to promote Missouri’s economic growth and development, below-market rate deposits of state funds are placed in Missouri financial institutions, allowing eligible borrowers to obtain low interest loans from that institution. The borrower typically saves 25-30% of the interest paid on a standard business loan. An Eligible Facility Borrower is a development facility or renewable fuel production facility borrower; otherwise defined as any partnership, corporation, cooperative, or limited liability company organized or incorporated under the laws of this state consisting of not less than twelve producer members for the purpose of owning or operating within this state a development facility or a renewable fuel production facility. The production facility borrower must be qualified by the Missouri Agricultural and Small Business Development Authority. The energy must derived from a renewable, domestically grown organic compound capable of powering machinery, including an engine or power plant, and any by-product derived from such energy source. Agricultural
Commercial
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Elimination of Competition and Duplication of Electricity Generation and Transmission Facilities (Nebraska) Nebraska Generating Facility Rate-Making Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute establishes as state policy the goal to furnish electricity as efficiently and cheaply as possible, and therefore to, “avoid and eliminate conflict and competition between public power districts, public power and irrigation districts, individual municipalities, registered groups of municipalities, electric membership associations, and cooperatives in furnishing electric energy to retail and wholesale customers, to avoid and eliminate the duplication of facilities and resources which result therefrom, and to facilitate the settlement of rate disputes between suppliers of electricity.” It is also the policy of the state to “prepare for an evolving electricity retail market.” The remainder of this section contains regulations for suppliers of electricity, establishment and modification of service areas and electric generation facilities, and public power districts. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Embedded Generation (New Brunswick, Canada) New Brunswick Performance-Based Incentive Yes Concentrating Solar Power
Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Utility NB Power has seen an increase in the amount of companies and individuals who are interested in generating electricity using an environmentally sustainable energy source. As a result, NB Power has implemented an Embedded Generation program which complements their existing net metering program.

With the embedded generation program, potential developers, or Independent Power Producers (IPP), can connect their environmentally sustainable generation unit to NB Power's 12 kV distribution system. Typical embedded generators may include a landfill or a sawmill.

The embedded generation unit may range in size from 100 kW to 3,000 kW. However, certain areas of the distribution system are more limited than others therefore generation output may be limited or restricted in certain areas of the province. Size limitations are determined as part of the application process.

Unlike net metering, the embedded generator's energy output is not used to offset the customer's existing electricity consumption. Rather, NB Power would purchase the renewable energy and environmental attributes at a set price called a Feed-in tariff.

The Feed-in tariff is designed to make it easier for IPP's to sell their electricity to NB Power's distribution system at a fixed, stable price and under a long-term contract.

The Feed-in tariff effective June 1, 2010 is 9.728 cents per kWh. This is based on the cost of electricity supplied from the distribution system and will be reviewed periodically and may be modified according to changing technological, market conditions and annual rate increases. Modifications will apply only to future contracts, not to existing contracts already executed.
Agricultural
Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Tribal Government
Utility
Emergency Episode Standards (Ohio) Ohio Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This chapter of the law authorizing the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency gives a detailed description of the excessive buildup of air contaminants during air pollution episodes that leads to an emergency.

The law sets the standards for limits on different types of air pollution, the criteria for an emergency situation, and the foundation for emergency action programs.

For more information, visit the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency's Division of Air Pollution Control.
Agricultural
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Eminent Domain (Indiana) Indiana Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Utilities, corporations, and gas storage facilities may invoke the law of eminent domain in certain circumstances, as provided for in this legislation. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Eminent Domain Law (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province These regulations confer the power of eminent domain and describe procedures for exercising eminent domain in Iowa. Fed. Government
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Utility
Eminent Domain Rights (Florida) Florida Siting and Permitting Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
State/Province Developers of certain facilities, including dams to be used for hydropower, natural gas companies, wastewater systems, and coal pipelines, may be eligible to exercise eminent domain powers in certain situations. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Emission Standards for Contaminants (Iowa) Iowa Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province These regulations list emissions standards for various contaminants, and contain special requirements for anaerobic lagoons. These regulations also describe alternative emissions limits, which may be implemented to allow higher than standard emissions of one contaminant in exchange for lower emissions of another contaminant. Agricultural
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Emission Statements (New Jersey) New Jersey Safety and Operational Guidelines Yes Coal with CCS
Natural Gas
Biomass/Biogas
State/Province This rule applies to a facility if the facility emits or has the potential to emit, directly or indirectly to the outdoor atmosphere, any air contaminant at a rate greater than or equal to the applicable reporting threshold. The owner or operator of such a facility shall submit to the Department of Environmental Protection an Emission Statement for each reporting year in accordance with the stated rules. The Emission Statement shall report the actual air contaminant emissions released from the facility directly or indirectly into the outdoor atmosphere during the year. Utility
Fed. Government
Commercial
Agricultural
Investor-Owned Utility
State/Provincial Govt
Industrial
Construction
Municipal/Public Utility
Local Government
Residential
Installer/Contractor
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Low-Income Residential
Schools
Retail Supplier
Institutional
Multi-Family Residential
Systems Integrator
Fuel Distributor
Nonprofit
General Public/Consumer
Transportation
Employment Incentive Credit (New York) New York Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Employment Incentive Credit is through the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance based on the same qualifying investment for the ITC. The credit is equal to 1.5% to 2.5% of investment based on increased employment over the year prior to investment. The unused credit may be carried forward for 15 years. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Utility
Employment Tax Increment Financing Program (Maine) Maine Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Employment Tax Increment Financing Program assists business investment projects that create at least five new, high quality jobs within Maine. An approved business may be reimbursed 30, 50, or 75% (80% in Pine Tree Development Zones) of the state income tax withholdings from net new payroll for up to ten years. Commercial
Empowerment Zone Tax Credit (Montana) Montana Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Empowerment Zone Tax Credit allows for eligible businesses located in such zones a $500 credit against income tax liability for each qualifying employee the first year, $1,000 for the second year and $1,500 for the third year of employment. If the credit exceeds the taxpayers' income tax liability, the credit may be carried forward 7 years and carried back 3 years. In addition to the income tax credits, the employer is also entitled to a credit against the taxes imposed by the insurance premium tax. Commercial
Endangered, Threatened, and Species of Special Concern (Connecticut) Connecticut Environmental Regulations Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This document lists endangered, threatened, and species of special concern in Connecticut, along with procedures for petitioning to add or remove a species from these lists and to add or remove an area identified as an essential habitat. Such areas are identified by the Commissioner. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Conversion and Transmission Facilities (South Dakota) South Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This legislation applies to energy conversion facilities designed for or capable of generating 100 MW or more of electricity, wind energy facilities with a combined capacity of 100 MW, certain transmission facilities, and AC/DC conversion facilities. Such facilities may not be constructed or operated in the state without a prior permit from the Public Utilities Commission to ensure that to ensure that the energy requirements of the state are met and that the location, construction, and operation of such facilities will produce minimal adverse effects on the environment and the citizens of the state. Permit requirements and procedures are addressed in the legislation. Additional siting regulations are addressed in the SD Administrative Rules 20:10:22. Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Utility
Energy Development and Conservation (Iowa) Iowa Industry Recruitment/Support Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute sets the development of energy efficiency and renewable energy resources as the goal of the state, and calls on the state to periodically evaluate available renewable energy resources and their current and future technological potential. The statute calls on state and local governments, as well as educational institutions and nonprofit organizations, to implement energy-saving measures and to use renewable energy whenever possible. A loan program is established to aid these entities in this endeavor. The state will also administer an energy city designation program, with the objective of encouraging cities to develop and implement innovative energy efficiency programs and to produce and use renewable energy. Local Government
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Tribal Government
Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program (Florida) Florida Enterprise Zone Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
State/Province In the 2009 Legislative Session, the Florida Legislature established the Pilot Program to address economic development and the creation of energy efficient land use patterns. The Energy Economic Zone Pilot Program aims to develop a model to help communities cultivate green economic development, encourage renewable electric energy generation, manufacture products that contribute to energy conservation and green jobs, and further implement building code standards relative to discouraging sprawl and developing energy-efficient land use patterns and greenhouse gas reduction strategies. Two communities, Miami Beach and Sarasota County, have been selected as pilot sites, and aim to implement a variety of sustainability measures, including renewable energy generation projects, over the duration of the program. All incentives and benefits provided for enterprise zones shall be available to the energy economic zones designated on or before July 1, 2010, and exempts any development in an energy economic zone from the Development of Regional Impact process. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Facility Evaluation, Siting, Construction and Operation (New Hampshire) New Hampshire Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The statute establishes a procedure for the review, approval, monitoring, and enforcement of compliance in the planning, siting, construction, and operation of energy facilities, including transmission pipelines. The siting law and its administrative rules designated as Energy Facility Site Evaluation and reviewed by a committee, have been used to guide the review and evaluation process of natural gas transmission systems, natural-gas fired cogeneration power plants, transmission lines, new natural gas pipelines, fuel storage and distribution facilities, and electric power generation facilities capable of operating at 30 MW or greater capacity. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Generation Project Permitting (Vermont) Vermont Environmental Regulations Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Vermont Energy Generation Siting Policy Commission is mandated to survey best practices for siting approval of electric generation projects (all facilities except for net- and group-net-metered facilities) and for public participation and representation in the siting process, and to report to the Governor and to the Vermont Legislature on their findings by April 30, 2013. The Commission's documents include a summary the various permitting requirements of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources (ANR) for energy generation projects. The permit requirement is determined by the physical and operational attributes of the project. A generation project may trigger the following ANR permit or approval requirements: stormwater construction, stormwater operational, multi-sector general permit, wetlands permit, stream alteration permit, 401 water quality certification, wastewater disposal and/or water supply permit, direct discharge, air pollution control, and endangered species takings. Construction
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Utility
Energy Innovation Assistance Program (EIAP) (Quebec, Canada) Quebec Grant Program No Geothermal Electric
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Energy innovation assistance program (PAIE) aims to encourage the development of new technologies or innovative processes focusing on energy efficiency or emerging energy sources by financially supporting project developers who actively contribute to the various stages of the innovation process. This program is no longer active. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Nonprofit
Residential
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Utility
Energy Monitoring Act (Canada) Alberta
British Columbia
Canada
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Environmental Regulations
Generation Disclosure
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province This act requires that every energy enterprise file with the Minister a return setting out statistics and information relating to its ownership and control; financial information; information, including financial, about its exploration for, development, production, processing, refining and marketing of energy commodities; its energy commodity resources, reserves and properties; and its research and development programs. This law does not apply to corporations incorporated outside Canada. For oil and gas, dealer is required to file a return must also submit additional statistics, information and documentation that may be required by the Minister for any purpose. Commercial
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Energy Planning (Minnesota) Minnesota Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province This statute affirms the State's strong interest in the development and use of renewable energy resources, minimizing fossil fuel consumption and diversifying energy sources, as well as the creation of effective energy forecasting, planning, and education programs. The statute sets the energy policy for the State, aiming for a 15 percent reduction in per capita use of fossil fuels by 2015, and for 25 percent of total energy to be derived from renewables by 2025. The commissioner of the Department of Commerce is required to monitor renewable energy development in the state, and, in consultation with the Public Utilities Commission, to provide an annual report to the legislature describing existing and needed electricity transmission infrastructure. The commissioner can provide grants to local governments to assist with energy planning and renewable energy development purposes. The commissioner will also develop, implement, and administer a microenergy loan program to finance community-owned or publicly owned small scale renewable energy systems or to provide loans or other aids to small businesses to install small-scale renewable energy systems. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Policy Commission (North Dakota) North Dakota Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province Created in 2007 by the North Dakota Legislative Assembly, the EmPower North Dakota Commission designed a comprehensive energy policy for the state of North Dakota. Since 2007 the Commission has updated the policy every 18 months and made policy recommendations to the legislature. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Project Financing (Connecticut) Connecticut Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province CDA, in collaboration with the Connecticut Energy, Finance and Investment Authority (CEFIA), provides Energy Project Financing to promote advancements in energy technologies which will create business and job growth. CDA helps to provide investment capital through its loan and loan guarantee programs, attracting additional lenders who can help lower risks and costs. Commercial
Energy Recovery Standard Offer Program (Ontario, Canada) Ontario Performance-Based Incentive No Biomass/Biogas Utility The Ontario Power Authority developed the Energy Recovery Standard Offer Program (ERSOP) to support efficient generation of electricity from recovery of otherwise wasted energy sources, such as un-utilized by-products that can be used as fuels. The goal of the ERSOP Program is to facilitate increased development of Energy Recovery Facilities up to a maximum capacity of 20 MW, connected to a Distribution System, and in an area where such generation can be effectively accommodated. Projects suitable for the ERSOP Program include energy recovery from pressure reduction facilities, energy recovery from hot exhaust streams (other than from electricity generating facilities), and energy recovery from otherwise flared process by-products.

The program allocated 50 MW of capacity for the launch of the program in 2011. The program is on hold as of September 2011 as the OPA as determines the potential remaining capacity for the program for the launch period of the program. The program, in combination with the complimentary Combined Heat and Power Standard Offer Program that applies to natural gas electrical generating facilities that are combined with heat generation, are initially limited to a total combined program capacity of 200 MW. Individual projects are capped at 20 MW.

The Contract Price for the program is $90.00/MWh. Each year following commercial operation of a facility, 30% of the Contract Price shall be escalated on the basis of increases in the consumer price index.
Agricultural
Industrial
Municipal/Public Utility
Rural Electric Cooperative
Energy Research Project, Review (Minnesota) Minnesota Climate Policies Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The commissioner shall continuously identify, monitor, and evaluate research studies and demonstration projects pertaining to alternative energy and energy conservation systems and methodologies, including: (1) solar energy systems for heating and cooling; (2) energy systems using wind, agricultural wastes, forestry products, peat, and other nonconventional energy resources; (3) devices and technologies increasing the energy efficiency of energy-consuming appliances, equipment, and systems; (4) hydroelectric power; and (5) other projects the commissioner deems appropriate and of direct benefit to Minnesota and other states of the upper Midwest. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Energy Strategy (Prince Edward Island, Canada) Prince Edward Island Industry Recruitment/Support
Renewables Portfolio Standards and Goals
Solar/Wind Access Policy
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Geothermal Electric
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Without a local supply of natural gas and oil resources, Prince Edward Island is heavily

reliant on imported sources of energy. Imported oil accounts for 76 percent of PEI's total energy supply, including transportation and heating. Wind resources currently meet approximately 18 percent of the province’s electricity supply with the remainder tied primarily to oil and nuclear power supplied by the new Brunswick Power corporation and imported via two submarine cables connected to the mainland. Ten percent of energy in PEI is supplied by biomass, which includes fuel wood, sawmill residue and municipal waste.

Specific goals: - 500 MW of wind power online by 2013, of which 100 MW will be for domestic use. - 50 percent increase in biomass use by 2013, which will lead to 10 MW of new electrical generation capacity for island utilities. - Increased community wind projects by 2018 - 25 percent further increase in use of biomass by 2018 for an additional 10 MW of electrical generation capacity. - Long-term fixed price contracts for the various forms of renewable energy sources (wind, solar, biomass and earth energy) for community-based renewable projects

Also published is a separate wind energy strategy that outlines a 10-point plan to meet PEI's wind energy goals.
Commercial
Developer
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Municipal/Public Utility
Nonprofit
Residential
Schools
State/Provincial Govt
Utility
Energy Used in Manufacturing Sales and Use Tax Exemption (Georgia) Georgia Sales Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Concentrating Solar Power
Fuel Cells
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Georgia enacted legislation in April 2012 (HB 386) creating an exemption for energy used in the manufacturing of a product from the state's sales and use taxes. The sale, use, storage, or consumption of energy which is necessary and integral to the manufacture of tangible personal property at a manufacturing plant in the state of Georgia shall be exempt from all sales and use taxation except for the sales and use tax for educational purposes. This includes energy used directly or indirectly in a manufacturing facility. The exemption will be implemented over four years, with 25% phased-in each year beginning on January 1, 2013, and reaching 100% on January 1, 2016. Industrial
Energy and Utility Project Review (Wisconsin) Wisconsin Siting and Permitting Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The DNR's Office of Energy and Environmental Analysis is responsible for coordinating the review of all proposed energy and utility projects in the state. The Office provides project management within DNR, acting as the main point of contact for project applicants, the Public Service Commission (PSC), other DNR programs and affected stakeholders. The Office provides statewide guidance and consistent application of the regulatory processes established by statutes and rules and provide a corps of experienced natural resource experts whom understand the specifics of energy and utility projects. While the primary mission is to coordinate the regulatory review for siting utility projects, the Office also serves all DNR programs by developing guidance and information on natural resources issues as they relate to the broader planning and infrastructure development efforts for Wisconsin’s energy future. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fed. Government
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Local Government
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Nonprofit
Residential
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Schools
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Enhanced Enterprise Zones (Missouri) Missouri Corporate Tax Incentive
Enterprise Zone
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province Enhanced Enterprise Zones aim at attracting new businesses or promoting an expansion of existing business in Missouri Enhanced Enterprise Zone. Tax credits will be an amount authorized by DED, based on the state economic benefit, supported by the number of new jobs, wages and new capital investment that the project will create. To qualify, individual business eligibility will be determined by the zone, based on creation of sustainable jobs in a targeted industry or demonstrated impact on local industry cluster development. Service industries can be eligible if a majority of their annual revenues will be derived from services provided out of the state.

Eligibility: To receive tax credits for any of the years, the facility must create and maintain the minimum: - New or expanded business facility – 2 new employees and $100,000 new investment; - Replacement business facility – 2 new employees and $1,000,000 new investment - Company must offer health insurance at all times, of which at least 50% is paid by the employer, to all full time employees in Missouri.

Eligible investment expenditures include the original cost of machinery, equipment, furniture, fixtures, land and building, and/or eight times the annual rental rate paid for the same. Inventory is not eligible.

Tax credits issued under this program are limited to $24,000,000 annually, effective August 28, 2008.
Commercial
Industrial
Enterprise Fund (Kentucky) Kentucky Loan Program Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Kentucky Enterprise Fund (KEF) is a state-sponsored, venture capital-like fund that invests in Kentucky-based seed and early stage technology companies. KEF supports the development of entrepreneurial technology companies in Kentucky, stimulates private investment in these companies, and spurs economic growth.

Companies seeking funding from KEF go through a rigorous due diligence process and are judged in terms of industry fit, return on investment, and potential for economic development. The accepted use of funds and additional details on KEF may be found in the KEF Guidelines. Companies may apply for a grant of $30,000 or an initial investment of up to $250,000. Restrictions and repayment conditions may apply (see below).

In order to be eligible for KEF Funding/Investments, companies must:

Be a high-growth, early stage company developing a product, process, or service in an industry of bioscience, environmental and energy technologies, human health and development, information technology and communications or materials science and advanced manufacturing. The company must have its principal place of business in Kentucky or at least 50% of its property and payroll in Kentucky. The company must be organized as a C Corporation or as a Limited Liability Company to be eligible for an investment.
Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Low-Income Residential
Multi-Family Residential
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Enterprise Zone Incentives (Florida) Florida Enterprise Zone Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province Enterprise Zone Incentives encourage business growth within certain geographic areas targeted for economic revitalization. Businesses which create jobs within a designated zone are eligible for several tax incentives, including sales and use tax credit, tax refunds for machinery or equipment, sales tax refund for building materials, and a sales tax exemption for electrical energy. Agricultural
Commercial
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Enterprise Zone Program (Alabama) Alabama Enterprise Zone Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local The Enterprise Zone Program provides certain tax incentives to corporations, partnerships and proprietorships that locate or expand within designated Enterprise Zones. In addition to state-level tax incentives, businesses may also receive local tax and non-tax incentives for locating or expanding within a designated Enterprise Zone. Section 5 of the Alabama Enterprise Zone Program offers the following tax incentives: Credit based on income tax liability from Enterprize Zone Project Operations; Credit for new capital investment; and a company may claim a credit of up to $1,000 per new permanent employee for training new permanent employees in new skill areas. Section 11 offers certain exemptions. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Enterprise Zone Program (Illinois) Illinois Corporate Tax Incentive Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Wind energy
State/Province The Enterprise Zone Program provides eligible businesses that relocate or expand to a designated zone with tax incentives such as: 1) an investment tax credit; 2) a job tax credit for each job created in the zone; and 3) an exemption on the state utility tax. Commercial
Construction
Industrial
Enterprise Zone Program (Louisiana) Louisiana Corporate Tax Incentive
Enterprise Zone
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Enterprise Zone Program is a jobs incentive program providing Louisiana income and franchise tax credits to businesses hiring at least 35% of net, new jobs from targeted groups. Enterprise Zones (EZs) are areas with high unemployment, low income, or a high percentage of residents receiving some public assistance. A business is not required to be located in the EZ, but must create permanent jobs at the EZ site (see eligibility requirements on the website). Benefits include a one-time $2500 credit per job or a 1.5% Refundable Investment Tax Credit. Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Institutional
Investor-Owned Utility
Nonprofit
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Utility
Enterprise Zone Program (Georgia) Georgia Enterprise Zone
Personal Tax Incentives
Property Tax Incentive
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Local The Enterprise Zone Program provides various tax incentives to businesses within designated underdeveloped zones in rural or urban areas. The State Enterprise Zone program intends to improve geographic areas within cities and counties that are suffering from disinvestment, underdevelopment, and economic decline, encouraging private businesses to reinvest and rehabilitate such areas. A business may be exempt from property tax and occupation taxes, and may receive an abatement or reduction in otherwise applicable regulatory fees and other fees. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Developer
Fuel Distributor
General Public/Consumer
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Investor-Owned Utility
Municipal/Public Utility
Retail Supplier
Rural Electric Cooperative
Systems Integrator
Transportation
Tribal Government
Utility
Enterprise Zone Program (Texas) Texas Corporate Tax Incentive
Enterprise Zone
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
Local The Enterprise Zone Program eligible projects to apply for state sales and use tax refunds on purchases of all taxable items purchased for use at qualified business sites related to the project or activity. The level and amount of refund is related to the capital investment and jobs created at the qualified business site. In addition, local communities must offer incentives to participants under the enterprise zone program, such as tax abatement, tax increment financing, one-stop permitting, and other incentives developed by participating communities. Commercial
Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant (Virginia) Virginia Enterprise Zone
Grant Program
Yes Biomass/Biogas
Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Solar Photovoltaics
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
State/Province The Enterprise Zone Real Property Investment Grant provides qualified zone investors with cash grants for industrial, commercial or mixed use property. The grant is equal to 20% of the excess above the minimum required investment up to a maximum of $100,000 for companies investing $5 million or less. Commercial
Industrial
Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program (South Carolina) South Carolina Enterprise Zone
Training/Technical Assistance
Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Tidal Energy
Wave Energy
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovoltaics
State/Province The Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit Program is a discretionary incentive that helps existing industries maintain their competitive edge and retain their existing workforce by allowing them to claim a Retraining Credit for existing production employees. If approved for the Enterprise Zone Retraining Credit, companies can reimburse themselves up to 50% of approved training costs for eligible production workers (not to exceed $500 per person per year). This program is also overseen by the Coordinating Council for Economic Development. Agricultural
Commercial
Construction
Fuel Distributor
Industrial
Installer/Contractor
Retail Supplier
Systems Integrator
Enterprise Zone Sales Tax Exemption (Kansas) Kansas Sales Tax Incentive Yes Coal with CCS
Concentrating Solar Power
Energy Storage
Fuel Cells
Geothermal Electric
Natural Gas
Nuclear
Wind energy
Biomass/Biogas
Hydroelectric energy
Hydroelectric (Small)
Solar Photovolt