Energy blogs

  • Addiethomes
    28 Aug 2015 - 07:39 by Addiethomes

    2-ethylhexanol is a fatty alcohol which is a colorless organic liquid that issoluble in organic solvents but poorly soluble in water. It is produced as a precursor to plasticizers. It is commonly used as a low volatility solvent in vegetable oils,petroleum derivatives, animal fats disinfectants resins and waxes among others. In addition,it can be used as an octane booster when reacted with nitric acid. Furthermore, it is used as an additive for diesel fuel to reduce emission and improve performance.

     

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    The largest market for 2-ethylhexanol is a plasticizer named dioctyl phthalate.Dioctyl phthalate is used in the manufacture polyvinyl chloride products.Other plasticizers such as dioctyl adipate and dioctyl terephthalate can be made from 2-ethylhexanol. The increasing applications of 2-ethylhexanol in adhesives,coatings and textiles are expected to drive the market in the near future.In addition, increasing demand for waterborne acrylic products is expected to boost the 2-ethylhexanol market further. However, 2-ethylhexanol causes throat irritation, blurred vision, dizziness, fatigue and gastrointestinal disorders. In addition, stringent regulations on the use of DOP on account of health hazard and environmental issues may in turn hamper the 2-Ethylhexanol market in near future.

     

    Asia Pacific is expected to be the largest market segment for 2-EH within the forecast period followed by Europe and North America. A possible decline is expected in the U.S. and Europe as there are stringent regulations on the use of DOP in certain applications and end users are switching to other alternatives such as 2-propylheptanol (2-PH) and citrates among others. Western Europe, the Middle East are the major exporters of 2-Ethylhexanol whereas China is the major importer.

     

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    Major industry players manufacturing 2-ethylhexanol are the Dow Chemical Company, Eastman Chemical Company, Ineos and Parchem among others.

     

    Key geographies evaluated in this report are:

     

    • North America
      • U.S
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK
      • Eastern Europe
      • CIS
    • APAC
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • Others
    • Latin America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Others

    Key features of this report

    • Drivers, restraints, and challenges shaping the 2-Ethylhexanol market dynamics
    • Latest innovations and key events in the industry
    • Analysis of business strategies of the top players
    • 2-Ethylhexanol market estimates and forecasts(2015 -2021)
  • Addiethomes
    28 Aug 2015 - 07:37 by Addiethomes

    The key ingredients used in the manufacture of resol resins  are phenol and formaldehyde. Resols are a type of phenolic formaldehyde resins. Resol resins are thermosetting polymers which cure adequately without addition of any catalyst other than heat. They are mainly used for gluing and bonding building materials. They are widely used in applications such as molding compounds, wood working adhesives and insulation among others. Approximately, 700 kilotons of the total phenolic formaldehyde resins solids are used for these purposes and half of this volume is consumed in the U.S.Resol accounted about 50% of the global phenolic resins market in 2012. Furthermore, 5% of the phenolic resins are modified with other reactants such as cresols, octylphenol, butylphenol and resorcinol which are used in specialty areas.

     

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    North America and Europe dominated the resol resin market in 2012.Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing regional market within the forecast period.On account of its suitable chemical and physical properties such as high heat resistance, good moldability and high tensile strength, they have found applications in niche segments such as off-shore oil drilling which require materials with high heat resistance. The resol resin market has exhibited a significant growth in the past and this trend is expected to grow within the forecast period.

     

    Increasing demand for wood working adhesives applications is expected to drive the demand for resol resins within the forecast period.Resol resins are helpful for plywood and furnishing applications as they form chemical bond with lignin component of wood.Additionally, the growing infrastructural and construction activities in emerging economies coupled with rising disposable income are expected to drive the demand for resol resins over the next few years.However,resol resins provide a poor adhesion to metals and are brittle in nature. These parameters may act as a restraint to the resol resin market in the near future. Moreover,resol resins are formaldehyde based resins.Formaldehyde is a chemical irritant and irritates eyes and throat and causes inflammation of the lungs.In 2011, the U.S Department of Health and Human Services listed formaldehyde as a carcinogenic material.Thus, the stringent regulations on phenol formaldehyde may curb the resol resin market in the near future. However,research and development on resol resins in order to improve their adhesion to metals may open avenues over the next few years.

     

    Wood adhesives are expected to have the largest share of the global market for resol resins.The emerging economies of Asia Pacific,South America and Central & Eastern Europe are expected to exhibit the largest growth in application segment. Molding compounds are anticipated to exhibit substantial growth in China as there are numerous molding operations being undertaken in this region.

     

    Global phenolic resins market which includes resol resins grew at an annual rate of less than 1% during 2007-2010. However, the demand declined during 2008-2009 on account of the weak global economy. This, in turnaffected the construction industry.However,the resol resins industry recovered in 2010 as the global economy improved thus reviving the construction industry.

     

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    Key players in the resol resins market are BASF SE, Chang Chun Plastics Co.Ltd.,Georgia Pacific Chemicals LLC,Mitsui Chemicals Inc and Sumitomo Bakelite among others. 

     

    Key geographies evaluated in this report are:

     

    • North America
      • U.S
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK
      • Eastern Europe
      • CIS
    • APAC
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • Others
    • Latin America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Others

    Key features of this report

    • Drivers, restraints, and challenges shaping the Resol Resins market dynamics
    • Latest innovations and key events in the industry
    • Analysis of business strategies of the top players
    • Resol Resins market estimates and forecasts(2015 -2021)
  • Addiethomes
    28 Aug 2015 - 07:35 by Addiethomes

    Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound which is solid at room temperature and atstandard pressure.It is used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer and also used as an oxidizing agent in explosives.It is found as a natural mineral in the driest regions of the Atacama Desert in Chile.Ammonium nitrate was mined in the past however, presently the chemical is synthetically manufactured through various chemical processes.Ammonium nitrate is a main component of ANFO(ammonium nitrate fuel oil),an explosive which accounts for more than 70% of the total explosives in North America.

     

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    Ammonium nitrate has been popular in the past but hit a low in 2002 on account of the security apprehensions following the September 2001 attacks of World Trade Center and the Grand Paroisse warehouse in France.Since then stringent regulations have made the manufacturing of ammonium nitrate complex.Many countries have introduced and are implementing ammonium nitrate certification on transportation and storage of this compound.Consumption of ammonium nitrate in Western Europe has declined on account changing agricultural subsidy policies.A major chunk of the market is expected to be taken by urea as it has no major safety issues.In addition, the production of urea is economical. However, the main advantage of ammonium nitrate over urea is that it is more stable and it does not lose nitrogen to atmosphere.

     

    Europe dominated the market in 2012 in the production of ammonium nitrate.Europe accounted for more than 40%of the total production.Countries such as Russia,the U.S.,China,Ukraine and Poland together accounted for more than 50% of the global ammonium nitrate production.

     

    The increasing demand for industrial explosives and blasting agents is expected to drive the ammonium nitrate within the forecast period. Consumption of ammonium nitrate is expected to increase as existing facilities are being expanded, improved and rebuilt. There have been plenty of investments in upgrading older facilities to meet the demand of the consumers. ANFO which is made up of ammonium nitrate is widely used is an industrial explosive and in coal mining, civil construction and metal mining. Growth in all these mentioned industries is expected to drive the demand for ammonium market further. However,urea is less dangerous to handle and is less expensive to produce. Thus, urea is increasingly being used as a substitute to ammonium nitrate in agriculture giving ammonium nitrate market a tough competition. This is expected to act as a strong restraint for the ammonium nitrate market in the near future. Furthermore, the potential of ammonium nitrate as an explosive has led to many regulatory measures which may hamper its demand within the forecast period.Licenses for the use of ammonium nitrate are granted to only those industry applicants who have appropriate security measures to prevent any kind of misuse. Moreover, fertilizer plant explosions such as the one in Texas in 2013 coupled with bomb blast on the World Trade Center are strong examples that have compelled the government to tighten the regulations on the use of ammonium nitrate. Thus, stringent regulations on the production and use of ammonium nitrate are expected to curb the ammonium nitrate market over the next few years. Consumer switching to CAN or urea ammonium nitrate may open avenues for the ammonium nitrate market in the near future.

     

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    Major players in the ammonium nitrate market are Acron Group, Borealis, EuroChem,Incitec Pivot,SIBUR Minudobreniya, Uralchem OJSC and Yara among others.

     

    Key geographies evaluated in this report are:

     

    • North America
      • U.S
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK
      • Eastern Europe
      • CIS
    • APAC
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • Others
    • Latin America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Others

    Key features of this report

    • Drivers, restraints, and challenges shaping the Ammonium Nitrate market dynamics
    • Latest innovations and key events in the industry
    • Analysis of business strategies of the top players
    • Ammonium Nitrate market estimates and forecasts(2015 -2021)
  • Addiethomes
    28 Aug 2015 - 07:33 by Addiethomes

    Sodium coco sulphate (SCS) is a surfactant and is derived from coconut oil. It is a mild cleanser that boosts bubbles and is readily accepted by consumers. Before companies came up with this new surfactant, sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) was most popularly used in shampoos, conditioners, toothpastes etc. It caused irritation to skin as it had a small molecular mass, which enabled them to penetrate the skin and affect living cells under the surface. Petroleum oil was used in the manufacture of these sulphates. Sodium coco sulphate is considered to be a much safer alternative as it is derived from a mixture of fatty acids available in coconuts, hence the word ‘coco’ has been linked to its name. 

     

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    Sodium coco sulphate is a safer alternative to sodium lauryl sulphate. Due to its mild, non-irritating and easily degradable properties, it is considered to be eco-friendly and much more user friendly as compared to sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS). SLS on the other hand belongs to a class of medium and strong surfactants known as alkyl sulphates. This group of chemicals exhibits strong cleansing power, very low production cost and high foam production among others advantages, thus giving them high market advantage but cause enough skin irritation to consumers and hence are being replaced widely by sodium coco sulphate. Sodium coco sulphate is manufactured using fatty acids derived from coconuts and hence are globally approved as they are less harmful to skin. A few consumers and critics still live with the false notion that this product is similar to SLS but are being proved wrong by scientists and chemical experts. This growing awareness is expected to further boost the market for SCS in the coming years.

     

    SLS is derived from petroleum oil and SCS from natural resources and thus eco-friendly. Initially, various companies tried to find a more skin-conducive alternative for SLS and achieved this by putting it through a process called ethoxylation. This success was however shortlived as the process left behind two carcinogenic products namely ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane as the bi-products. This gave rise to the demand for more eco-friendly and SLS-free substitutes. Both these products function as surfactants but that is where their similarity ends. Overall sodium coco sulphate is a great alternative to SLS. The market for this surfactant is expected to rise over the next few years.

     

    The largest demand market for SLS is the U.S., however due to the products environment and health issues, its market demand is decreasing and the market for sodium coco sulphate, as a safer alternative is increasing and is expected to rise substantially over the next few years. Due to stringent regulations involved with the manufacture of skin-related chemicals, the demand for this product is considerably lesser in Europe. However, once the product is proven to be environment friendly in Europe, the market is expected to rise by a huge margin. The market for SLS in the Rest of the World segment is considerably high at present, and market for sodium coco sulphate, which is a safer option, is expected to grow in the next few years and the SLS market is likely to decline.

     

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    Some of the largest manufacturers of this product include Dow Chemicals Ltd., Krishna Chemicals Mfg., P K Chem Industries Ltd. among others. The biggest suppliers of this product include Chem Tech a chemical company, Tempo Koda Care and Acme-Hardesty among other global suppliers and distributor.

     

    Key geographies evaluated in this report are:

     

    • North America
      • U.S
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK
      • Eastern Europe
      • CIS
    • APAC
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • Others
    • Latin America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Others

    Key features of this report

    • Drivers, restraints, and challenges shaping the Sodium Coco Sulphate market dynamics
    • Latest innovations and key events in the industry
    • Analysis of business strategies of the top players
    • Sodium Coco Sulphate market estimates and forecasts(2015 -2021)
  • Addiethomes
    28 Aug 2015 - 07:30 by Addiethomes

    Quinacridone is primarily an inorganic molecule and is used in the manufacture of organic pigments. The compounds constitute a family of synthetic pigments and are mainly used in the production of high performance paints, inks and coatings among others. Owing to its linear form, it is particularly important for its commercial use. These pigments produce seven types of bright and intense colors.  These colors range from bright yellow to vibrant purple. They are preferred compared to other pigments due to its excellent bleed and resistance to heat, its deep and vibrant colors, its high transparencies and its very good tinting value and working properties among other things. 

     

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    Quinacridone pigments are commercially used in a wide range of industries, which include ink industries, coatings, and paintings, and in the dyeing of plastics and textiles. Quinacridone pigments are mainly used in the automobile coatings and can be used in artist’s paints, including oils, acrylics and watercolors.  The compound is used in printing ink when nanocrystalline dispersions of the compound are made to functionalize with solubilizing surfactants. They are used as printing inks owing to their small particle size.  A few magenta shades of Quinacridone are manufactured and labeled under the name “The Violet” and “Acra Violet”. Organic pigments are manufactured as potent and most saturated and strong tinting colorants. If used as a dye, the textile will take up the color very easily. 

     

    The market for Quinacridone is high and is expected to remain the same over the next few years. Its use as an automobile coating is what drives the market. The wide range of colors and its brightness is what attracts consumers. The automobile industry is continually growing in developing countries, and this is expected to drive the Quinacridone pigment market. Along with the automobile sector the textile as well as the plastic market is growing which will further fuel the Quinacridone market. The growth in these industries is due to the excess spending power of consumers, the growing constructions in developing countries, the need for a higher standard of living of consumers accelerates the market for quinhacridone pigments. Quinacridone pigments also are used as printing ink owing to its small particle size. Hence it is widely used in the book, magazine and newspaper printing industries. Demand for printing ink is also in offices and firms for printing documents. 

     

    The key segments considered for this market include North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World. The demand for Quinacridone pigments was the highest in Europe, followed by North America. These markets are mature and are not expected to grow by a huge margin over the next few years. North America and Europe are largely dependent for the supply of raw materials for the production of these pigments on India and China. Due to the rise of industries in emerging economies like India and China the demand for Quinacridone pigments is expected to grow at a very fast pace here in the near future. In the coming years, china Is expected to be the highest manufacturer of pigments. Europe is the largest producer of automobiles, but new emerging economies in Asia Pacific is expected to take its place. Hence the demand for Quinacridone which is used for automobile coatings is also expected to increase in these regions.

     

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    The key companies profiled for this market include BASF Corporation, Clariant International, DIC Corporation and Heubach among others.

     

    Key geographies evaluated in this report are:

     

    • North America
      • U.S
      • Canada
    • Europe
      • France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK
      • Eastern Europe
      • CIS
    • APAC
      • China
      • India
      • Japan
      • Australia
      • Others
    • Latin America
      • Argentina
      • Brazil
      • Others

    Key features of this report

    • Drivers, restraints, and challenges shaping the Quinacridone Pigments market dynamics
    • Latest innovations and key events in the industry
    • Analysis of business strategies of the top players
    • Quinacridone Pigments market estimates and forecasts(2015 -2021)
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