A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines

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Journal Article: A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines

Abstract
The Tongonan Geothermal Field is the largest producing geothermal field in the Philippines having an installed capacity of 700 MW. It hosts several major power plants that tap geothermal power from the northern flank of the eroded Ancestral Mount Bao (AMB) volcano in Leyte Island, Philippines. A structural model guide is presented to delineate exploration targets in other flanks of the 1200 km2 area of the AMB volcano. If applied, the model constrains the coverage of geothermal exploration to areas where more detailed investigations involving geological, geophysical, and geochemical methods can be conducted. Analog sand cone experiments and their comparison with the deformation of the AMB volcano were used to interpret wells within the Tongonan Geothermal Field. The study shows that existing producing wells in Tongonan straddle the crypto-Philippine fault, a N34°W (azimuth=326°) trending master fault inferred to traverse the base of the AMB volcano. This master fault induced fracture-controlled permeability where fluids in the Tongonan Geothermal Field circulate. The structural model suggests that the south-southeastern flank of the AMB directly above the southern extension of the master Philippine fault is an ideal geothermal target amenable to detailed exploration.

Authors 
Alfredo Mahar Francisco A. Lagmay, Arlene Mae P. Tengonciang, Herbert V. Marcos and Chelo S. Pascua








Published Journal 
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2003





DOI 
Not Provided
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Citation

Alfredo Mahar Francisco A. Lagmay,Arlene Mae P. Tengonciang,Herbert V. Marcos,Chelo S. Pascua. 2003. A Structural Model Guide For Geothermal Exploration In Ancestral Mount Bao, Leyte, Philippines. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .