A Case Study Of The Influx Of Upper Mantle Fluids Into The Crust
Journal Article: A Case Study Of The Influx Of Upper Mantle Fluids Into The Crust
AbstractGeochemical and geophysical investigations in the Bohai Gulf and adjacent areas, China, indicate that uplift of the high-conductivity layer in the lithosphere coincides with the area of high heat flow. In this area are distributed abundant oil and gas fields in a Tertiary fault basin and also large quantities of basaltic rocks. Gas fields, mostly CO2 bearing, occur at the basin margins, where a widespread alkaline olivine basalt has high contents of gold. Geochemical prospecting of the surface (soil and soil gas) in the area indicates that there is an anomaly zone of large-scale gold mineralization, and large gold deposits have been found in this area. Isotopic study demonstrates that CO2 in the volcanic rocks and in the CO2-bearing gas deposits are all derived from the mantle. Experiments show that Au- and CO2-bearing hydrothermal fluids separated into vapor phase and liquid phases respectively due to a reduction of pressure and temperature over the temperature range from 250 to 290°C and at 22 M Pa. Au appears in the vapor phase rich in CO2. That proves that it is possible that CO2-bearing aqueous fluids (in gas phase) can carry gold and transport it from deeper parts of lithosphere to the surface.
- Ronghua Zhang and Shumin Hu
- Published Journal
- Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2002
- Not Provided
Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org
Ronghua Zhang,Shumin Hu. 2002. A Case Study Of The Influx Of Upper Mantle Fluids Into The Crust. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. (!) .